0 Bewertungen0% fanden dieses Dokument nützlich (0 Abstimmungen)

17 Ansichten48 SeitenCHAPTER I-V.docx

© © All Rights Reserved

DOCX, PDF, TXT oder online auf Scribd lesen

© All Rights Reserved

Als DOCX, PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

0 Bewertungen0% fanden dieses Dokument nützlich (0 Abstimmungen)

17 Ansichten48 SeitenCHAPTER I-V.docx

© All Rights Reserved

Als DOCX, PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

Sie sind auf Seite 1von 48

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

A. Background

(2008: 26) defined language is the process or a set processes used to ensure there

is agreement between the sender and receiver for meanings assigned to the

symbol and schema or combining them used for each communication. In the

elementary school for fifth and sixth level, junior to senior high school up to the

universities. In learning English there are four skills namely: speaking, writing,

progress in acquiring the langauge. In the same way, we give them the

opportunity to use this language, make mistakes, and learn from them.

In this sense the researcher especially discusses about the students’ skill of

able to deliver a message with a good language so that the audience could

understand it easily. Horwizt (1986: 12) said that “In ELF context, oral

2

has been noted that people who have difficulty in communicating with people are

people encounter many various difficulties that negatively affect their ability

words, giving an oral presentation is a good practice to equip the students with

not only experience in delivering their materials in public with a proper language

but also opportunities to improve their confidence. In fact, to be able to do so, the

presenter needs to have good presentation skills. Just as Rajoo (2010:43) argued,

Furthermore, having good oral presentation skills was very useful in the future

especially for the students’ career (Emder & Becker, as cited in El Enein, 2011).

Teacher Training and Education has included group and individual presentation

as one of the assessment criteria in most of its courses. Yet, the majority of

audiences. This phenomenon was in line with Emden and Becker, as cited in El-

Enein (2011), who pointed out that most of the students were very nervous about

presenting in public.Tuan and Mai (2012) found that understanding the topic

3

pointed out that organizing the ideas based on the topic that was given by the

Muhammadiyah University, there were some students that had problems in doing

oral presentation. The problems that they were faced such asproblem in

organizing ideas, understanding topic and anxiety. So, the presentation was not

running well.To handle those problems, proper strategies are needed. Therefore,

B. Problem Statement

statement as follows:

Based on the problem statements above, the purpose of this study was to

find out:

Muhammadiyah University.

4

The researcher hopes that the result of this study can be used as an input

for English teachers and find out strategies to solve the students’ difficulties on

oral presentation in the classroom interaction. Therefore, the students can improve

factors.

5

CHAPTER II

Some researchers has been conducting studies relate to this research, there

are as follows :

University.” The result of his research showed, according to the two tools,

good presentation.

University. The result of her research showed that students were actually

highly positive in their beliefs about benefits and usefulness of doing oral

6

hopes that this study will be useful to both teachers and students of other

research showed that students were highly positive in their beliefs about

activity. Also it has been revealed that classroom oral presentations have a

7

in the classroom interaction and they also used qualitative method with

Hassan, Kamel and Nadia used questionnaire and interview. Sivadjati used

interview and the researcher itself only use questionnaire to get the data.

sample, Hassan used junior and senior English major students forming

8

addition the speakers can support their talk with visual aids.

about things that are not clear to them. The speakers answer them to

typical speech event. There are different between normal speech and

oral presentation. The later is a type of speech, but the former is more

9

presentation as follows:

1. Individual Presentation

2. Group Presentation

Groups encourage team work and help students get feedback from each

of their group and to work together, in English, to plan how they will

present their ideas to the other members of the class. This facilitates

English use to meet a specific goal, in an authentic way, and with very

10

little intervention from the teacher (Brooks & Wilson, 2014). In this

because the presenter needs to think twice about the grammar rule.

Rajoo (2010) pointed out that grammar also plays an important role

Tuan and Mai (2012) said that it is difficult for the learners if the

result it will make the students confuses because they did not have

enough knowledge about the topic. In relation with the topic, the

11

Khoury (2015) argued that one of the presenter problems when they

student’s problems especially about the tempo. Rajoo (2010) said that

5. MemorizingProblem

students suddenly forgot what they would say when speaking in front

of public.

6. Anxiety

Recent studies have found that anxiety becomes the most difficult

(2011) that most of the learners or students were very nervous about

presenting in public.

