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INTRODUCTION

Social networks are one of the most used communications methods of today’s world. It is

amazing how the internet is changing people’s lives. People are able to quickly do research and

gather data on the web, navigate through websites and most people are able to find anything on

the internet. However, it has a negative aspect due to the fact that it affects relationships with

others, people easily distracted, and it may cause cyber bullying. Many people can say that social

media is one of the most common ways of distraction for students. It has an effect that is both

harmful to the productivity of students and has been proven to decrease the student’s grades

academically; example, a teacher is discussing in front but a student always play games,

watching movies on her/his phone and when the teacher is going to ask his/her, he/she had

nothing to answer, during exams he/she got low grades because of the addiction on using

gadgets, his/her grades decrease and getting distracted. A student productivity on learning

become decrease and decrease, most of them suffer from low grades. Teenagers across the world

may believe that social media has a positive impact on their lives because it makes

communication with friends quick and easy; however, it takes away meaningful relationship.

Example, most of us always want to have many friends and one of the way to get friends is

through social media but we don’t know who’s behind the screen because we don’t have to face-

to-face interaction that have a meaningless relationship. Students will always have the choice of

how well they do in school. They are in control of their own grades, and what they want to

retain. Having the perfect balance between a social media network and schoolwork can be

achieved through self-discipline and suitable scheduling. Students need to start changing their
habits of how much time they spend on social media. (Conley, Dalton, “Wired for distraction :

kinds and social media , “content time. com). (Dakin, Pauline: Social media affecting teens

concepts of friendship intimacy.”) The authors suggest that is has a positive effect on the health

of the students. (Tobi et al. 2013) also further mentioned that this has a positive impact of user

confidence. In addition, (Kimbal and Rheingold 2013) and (Krasnova et al 2008) argued that

using social networking sites increases user happiness and can reduce depression if is controlled

(Tandoc, Ferrucci, and duffy, 2015). In the Philippines, it has been observed too that the majority

of the students nowadays, particularly those in the secondary level, spend most of their time

chatting with their acquaintances, playing online games, and watching videos instead of reading

their lessons, making their assignments and other academic requirements. The darker side of this

that has gained the attention of many parents is that some students are getting lazier and are no

longer interested in going to school. (Impact of social media to students lives, academic

performances, Tabuk City, Kalinga December 11, 2016, Rejie D. Astodelio). The social

networking sites are gaining a lot of popularity these days with almost all of the educated youth

using one or the other such site. On the point of academic performance or excellence, Tuckman

(1975) posited that, performance is used to label observable manifestation of knowledge, skills,

concepts, and understanding and ideas. (Impact of social networking sites on academic

performance of students, Bohatala.com). Specifically, in Kalamtukan High School most of the

students are engaged in social media that affect the productivity of student learning. Social media

can affect student’s grades in school for it decreases its sympathy on studying. As we observed

student in Kalamtukan High School use cell phone during class hours that is incorrectly habit of

a student. Ex. It’s your habit to play games on your cell phone and you get weak if you didn’t

play games even if teacher is discussing you are still playing until you didn’t noticed that your
teacher is beside you; your teacher may scold or your grades will affected and also it can cause

into a reasons of cheating. As what the respondents answer us during interview is that the

negative effects of social media on them us a student’s is that they may addict on games, stop

studying and it affect their mind. It also damage our eyes because of radiation, it also a cause of a

concentration of studies which you may get failure or else you will reject your study. Ex. A

student is addict on using Facebook, he is absent from his class just to have Facebook cause of

rejecting his studies. If there is negative, there is also positive impact; social media helps student

on their research, make their homework faster or easy to answer because they just find it on

Google or different web. It is also use in communicating to their friends/classmates if they forget

about their project, they can easily know without wasting any amount for transportation. Most of

the student in KHS use cell phone, this kind of social media help the student specially on math

for the can use of its calculator than buying a scientific calculator, they can thrift their money.

Social media has many uses but it also many effects.


STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The study seeks to determine the different impact of social media on students especially grade 7

charity of Kalamtukan High School Sch. Yr. 2018-2019.

The following sub questions are:

1) What is the profile of the respondent in terms of sex?

1.1 Male

1.2 Female

2) What is the profile of the respondents in terms of age?

1.1 11

1.2 12

1.3 13

1.4 14

1.5 15

3) What is the types of social media does the respondents use?

1.1 Facebook

1.2 Messenger

1.3 Google Chrome


1.4 Vid mate

1.5 You tube

4) What is the effect of social media on students?

1.1 Positive/negative effects

1.2 Nonsense

5) Are social media helping the respondents in KHS?

1.1 Yes

1.2 No

1.3 Maybe

6) Is there a significant relationship between the impacts of social media and the

performance and learning of students?

RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

NULL HYPOTHESES- There’s no significant relationship between the impacts of social media

and the performance and learning of students.

ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESES- There’s a significant relationship between the impact of

social media and the performance and learning of students.


SCOPE AND DELIMITATION

This study focuses only on Grade 7 Charity of Kalamtukan High School which is using a

sampling method towards the respondents. This research consist of 10 respondents fro the grade

7 Charity. Using the different method of collecting data like survey and interview and also from

our observation. This research is based on the respondents answer about the impact of social

media and their experiences how it effects on them, we also use the internet in gathering data.

This research was based on the different reason and answer of the respondents on the negative

and positive effect and how they perform his balance without harm. If it is negative what is its

impact on them and if positive what are the value or purpose to them.

This study is limited only Grade 7 Charity of Kalamtukan High School School Year. 2018-2019

which have only 10 responding being interviewed.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The result of this study have great benefit to the following;

TEACHERS: This would help the teachers on how to get the attention of students during class

hours. This is also help the teachers controlled or prevented the addiction of students in using

cell phone even if it is not necessary to use. It also guide the teachers on how to enhance the

students learning.
PARENTS: This would guide the parent on how to train their students on what time they are

capable to use their phones. It also help the parents aware their children performance and

learning in School especially if their children get low grades.

STUDENTS: This would aware the students the impacts into their study and how it affect of on

their health mentally damage/distract. It also help them how to use mobile phones into a fair

balance way without any effect to their studies.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

In this study, primary data is used. The primary data for this research study will be collected true

questionnaire; the data of questionnaire was collected from 10 respondents. In addition, this

research study leads to explore more about the impact social media in student’s performance and

learning.

Student itself reliable in making their grades it is based on how they perform, participate and

contribute to their learning. They are only person can help themselves to get a high grade also

with their cooperation and determination.

Nowadays, we born in computer age, most of us depend on internet, research, assignments and

project are mostly from different web. In reality, students use Facebook to search peers instead

of searching a topic for a report, use You Tube to watch movies instead of watching the process

of making their project or using telephone on answering unimportant topic than answering its

assignment. It is better for us to known how to use social media correctly.


RESEARCH ENVIRONMENT

The study is conducted in Brgy. Kalamtukan, Bayawan City specifically at Kalamtukan High

School. Grade 7 is the focus of this research which has a population of 44 students but using a

random sampling, researchers only selected 10 respondents from that section. Kalamtukan High

School is composed of 13 teachers specifically from Grade 7 to 12. It has a Science laboratory,

old building, a cottage and a canteen.

OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS OF TERMS

Social Media- forms of electronic communication (as Web sites for social networking and micro

blogging) through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal

messages, and other content (as videos).

Research- to collect information about or for (something).

Cyber bullying- the electronic posting of mean-spirited messages about a person (as a student)

often than anonymously.

Addiction- a strong and harmful need to regularly have something (such as a drug) or do

something ( such as gamble)

Self-discipline- the ability to make yourself do things that should be done.

Habits- something that a person does often in a regular and repeated way.

Academic performance- a specific activity on academic learning.


Interview- a formal consultation usually to evaluate qualifications (as of a prospective student or

employee)

Radiaton- energy that comes from a source in the form of waves or rays you cannot see.

Respondent- a person who gives a response or answer to a question that is asked especially as

part of a survey.

Happiness- the state of being happy.

Unconcentration- unable to concentrate one thing and etc.

Distracted- unable to think about or pay attention to something.

Chatting- to talk over the Internet by sending message back and forth in a chat room.

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE (5)

1.)The effects of Social Media on student performance

January 1,2017

Steve Johnson

This research effort is targeted at finding the effects of social media on student’s academic

performance is available. Most of the studies chosen have been published in the past four to five

years.
Tess (2013) presents a very comprehensive literature review paper regarding the role of social

media in higher education virtual and real classes. The review has consulted almost every

popular research database around the world to make this review rich in terms of covering almost

every aspect of explaining the role of different social media in higher education class.

This research finds Facebook to be the most popular social networking site among students as

reported by same researchers and it has reached a one billion user base in October 2012.

While reflecting on the impact of social networking sites on students’ performance, Tess (2013)

again finds a variety of diverse correlations existing in the literature. Some studies find

significantly negative correlation between students results and use of social media while others

find no correlation or weak correlations. Even a few studies come up with positive correlations

although not very significant. Interestingly, the negative correlations between SNS’s usage and

poor performance have been associated with personality traits or other behavioural or

psychological aspects rather than solely with the use of this platforms.

