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TELLING ABOUT FOLKTALES

Jonis Hendrik Letik


letikjoe@yahoo.co.id
MATERI PEMBELAJARAN
NARRATIVE TEXT

Learning Objectives: Through learning activities and assignments, the students are expected to be
able to:
• Explain social function, generic structure, and lexico-grammatical features of narrative text
• Respond various information in narrative text.

Learning Materials:
Narrative

1. Task 1: WARMING UP: do you love fascinating story? Can you mention the title of the story of the next
picture?

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Write down the place where the story above come from!
1. ___________________________________________________________________________

2. ___________________________________________________________________________

3. ___________________________________________________________________________

4. ___________________________________________________________________________

5. ___________________________________________________________________________

6. ___________________________________________________________________________
Task 2: UNDERSTANDING FOLKTALE.
Read the following text and complete the missing words with word in the box.
1. Jaka Tarub and Seven Angels
Orientation
A long time ago, there ……… (1) a strong and handsome young man named Jaka Tarub in a
small ……..(2) in Java. He loved to ………. (3) animals in the jungle and he was really good in
using blowpipe. One day he went to the jungle to hunt a deer. He walked too far into the
jungle until he reached a big lake in the middle of the jungle. He accidentally saw seven
……………(4) in the lake. They were having fun in the water and they were all very beautiful.
Complication
Jaka Tarub wanted one of them to be his wife, so he hid one of their scarf. When the angels
were about to return to the sky, one of them couldn’t find her………(5). Her name was
Nawangwulan. She was really sad because she couldn’t return to the sky with her sisters.
Suddenly, Jaka Tarub showed up and …………….(6) his help to Nawangwulan. They returned to
Jaka Tarub’s house and a couple months later they got ……………….(7).
Resolution
Nawangwulan gave birth to a baby girl ………….. (8) Nawangsih. Every day, she took care of
the baby and also the house. She also cooked meal for the family. One day, Nawangwulan
………….. (9) her magical scarf under the rice stock. She finally realized that Jaka Tarub was the
one who hid her scarf and it made her to be disappointed to him. After that, she put on her
scarf and …………. (10) away to the sky leaving Jaka Tarub and their child on earth.
village flew named hunt angels offered l ived
scarf found

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Task 3
READING COMPREHENSION: Read the assigned text and answer the questions individually.
Story 1

Crying Stone
On a hill in area of Borneo, there lived a poor widow and her daughter. The girl was really
beautiful. However, she was very lazy and spoiled. She loved to dress up every day, but never
helped her mother.
One day, they went down to a village for shopping. A market was far away from their house.
They walked there. The girl got dressed very nice and walked in front of her mother. While
the widow walked behind, carried a basket, wore dirty clothes. Nobody knew they were
mother and daughter.
While entering village, people looked at them. Young men were so fascinated by girl’s beauty.
However, she was in contrast to a woman walking behind her. It made people wonder. Some
young men asked her whether woman was her mother. But girl arrogantly replied that she
was her maid. More people asked her along the way to market. She gave a same answer that
widow was her slave.
Eventually, mother’s heart hurt to hear her daughter’s answer. Mother prayed to God to
punish her ungodly daughter. Suddenly, girl stopped then slowly turned to be a stone.
Daughter cried; she apologized to his mother. But it was too late. A pretty girl was turned into
a stone but continued to tear; it’s called A Crying Stone.

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Story 2
Ande Ande Lumut
Long-long time ago, there lived a handsome prince in Jenggala kingdom. His name is Panji
Asmarabangun. His father, King Jayengnegara, arranged his marriage with Princess Dewi
Sekartaji, the daughter of King Jayengrana. Prince Panji Asmarabangun accepted his father
decision happily because Princess Dewi Sekartaji was so beautiful and he felt in love with her
from the moment he saw her.
One day, there was a big war in the kingdom. The battle was so fierce that it could endanger
the safety of Princess Dewi Sekartaji. The princess ran away from the palace to protect herself
without telling her husband. When the war was over, Prince Panji Asmarabangun could not
find his wife, so he sent some of his soldiers to search for Princess Dewi Sekartaji. The soldiers
returned to the palace and reported to Prince Panji Asmarabangun that they have found
Princess Dewi Sekartaji. The soldiers also told him that princess Dewi Sekartaji
had changed her name into Kleting Kuning and lived in the house of an evil widow. Prince
Panji Asmarabangun disguised as a handsome and rich man by the name Ande Ande Lumut
because he wanted to trick the evil widow and her daughters. At the end, Ande Ande Lumut
managed to trick them and he finally met his wife again. They returned to the palace and live
happily together.

_____________________________________________________________________________
Story 1
Look at the text above and answer the following questions:
1. Where was the story happened?
2. Please explain what text structure you find in the text?
3. What is the moral message of the story?
4. If you are the writer of the story, what will the ending be?
5. What made her mother get angry to the girl?
Story 2
Look at the text above and answer the following questions:
1. Where was the story happened?
2. Please explain what text structure you find in the text?
3. What is the moral message of the story?

