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SUMMARY OF TANK DATA : T-XXXX

DESIGN CONDITION
Design Reference : 1. Roark's Formulas for stress and strain 7th Edition
2. API 650 Std

Design Pressure : Full of liquid + 0.05 barg = 0.244 barg


Design Temperature : 0 / 70 o
C
Tank Capacity : 3.5 m3
Specific Gravity, :
Water : 1
Liquid : 1.02
Hydrostatic Test Pressure : Full of Water + 0.05 barg = 0.240 barg
Corrosion Allowance : 0 mm
Radiography : Yes (10% spot min)
Joint Efficiency, JE : 1

TANK DIMENSION
Length : 2400 mm
Width : 1460 mm
Height : 1940 mm
Plate Thickness Shell : 6 mm
Roof : 6 mm
Bottom : 6 mm

MATERIALS
Shell Plates : SA-240 316L Lift Lug : SA-240 316L
Stiffeners : SA-240 316L Bolting : SA-193 B8M
Nozzles : SA-312 TP316L
Flanges : SA-182 F316L

ALLOWABLE OF MATERIAL
Minimum Yield of SA-240 316L : 172.4 N/mm2 = 25000 psi
Allow. Stress of SA-240 316L : 2/3 of Minimum Yield of Material
Stiffener (Sst) : 114.9 N/mm2
Plate (Sp) : 114.9 N/mm2
Max. deflection limit of panel plate shall not be more than 1/300 of panel length
Max. deflection (corroded) of plate panel (bottom) shall not be more than t/2 (corroded)

ESTIMATED WEIGHT
Empty Tanks : 1621 kg
Tank with Operating Liquid : 5195 kg
Tank with Full water : 8419 kg

PAGE 2
NOTE : ALL FORMULAS USED ARE TAKEN FROM ROARK'S FORMULA FOR STRESS AND STRAIN

1.0 ROOF DESIGN

1.1 ROOF PLATE DESIGN FOR TANK


Design is based on max unsupported roof plate of = 800 x 610 mm

Allowable Stress of plate, Sp = 114.9 N/mm2


Modulus of Plate E = 200000 N/mm2
Selected plate thickness, T = 6 mm
Corroded plate thickness, t = 6 mm

A. Design uniform load of 1.962 kN/m2


Design External Live Load = 0.001962 N/mm2
Design dead load, plate, stiffener etc = 0.0015 N/mm2
Total Design pressure Pr1 = 0.003462 N/mm2

Design load for internal pressure = 0.005 N/mm2


Design dead load, plate, stiffeners etc, = -0.0015 N/mm2
Total Design Pressure, Pr2 = 0.0035 N/mm2

Design Load for roof plate, Max ( Pr1, Pr2 ) Pr = 0.0035 N/mm2

Width of unsupported roof plate, b = 610 mm


Length of unsupported roof plate, a = 800 mm

a/b = 1.311475

A.1 For fixed edge plate with uniform load, c1 = 0.425538


c2 = 0.021587

Maximum Stress at centre of plate based on t,


S = c1 Pr b2 / t2 = 15.39 N/mm2

Maximum deflection, y1 = c2 Pr b4 / E t3 = 0.24 mm

Check Deflection limit y1 < t/2 PASS


< b/300 PASS

A.2 For simply supported edge plate with uniform load,


c1 = 0.425695
c2 = 0.071187

Maximum Stress at centre of plate based on t,


S = c1 Pr b2 / t2 = 15.40 N/mm2

PAGE 3
Maximum deflection, y1 = c2 Pr b4 / E t3 = 0.80 mm

Check Deflection limit y1 < t/2 PASS


< b/300 PASS

B. Design point load of 1.0 kN on 100mm circle


Design is based on maximum unsupported roof plate of = 800 x 610 mm

Design uniform loads i.e. plate, stiffeners etc, Pr = 0.0015 N/mm2


Width of unsupported roof plate, b = 610 mm
Length of unsupported roof plate, a = 800 mm

