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KINETIC ENERGY

1. A car is moving with the velocity of 10 m/s and is having mass of 250 Kg. Calculate its Kinetic energy?
Solution:

Given: Mass of the body m = 250 Kg,


Velocity v = 10 m/s,
Kinetic energy is given by K.E = 1212 mv2
= 1212 ×× 250 Kg (10 m/s)2
= 12500 Kgm2/s2.
2. A cyclist and bike have a total mass of 100 kg and a speed of 15 m/s. Calculate the kinetic energy.

3. A tennis ball is traveling at 50 m/s and has a kinetic energy of 75 J. Calculate the mass of the tennis
ball.

4. What is the KE of a 1.00 kg hammer swinging at 20.0 m/s?

5. A cheetah can run briefly with a speed of 31.0 m/s. Suppose a cheetah with a mass of 47.0 kg runs at
this speed. What is the cheetah’s kinetic energy?
POTENTIAL ENERGY
1. An object of mass 30 kgs is placed on a hill top of height 80m. What is the potential energy
possessed by the object?

PE = m x g x h

= 30 x 9.8 x 80

= 23520 J

2. A fruit hangs from a tree and is about to fall to the ground of 10 meters height. It has a potential
energy of 22.5 J. Calculate the mass of the fruit

M = PE / (g x h)

= 22.5 / (9.8 x 10)

= 0.229 kg

3. 5 kg weighing cat climbing at the top of the tree has a potential energy of 1176 kg. Find the height of
the tree?

H = PE / (m x g)

= 1176 / (9.8 x 5)

= 24 cm

4. A 0.30 kg model airplane is hanging from the ceiling in a child's room. The airplane is hanging 2.50
m above the floor. If the floor is the position with U = 0, what is the potential energy of the model
airplane?

Answer: The model airplane's mass is m = 0.30 kg, and it is at a position h = 2.50 m above the floor. The potential
energy can be found using the formula:

U = mgh

U = (0.30 kg)(9.8 m/s2)(2.50 m)

U = 7.35 kg m2/s2

U = 7.35 J

5. A basketball, with a mass of 2.2 kg, falls off a window ledge, to the ground 50 m below. What is the
gravitational potential energy of the ball when it arrives below?

Answer: The mass, m = 2.2 kg; the height, h = 50 m; the force of gravity, g =9.8 m/s2.

PE = mgh

PE = (2.2 kg)(9.8 m/s2)(50 m)

E = 1078 kg m2 / s2 = 1078 J