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______________________________________________________________________________
Narrative Text
1. Social Function
The social function of narrative is to amuse or entertain reader or listener.
2. Generic Structure of the Text

GENERIC STRUCTURE EXPLANATION


1. Orientation Set the scene and introduces the participants
2. Complication A crisis arises / problems
3. Resolution Ways to overcome the problem
4. Reorientation (optional)

5. Lexico-Grammatical Features

GENERIC STRUCTURE EXAMPLES


Use of action verb of Climbed, brought, turned, etc.
past tense
Use of pronoun The king, the queen, etc.
Use of adjectives to Long black hair, two red apples, etc.
compose noun phrase
Use of time connectives Then, before, after, soon, etc.
and conjunctions
Use of adverbs and Here, in the jungle, happily ever after, etc.
adverbial phrase

A. ACTIVITY 1: From previous readings on folktales, quote the Simple Past sentence below.
1. _______________________________________________________________________

2. _______________________________________________________________________

3. _______________________________________________________________________

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4. _______________________________________________________________________

5. _______________________________________________________________________

6. _______________________________________________________________________

7. _______________________________________________________________________

8. _______________________________________________________________________

From examples above, what can you conclude about Simple Past Sentences?

B. ACTIVITY 2. STUDY THE FOLLOWING CONCEPTS OF CONSTRUCTING SIMPLE PAST!

Study the various forms of Simple Past sentences below.

Sentence ACTIVE PATTERN


Affirmative Yesni went to school She S + V2 + Comp
was there S + to be (was/were) + Comp
Negative Yesni did not go to school She S + did + not + V1 + Comp
was not there S + To Be (was/were) + not +
Comp
Interrogative Did Yesni go to school? Was Did + S + V1 + Comp + ?
she there? To be (was/were) + S + Comp

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C. ACTIVITY 3. Change the verbs in the brackets into the correct form of Simple Past Tense!

1. We…..in our garden yesterday. (work)


2. I…….a cake for my mother’s birthday two days ago.(make)
3. Yoshiko and I ……by telephone yesterday.(talk)
4. ……the meeting…..about two hours?(last)
5. Mrs. Jason…….her son a month ago. (visit)
6. We both…..the movie last night.(like)
7. …..you…..very well last night?(sleep)
8. They…..in the lake last week.(swim)
9. Ms. Burns……to visit us last night.(come)
10. …..they……us about their plans for the new home?(tell)
11. The weather was pleasant, so we…..on our front porch.(sit)
12. I…..your hat and coat in the next room.(put)
13. The lesson…….at 09.00 last Monday(start)
14. I ……at home and……several email messages last night.(stay, write)
15. He…..Angela on the street yesterday.(see)
16. Kevin…….his lunch in the cafeteria at noon.(have, not)
17. ……the man……a lot of water after the race?(drink)
18. I…….John your message.(give)
19. Mrs. Reese finally……that beautiful house.(buy)
20. Anne……the president speech on TV last night.(hear, not)

EXTENDED EXERCISES

EXERCISE 1. Answer these questions!


1. What did you do after school yesterday?
2. What did you get on your birthday last year?
3. Were you at home last night?
4. Did you do your homework yesterday?
5. Where did you spend your last holiday?

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EXERCISE 2. Translate these sentences into English!
1. Andreas tidak mengerjakan PR-nya kemarin.
2. Apakah Dian membawa buku itu tadi malam?
3. William meletakkan sepatunya dikotak merah dua hari yang lalu.
4. Sherly tidak datang dipestaku seminggu yang lalu.
5. Lolita menonton televisi tadi malam

EXERCISE 3. Make these words into sentences!


1. sing
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. draw
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. 3. keep
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. send
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5.
find
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FORMATIVE TEST:
NARRATIVE TEXT

VOCABULARY AND READING COMPREHENSION.

A. VOCABULARY. Complete the following story using words provided.

• lived eating bamboo


• drowned prepared children
• beautiful monster realized
Timun Emas
Long time ago in the Island of Java, Indonesia, (1) a couple of farmer. They had
married for some years but they had no children. So they prayed to a monster called Buta Ijo
to give them children. Buta Ijo was a ferocious and powerful (2). He granted their
wish on one condition. When their (3) had grown up, they had to sacrifice them