12

7. Teacher’sExpectation

presentation. Gigante, Lewin, and Dell (2012) argued that most of the

8. Time Management

A study which was done by Tuan and Mai (2012) investigated on the

students also faced time problem when they were doing the

presentation.

attracting the students’ interest, being afraid if the points are not

13

argued that reading more about the grammar and the structure was the

2. The students should master the topic well in dealing with topic

was very helpful for the students in order to know more about the

also argued that the students, who suffered from organizing the idea

presenter should divide the main body of the presentation into some

points.

(Kim, 2014).

14

adjust their speed. Pain (2014) pointed out that adjusting the speed or

slowing down the speed is the answer if the students’ have problem

in their speaking speed because the way the presenter gives the

gave a useful guideline for the students who are bad at memorizing.

He believed that keep talking or repeat the previous point when the

presenter could not memorize the material was very useful strategy.

exercise and

donotlookattheaudiences’eyescanreducetheanxietylevelonthestudents

8. Strategy about changing the students’ mindset when the students feel

15

mindset into the positive one was a good choice in dealing with the

under pressure feeling. Further, he also said that the way narrator’s

think which turned the negative into the positive thinking affect their

with the time problems or length of time when the students did an

oral presentation, the students should calculate the time well. If the

about. Then, Ellis (1999) also points out that interaction is generally used

receive the knowledge and attitude is school where the teaching and

learning process take a part. Interaction is one of the factor to make the

effectively. Thus, there are some definitions that can explores what the

interaction is.

16

subject. The should not dominate all the communication, therefore it can

create the situation that make student share each other. Malamah &

Thomas (1985) stated that if teacher talks most dominate of the class

will be diminished.

where they usually get communicate each other, in this case, they

exists in the teaching and learning process between teacher and students,

kinds of action that involved as two or more objects has an effect upon

one another.

17

as follows:

only listen, answer some question made by the teacher, and take notes

about his speech. Theories behind student and teacher interaction state

that this type of interaction is vital for students because it compares to the

relationships they will have in their live, such as the relationship with a

18

also learn how to be assertive without being rude, so that, their points and

“students are the main participants and the teacher plays a role of monitor

relationships they will have with work associates, friends and even their

spouses. Students must learn to rely on one other person and must be able

to evaluate what their own strenghts and weaknesses are as they try to

complete a task.

19

C. Conceptual Framework

English Learning

Oral Presentation

Difficulties in Oral

Presentation

External factors

2.1 Conceptual Framework

difficulties thatfaced by the students in doing oral presentation. First of all, the

difficulties that faced by the students, after that the reseacher divided into internal

20

CHAPTER III

METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH

A. Research Design

concerning correct status of the subject of the study. The descriptive method

also designed to obtain the current status of phenomenon and was directed

1. Population

21

2. Sample

C. Research Instrument

The instrument that was used in this research was questionnaire. The

LikertScale was used in this research. Gay (2000: 150) said that a Likert

NO SCALE SCORE

1 Strongly Agree 5

2 Agree 4

3 Undecided 3

4 Disagree 2

5 Strongly Disagree 1

22

conducting this research in the classroom, the researcher did the following

procedures :

1. The researcher told each class to get permission that their class would be

3. The researcher shared the questionnaire to the students and told them to

𝑬

P= × 100

𝑵

Explanation:

P = Percentage

N = Total respondent

23

CHAPTER IV

A. Findings

questionnaire. The aim of this study was to know the students’ difficulties on oral

presentation. From the data result there are many students found some difficulties

on oral presentation, the data from the questionnaire used formula in chapter 3 to

2 Agree 33 47.14

3 Undecided 14 20

4 Disagree 7 10

5 Strongly Disagree 0 0

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, the result reveal that there were 70 students

whose involved to respond the statement number 1“I feel very anxious before

of students whose strongly agree and 33 students or 47.14% were agree with

24

with the statement and 7 students or 10% whose disagree with the statement

and there was none answered strongly disagree with the statement. It shows

that the most of the students feel anxious before on oral presentation.

2 Agree 36 51.42

3 Undecided 6 8.57

4 Disagree 5 7.14

5 Strongly Disagree 3 4.28

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, the result that were 70 students whose

with a group.” The result indicates there were 20 or 28.57% of the students

answered strongly agree with the statement and 36 students or 51.42% whose

agree with the statement and 6 students or 27% whose undecided with the

shows that the most of students like to do on oral presentation with a group

than individual.

