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Pre-Spanish Curriculum

 The Filipino possessed a culture of their own.

 They had contacts with other foreign people --- from Arabia, India, China and Borneo
 The inhabitants were civilized people, possessing their systems of writing, laws and moral
standards in a well organized government
 As stated in the rule of Barangays, their code of laws – the code of kalantiao and Maragtas, their
belief in Bathala, and the solidarity of the family were obedience and respect is practiced.

Pre-Spanish Devised Curriculum

 The Spanish Missionaries aim to control the Filipinos, both body and soul.
 The curriculum then consisted of 3 R’s (Reading, wRiting, and Religion) to attain goals -- the
acceptance of Catholicism and acceptance of Spanish rule.

The Spanish Devised Curriculum

 The schools were parochial or convent schools
 The main readings were mostly catecismo
 The method of instruction was mainly individual instruction
 Subjects
 Languages(Latin, Spanish grammar and literature, elementary Greek, French and English)
 History( Universal, Spanish)
 Mathematics(Arithmetic, Algebra, Trigonometry, Geometry)
 Philosophy(Rhethoric, Logic, Ethics)
 Geography
 Pshychology

American Devised Curriculum

 The motive of the Americans was to conquer the Filipinos not only physically but also mentally.
 The curriculum was based on the ideals and traditions of America and her hierarchy of values.
 English was the medium of instruction
 The primary curriculum prescribed for the Filipinos consisted of 3 grades which provides training
in two aspects:
1. Body Training – PE
2. Mental Training – English, Nature Study, and Arithmetic
 Subjects
 Primary Education
 Civics
 Hygiene and Sanitation
 Geography
 Intermediate Curriculum
 Grammar and composition, Reading, spelling
 Science courses
 Physiology
 Hygiene and sanitation
 Intensive teaching of geography

Commonwealth Curriculum
 1935-1946 – considered as the period of expansion and reform in the Philippine Curriculum
 The educational leaders expanded the curriculum by introducing courses in farming, domestic
science, etc.
 Commonwealth Act 586, also known as educational Act of 1940, recognized the elementary
school system.
Japanese Devised Curriculum
 They devised a curriculum for the Filipinos to suit their vested interest.
 They introduced many changes in the curriculum by including Nippongo and abolishing English
as the medium of instruction and as a subject.
 All textbooks were censored and devised
 Caused a ‘black out’ in Philippine Education and impeded the educational progress of the
 School calendar became longer
 No summer vacation for students
 Class size increased to 60
 Deleted anti-asian opinions, banned the singing of american songs, deleted american symbols,
poems and pictures
 Nihongo as a means of introducing and cultivvating love for Japanese culture
 Social Studies

Liberation Period
 1945 – steps were taken to improve the curriculum existing before the war, some steps were to
restore grade VII, to abolish the double-single session, and most especially to adopt the modern
trends in education taken from U.S.
 The curriculum remained basically the same as before and was still subject-centered.

National Elementary School Curriculum (NESC)

 The first research-­­based curriculum in the country.
 Fewer learning areas, emphasis on mastery learning, more time allotment for the basic skills.
 Development of the learning competencies known as the Minimum Learning Competencies
 The mastery of learning was emphasized wherein it is expected that the students will acquire
the 75% mastery of the listed competencies or 7 out of 10 questions in the formative test.

New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC)

 To improve performance in science, math and communication
 Focus on process, values development, productivity and technology
 The NSEC included the following learning areas to be taught for 400 minutes daily from First
Year to Fourth Year:
 Values Education  Physical Education, Health And
 Araling Panlipunan Music
 Filipino  Mathematics
 Science and Technology  Technology and Home Economics
 English

 The implementation of the 2002 Basic Education Curriculum was announced in DepEd Order No.
25,s. 2002, issued on June 17, 2002.
 The actual implementing guidelines were found in DepEd Order No. 43,s. 2002, dated Aug. 29,
 Less than a year later (on June 12, 2003), a new curriculum (the Revised BEC) was signed into
 Curriculum Structure
Filipino; English; Math; Science (Science and Health for Elem.); Science and
Technology for Secondary
 The Experiential Area:
Makabayan: Araling Panlipunan; MAPEH (Music, Arts, PE and health); TLE;
Edukasyon sa Pagpapahalaga (the practice environment for holistic learning to
develop a healthy personal and national self-identity”.
 Medium of Instruction:
Pursuant to the DepEd Bilingual Policy (Dep.Ed Order No. 52, s,1987), the media of
instruction shall be as follows:
 For Elementary Education:
 Filipino shall be used in the following areas: Filipino; Makabayan
 English shall be used in the following learning areas: English; Science;
 For Secondary Education:
 English: Mathematics, Science and Technology, English, Technology and
Livelihood Education, Music, Arts, Physical Education and Health/CAT
 Filipino: Edukasyon sa Pagpapahalaga (Values Education), Araling
Panlipunan, Filipino

2010 Secondary Education Curriculum (UbD Model 2010)

 The refinement of the curriculum followed the Understanding by Design (UbD) model developed
by Jay Mctighe and Grant Wiggins.
 DepEd considered this as a new hope for our educational system because it attains mastery of
the subject area in the secondary education
 This implored us to think about the outcomes, goals, and objectives we had for student learning
first and then plan instruction and develop curriculum to close the gap between what the
students already know and what they need to know.

K-12 Basic Education Curriculum

 The Philippines is committed to achieving its Education for All (EFA) goals not only for the
development of each Filipino, but also for the overall social and economic progress of the
country. Part of the Philippine Education For All Plan of Action 2015, is Critical Task No. 5, “the
expansion of basic education, targeting that by 2015, the Philippines has lengthened its cycle of
basic education schooling to make it twelve years.”

 K to 12 means Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary education.

Kindergarten refers to the five-­­year old cohort that takes a standardized kindergarten
curriculum. Elementary education refers to primary schooling that involves six years of
education (Grades 1 to 6). Secondary education refers to four years of junior high school
(Grades 7 to 10) and two years of senior high school (Grades 11 to 12).

 K-12 Comparison to Old Curriculum