B.1 For fixed edge plate


With uniform load Pr,
For a / b = 1.31147541 c1 = 0.425538
c2 = 0.021587

Maximum Stress of plate based on t, S1 = c1 Pr b 2 / t2 = 6.60 N/mm2

Maximum deflection, y1 = c2 Pr b4 / E t3 = 0.10 mm

With point load of 1.0 kN on 100mm circle W = 1000 N


ro = 50 mm

For a/b = 1.31147541 c1 = 0.01118


c2 = 0.075895

Maximum Stress of plate based on t, S2 = 3W[ (1 + v) ln (2b / Pi ro) + c1 ]/2Pi t 2


S2 = 37.89 N/mm2

Maximum deflection, y2 = c2 W b2 / E t3 = 0.65 mm

Maximum Stress of plate, S = S1 + S2 = 44.49 N/mm2

S < Sp PASS

Maximum deflection, y = y1 + y2 = 0.76 mm

y < t/2 PASS

B.2 For simply supported plate


With uniform load Pr,
For a / b = 1.31147541 c1 = 0.425695
c2 = 0.071187

Maximum Stress of plate based on t, S1 = c1 Pr b2 / t2 = 6.60 N/mm2

PAGE 4
Maximum deflection, y1 = c2 Pr b4 / E t3 = 0.34 mm

Design point load of 1.0 kN on 100mm circle W = 1000 N


ro = 50 mm

For a/b = 1.31147541 c1 = 0.769836


c2 = 0.159561

Maximum Stress of plate based on t, S2 = 3W[ (1 + v) ln (2b / Pi ro) + c1 ]/2Pi t 2


S2 = 47.95 N/mm2

Maximum deflection, y2 = c2 W b2 / E t3 = 1.37 mm

Maximum Stress of plate, S = S1 + S2 = 54.55 N/mm2

S < Sp PASS

Maximum deflection, y = y1 + y2 = 1.72 mm

y < t/2 PASS

Design for Transportation,


Under transportation, vertical acceleration is 0.8g, without live load.
Pr1' = 1.8 * 0.0015
= 0.0027 N/mm2

As Pr1' is less than Pr1, design conditions governs, calculation is not required
for transportation condition.

1.2 ROOF PLATE STIFFENER DESIGN FOR TANK

PAGE 5
Stiffeners A - A
Stiffeners are assumed to be simply supported at both ends.
Pr = 0.0035 N/mm2
b= 800 mm

w = Pr x b = 2.8 N/mm2

a= 1460 mm
S= 114.9 N/mm2

Zr1 = w x a2 / 8 x S = 6492.41 mm3

Design for a point load of 1000 N acting at mid-point,


W= 1000 N
Zr2 = W a / 4 S = 3176.33 mm3

Zr = max(Zr1,Zr2) = 6492.41 mm3

Select Flat Bar 150 x 6mm as stiffeners

The combined sectional modulus of stiffener & plate is, Zx,

Item Width, b Height, l Area, a y ay h ah2 al2/12


1 6 150 900 81 72900 44.57 1787951 1687500
2 200 6 1200 3 3600 33.43 1340963 3600

Total 156 2100 36 76500 3128914 1691100

Ix = ah2 + al2/12 = 4820014 mm4

Zx = Ix / max moment arm = 38384.64 mm3

Check sect. modulus of stiffener


Zx > Zr PASS

Maximum Deflection of stiffener,


y = 5 w12 a4 / 384 E Ix
= 2.06210682

a/y = 708.01 > 360 OK

Stiffeners B - B
Stiffeners are assumed to be simply supported at both ends.
Pr = 0.0035 N/mm2
b= 610 mm

PAGE 6
w = Pr x b = 2.135 N/mm2

a= 800 mm
S= 114.9 N/mm2

Zr1 = w x a2 / 8 x S = 1486.35 mm3

Design for a point load of 1000 N acting at mid-point,


W= 1000 N
Zr2 = W a / 4 S = 1740.45 mm3

Zr = max(Zr1,Zr2) = 1740.45 mm3

(2)
Select Flat Bar 150 x 6mm as stiffeners
The combined sectional modulus of stiffener & plate is, Zx, (1)