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to Buta Ijo. He liked eating fresh meat of human being. The farmers agreed to his condition.
Several months later the wife was pregnant.
She gave birth to a (4) baby girl. They named her Timun Emas. The farmers
were happy. Timun Emas was very healthy and a very smart girl. She was also very diligent.
When she was a teenager Buta Ijo came to their house. Timun Emas was frightened so she ran
away to hide. The farmers then told Buta Ijo that Timun Emas was still a child. They asked him
to postpone. Buta Ijo agreed. He promised to come again. The following year Buta Ijo came
again. But again and again their parents said that Timun Emas was still a child.
When the third time Buta Ijo came their parents had (5) something for him. They
gave Timun Emas several bamboo needles, seeds of cucumber, dressing and salt.
“Timun, take these things”
“What are these things?”
“These are your weapons. Buta Ijo will chase you. He will eat you alive. So run as fast as you
can. And if he will catch you spread this to the ground. Now go!”
Timun Emas was scared so she ran as quickly as she could. When Buta Ijo arrived she was far
from home. He was very angry when he (6) that his prey had left. So he ran to
chase her. He had a sharp nose so he knew what direction his prey ran.
Timun Emas was just a girl while Buta Ijo was a monster so he could easily catch her up. When
he was just several steps behind Timun Emas quickly spread the seeds of cucumber. In
seconds they turned into many vines of cucumber. The exhausted Buta Ijo was very thirsty so
he grabbed and ate them. When Buta Ijo was busy (7) cucumber Timun Emas
could run away.
But soon Buta Ijo realized and started running again. When he was just several steps behind
Timun Emas threw her bamboo needles. Soon they turned into dense (8)trees.
Buta Ijo found it hard to pass. It took him some time to break the dense bamboo forest.
Meanwhile Timun Emas could run farther.
Buta Ijo chased her again. When he almost catch her again and again Timun Emas threw her
dressing. This time it turned into a lake. Buta Ijo was busy to save himself so Timun Emas ran
way. But Buta Ijo could overcome it and continued chasing her.
Finally when Timun Emas was almost caught she threw her salt. Soon the land where Buta Ijo
stood turned into ocean. Buta Ijo was (9) and died instantly. Timun Emas was
thankful to god and came back to her home

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C. COMPREHESION QUESTIONS. Read the story below and answer questions that follow!

Malin Kundang
Once upon a time, that a poor family consisting of a mother and her son named Malin
Kundang. Because his father had left him, the mother must work hard to be able to raise a
family.
Malin was the son of the wise but a little bit naughty. When he is about to go up, Malin feel
sorry for his mother who always used to work hard live it. Then Malin ask permission for going
about looking for a job in the big city.
“Mom, I want to go to town. I want to work to be able to help mom here. “pinta Malin.
“Don’t leave the mother alone, son. Mom just got you here. “said the mother refused.
“Let me go, mom. I pity seeing mom continued to work until now.” said Malin.
“Well son, but remember don’t forget mom and this village when you have success there,”
Said the teary mother of ari‘s eyes.
The next day, Malin went to the big city with the use of a ship. After several years of hard
work, he succeeded in the city of rantauannya.Malin is now a wealthy man who even had a
number of merchant ships. And Malin had married a beautiful woman there. News about
Malin who became a wealthy man to the one to his mother. The mother was very happy to
hear it. He is always waiting at the beach every day, hoping the older si wayangnya eyes back
and raised his mother. drajat But Malin never came.
One day istiri Malin asked about mother Malin and want to meet with him. Malin was not
able to resist the desires of the wife of a very loved it. That the journey towards preparing
Malin village using a private ship pretty great. Eventually the matter came to his village Malin,
along with his wife and his men.
Hear the arrival of Malin, the mother felt very excited. she even ran to the beach to
immediately see her son.
“What is it my son Malin, ya? This your mother, you remember “askedher mother.
“Malin Kundang, my son, why are you going so long without sending the news?” He said
while hugging Malin Kundang.
His wife, who was surprised at the fact that the old lady, smelly, filthy who embraced her
husband, said:
“So, the smell of old lady, this is the mother you filthy, Malin“

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Because of the shame, Malin Kundang soon let go of his mother‘s arms and pushed him to
fall.
“I didn’t know you poor old woman,” said Malin.
“The Foundation of the old lady had no idea myself, any just claim to be my mother.”
Advanced Malin snapped.
Hear the words of his children like that, the mother feels sad and angry. He did not suspect,
and the very disayanginya turns into a childof sin.
“Oh my God, if he is a true son of mine, I beg give doom him and Fox was the one she so
rocks.” the prayer of his mother‘s wrath.
Shortly thereafter the wind and Thunder rumbles hit and destroy ships Malin Kundang. After
that, the body of Malin Kundang is stiff and then into the rock with coral.
1. Who is Malin?
a. A son who love his mother
b. A son who care with his mother
c. A son who betray his mother
d. A son who always with his mother
2. What Malin’s mother does to Malin?
a. Leave malin alone
b. accompany malin until the end of the time
c. Curse malin into a rock
d. apologize malin
3. Where Malin meets his mother?
a. In his home
b. in a beach
c. In cafe
d. in a station
4. What Malin’s wife does?
a. Care with Malin’s mom
b. Love Malin’s mom
c. Did not care with Malin’s mom
d. Talk to Malin’s mom
5. What do you learn from the story of Malin Kundang?
a. Never be a cruel son/daughter
b. Leave our old mom

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c. give our mom money
d. Meet our mom

*****GOOD LUCK****

Name:

St. Number:

Class:

Signature:

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