Sie sind auf Seite 1von 4


second semester 2018 - 2019


S. I Mark the correct answer: 8p

Earth's Temperatures

The world is now warmer than at almost any time since the end of the last ice age and, on present trends,
will continue to reach a record high for the entire period since the dawn of civilization, a study has found.
The study published in the journal Science, aims to give a global overview of Earth's temperatures over the
past 11,300 years - a relatively balmy period known as the Holocene that began after the last major ice age
ended and encompasses all of recorded human civilization. Their data (compiled by studying such things as
ice cores, fossils and ocean sentiment) looked back over a much longer era than previous research, which
went back 1,500 years. Scientists say it is further evidence that modern-day global warming isn't natural, but
the result of rising carbon dioxide emissions that have rapidly grown since the Industrial Revolution began
roughly 250 years ago. Scientists say that if natural factors were still governing the climate, the Northern
Hemisphere would probably be destined to freeze over again in several thousand years. Instead, scientists
believe the enormous increase in greenhouse gases caused by industrialization will almost certainly prevent
that. Shaun Marcott, a geologist at Oregon State University, says "global temperatures are warmer than
about 75 percent of anything we've seen over the last 11,000 years or so." The other way to look at that is,
25 percent of the time since the last ice age, it's been warmer than now. It's taken just 100 years for the
average temperature to change by 1.3 degrees, when it took 5,000 years to do that before. By the end of the
century, climate warming models predict an additional increase of 2 to 11.5 degrees, due largely to carbon
emissions, the study noted.

 1 - 'Dawn' in this text means:

Heat Beginning Sunrise Earth
 2 - 'Balmy' means:
Cold Hot Warm Cool
 3 - True or false: this study looks at a longer than usual time-period.
True False
 4 - The Earth's temperature has increased quickly since:
The Industrial Revolution The Northern Hemisphere
1,500 years ago The Holocene
 5 - 'Prevent' means:
Encourage Stop Slow Complete
 6 - True or false: Scientist predict the earth will freeze over because of increased greenhouse
True False
 7 - True or false: The temperature will increase by 1.3 degrees in the next 100 years.
True False
 8 - This article could be described as a ___ look at the future.
Optimistic Pessimistic
S. II Mark the correct option to complete the sentences: 9p

1. If I hadn't overslept, I ______ on time.

will have been would have been will be

2. If you had eaten a good breakfast, you______ so hungry now.

wouldn't be can't be won't be

3. I ______ that car if I had had more money at the time.

could have bought could buy will buy

4. That horse could have won the race if he ______ hurt his leg.

doesn't hurt hasn't hurt hadn't hurt

5. If I ______ harder for the test I would have gotten a better grade.

had studied will study did study

6. If it hadn't rained, we ______ to the park.

will have gone will go would have gone

7. If only we ______ the directions!

will follow did follow had followed

8. If the road hadn't been icy, we ______ an accident.

won't have wouldn't have had didn't have

9. He would have gone to work if he ______ sick.

hadn't been won't be didn't be

S III. Mark the correct option to complete the sentences: 9p

1. Do you think there would be less conflict in the world if all people ----
the same language?
will speak
had spoken
2. If you can give me one good reason for your acting like this, ---- this
incident again.

I will never mention

I never mention
will I never mention
I don't mention
3. Unless you ---- all of my questions, I can't do anything to help you.

would answer
were answering
4. Had you told me that this was going to happen, I ---- it.

would never have believed

hadn't believed
don't believe
can't believe
5. ---- we truly understand others can we show sympathy towards them.

Only if
Even if
But for
6. My parents have been my emotional safety net and I ---- the hardships in
life without their constant support and attention.

didn't survive
wouldn't have survived
haven't survived
hadn't survived
7. If I were in your shoes, I think I ---- to her rather than try to explain what
has happened over the phone.

have spoken
would speak
will speak
8. If I ---- the consequences of my action, I would not have acted so hastily.

have realized
had realized

9. If I ---- in my youth what I know now about how deceitful people can be,
I would have felt too scared to trust anyone at all in my life.

were to know
had known