Item Width, b Height, l Area, a y ay h ah2 al2/12


1 6 150 900 81 72900 44.57 1787951 1687500
2 200 6 1200 3 3600 33.43 1340963 3600

Total 156 2100 36 76500 3128914 1691100

Ix = ah2 + al2/12 = 4820014 mm4

Zx = Ix / max moment arm = 38384.64 mm3

Check sect. modulus of stiffener


Zx > Zr PASS

Maximum Deflection of stiffener,


y = 5 w12 a4 / 384 E Ix
= 0.14174232

a/y = 5644.04 > 360 OK

PAGE 7
2.1 SHELL PLATE DESIGN

2.1.1 For Plate with fixed edge support design

Max Spacing of vertical stiffeners on shell plate = 480 mm

A1 For Plate #1
600
Uniform Pressure, P1 = 0.005 N/mm 2
(1) 690
Height of plate, a1 = 690 mm
Width of Plate (max.), b1 = 480 mm 650
(2)

Maximum Liquid Pressure Ps1 = 0.006904 N/mm2 (3) 600

a1 / b1 = 1.4375
b1 / a1 = 0.695652

For increasing loads,


For a1 / b1 = 1.4375 c1 = 0.326625
c2 = 0.012431

For uniform loads,


For a1 / b1 = 1.4375 d1 = 0.473175
d2 = 0.024738

Allowable Stress of plate, Sp = 114.9 N/mm2


Modulus of Plate E = 200000 N/mm2
Selected plate thickness, T = 6 mm
Corroded plate thickness, t = 6 mm

Max Stress at Plate, S = c1 Ps1 a12 + d1 P1 b12


t2 t2

= 44.97 N/mm2 < Sp PASS

Maximum Deflection of Plate, y = c2 Ps1 a14 + d2 P1 b14


Et3 Et3

= 0.60 mm < t/2 PASS

A2 For Plate #2
600
Uniform Pressure, P2 = 0.011904 N/mm (P1+Ps1) 2
(1) 690
Height of plate, a2 = 650 mm
Width of Plate (max.), b2 = 480 mm 650
(2)

Maximum Liquid Pressure Ps2 = 0.006504 N/mm2 (3) 600

PAGE 8
(3)

a2 / b2 = 1.354167
b2 / a2 = 0.738462

For increasing loads,


For a2 / b2 = 1.354167 c1 = 0.309458
c2 = 0.011473

For uniform loads,


For a2 / b2 = 1.354167 d1 = 0.441675
d2 = 0.022654

Allowable Stress of plate, Sp = 114.9 N/mm2


Modulus of Plate E = 200000 N/mm2
Selected plate thickness, T = 6 mm
Corroded plate thickness, t = 6 mm

Max Stress at Plate, S = c1 Ps2 a22 + d1 P2 b22


t2 t2

= 57.27 N/mm2 < Sp PASS

Maximum Deflection of Plate, y = c2 Ps2 a24 + d2 P2 b24


Et3 Et3

= 0.64 mm < t/2 PASS

A3 For Plate #3
600
Uniform Pressure, P3 = 0.018408 N/mm (P2+Ps2)
2
(1) 690
Height of plate, a3 = 600 mm
Width of Plate (max.), b3 = 480 mm 650
(2)

Maximum Liquid Pressure Ps3 = 0.006004 N/mm2 (3) 600

a3 / b3 = 1.25
b3 / a3 = 0.8

For increasing loads,


For a3 / b3 = 1.25 c1 = 0.288
c2 = 0.010275

For uniform loads,


For a3 / b3 = 1.25 d1 = 0.4023
d2 = 0.02005

Allowable Stress of plate, Sp = 114.9 N/mm2

PAGE 9
Modulus of Plate E = 200000 N/mm2
Selected plate thickness, T = 6 mm
Corroded plate thickness, t = 6 mm

