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Design data

Pipe size, OD Do 355.6 mm

Wall thk t 11.13 mm


Horizontal length of crossing Lh 1100 m

Drilling length of crossing L 1101 m

Max. depth of profile Hs 23 m


Entry angle Qentry 10 deg
Exit angle Qexit 8 deg
Pipe material API 5L X60 60000 psi
Design factor 0.72

Pipe & profile data


Outside diamter, OD Do 355.6 mm 355.6
Outside radius, OR OR 177.8 mm 177.8
Inside radius, IR IR 166.67 mm 177.80
Inside diamter, ID Di 333.35 mm 333.40

Wall thk t 11.13 mm 11.13

Moment of Inertia I 178769256 mm4 178402600.2


Cross section of pipe As 0.012 m2
Surface area of pipe Ap 1229.98 m2
Section modulus Z 1005451.384 mm3 1003389.202
Modulus of elasticity E 210000 N/mm2
Specified min. yield strength SMYS 413.79 N/mm2
Weight of pipe Wpipe 94.51 Kg/m

Pipeline length L 1101 m


Radius of curvature downhole R 600 m
Radius of curvature on conveyors Rc 600 m
Max. depth of profile Hs 23 m
Column height from water level to topHw 20 m
Column height from grade to water levHh 3m
Conveyor spacing l 12 m
Friction factor on pipe supports Fs 0.2
Friction factor on pipe in downhole Fb 0.36
Drag sheer stress (Bentonite slurry & pd 0.0035 Kg/cm2
Poison's ratio v 0.3

Density of water dw 1000 Kg/m3


Density of steel 7850 Kg/m3
Density of Bentonite dm 1200 Kg/m3
Soil density ds 2660 Kg/m3
Soil dry density dd 1470 Kg/m3
Pre-installation test pressure Ppre 210 Kg/cm2
Post installation test pressure Po 210 Kg/cm2
Rig pull back capacity 136 Tons
Buoyancy of pipe/ pipe weights Pull force - downhole

Buoyancy force 119.18 kg/m

Weight of pipe in Air 94.51 kg/m


Weight of pipe filled with water 181.78 kg/m
Net buoyancy when pipe is empty &
completely submerged in drilling fluids -24.67 kg/m

Net buoyancy when pipe is filled with water


& completely submerged in drilling fluids 62.60 kg/m

Radius of curvature calculations


Before installation (overbend)
Max. allowed total stress= 90% of SMYS 372.41 N/mm2
Pulling load 0 N/mm2
Permissible bending stress =E*Do/2R 372.41 N/mm2
Min. permissible radius of curvature 100.26 m

After installation
Max. allowed total stress 223.45 N/mm2
Longitudenal stress at post installation test
pressure, PDo/4t 164.62 N/mm2 Pull force - roller

Max. bending stress permissible =E*Do/2R 58.83 N/mm2


Min. permissible radius of curvature 634.69 m
Thus, planned radius of curvature 600 m

Pipe span Pull force - Pipe half in bo


Pipe spanning during hydrotesting
Allowable stress for roller spacing (90% of SM 37.96 kg/mm2
Longitudenal stress at pre installation test
pressure, Ppre*Do/4t 16.78 kg/mm2
Max. bending stress permissible 21.18 kg/mm2
Max. distance b/w supports 30.61 m
Thus, supports are planned at 12 m

Spannig (on last support)


Max. bending stress permissible 21.18 kg/mm2
Max. distance b/w supports 15.31 m
Thus, supports are planned at 4m
Check for test pressure at radius of curvature

Longitudenal stress sue to bending, Edo/2R 62.23 N/mm2


Hoop stress, Po*Do/2t 329.24 N/mm2
Combined stress due to bending & test press 391.47
Stress check 0
Pull force - downhole Overburden pressure & collapse pressure

Collapse pressure, Pc' (Theoritical


Pull force to counter buoyancy 9778.92 elastic curve equation)

Max. allowable over burden


pressure, 75% of collapse
Pull force to counter curvature pressure
Bending moment, Bm=EI/R 62569.2396 N-m

Capstan force 97.45 Max. overburden pressure, Po

Pull force to counter drag 43049.3886 Check


Pull force to pull submerged drill pipe weight
Drill rod OD 90 mm Bend radius acceptability
Wall thk. 12 mm Longitudenal stress when pipe is o
Drill rod weight 23.08 Kg/m Longitudenal stress at Ist point of curvature
Buoyancy 7.63 Kg/m Bending stress
Net pipe weight 15.45 Kg/m Longitudenal stress on pipe on roll
Pull force to pull submerged drill p 6122.85 kg Longitudenal stress on pipe in drill
Total stress
Total pull force - downhole 59048.61 kg Check
Longitudenal stress when complete pipe is in d

Pull force - roller Bending stress

Pull force to overcome roller frictio 20810.17 kg Stress due to tension in pipe
Pull force to overcome drill rod wei 6122.85 kg Total stress
Total pull force 26933.02 kg Check

Pull force - Pipe half in bore hole & half on rollers


Pull force to counter buoyancy 4889.46
Pull force to counter curvature

Bending moment, Bm=EI/R 62569.2396 N-m


Capstan force 97.45
Pull force to counter drag 21524.6943
Pull force to pull submerged drill pipe weight
Pull force to pull submerged drill p 3061.42 kg

Total pull force - downhole 29573.03 kg

Thus, min. capacity of Rig 59.05 Ton


Capacity of Rig employed 136.00 Ton
15.06 N/mm2

11.30 N/mm2

0.76 N/mm2

16956.24 kPa
Ist point of curvature
62230 kPa
16186.2 kPa
1386.07 kPa
79802.27 kPa
1
hen complete pipe is in downhole

62230 kPa

7967.92 kPa
70197.92 kPa
1