Rouis, Limayem & Salehi-Sangari (2011) successfully make the observation that extent of

cognitive absorption determines the frequency and duration of social media usage. However,

they add that level of cognitive absorption is in turned defined by self-control and other

personality factors. While multitasking skills do nothing to reduce frequency and use of social

media among students, they moderate the effects of social media on students’ performance by

tuning the cognitive absorption.

Junco R. (2012) emphasize a further investigation into the issue to find some more variables like

focus and intervention that may be strongly related to academic performance. The negative

correlation between Facebook usage and academic outcomes may be justified by some negative
academic impacts related to certain ways students use this social media. He observes that some

specific uses of their social media are related to improved academic performance while others

contribute to lower academic results.

Negussie & Ketema (2014) further investigated if there is any impact of using Facebook while

accessing through different devices. Among a variety of devices, it was found that the correlation

between using Facebook on mobile devices and students grades is highly negative as compared

to using Facebook on other devices. This adverse effect is explained by the fact that using cell

phones for social networking activities may involve multitasking and all students are not equally

efficient in multitasking skills. The study suggests, that students must be encouraged to use

social networking sites for educational purposes instead of blocking these platforms in the

educational premises.

2.) The Positive and Negative effects of Social Media on Mental Health

By Megan Stonecipher

In this day and age, social media constantly surrounds us. People are always on their phones or

laptops updating statuses, posting pictures, liking things, and messaging back and forth with

friends. Although social media is extremely beneficial in several ways (i.e., self-expression,

communicating with long-distance friends, self-identity, emotional support, and so on), it does

have a negative impact on mental health.


Additionally other research has found that the more often you spend on social media and the

more social platforms that you are on can also lead to increase negative feelings and rates of

depression and anxiety.

Based on the results from the 14 health and well-being-related questions, the study went ahead

and displayed the overall net impact of each social media platforms on health and wellbeing.

You Tube was rated the most positive for health and wellbeing, followed by Twitter, Facebook,

Snap chat, and finally Instagram was found to be the most damaging for one’s health.

In terms of trying the amount of negative impact from social media, the Royal Society of Public

Health and the Young Health Movement are proposing a couple of ideas. The first is having

social media platforms keep the track of the amount of usage done by a user and providing pop-

ups stating that viewing more content may be harmful. This would most likely also help lessen

the addiction that some people have to social media ,and lessen the rate of depression and

anxiety. Another proposal is having social media platforms highlights when photos of people

have been digitally manipulated (this includes photo shop and filters). This would help with body

image and levels of depression and anxiety.

There is no way to know for sure if the proposed ideas will ever be put into action, so that is why

it is important to be weary of your social media usage and the feelings it may be causing you. If

you feel as if you are constantly checking social media or are feeling anxious or depressed after

viewing your social media, it may be important to take a step back from your phone or laptop

screen and take a break from using social media. It is also as equally important to spend time

evaluating what you are putting on social media as well as some content may be harmful or
damaging to others. Overall though, remember that it is most important to do what is best for

your mental health and wellbeing.

3.) Impact of Social Media on the Youth

By James Mageto (Author)

2017

Social media refers to all applications and websites or blogs that enable people around the globe

to interconnect via the internet, chat, and share content, video call among much other

functionality it offers to its users. For a person to be a member of any social media, he or she has

to first signup and then sign in to access content and be able to share and chat with other users of

that social media platform. Some of the common and widely used social media platforms include

Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Snapchat many among others.

Over the past two decades, social media have gained so much growth and fame worldwide to an

extend that many researchers are now interested in learning more about this social platforms and

their effects on the community. Despite the fact that almost everyone in the community is

connected to at least one social media platform, the youth and teenagers are the leading and the

most fanatic of these social platform to the point that they even social network while in class or

even church. It is to this light that researchers have found that these social sites impact the lives

of our youth in a society a great deal in terms of morals, behaviour and even education-wise.

Also, it exposes young teens say below eighteen years to online predators who get to woo thn

into sexual acts such as lesbianism and other general sexual misconducts. It also exposes these
teens to pornographic content being spread in some the social groups online. This in turn leads to

early pregnancies amongst young girls causing them to drop out of school. It also can lead to

contraction of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV and this can lead to early deaths of our

young generation. The morals of these teens is also immoral literature and videos.

Spending long hours chatting in social media sites also decreases productivity amongst the

youths. This in turn cases the youths not to be self-dependent and instead of depend on their

parents and families for upkeep. The long hours wasted online on social media can be channelled

to productive activities that can enable one earn a living or even acquire an education for

instance through online research materials.

Social platforms also encourage the spread of wrong information and news majorly aimed at

tainting other people’s names or other groups of interest such as political or religious groups.

