Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8

Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Region VIII- Eastern Visayas
Schools Division of Calbayog City

CALBAYOG CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

A DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN GRADE 7 SCIENCE

Grade 7-Alcala 9:30-10:30 am January 17, 2018

A. Content Standard:
The learners demonstrate understanding of charges and the different charging
processes

B. Learning Competencies:
Describe the different types of charging processes
(S7LT-IIIj-13)
Explain the importance of grounding or earthing
(S7LT-IIIj-14)

I. OBJECTIVES:
At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:
1. Describe the process of charging by induction
2. Explain the importance of grounding or earthing
3. Apply the phenomenon of polarization and grounding in charging an object by induction

Safety in handling Electrical devices

II. CONTENT:

TOPIC: Charging by induction


SCIENCE CONCEPTS:
• Induction charging is a process wherein an object can be charged without
actual contact to any other charged object.
• Polarization is a phenomenon wherein charges within the neutral object
rearrange such that charged object attracts the opposite charges within the
neutral object.
• Grounding is a means of providing a path between the charged object and a
ground where electrons are free to enter or exit.

SCIENCE SKILLS:
• Describing , Explaining and Applying

III. LEARNING RESOURCES:


A. References:
1. Teacher’s Guide pp.49
2. Learner’s Material pp. 83-85
3. K-12 Practical Science pp. 278-279
4. Additional Materials:
• LED TV • 4 pcs plastic rod
• Laptop • 4 pcs cloth
• VGA connector • 4 pcs electroscope
• PowerPoint presentation
• Visual aids
• Activity sheets
IV. PROCEDURES

TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY

Preparatory Activities:
Prayer:
Everybody, please stand. Let us pray (Students will recite the prayer)
(Call a student to lead the prayer)

Greetings:
Good morning class! Good morning, Ma’am!
Good morning Classmates!
Okay, before you sit down kindly pick up first
some pieces of papers under your chairs and
throw it in the trash can. (Students will pick up some trash)

Checking of Attendance:
Now, kindly go back to your seats and sit
properly.
Class monitor, are there any absent? No Ma’am. Everybody is present!

Alright. Very good! Let’s do the “Yes clap” for


having the complete attendance 1….2….3 (clap their hand)
1….2….3 (stamp their feet)
YES!
A. Reviewing previous lesson/
presenting the new lesson

Before we start, let’s have a review first of -Last meeting, we had an activity on how an
our lesson last meeting. So, what did we object can be charged. We rubbed the comb in
discuss last meeting? a silk cloth and tried to attract the strips of
papers.

Very good! What do you call the process of -The process of charging an object through
charging an object through rubbing? rubbing is called charging by friction.

Alright. What happens when you rubbed the -When we rubbed the comb and place near
comb and placed it near the strips of paper? the paper strips, it sticks together.

Very good! Now, why are paper strips still -Paper strips are still attracted even if it is
attracted to a charged comb considering that neutral is because the charges within the
it is neutral? paper rearranges such that charged comb will
attract the opposite charge within the paper.
The phenomenon is known as polarization.

Excellent!!
TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY

B. Establishing a purpose for the lesson

Our lesson this morning is about another You should be able to :


charging process called charging by induction. • Describe the process of charging by
induction
(Let the student recite the objectives of the • Explain the importance of grounding
lesson) or earthing
• Apply the phenomenon of
polarization and grounding to charge
As we go on with our lesson, you will encounter a material by induction.
some words which are difficult for you to
understand like phenomenon and earthing.
Now, have you heard the word “phenomenon”
before? Yes Ma’am!

What do you think is the meaning of Phenomenon is an interesting fact or event


phenomenon? that can be observed and studied.

Alright. Very good! Will you please use the word


“phenomenon” in a sentence? (Answers may vary)

How about the word “earthing”? (Answers may vary)


Will you please use it in a sentence?

C. Presenting examples/ instances

Based from your activity last meeting, you have


discovered that an object can be charged
through direct contact. Right? Yes ma’am!

Alright. Do you think an object can still be


charged without direct contact? (Answers may vary)

Now, Let us try to find out if an object can still


be charged without direct contact.

D. Discussing new concept and


practicing new skills #1

For you to understand the process of charging


an object by induction, you will be performing
an activity entitled “to charge or not to charge”.

Now, I will be grouping you into four according


to your table arrangement.

Each group should choose a leader and a


secretary. Okay? Yes Ma’am!

Alright. Representative from each group, kindly


come in front.

(Distribute the activity sheet and the materials (Representatives will receive the activity
needed for the activity) sheet and the materials needed for the
activity)
TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY

I will give you one minute to read the procedure (the student will read the procedure silently)
silently.
(after one minute, call a student to read the
procedure aloud)
Do you understand now the procedures? Yes Ma’am!

The activity is only good for 20 minutes.


Okay? Yes Ma’am!

Do you have any question? None Ma’am!

