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# Department of Education

## Paaralang Sekundarya ng Heneral Nakar

Barangay Anoling General Nakar, Quezon
Name:________________________________ Date:________________
I- Multiple Choice.
_____1. A torchlight fell from a watch tower. The potential energy of the torchlight at the highest point
compared to its kinetic energy at the lowest point is ___________.
a. lesser c. greater
b. equal d. not related
_____2. A bag drop some distance and gains 90 J of kinetic energy. Considering air resistance, how much
gravitational potential energy did the bag lose?
a. more than 90 J c. less than 90 J
b. exactly 90 J d. cannot be determined from the information given
_____3. The potential energy of a 1-kg object on top of a hill is 18 J. What is its velocity in m/s just before it hits
the bottom of the hill?
a. 36 b. 18 c. 6 d. 3
_____4. Which of the following happens to a coconut that falls freely?
a. Loses potential energy and gains kinetic energy
b. Loses both potential energy and kinetic energy
c. Gains potential energy and loses kinetic energy
d. Gains both potential energy and kinetic energy
_____5. What is the energy of a motorcycle moving slowly at the top of a hill?
a. entirely kinetic c. entirely gravitational
b. entirely potential d. both kinetic and potential
_____6. Which event is explained in the sequence of energy changes shown in the diagram below?
Chemical Energy Heat Mechanical Energy (with wasted heat)
a. a head light is on c. electric current powers a flat iron
b. a turbine spins d. gasoline burns to run a jeepney
_____7. Which event illustrates the direct transformation of potential to kinetic energy?
a. A basketball player catches a flying ball
b. A kalesa moves from rest
c. Kathy’s arrow is released from its bow
d. The spring mechanism of a toy is rotated until it locked
_____8. In the Agus VI Hydroelectric Power (HEP) Plant, which energy transformation takes place?
a. Electrical energy mechanical energy electrical energy
b. Gravitational potential energy kinetic energy electrical energy
c. Heat mechanical energy electrical energy
d. Nuclear energy heat electrical energy
_____9. Which events does NOT describe potential energy being changed into kinetic energy?
a. A box sliding down a ramp
b. A mango falling from a crate
c. A pen spring being compressed
d. A stretched rubber band got lossened
_____10. The total mechanical energy of a swinging bungee jumper _____________
a. is equally divided between kinetic energy and potential energy
b. at any one instant is either all kinetic or all potential energy
c. can never be negative
d. is constant, if only conservative forces act
_____11. A picture frame falls off the wall. Considering the presence of air, how does the kinetic energy (KE) just
before striking the floor compare to the potential energy (PE) at its hanging point?
a. KE is equal to PE
b. KE is greater than PE
c. KE is less than PE
d. It is impossible to tell
_____12. The wind-up toy that is fully wound and at rest possesses ____________
a. Kinetic but no potential energy
b. Potential but no kinetic energy
c. Both potential and kinetic energy in equal amounts
d. Neither potential nor kinetic energy
______13. Which sequence of energy transformation best describes what happens when you switch on you
a. Mechanical energy  Electrical energy  Sound energy
b. Mechanical energy  Chemical energy  Sound energy
c. Chemical energy  Electrical energy  Sound energy
d. Chemical energy  Mechanical energy  Sound energy
_______14. Which among the forms of energy is considered a potential energy?
a. Chemical energy c. Sound energy
b. Radiant energy d. Thermal energy
_______15. In which case is there a decrease in gravitational potential energy?
a. Amada stretches horizontally a rubber band.
b. A car ascends a steep parking ramp.
c. Pamela’s puppy jumps down he chair.
d. Water is forced upward through a pipe.
______16. It is the energy that transferred from one body to another as a result of a temperature difference.
a. Joule c. Heating
b. Heat d. Thermal Pollution
______17. It is the unit to express internal energy.
a. Joule c. Heating
b. Heat d. Thermal Pollution
______18. It can affect the weather ; its water can be harmful to aquatic animals

a. Joule c. Heating
b. Heat d. Thermal Pollution
______19. It is the process in which heat is transferred from one body to another as a result of a temperature
difference.
a. Joule c. Heating
b. Heat d. Heat Engine
______20. It is a device that changes thermal energy into mechanical energy.
a. Joule c. Heating
b. Heat d. Heat Engine
For question 21 and 22 , refer to the table below:
vehicle Mass(kg) Velocity (m/s)
Jeepney 2000 10
Motor cycle 300 20
______21. In the table above, what is the momentum of the jeepney?
a.6,000 kgm/s c. 20,000 kgm/s
b. 40,000 kgm/s d. 3,000 kgm/s
______22. Which has greater momentum, the jeepney or the motor cycle?
a.jeepney c. both have the same momentum
b. motor cycle d. cannot be determined
______23. Two identical cars are travelling along EDSA. Which of the two cars would have a greater
momentum?
a.the slower car c. both have the same momentum
b. the faster car d. cannot be easily determined
______24. A bus and a car are travelling along EDSA having the same velocity. Which of the two vehicles would
have a greater momentum?
a.the bus c. both have the same momentum
b. the car d. cannot be easily determined
______25. A 25 kg girl is riding 5 kg bike with a velocity of 5 m/s going east. What is the total momentum of a
girl and a bike together?
a.100 kg m/s c. 150 kg m/s
b. 125 kg m/s d. 200 kg m/s

II- Given the following data, solve for momentum using the formula p = mv. (2 points each)

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