Max Stress at Plate, S = c1 Ps3 a32 + d1 P3 b32


t2 t2

= 64.69 N/mm2 < Sp PASS

Maximum Deflection of Plate, y = c2 Ps3 a34 + d2 P3 b34


Et3 Et3

= 0.64 mm < t/2 PASS

2.1.2 For Plate with simply support design

Max Spacing of vertical stiffeners on shell plate = 480 mm

B1 For Plate #1
600
Uniform Pressure, P1 = 0.005 N/mm2 (1) 690
Height of plate, a1 = 690 mm
Width of Plate (max.), b1 = 480 mm 650
(2)

Maximum Liquid Pressure Ps1 = 0.006904 N/mm2 (3) 600

a1 / b1 = 1.4375
b1 / a1 = 0.695652

For increasing loads,


For a1 / b1 = 1.4375 c1 = 0.2475
c2 = 0.040375

For uniform loads,


For a1 / b1 = 1.4375 d1 = 0.48165
d2 = 0.082025

Allowable Stress of plate, Sp = 114.9 N/mm2


Modulus of Plate E = 200000 N/mm2
Selected plate thickness, T = 6 mm
Corroded plate thickness, t = 6 mm

Max Stress at Plate, S = c1 Ps1 a12 + d1 P1 b12


t2 t2

PAGE 10
= 38.01 N/mm2 < Sp PASS

Maximum Deflection of Plate, y = c2 Ps1 a14 + d2 P1 b14


Et3 Et3

= 1.97 mm < t/2 PASS

B2 For Plate #2
600
Uniform Pressure, P2 = 0.011904 N/mm (P1+Ps1)
2
(1) 690
Height of plate, a2 = 650 mm
Width of Plate (max.), b2 = 480 mm 650
(2)

Maximum Liquid Pressure Ps2 = 0.006504 N/mm2 (3) 600

a2 / b2 = 1.354167
b2 / a2 = 0.738462

For increasing loads,


For a2 / b2 = 1.354167 c1 = 0.230833
c2 = 0.036875

For uniform loads,


For a2 / b2 = 1.354167 d1 = 0.44465
d2 = 0.074858

Allowable Stress of plate, Sp = 114.9 N/mm2


Modulus of Plate E = 200000 N/mm2
Selected plate thickness, T = 6 mm
Corroded plate thickness, t = 6 mm

Max Stress at Plate, S = c1 Ps2 a22 + d1 P2 b22


t2 t2

= 51.50 N/mm2 < Sp PASS

Maximum Deflection of Plate, y = c2 Ps2 a24 + d2 P2 b24


Et3 Et3

= 2.09 mm < t/2 PASS

B3 For Plate #3
600
Uniform Pressure, P3 = 0.018408 N/mm (P2+Ps2)
2
(1) 690
Height of plate, a3 = 600 mm
Width of Plate (max.), b3 = 480 mm 650
(2)

PAGE 11
(2)

Maximum Liquid Pressure Ps3 = 0.006004 N/mm2 (3) 600

a3 / b3 = 1.25
b3 / a3 = 0.8

For increasing loads,


For a3 / b3 = 1.25 c1 = 0.21
c2 = 0.0325

For uniform loads,


For a3 / b3 = 1.25 d1 = 0.3984
d2 = 0.0659

Allowable Stress of plate, Sp = 114.9 N/mm2


Modulus of Plate E = 200000 N/mm2
Selected plate thickness, T = 6 mm
Corroded plate thickness, t = 6 mm

Max Stress at Plate, S = c1 Ps3 a32 + d1 P3 b32


t2 t2

= 59.54 N/mm2 < Sp PASS

Maximum Deflection of Plate, y = c2 Ps3 a34 + d2 P3 b34


Et3 Et3

= 2.08 mm < t/2 PASS

2.1.3 Shell Stiffener Design

C1 Horizontal Stiffener, st. 1-2


Assume stiffeners are simply supported,

w12 = ((P1 + Ps1 / 2) + (P2 + Ps2 / 2)) x (a1 + a2) / 4


P1 600
= 7.91 N/mm 690
P2 = P1+Ps1 st.1-2
b= 480 mm 650
S= 114.9 N/mm 2
P3 = P2+Ps2 st.2-3
600
P4 = P3+Ps3 st.3-4
Zr = w12 x b2 = 1982.1501 mm3
8xS

