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A typical Jew in Jesus' time had only one name, sometimes followed by the phrase "son of <father's

name>", or the individual's hometown.[43] Thus, in the New Testament, Jesus is commonly referred to
as "Jesus of Nazareth"[k] (e.g., Mark 10:47).[44] Jesus' neighbors in Nazareth refer to him as "the
carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon" (Mark 6:3),[45] "the
carpenter's son" (Matthew 13:55),[46] or "Joseph's son" (Luke 4:22).[47] In John, the disciple Philip
refers to him as "Jesus son of Joseph from Nazareth" (John 1:45).[48]
The name Jesus is derived from the Latin Iesus, a transliteration of the Greek Ἰησοῦς (Iesous).[49] The
‫( יהושע‬Yeshua), a variant of the earlier name‫ ישוע‬Greek form is a rendering of the Hebrew
(Yehoshua), or in English, "Joshua",[50][51][52][53] meaning "Yah saves".[54][55] This was also the
name of Moses' successor[56] and of a Jewish high priest in the Old Testament.[57]
The name Yeshua appears to have been in use in Judea at the time of the birth of Jesus.[58] The 1st-
century works of historian Flavius Josephus, who wrote in Koine Greek, the same language as that of
the New Testament,[59] refer to at least twenty different people with the name Jesus (i.e. Ἰησοῦς).[60]
The etymology of Jesus' name in the context of the New Testament is generally given as "Yahweh is
Since early Christianity, Christians have commonly referred to Jesus as "Jesus Christ".[62] "Jesus
Christ" is the name that the author of the Gospel of John claims Jesus gave to himself during his high
priestly prayer.[63] The word Christ was a title or office ("the Christ"), not a given name.[64][65] It
derives from the Greek Χριστός (Christos),[49][66] a translation of the Hebrew mashiakh (‫)משיח‬
meaning "anointed", and is usually transliterated into English as "Messiah".[67][68] In biblical
Judaism, sacred oil was used to anoint certain exceptionally holy people and objects as part of their
religious investiture (see Leviticus 8:10–12 and Exodus 30:29).
Christians of the time designated Jesus as "the Christ" because they believed him to be the Messiah,
whose arrival is prophesied in the Hebrew Bible and Old Testament. In postbiblical usage, Christ
became viewed as a name—one part of "Jesus Christ". The term "Christian" (meaning a follower of
Christ) has been in use since the 1st century.[69]