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(a) Show that 1a

(J
J(x) dx = 1a(J
f(a - ;r,) d.1:.

(b) llence show that 1: o


111(1 + tanx) = 1:
O
In (
2
1 + tanx
) dx.
,r
1rln2
1
4
(c) I-len.c c sl1ow that 111(1 + t,u1 x ) d;r; = --.
0 8
I - tt
Tl1e sccon<i soh1tion t1ses the st1bstitt1tior1 ;r; = . ar1<i 'solving a system' .
. .
Exa1nple. Use the st1bst1tt1t1011 x = .
1 - 'IL
l+1L
1 + 'IL
to show tl1at
O
ln(x + 1)
1+ x 2
d:r, =
7r

8
h1 2.
1l
1- 'IL
llrief outline of solution: ;i; = -- li,.,1,· -
- 2
- {l +u )2
1 + 'IL

Tl1enl =
J o ln-L
( l- u )+u ·(l
-2
)2 du =
1 1
ln2
2 du-J
J l +u + 1 + 11, o 1L +1
1

1
,111
I-le11ce 21 = 111 2 .
0 u 2
+1