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ALAGU JOTHI ACADEMY

(An International Standard CBSE Sr. Sec. School)

Class: VII Subject:


Computer Science
Chapter 1: Computer Fundamentals
1.Write short notes on the following.
a.OCR b. OMR c. Magnetic Strip
OCR: Optical Character Recognition
 OCR is the process of providing text as an input
to a computer by means of document reader.
 It consists of an optical scanner and special
software known as the OCR software. The optical
scanner is used to produce a digital image of the
text document. The OCR software then converts
the images to computer understandable code.
 It makes data entry faster and efficient. The main
disadvantage of the OCR is most of the text
formatting is lost during the scanning
 Used in Processing petroleum credit card sales
draft, cash register, stock control, and market
surveys
OMR: Optical Mark Recognition
 OMR is the technique of recognising a pre-
specified mark made by a pencil or pen on a
paper.
 The OMR technology enables a high speed
reading of large quantities of data and transferring
data to the computer without keyboard.
 This technology is used to read answer sheets of
objective type tests.
 The forms are passed under the OMR reader and
the result obtained by the reader is sent to the
computer.
Magnetic Strip
 A magnetic strip is a special type of strip which is
used to store data. It can store up to 60 characters.
 The data on the magnetic strip is stored
magnetically and the data cannot be changed. The
strip is placed at the back of the card.
 Magnetic card reader is used to access the
information stored on the magnetic strips.
 It is commonly used in credit, debit cards and
identity cards.
2.What is MICR? Explain the use of MICR in the
banking industry?
MICR- Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
 MICR refers to the technique of recognising
special magnetic codes. It consists of numerals 0
to 9 and some special characters.
 MICR is widely used in banks. The magnetic
codes are generally found at the bottom of a
bank’s cheque.
 It includes the bank’s identification code (name
and branch), account number and the cheque
number.
 The cheque is then passed through the MICR
reader which reads all the magnetic codes on it
and sends the information to the computer.
 Banking industry prefers MICR because it
provides additional security against forgeries
3.What are types of plotters?
 Drum plotter
 Flatbed plotter
4.What is the use of LCD projector?
 A Liquid Crystal Display projector is a device
which is used for displaying presentations created
on a computer.
 For displaying a presentation, the LCD projector
is connected to a computer which runs the
presentation and the projector projects the image
on a flat surface like a screen or a board.

5.What is system software? Which are the different


types of system software?
 System software refers to a set of programs that
are designed to control the operations of a
computer system.
 The system software helps all parts of a computer
to work together. It also controls the operations of
other types of software that a computer runs.
 The system software can be categorised into :
 Operating system
 Device driver
 Language translators
6.What is application software? Give examples.
The application software is a set of programs
designed to perform a specific task. Application
software is of different types.
 Word processor
 Electronic spread sheet
 Image editor
 Database management systems
 Presentation software
 Desktop publishing software

7.Why is computer language required? What are the


two categories in which computer language are
divided?
 To interact with a computer, you need a
computer language that a computer can
understand
 A computer can understand only 0s and 1s.
However writing a program in such a language
is very difficult.
 Therefore many computer languages have been
developed that are similar to natural language
like English, which are easier for programmers
to use.
 These languages translated into the binary
language so that the computer can understand
them by compliers, interpreters and assemblers.
8.Differentiate between various language translators.

Compilers Interpreters Assemblers

1.Translate high 1.Translate high 1.Translate low


language into language into language into
machine code machine code machine code
2.one instruction 2.one instruction 2.one instruction
translates to translates to translates to one
many many instructions (one
instructions (one instructions to one)
to many)
3.Translates 3. Translates 3.Translates
entire program program entire program
before running instruction by before running
instruction until
an either
completed or
error detected.