This in turn leads to fights and enmity between the concerned parties and this can lead to

divisions amongst tribes or people from different ethnicities and tribes.

It can also lead one to join groups of cults and illuminate people, which in turn can also lead to

frequent killings of people in society especially loved ones as a sacrifice to these cults.

In conclusion, social networking has been proved to have both positive and negative effects on

our youths. Individuals should make a conclusion whether to go on using or stop or even

moderate on their usage. Parents should guide and advise their children on current matters like
the usage of social, its disciplines so as to alert students that they need to be careful in their social

media usage.

Work Cited

“Impact of Social Media on Adolescent Behavioural Health in California”| National

Clearinghouse on Families & Youth. Np., 2011. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.

4.) How Social Media is influencing your behaviour

We all know that everyone is a product of their environment. Circumstantial life events,

influences, and surroundings can further change our behaviour. Social media already highly

influences our shopping, relationships, and education. But how large of a role does networking

through social media play into our lives? Maybe more than any of us realize.

Although exceptions exist, research suggests that most social networks primarily support pre-

existing social relations. For the most part, Facebook is used to maintain existingoffline

relationships or solidify offline connections, as opposed to meeting new people. These

relationships may be weak ties, but typically there is some common offline element among

individuals who friend one another, such as a shared class at school. This is one of the chief

dimensions that differentiate social media from earlier forms of public communication such as

newsgroups. Research in this vein has investigated how online interactions interface with offline

ones. Facebook users engage in “searching” for people with whom they have an offline

connection more than they “browse” of complete strangers to meet.


While social networks are often designed to be widely accessible, many attract homogeneous

populations initially, so it is not uncommon to find groups using sites to segregate themselves by

nationality, age, educational level, or other factors that typically segment society, even if that

was not the intention of the developers.

Social networks can harbour a flow of generally undesirable things such as anger and sadness,

unhappiness, but good things also flow like happiness, love altruism, and valuable information.

“It is the spread of the good things that vindicates the whole reason we live our lives in

networks” Christakis says. “If I was always violent to you…you would cut the ties to me and the

network would disintegrate. In a deep and fundamental way, networks are connected to

goodness, and goodness required for networks to emerge and spread.

5.) The Impact of Social Media on Student Life

Abhishek Karadkar, Correspondent

Sep. 13, 2015

Today’s world is a global village. Everyone is connected to one another in this vast network

generated by the internet. As said by Marshall McLuhan, a philosopher of communication

theory, “The new electronic independence re-creates the world in the image of a global village.”

This electronic independence is inherently dependent upon the Internet. It illuminates the lives of

thousands of people by spreading knowledge internationally, thereby making us global citizens.

In the past, the communicating and free sharing of thoughts among people were restricted by

long distance, nationality and/or religion. But now, even these barriers cannot stop the flow of
information and knowledge. The new world of social networking allows free sharing of thoughts.

Online social networks are created by websites such as Facebook, which has emerged as Humans

are social animals. We always like to remain in some group or another, and we prefer to follow

what this group does. All of our traditions and cultures are the product of this group-oriented

facet of human nature. A well-known American psychologist, Abraham Maslow, stated in his

“Theory of Motivation” that the social need of human beings is the third most important

requirement after our physical and safety needs-the third tier in his hierarchy of needs. Even or

self-esteem comes after this social dependence. This is the main reason billions of people use

social networking t stay connected, make friends and satisfy their social needs.

Actually, many reasons exist that explain why students love to spend time socializing. Firstly,

social networks provide them the freedom to do whatever they want-to upload what they want

and talk to whom they want. They like to make new friends and comment on the lives of

different people. Students can create other online identities that the real world does not allow.

The freedom it gives them to act just by sitting in front of a computer enthrals them, and they

then demand for more freedom. Never before has it been so easy for young minds to create a

digital image of their actions through such a spontaneous medium.

But it has a darker side that has gained the attention of many parents, and even eminent

psychologist, all over the world. One of the biggest problems is the identity crisis constant socisl

networking produces. As said by Professor S. Shyam Sunder, a renowned researcher at Penn

State, “The types of actions users take and the kinds of nformation they are adding to other

profiles are a reflection of their identities.”


The most important things in a student’s life are studying, learning good habits and gaining

knowledge to become a person with moral character. But today, as we see in various studies, this

optimal learning process is seriously jeopardized by students becoming entrapped by the ploys of

social networking. Students neglect their studies by spending time on social networking websites

rather than studying or interacting with people in person. Actively and frequently participating in

social networking can negatively affect their grades or hamper their journeys to their future

careers.

Table 1:

Gender No. of Respondents

Male 4

Female 6

Graph 1:
Facebo Google
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Vid You
Mate Tube

Messe
nger