Select Flat Bar 75 x 6mm as stiffeners (2)

PAGE 12
The combined sectional modulus of stiffener & plate is, Zx, (1)

Item Width, b Height, l Area, a y ay h ah2 al2/12


1 6 75 450 43.5 19575 29.45 390406.6 210937.5
2 200 6 1200 3 3600 11.05 146402.5 3600

Total 81 1650 14.04545 23175 536809.1 214537.5

Ix = ah2 + al2/12 = 751347 mm4

Zx = Ix / max moment arm = 10299 mm3

Check sect. modulus of stiffener


Zx > Zr PASS

Maximum Deflection of stiffener,


y = 5 w12 b4 / 384 E Ix
= 0.44 mm

b/y = 1099.55 > 360 OK

C2 Horizontal Stiffener, st. 2-3


Assume stiffeners are simply supported,

w23 = ((P2 + Ps2 / 2) + (P3 + Ps3 / 2)) x (a2 + a3) / 4


P1 600
= 11.43 N/mm 690
P2 = P1+Ps1 st.1-2
b= 480 mm 650
S= 114.9 N/mm 2
P3 = P2+Ps2 st.2-3
600
P4 = P3+Ps3 st.3-4
Zr = w23 x b 2
= 2863.8979 mm 3

8xS

Select Flat Bar 75 x 6mm as stiffeners (2)

The combined sectional modulus of stiffener & plate is, Zx, (1)

Item Width, b Height, l Area, a y ay h ah2 al2/12


1 6 75 450 43.5 19575 29.45 390406.6 210937.5
2 200 6 1200 3 3600 11.05 146402.5 3600

Total 81 1650 14.04545 23175 536809.1 214537.5

PAGE 13
Ix = ah2 + al2/12 = 751347 mm4

Zx = Ix / max moment arm = 10299 mm3

Check sect. modulus of stiffener


Zx > Zr PASS

Maximum Deflection of stiffener,


y = 5 w12 b4 / 384 E Ix
= 0.05 mm

b/y = 9132.19 > 360 OK

C3 Vertical Stiffener Design for tank height 1940mm

Uniform Pressure P1 = 0.005 N/mm2


Height of stiffener a = 1940 mm
Width of unstiffened plate b = 480 mm
Maximum liquid pressure Ps = 0.019031 N/mm2

Assuming that stiffeners are simply supported,

For uniform pressure load on stiffener,


When a = 0, wa = wl = P1 x b = 2.40 N/mm
Maximum Moment, M1 = wl a 2 / 8 = 1129080 N-mm

For hydrostatic load on stiffener,


When a = 0, wa = 0, a = l, wl = Ps x b = 9.14 N/mm
Maximum Moment, M2 = 0.0641 wl a 2
= 2203807 N-mm

Combined Maximum Moment, M = M1 + M2 = 3332887 N-mm

Required sectional modulus, Zr = M / S = 29003.65 mm3


(3)
Select Flat Bar 150 x 6mm as stiffeners
(2)
The combined sectional modulus of stiffener & plate is, Zx, (1)

Item Width, b Height, l Area, a y ay h ah2 al2/12


1 200 6 1200 3 3600 33.43 1340963 3600
2 6 150 900 81 72900 44.57 1787951 1687500

Total 156 2100 36.42857 76500 3128914 1691100

Ix = ah2 + al2/12 = 5E+06 mm4


Zx = Ix / max moment arm = 38385 mm3

PAGE 14
Check sect. modulus of stiffener
Zx > Zr PASS

Maximum Deflection of stiffener,


y = 5 wa a4 / 384 E Ix + 0.00653 wl a4 / E Ix
= 1.34 mm

a/y = 1452.44 > 360 OK

PAGE 15
3.1 BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN FOR PRESSURE & TRANSPORTATION CONDITIONS
Design conditions