Start working now! (The student will start working with their
activity)
(After the activity, Let the students present
their findings)

Are you done with the activity? Yes Ma’am!

Okay, you are now going to present your


findings.
(Each group will present their answer on the
assigned question)

Guide Questions:

1. What do you think is the charge acquired -The cloth will give up electrons thus the
by the plastic rod after rubbing it against plastic rod will acquire a negative charge.
the cloth?

2. In which part of the activity did -Polarization occurred in step 3. When the
polarization occur? Explain how this charged plastic rod was placed near the
happened neutral electroscope, the charges within the
electroscope were rearranged in such a way
that the negative charges migrated towards
the edge of the electroscope that was farther
from the plastic rod.

3. Why aluminum strips at the bottom -Aluminum strips repelled each other
repelled each other? because it both acquire positive charge.

4. What is the purpose of touching the -The hand provided a path for negative
coiled wire in step #4? charges to move away from the electroscope
thus, when the hand was removed the can
was left with a net positive charge

5. In step #5, what happens to the -The aluminum strips repelled each other
aluminum strips when you removed the because some electrons exits through the
charged plastic rod and your finger? Why hand and there are now more proton than
is this so? electron
TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY

E. Developing mastery (Leads to


Formative Assessment)

Now class based from the activity that you -Based from the activity that we performed,
performed, how does an object becomes an object becomes charged through placing
charged? the charged object near but not touching the
(Call student from each group to answer the neutral object. The charges within the neutral
question) object rearranges such that charged object
will attract the opposite charge within the
neutral object.

Very well said! What do you call that -That phenomenon is known as polarization
phenomenon wherein charges within neutral
object rearranges and moves toward the end?

Excellent! Now, what happens to the excess -Excess electrons exit to the ground through
charges that does not attract the negatively touching the object making it positively
charged object? charge. The process is known grounding or
earthing.

F. Finding practical applications of


concepts and skills in daily living

Class, do you find our topic today significant


and can be applied in real life situation? Yes Ma’am!

So how can we apply the concept of charging Given that object can still be charged without
by induction in real life? direct contact, it is possible for the electrical
devices to charge wirelessly.

Yes! Very good. What else? Another significant application is grounding


electrical systems and devices in our home.
Since I learned that grounding allows excess
electron to exit to the ground or earth, it is
very important to ground all the appliances
and devices in our home to prevent electric
shock that can cause damage and injury to
Great! That’s actually one of the significant human
application of the concept of grounding or
earthing since it can prevent the build-up of
excess charges where it is not needed.

(Show some pictures of how grounding


electrical system prevents damage and injury to
human)
TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY

G. Making generalizations and


abstractions about the lesson

Again class, how can you describe the charging -Induction charging is a process wherein an
process by induction? object can be charged without actual contact
to any other charged object.

Very good! Now, how does polarization and -Polarization acts through rearranging the
grounding acts in charging an object by charges in neutral object such that charged
induction? object attracts the opposite charges within
the neutral object, while grounding acts
through touching the charged object to allow
excess electron to exit through the hand to
“the ground”.

Alright. Very well said!

H. Evaluating Learning

TEST I. MULTIPLE CHOICE ANSWERS KEY:


Direction: Write the letter that corresponds to
your answer

1. What do you call the process of charging


an object without actual contact to any
other charged object? C. Charging by induction
a. Charging by conduction
b. Charging by friction
c. Charging by induction

2. The purpose of touching the coiled wire


after being polarized by placing the
negatively charged plastic rod is
_________ B. to allow excess electron to exit
a. to supply more proton to be through the hand
negatively charged
b. to allow excess electron to exit
through the ground or earth
c. to allow proton to enter the can

3. Grounding is necessary in electrical


devices and equipment because____ C. It prevents the build-up of
a. It allows excess electrons to excess charges where it is not
disappear needed
b. It allows an object to be neutral
c. It prevents the build-up of excess
charges where it is not needed
TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY

4. A material that permits charges to flow


freely within it is called______ B. Conductor

a. Insulator
b. Conductor
c. Inductor

5. Polarization happens when __________


a. Charges within a neutral object are C. Charges within a neutral object
attracted to each other rearranges such that the charged
b. Charges within a neutral object are object attracts the opposite charge
organized according to its property within the neutral object
c. Charges within a neutral object
rearranges such that charged object
attracts the opposite charge within
the neutral object

I. Additional Learning Activities

Please bring the following tomorrow:


• Balloons
• Soft drinks can

V. REMARKS
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

VI. REFLECTION
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________

Prepared by:

ROSELLE G. TEJANO
Practice Teacher

Checked by:
MYRNA C. PECAYO, Ph.D.
Cooperating Teacher

Recommending Approval:

ROSELA A. ARMAMENTO
Science Department Head

APPROVED:
CALICK D. ARRIETA, Ph. D
Principal CCNHS