25

confidence.

Table 4.3 Students Difficulties

2 Agree 26 37.14

3 Undecided 13 18.57

4 Disagree 17 24.28

5 Strongly Disagree 2 2.85

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, the result that there were 70 students whose

students or 37.14% whose agree with the statement. Meanwhile, there were

13 or 18.57% whose undecided with the statement and there were 17 students

strongly disagree with the statement. It shows that most of the students have

prepared.

Table 4.4 Students Difficulties

2 Agree 14 58.57

3 Undecided 8 11.42

4 Disagree 7 10

5 Strongly Disagree 3 4.28

Total 70 100

26

Based on the table, it can be seen that there were 70 students whose

15.71% from the total number of the students whose strongly agree with the

statement. The other 41 students or 58.57% from the total of the students

were agree with the statement. Meanwhile, there were 8 students or 11.42%

students answered strongly disagree. The result indicates that mostly students

themselves well.

say.

Table 4.5 Students Difficulties

2 Agree 17 24.48

3 Undecided 23 32.85

4 Disagree 24 34.28

5 Strongly Disagree 4 5.71

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, the result that were 70 students whose

or 2.85% from the total number of students whose strongly agree with the

27

statement. The other 17 students or 24.28% from the total number of the

students were agree with the statement. Meanwhile, there were 23 students or

32.85% whose undecided with the statement and there were 24 students or

strongly disagree with the statement. The result indicates that most of

students chose disagree with the statement but there were some students agree

with the statement, it shows that some students sometimes get blankness

2 Agree 21 30

3 Undecided 21 30

4 Disagree 21 30

5 Strongly Disagree 3 4.28

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, the result reveal that there were 70 students

whose involved to respond the statement number 6“I feel embarrassed when

students whose strongly agree and 21 students or 30% were agree with the

the statement and 21 students or 30% whose disagree with the statement and

28

statement. It shows that the most of the studentsfeel embarrassed when they

do an oral presentation.

2 Agree 28 40

3 Undecided 18 25.71

4 Disagree 12 17.14

5 Strongly Disagree 3 4.28

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

total number of the students whose strongly agree with the statement. The

other 28 students or 40% from the total of the students were agree with the

strongly disagree. The result indicates that mostly students feel worried when

they do an oral presentation because they have low English speaking skill.

29

2 Agree 40 57.14

3 Undecided 11 15.71

4 Disagree 7 10

5 Strongly Disagree 3 4.28

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

total number of students whose strongly agree with the statement number,

then 40 students or 57.14% from the total number of students were agree with

undecided, 7 or 10% from the total number of students answer disagree, and 3

result indicates that most of students choose agree with the statement, it

shows that most of students feel worried when they conduct an oral

30

2 Agree 21 30

3 Undecided 21 30

4 Disagree 19 27.14

5 Strongly Disagree 5 7.14

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, the result that were 70 students whose

involved to respond the statement number 9“I feel shy during oral

answered strongly agree with the statement and 21 students or 30% whose

agree with the statement and also 21 students or 30% whose undecided with

the statement and there were 19 students or 27.14% whose answered disagree

and other 5 students or 7.14% whose strongly disagree with the statement. It

shows that the most of students feel shy when they do on oral presentation.

2 Agree 31 44.28

3 Undecided 9 12.85

4 Disagree 17 24.28

5 Strongly Disagree 4 5.71

Total 70 100

31

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

students whose strongly agree with the statement number, then 31 students or

44.28% from the total number of students were agree with the statement.

students strongly disagree with the statement number 10. The result indicates

that most of students chose agree with the statement, it shows that most of

2 Agree 28 40

3 Undecided 20 28.57

4 Disagree 15 21.42

5 Strongly Disagree 3 4.28

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

5.71% from the total number of the students whose strongly agree with the

statement. The other 28 students or 40% from the total of the students were

agree with the statement. Meanwhile, there were 20 students or 28.57% prefer

32

answered strongly disagree. The result indicates that mostly students chose

agree even there were some students disagree with the statement but it shows

that most of the students find difficulty in time management when they do an

oral presentation.

