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Young Dong Railroad Tunnel (Korea)

Ventilation and Risk Control

The Young Dong Railroad Tunnel, the longest
railway tunnel-to-be in Korea, is a 16.3 km
single-track loop tunnel with a crossing station
and will be operated with electric and diesel

The limitation of diesel fume concentration was

a key requirement in the design of the ventilation
system. In addition, a safety concept was
required taking appropriately into account the
event of a burning train.

Korea National Railroad – KNR, the building

owner, contracted the Daewoo Consortium with
the turn-key project. HBI HAERTER LTD was
mandated by Daewoo as their specialist for
ventilation and safety engineering.

− Determination of the design criteria on the
Overview of the Young Dong Project basis of our experience with similar projects
and international standards.
− Estimation of the diesel emissions of the
diesel locomotives to be operated in the
− Numerical calculations of the movement of
smoke in the tunnel as a function of train
movement, thermal buoyancy and the
designed ventilation system.
Emergency station
− Provision of a quantitative risk analysis.
− Planning of measures to avoid possible
safety risks, in particular design of a rescue
Inclined Tunnel Shaft 2 Shaft 3 station within the tunnel.
Q = 200 m3/s Q = 250 m3/s

− Development of a ventilation concept for

1.1 m/s
X XX normal and emergency cases.
2.75 m/s 2.0 m/s
2.2 m/s
3.7 m/s
− Satisfying the requirements of the
Burning train 1.1 m/s 2.0 m/s
ventilation and safety systems set by the
Portal to Seoul Portal from Seoul building owner with regard to operational,
Emergency ventilation in the event of a burning train
maintenance and replacement costs.
in the tunnel (example)

HBI Haerter AG Beratende Ingenieure • HBI Haerter Ltd Consulting Engineers • HBI Haerter SA Ingénieurs Conseils •
Stockerstrasse 12 Thunstrasse 9 Heinrich-Maierstrasse 13
CH-8002 Zürich CH-3000 Bern 6 D-89518 Heidenheim
Tel. +41 (0)44 289 39 00 Tel. +41 (0)31 357 24 24 Tel. +49 (0)7321 98 23 10
Fax +41 (0)44 289 39 99 Fax +41 (0)31 357 24 25 Fax +49 (0)7321 98 23 29