Static Head Pressure = 0.0244 N/mm2


Design dead load, plate, stiffener etc = 0.0015 N/mm2
Total Design pressure Pb = 0.0259 N/mm2

Design is based on maximum unsupported plate of 480 x 487 mm

Allowable Stress of plate, Sp = 114.9 N/mm2


Modulus of Plate E = 200000 N/mm2
Selected plate thickness, T = 6 mm
Corroded plate thickness, t = 6 mm

Width of unsupported bottom plate, b = 480 mm


Length of unsupported bottom plate, a = 487 mm

a/b = 1.014583

For fixed edge plate with uniform load, c1 = 0.313313


c2 = 0.014165

Maximum Stress at centre of plate based on t,


S = c1*Pb*b2 / t2 = 51.96 N/mm2

Maximum deflection, y1 = c2*Pb*b4 / E t3 = 0.45 mm

Check Deflection limit y1 < t/2 PASS


< b/300 PASS

For simply supported plate with uniform c1 = 0.293875

PAGE 15
c2 = 0.045654

Maximum Stress at centre of plate based on t,


S = c1*Pb*b2 / t2 = 48.74 N/mm2

Maximum deflection, y1 = c2*Pb*b4 / E t3 = 1.45 mm

Check Deflection limit y1 < t/2 PASS


< b/300 PASS

Transportation conditions

Since the transportation condition involves only the plate dead weight
which is 6 mm plate i.e. 0.000616 N/mm2. This dead load is very much less than
the design load, hence, calculation is not required.

3.2 BOTTOM PLATE STIFFENER DESIGN


Stiffeners A - A
Stiffeners are assumed to be simply supported at both ends.
Pb = 0.0259 N/mm2
b = 480 mm

w = Pb x b = 12.4377734 N/mm2

a = 1460 mm
S = 114.9 N/mm2

Zr = w x a2 / 8 x S = 28839.68 mm3

Select Flat Bar 150 x 6mm as stiffeners


The combined sectional modulus of stiffener & plate is, Zx,

Item Width, b Height, l Area, a y ay h ah2 al2/12


1 6 150 900 81 72900 44.57 1787951 1687500
2 200 6 1200 3 3600 33.43 1340963 3600

Total 156 2100 36.43 76500 3128914 1691100

Ix = ah2 + al2/12 = 4820014 mm4

Zx = Ix / max moment arm = 38384.64 mm3

Check sect. modulus of stiffener


Zx > Zr PASS

PAGE 16
Maximum Deflection of stiffener,
y = 5 w a4 / 384 E Ix
= 0.76 mm

a/y = 1912.66 > 360 OK

Stiffeners B - B
Stiffeners are assumed to be simply supported at both ends.
Pb = 0.0259 N/mm2
a = 487 mm

w = Pb x a = 12.6191576 N/mm2

b = 480 mm
S = 114.9 N/mm2

Zr = w x b2 / 8 x S = 3162.68 mm3

Select Flat Bar 150 x 6mm as stiffeners


The combined sectional modulus of stiffener & plate is, Zx,

Item Width, b Height, l Area, a y ay h ah2 al2/12


1 6 150 900 81 72900 44.57 1787951 1687500
2 200 6 1200 3 3600 33.43 1340963 3600

Total 156 2100 36.43 76500 3128914 1691100

Ix = ah2 + al2/12 = 4820014 mm4

Zx = Ix / max moment arm = 38384.64 mm3

Check sect. modulus of stiffener


Zx > Zr PASS

Maximum Deflection of stiffener,


y = 5 w b4 / 384 E Ix
= 0.01 mm

a/y = 53050 > 360 OK

PAGE 17
4.0 TANK BOLTING DESIGN
Design Wind Speed, Vw = 45 m/s
= 100.66 mph
Design Wind Pressure, Pwh = 0.0025 x Vw2
= 25.33 lbf
= 0.001213 N/mm2
Design Blast Load, Pbl = 0.03 N/mm2