2 Agree 37 52.85

3 Undecided 8 11.42

4 Disagree 3 4.28

5 Strongly Disagree 7 10

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

21.42% from the total number of students whose strongly agree with the

students answer disagree, and 7 or 10% of students strongly disagree with the

statement number 12. The result indicates that most of students chose agree

with the statement even there were some students strongly disagree with the

33

2 Agree 21 30

3 Undecided 13 18.57

4 Disagree 10 14.28

5 Strongly Disagree 1 1.42

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

from the total number of students whose strongly agree with the statement

number 13, then 21 students or 30% from the total number of students were

number 13. The result indicates that most of students chose agree with the

statement, it shows that most of students care about grammar more than

34

14) I prefer to memorize the topic of presentation rather than understand it.

2 Agree 8 11.42

3 Undecided 19 27.14

4 Disagree 31 44.28

5 Strongly Disagree 6 8.57

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, the result that there were 70 students whose

of presentation rather than understand it.” The result indicates there were 6

or 8.57% students answered strongly agree with the statement and 8 students

27,14% whose undecided with the statement and there were 31 students or

strongly disagree with the statement. It shows that even the most of the

students were disagree with the statement but there were some students prefer

the classroom.

35

15) The difficulty of the topic is the reason behind my low performance in

oral presentation.

2 Agree 32 45.71

3 Undecided 16 22.85

4 Disagree 9 12.85

5 Strongly Disagree 1 1.42

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

were 12 students or 17.14% from the total number of the students whose

strongly agree with the statement. The other 32 students or 45.71% from the

total of the students were agree with the statement. Meanwhile, there were 16

students or 22.85% prefer to undecided with the statement and also 9 students

or 12.85% whose answered disagree then 1 student or 1.42% from the total

36

No Opinion Frequency Percentage (%)

2 Agree 27 38.57

3 Undecided 18 25.71

4 Disagree 8 11.42

5 Strongly Disagree 2 2.85

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, the result that were 70 students whose

13 or 18.57% of the students answered strongly agree with the statement and

25.71% whose undecided with the statement and there were 8 students or

strongly disagree with the statement. It shows that the most of students find

presentation.

Table 4.17 Students Difficulties

2 Agree 30 42.85

3 Undecided 21 30

4 Disagree 11 15.71

5 Strongly Disagree 2 2.85

Total 70 100

37

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

from the total number of students were agree with the statement.

students strongly disagree with the statement number 17. The result

indicates that most of students chose agree with the statement, it shows

that most of students feel frightened when a lot of people watching their

oral presentation.

2 Agree 39 55.71

3 Undecided 14 20

4 Disagree 8 11.42

5 Strongly Disagree 1 1.42

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

38

from the total number of students whose strongly agree with the statement

number, then 39 students or 55.71% from the total number of students were

number 18. The result indicates that most of students chose agree with the

statement even there were some students disagree with the statement, it shows

2 Agree 29 41.42

3 Undecided 17 24.28

4 Disagree 14 20

5 Strongly Disagree 5 7.14

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, the result that were 70 students whose

7.14% of the students answered strongly agree with the statement and 29

24.28% whose undecided with the statement and there were 14 students or

disagree with the statement. It shows that the most of students worry that

39

other students will laugh at them when speak English during oral

presentation.

20) When late students enter class or talk to each other during oral

presentation, I lose my ideas.

2 Agree 24 34.28

3 Undecided 18 25.71

4 Disagree 16 22.85

5 Strongly Disagree 2 2.85

Total 70 100

Based on the table and chart above, the result that were 70 students

enter class or talk to each other during oral presentation, I lose my ideas.”

strongly agree with the statement and 24 students or 34.28% whose agree

with the statement and also 18 students or35.71% whose undecided with the

statement and there were 16 students or 22.85% whose answered disagree and

shows that even there were some students disagree with the statement, but the

most of students lose their ideas when late students enter class or talk to each

40

performance.

1 Strongly Agree 14 20

2 Agree 26 37.14

3 Undecided 14 20

4 Disagree 9 12.85

5 Strongly Disagree 7 10

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

14 students or 20% from the total number of the students whose strongly

agree with the statement. The other 26 students or 37.14% from the total of

the students were agree with the statement. Meanwhile, there were 14

students or 20% prefer to undecided with the statement and also 9 students or

12.85% whose answered disagree then 7 students or 10% from the total

number of students answered strongly disagree. The result indicates that the

performance.

