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PHYSICS

## IIT-JEE PHYSICS  K.K. ANAND SMART

ASSIGNMENT : KINEMATICSII
[STRAIGHT LINE METHOD]

1. In a car race, car A takes time t less than car B and passes the finishing point with a velocity V more than
the velocity with which car B process the point. Assuming that the cars start from rest and travel along
a straight line with constant accelerations a1 and a2, show that V  a1 a2 t.

2. An engine driver of a passenger train traveling at 40 m/s seas a goods train, whose last compartment is
250 m ahead on the same track. The goods train is traveling in the same direction as the passenger train
with a constant speed of 20 m/s. The passenger train driver has a reaction time of 0.5s. He applies the
brakes, which causes the trains to decelerate at the rate of 1 m/s 2, while the goods train continues with
the constant speed. Is the crash avoided by the driver?
3. Two trains on the same line are approaching one another with velocities u1 and u2 respectively. When
there is a distance x between them, each is seen from the other. Prove that it is just possible to avoid a
collision if u12a2 + 1 u22a1  Za1a2x, where a1 and a2 are the greatest retardation which the brakes can
produce in the respective trains.
4. Two tourists who are at a distance of 40 km from their camp must reach it together in the shortest
possible time. They have one bicycle which they decide to use in turn. One of them started walking at a
speed of V1  5 km/hr and the other rode off on the bicycle at a speed of V2  15 km/hr. The toursits agreed
to leave the bicycle at intermediate points between which one walks and the other rides. What will be the
mean speed of the tourists? How long will be bicycle remains unused?
5. A man walking with a speed V constant in magnitude and direction passes under a lantern hanging at a
height H above the ground. Find the velocity which the edge of the shadow of the marks head moves
over the ground with, if its height is h.
6. Two candles of equal height h at the initial moment are at a distance of ‘a’ from each other. The distance
between each candle and the nearest will is also ‘a’. With what speed will the includes of the candles
move along the walls if one candle burns down during time t1 and the other during time t2?
7. A part source of light S is at a distance l from a vertical screen A5. An opaque object with a height h
moves translationally at a constant speed V crom the source to the screen along straight line SA.
Determine the instantaneous velocity with which the upper edge of the shadow of the object makes
along the screen.
8. Two road rally checkpoints A and B are located on the same highway and are 12 km aparts. The speed
limits for the first 8 km and the last 4 km of the sectio of highway are 100 km/hr and 70 km/hr respectively.
Drivers must stop at each checkpoint, and the specified time between points A and B is 8.33 minimum
knowing that a driver accelerates and declerates at the same constant rates find the magnitude of his
acceleration, if he travels at the speed limit as much as possible.
9. A train travelling at 72 km/hr is checked byt rack repairs. It retards uniformly for 200 m covering the next
400 m at constant speed, and accelerates uniformly to 72 km/hr in a further 600 m. If the time at the
constant lower speed equals the sum of the times in retarding and accelerating, find the total time taken.
1
10. A train T1 leaves station A which is 16 km from next station B, with a velocity of 3 km/hr and mainterms
the speed for 15.5 km. Then it retards uniformly to come to a step at B. Another train T2 starts from A at
the instant T1 passes A and it is uniformly accelerated for some part of the journey, and then uniformly
retarded for the next part of the journey before coming to a stop at B at the same time as T1. Find the
greatest speed attained by T2.
11. The distance between a town and a mill is 30 time A man started to walk from the mill to the town at 6:30
AM, while a cyclist left the town for the mll at 6:40 AM, riding at a speed of 18 km/hr. The man met the
cyclist after walking 6 km. Find the time at which they met and also marks speed. Find also the place
where man was, when he met the 12th bus coming from the town and the number of buses which overlook
the cyclist if bus traffic begins at 6 AM. The buses leave their terminals every 15 minute and their speed
is 45 km/hr.
V (m/s)
12. Plot the corresponding displacement time
graph. s  0 at t  0. Given: V  t graph of a
particle making in a straight line. 20

10
t(s)
2 4 6 8

## 13. V  t graph of a particle moving in a straight V (m/s)

line is as shown. Describe the moton. Find the
20
distance traversed by the particle after 40
seconds. 10
t(s)
10 20 30 40
5

2
14. A particle moves along a straight line with a(m/s )
acceleration as shown with respect to time. It
starts off from origin with a velocity of  18 m/ 4
s. Find the velocity, portion and total distance 2
traversed after 12 records.
s(m)
2 4 6 8 10 12

## 15. a  s graph of a particle in straight line motion

is as shown. Initial velocity of the particle is
zero. Find its velocity when s  12 m.
16. A particle moves in a straight line with constant acceleration ‘a’. The displacements of the particles from
origin, in times t1, t2, t3 are s1, s2, s3 respectively. If these times are in A.P. with common differenced, and

 
2
displacements are in G.P., show that a  s1  s3 / d2 .

17. The velocity of the particle moving in (+)ve direction of x-axis varies as V   x where  > 0, a
constant. Assuming x  0 at t  0, find (i) Velocity, Acceleration as a function o f time, (ii) Average
velocity to cover the first and meters of distance.

2
18. The position of a particle moving on X-axis is given by x  At3 + Bt2 + Ct + D. The numerical values of A,
B, C, D are 1, 4, 2 and 5 respectively on SI units. Find (i) Dimensions of A, B, C, D (ii) Velocity of the
particle at t  4s (iii) Acceleration of the particle at t  4s (iv) Average velocity during the time interval
t  0 to t  4s. (v) Average acceleration during the time interval t  0 to t  4s.

  t2  
19. The radius vector of a point depends on time t as r  ct  where B and C are constant vectors. Find
2
the magnitudes of velocity and acceleration at anytime t.
20. The acceleration of a particle moving in a straight line varies with its displacement as a  2s. Velocity of
the particles is zero at zero displacement. Find the velocity in terms of displacements. Find also acceleration
in terms of time.
21. A point vmoves rectilinearly with deceleration whose modulus valve depends upon the velocity V of
the particle as K V , K > 0 a constants. At the initial moment, the velocity of the point is V0. What
distance will it traverse before it stops? What time will it take to cover that distance?
22. A particle starts from rest and acceleration at anytime t is f  Kt2 where f and k are constants. Find the
maximum velocity u of the particle and the distance moved by it before it acquires this velocity.
23. A particle initially at rest moves from a feel part in a straight line so that at the end of t seconds its
acceleration is sin t + 1/(t + 1)2. What is the distance travelled from the fixed point at the end of  seconds.
24. A car starts from rest with an acceleration of 6 m/s, which decreases to zero linearly with time on 10
seconds, after which it continues to move at a constant speed. Find the time required for the car to travel
400 m fromt he starts.
25. At the moment t  0, a particle leaves the origin and moves in the (+)ve direction of x-axis. Its velocity at
 
anytime is V  V 0 (1  t/  ) where V0  100 m/s and   5s. Find (i) x-coordinates of the particle at the
instants 6s, 10s, and 20s. (ii) Instant at which it is at a distance 10 cm from the origin. (iii) Distance
covered by the particle during the first 4s and 8s.
26. An airport shuttle train travels between two terminals that are 2.5 km apart to maintain passenger
comfort, acceleration of train is limited to  1.2 m/s2, and the jerk is the rate of change of acceleration is
limited to  0.24 m/s3. If the shuttle has a maximum speed of 30 km/hr, find (i) Shortest time for shuttle to
travle between the two terminals, (ii) Corresponding average velocity of the shuttle.
27. A particle moves along the x-axis according to the equation x  A cos t. Find the distance travelled by
the particle during the time interval t  0 to t  t seconds.

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