Length of Tank L = 2400 mm


Height of Tank H = 1940 mm

Total wind shear, Fw = Pwh x L x H


= 5647.3114 N
Total blast shear, Fb = Pbl x L x H
= 139680 N
Transportation Load
Vert & Horizontal load factor, Ah = 0.8 g
Tank weight, We = 1620.76 kg

Transportation Load, Horz Ft = 1296.61 N


Transportation Load, Vert Fv = 2917.37 N

Assume wind, blast, and transport load at the same direction


Max. Horizontal Force, Fh = Fw + Ft + Fb
= 146623.92 N
Max. Vertical uplift Force Fp = Fv
= 2917.37 N

Number of Bolt, n = 14
size of bolt, d = M16
Cross section area of bolt, = 0.29 in2
= 185.47 mm2
Total Area of Bolt, Ae = 2596.55 mm2

Bolt Allowable Shear, Ss = 0.4*Syb = 9000 psi


= 62.05 N/mm2

Required bolt area to withstand Horizontal Force


Ar1 = Fh / Ss
= 2362.89 mm2 OK
Required bolt area to withstand Vertical Force (Uplift due to transport)
Ar2 = Fp/Ss
= 47.01 mm2 OK

4.1 Weld Sizing


Since all the plate to plate welds are full fillet weld on both sides, the total throat
length of weld is 2 x 0.7 t I.e. 1.4 t. This is greater than the plate thickness,

PAGE 18
hence, adequate.

PAGE 19
5.1 LIFTING LUGS DESIGN FOR TANK

Number of Lifting Lugs, N = 4


Safety Factor, SF = 2
Assume Lifting Angle, q = 60 degree

Weight of Tank, We = 1621 kg

Maximum load on each Lug, F = SF* We / ( N * sin q )


= 935.75 N

Details of Shackle
Make / Model = Crosby / G209
Capacity, SWL = 1 Tons
Pin Diameter = 11.18 mm
Outside Diameter of eye = 23.11 mm
Jaw Width = 16.76 mm

Details of Lifting Lugs


Minimum Yield fy = 172.41 N/mm2 = 25000 psi
Radius of Lug R = 60 mm
Diameter of pin-hole d = 14 mm
Thickness of Lug t = 8 mm
Diameter of pin dp = 11.18 mm
Diameter of doublet-plate d' = 40 mm
Thickness of doublet-plate t' = 3 mm
Number of doublet-plate N = 2

Allowable Loads of Lug


Shear
Allowable Shear Stress, fs = 0.4 x fy
= 68.964 N/mm2

Shear Area As = (2R-d)t + Nt'(d'-d)


= 1004 mm2

Allowable Shear Load, Fs = As x fs


= 69240 N

Factor of Safety, F.O.S. = Fs / F


= 73.9941 > 1 OK

Tensile
Allowable Tensile Stress, ft = 0.45 x fy
= 77.5845 N/mm2 (For pin connection)

Tensile Area, At = (2R-d)t + Nt'(d'-d) = 1004 mm2

PAGE 19
Allowable Tensile Load, Ft = At x ft = 77895 N

Factor of Safety, F.O.S. = Ft / F


= 83.2434 > 1 OK

Bearing
Allowable Bearing Stress, fb = 0.9 x fy
= 155.169 N/mm2

Bearing Area, Ab = dp (t + Nt') = 156.46 mm2

Allowable Bearing Load, Fb = Ab x fb = 24278 N

Factor of Safety, F.O.S. = Fb / F


= 25.9454 > 1 OK

5.1.1 COMBINED STRESSES AT BASE OF LUG

In X-direction,
Fx = F * Cos q = 467.9 N

Bending Moment at base of lug,


Mx = Fx * h = 37430 N-mm

Available sectional modulus,


Zx = t x l2 / 6 = 1E+05 mm3

Bending Stress,
fbx = Mx / Zx = 0.312 N/mm2 (Fbx = 113.79 psi )

