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 Priming is the violent action of boiler


water resulting in water slugs getting
injected into the steam.
 When the steam is produced rapidly in
the boilers, some droplets of water are
carried along with the steam resulting
into the formation of ‘wet steam’.
This phenomenon is termed as
priming.
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THERMODYNE

 Deposits on the valves


which may cause
overheating and corrosion
 Reduced product quality
which affects the heat
transfer rates
 Higher steam
consumption for same
power output
 Life of boiler and its
components subject to
danger
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 Maintain low levels of water in the boiler


 Ensure efficient filtration of water used in the boiler
 Blow-off the sludge from time to time
 Controlling rapid changes in the flow velocity
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 Formation of a layer of froth


or stable foam on the surface
of water is termed as
foaming.
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 Formation of soap like


structures reduces the
surface tension of water
significantly, thus
decreasing the boiler
efficiency.
 Fluctuation in water levels.
 Water hammer problem.
 Can lead to contamination
and scaling.
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 Use of Anti-foaming agents such as castor oil. (Anti-foaming


agents neutralize the effects of surface tension)
 Proper treatment of water before entry into the boiler in order to
remove the foaming agents (such as oil, alkali)
 Addition of sodium aluminates has proved to be an effective way
to remove oil traces by entrapping oil drops.
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 Carrying away of water


containing soluble salts into
the distribution system is
termed as carry-over. The
salts essentially have an
alkaline nature.
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 Decrease in efficiency of a boiler


as the dissolved salts and solid
particles have chances of getting
carried away into the turbine
blades and finally getting
deposited over the blades.
 Life of different parts of a boiler
subjected to such water soluble
salts is at stake.
 Judgment of actual height of
water column becomes difficult,
making maintenance procedure
quite troublesome
 Carry-over poses a serious
problem to the parts such as
turbine blades, steam traps,
valve bodies, etc.
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THERMODYNE

 Decrease in efficiency of a boiler as the dissolved salts and


solid particles have chances of getting carried away into the
turbine blades and finally getting deposited over the blades.
 Life of different parts of a boiler subjected to such water
soluble salts is at stake.
 Judgment of actual height of water column becomes
difficult, making maintenance procedure quite troublesome
 Carry-over poses a serious problem to the parts such as
turbine blades, steam traps, valve bodies, etc.
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 A layer of water formed over


the metal surfaces of the
boiler is termed as scale.
 Scales are nothing but salts
of Calcium and Magnesium
salts (existing primarily in
the form of sulphates or
carbonates), which are highly
insoluble in water.
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THERMODYNE

 Decrease in efficiency of a boiler


as the dissolved salts and solid
particles have chances of getting
carried away into the turbine
blades and finally getting
deposited over the blades.
 Life of different parts of a boiler
subjected to scaling is at stake.
 Judgment of actual height of
water column becomes difficult,
making maintenance procedure
quite troublesome
 Carry-over poses a serious
problem to the parts such as
turbine blades, steam traps,
valve bodies, etc.
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THERMODYNE

 Ensure proper feed water treatment


 Expert advice of a chemist should be considered
regarding the boiler and feed water treatment
 Main steam stop valve should be opened gradually
 Maintain lower water levels
 Use anti-priming baffles
 Leakage of any ‘foreign’ material into the boiler feed
water system should be avoided.
 Alignment of gauge glasses should be properly done
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 The active destruction of


the boiler material
through pitting action is
termed as corrosion. It is
the process of
continuous ‘decay’ or
‘disintegration’ of the
boiler material due to
electrochemical action of
the dissolved oxygen
with the boiler metal.
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 The boiler metal gets


eaten up quickly due to
the action of dissolved
oxygen leading to
complete failure of the
boiler system
 Increase in cost of
maintenance and repairs
 Leaking of rivets and
joint areas
 Reduced boiler life and
possible chances of
failure of the entire
system
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 Addition of Hydrazine/ Sodium


Sulphite/Sodium Sulphide
 By mechanical aeration under high
temperature and vacuum conditions
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ENGINEERING SYSTEMS
A-7 / 108 & 110, SSGT Road Industrial Area,
Ghaziabad, U.P. – 201009

Email: sales@thermodyneboilers.com
Website: www.thermodynneboilers.com