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Anjana Kumari Dwivedi

Jalaj Mani
Priyanka Vishnu Malvankar
Subarnarekha Sarkar
Shalini Awasthi
Ankita Kumari Singh
• Ethics is a code of behavior that a society
considers moral and appropriate for guiding
relationship with one another.

• Ethics deals with things to be sought and

things to be avoided, with ways of life and
with telos (Telos is the chief aim or end in

• Ethics are standards of right and wrong,

good and bad. Ethics are concerned with
what one ought to do to fulfill one’s moral
duty. There are two aspects to ethics:
Being able to determine what is right or
wrong, good or bad ,& ,
Commitment for doing what is right and
• Ethics are a subset of values. The
definition of values applies to things that
are desired as well as what one ought to
do, and can include such concepts as
wealth, happiness, success, and

• Ethics define how a moral person should

behave; values include other beliefs and
attitudes that guide behavior.
Branches of Ethics
Ethics can be divided into various branches
Meta-ethics: Meta-ethics deals with the meaning of
truth-values in theory and refers to moral

Normative Ethics: Normative Ethics deals with the

practicality of actions & it examines standards for
the rightness and wrongness of actions.

Applied Ethics: Applied Ethics refers to moral and

ethical outcomes that can be achieved, in
particular situations.

Moral Psychology: Moral Psychology deals with the

development and nature of moral capacity.

Descriptive Ethics: Descriptive Ethics are moral

values that most people follow and stand by.
Culture and Ethics
• Cooperation is easier and
conflicts are limited when people
share convictions. We therefore
need to look for ethical principles
that are shared worldwide.

• Standards and values are an

integral part of any culture;
hence, culture is the bedrock
supporting every development.
Culture and Ethics…..
• Culture
can obstruct progress, but it
can nevertheless be a tool for

• Culture is also a goal in itself: it

gives meaning to our existence.

•The same holds true for equal rights,

responsibility for future generations,
freedom of speech, and democracy:
they stimulate progress, but are also
the objective of development.
Effects Of Culture

•Determines how people

•Determines how people interact
•Determines how people relate to
one another
•Guides day-to-day working
•Determines what is appropriate
•Determines how power and status
are allocated
Cultural Conflict: Unethical Behavior
• Different cultures have different rules
of conduct.
• Some cultures view certain ethical
practices with different levels of
• The more serious problem concerns
two different ethical standards meeting
in a business transaction.
e.g.-US vs. Russian
• This situation is characterized as
cultural conflict
Cultural Ethics
It usually differs from culture
. Cultural ethics, as the name
to culture. In spite of that,
suggests deals with the
certain values remain the same
morality, integrity, principles
simply because they are
and values of a culture, and in
ethically and morally
some case, even religion.

Culture is an integral part of
Cultural ethics reflect the
ethics and vice versa. The
values and morals of a society
culture of a community impacts
and therefore, it plays a vital
it progress, development, laws,
role in the governance of that
principles and to some extent,
its policies
Code of Cultural Ethics
• There should be a process of actively developing
and practicing appropriate, relevant, and sensitive
strategies and skills in interacting with culturally
different persons.

• There should be a set of congruent behaviors,

attitudes, and policies that come together in a
system, agency, or among professionals and enables
that system, agency, or those professionals to work
effectively in cross-cultural situations.

• There should be an integration and transformation

of knowledge about individuals and groups of people
into specific standards, policies, practices, and
attitudes used in appropriate cultural settings to
increase the quality of services, thereby producing
better outcomes.