In Z-direction (perpendicular to lug),


Assume Fz = 0.1 x F
= 93.57 N

Bending Moment at base of lug,


Mz = Fz x h = 7486 N-mm

PAGE 20
Available sectional modulus,
Zz = l x t2 / 6 = 3200 mm3

Bending Stress,
fbz = Mz / Zz = 2.339 N/mm2 (Fbz = 113.79 psi )

Tensile Stress at base of lug,


Force at base of lug,
Fy = F x Sin q = 810.4 N

Area at base of lug,


Ab = t x l = 2400 mm2

Tensile Stress at base of lug,


fa = Fy / Ab = 0.338 N/mm2 (Fa = 103.45 psi )

fa + fbx + fbz = 0.03 < 1 OK


Fa Fbx Fbz

5.2 WELD STRENGTH CALCULATIONS ON LUG ATTACHEMENT

Fx = 467.9 N
Fy = 810.4 N

Allowable Shear, S = 0.4 fy


= 68.964 N/mm2

Assume size of fillet weld, t


Assume Fy is acting only on the vertical weld,
induced shear is

S1 t = Fy / 2 lv 0.7
= 5.7884 N/mm

PAGE 21
Assume Fx is acting only on the horizontal weld,
induced shear is

S2 t = Fx / 2 lh 0.7
= 1.114 N/mm

Shear induced due to the moment from Fx


to center of attachment,

S3 t = Fx (h + lv/2) / lv lh 0.7
= 2.8964 N/mm

S4 t = Fx (h + lv/2) / lh lv 0.7
= 2.8964 N/mm

Maximum Induced Shear,


St = Max. ((S1t + S4 t), (S2 t + S3 t))
= 8.685 N/mm

t = 0.126 mm

Fillet weld selected = 6 mm, O.K.

(Note that top flange to lug is full penetration weld, stress will be lower)

PAGE 22
6.1 WEIGHT CALCULATION

PLATE

SIDE THICKNESS LENGTH WIDTH QTY VOLUMEWEIGHT


(mm) (mm) (mm) (L) (kgs)
SIDE-SMALL 6.0 1940 1460 2 33.99 265.11
SIDE-LARGE 6.0 2400 1940 2 55.87 435.80
ROOF 6.0 2400 1460 1 21.02 163.99
BOTTOM 6.0 2400 1460 1 21.02 163.99
TOTAL 131.91 1029

STRUCTURE

DESCRIPTION WEIGTH / LENGTH LENGTH QTY WEIGHT


(kg/m) (mm) (ft) (kgs)
STIFF - ROOF (L) 6.08 2400 7.9 2 29.20
STIFF - ROOF (W) 6.08 1460 4.8 2 17.77
STIFF- VERTICAL 6.08 1940 6.4 12 141.64
STIFF - HORZ (L)* 3.51 2400 7.9 4 33.70
STIFF - HORZ (W)** 3.51 1460 4.8 4 20.50
STIFF- BOTTOM (L) 6.08 2400 7.9 2 29.20
STIFF - BOTTOM (W) 6.08 1460 4.8 4 35.53
TOTAL 308
NOZZLE+FLANGE

SIZE SCHEDULE THICKNESS WEIGHT QTY WEIGHT


(NB) (mm) (kgs) (kgs)
24 (M1) FF, API 650 6 100 1 100
2 RFWN, 150# 4.12 3.7 10 37
TOTAL 137

TOTAL WEIGHT + 10% CONTINGENCY 1621 kgs 3573 lbs

OPERATING VOLUME = W L Hop = 3.5 m3


WEIGHT OF LIQUID = 3574 kgs

TOTAL VOLUME = WLH= 6.80 m3


WEIGHT OF WATER = 6798 kgs

EMPTY WEIGHT = 1621 kgs 3573 lbs


OPERATING WEIGHT = EMPTY + LIQUID = 5195 kgs 11453 lbs
FULL OF WATER WEIGHT = 8419 kgs 18559 lbs

Note:
* : Along length
** : Along width

PAGE 23