41

1 Strongly Agree 14 20

2 Agree 36 51.42

3 Undecided 11 15.71

4 Disagree 8 11.42

5 Strongly Disagree 1 1.42

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

from the total number of students whose strongly agree with the statement

number, then 36 students or 51.42% from the total number of students were

statement number 22. The result indicates that most of students chose agree

with the statement even there were some students disagree with the statement,

it shows the students feel anxious because the instructors is watching their

language.

42

1 Strongly Agree 10 14.28

2 Agree 32 45.71

3 Undecided 10 14.28

4 Disagree 13 18.57

5 Strongly Disagree 5 7.14

Total 70 100

Based on the table above, the result that were 70 students whose

eyes during oral presentation.” The result indicates there were 10 or 14.28%

of the students answered strongly agree with the statement and 32 students or

45.71% whose agree with the statement and 10 students or 14.28% whose

undecided with the statement and there were 13 students or 18.57% whose

with the statement. It shows that the most of students try to avoid the

24) I don’t get useful feedback from the instructor after oral presentation.

2 Agree 12 17.14

3 Undecided 22 31.42

4 Disagree 21 30

5 Strongly Disagree 8 11.42

Total 70 100

43

Based on the table above, it can be seen that there were 70 students

feedback from the instructor after oral presentation”. There were 7 students

or 7.14% from the total number of students whose strongly agree with the

the statement number 24. The result indicates that most of students chose

disagree with the statement but there were some students agree with the

statement, it shows that some students sometimes don’t get useful feedback

B. Discussion

Based on the data that the researcher has been collected, there were

difficulties, there are 3 points that the researcher discusses; first, the problems

organizing the ideas), and last is problem under external factors (time

44

proved that most of the students agree with the statement “I feel very anxious

They found that the anxiety became the most complicated obstacle which the

students had to struggle with. Daniel and Hall (2014) said that in their

findings; practice more, take a deep breath, and never look at the audiences’

eyes that the strategies were very effective in dealing with anxiety because it

blankness. It was proved that there some students agree with the statement

say.”To deal with the blankness, keep talking or elaborating when your mind

goes blank was the key. Mitchell (2009) pointed out that if the participants

went blank, it was better to talk anything. Besides that, teachers expectation

also become one of difficulties that faced by the students. It is because the

students was a debater and a storyteller, which means that they were

had already known about their skills in presentation. Gigante, Lewin, and

Dell (2012) also said that most of the students were having problems in the

45

Allan (2015) said that changing your mindset into the positive one was a

good choice in dealing with the under pressure feeling. He also said that the

presentation later.

findings, other problems in doing an oral presentation is about the topic itself

whether students understand about the topic or not. It was proved that there

were many students agree with the statement “The difficulty of the topic is the

(2015) also argued that it is difficult for the learners if the teacher gave a topic

that is not familiar to the students and as a result it would make the students

confused because they didn’t have enough knowledge about the topic. Blake

(2013) said that “by using Google, yahoo, MSN search, Bing or other search

information in the internet could help the students find the desired

information.

them to present the ideas in a good order. It was proved that there were some

logically during oral presentation”. Gibson (2014) also believed that doing a

it requires good presentation skills. He said that in dealing with the problem

46

carefully. As a result the presenter would be able to master the topic or the

material and organize it very well which means that the presenter should

divide the main body of the presentation into some logical points.

The last problem that the students faced about time management when

management when they had to present in front of public. It was proved that

there were some students agree with the statement “I find difficult in

was set by the lecturers were not enough. A study by Tuan and Mai (2012)

also supported the idea that the students had limited time to talk during an

oral presentation. The portion of the time that was given by the lecturer was

limited. According to Marshall (2009) in dealing with the time problem the

presenter should count the time really well. Calculating the time before you

in time management.

Due to the fact that presentation become one of the assessments which

the students should pass. Through this findings, the researcher want to help

fellow students to improve their skill. Besides that, to make the lecturers

47

CHAPTER V

A. Conclusion

(understanding the topic and organizing the ideas), and external factors (time

them pointed out that anxiety problem and unconfidence become the most

experts’ findings in their research those difficulties that faced by the students have

B. Suggestion

After finishing this research, the researcher wrote some suggestions that

1. For the lecturers, the result of this study can be used as additional

more aware in dealing with the students’ difficulties. Besides that, the

researcher hopes that the lecturers help the students to overcome their

48

2. For the students, they have to practice more and also find strategies to

solve their problems on oral presentation. So, they can improve their