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POWERMINE ®

Mining cable solutions and ser vices


A practical guide
SURFACE MINING POWERMINE®
Mining cable solutions and services
A practical guide
Bucket chain Bucket wheel Conveyor belt Dragline Drilling device Ground water
excavator excavator recovery

1 POWERMINE® cable solutions and services 04


2 Mining cable types 06
Loader Mobile crushing Mobile transfer Processing plant Pump Reclaimer
plants conveyor conveyor bridge stacker 3 International standards 08
on crawlers
a. Mechanical requirements . P10
b. Construction requirements . P12
4 Surface mining 14

Shovel Spreader
5 Underground mining 20
6 Tunneling 26
7 Mining infrastructure 28
8 Added value services 30
UNDERGROUND MINING
9 Innovations 32
10 Appendix 34
a. Mining & Tunneling cables :
by standards & voltage level . P34

Coal cutter Continuous miner Gallery Loader Monorail Pump


b. Glossary . P40
longwall

Roof bolter Sand dredging Shaft / shaft Shuttle car Underground


sinking drilling

2 3
POWERMINE® cable solutions and services

POWERMINE® What mining companies sites. Since high performance control, surveillance and Tunneling POWERMINE® and TIGER® • Designs for long free- • Pre-terminated sets,
cable solutions and and specialised mining and reliable support are monitoring, often using an
Due to their technological
operational excellence hanging installations, harnessing, splicing,
services and tunneling EPCs essential to economic active switch system to
similarities, all dynamic
and safety extended links, and onsite repairs and
expect: efficiency, Nexans also provide Power over Ethernet tough conditions. maintenance.
Mining companies and static tunneling cables • Reliable, customized
provides numerous (PoE) to vital equipment.
are focusing on long-term • Wide range of cables for tend to be considered cable solutions to • High flexibility for the • Advanced testing facilities
services based on our Nexans has also developed
growth, as well as short-term all mining applications worldwide as mining increase economic very mobile mining to ensure durability and
proven experience in the submersible cables to
gains. They would like to (power, control and data). cables. But in fact efficiency. environment, underground worldwide certification.
mining market. handle groundwater
enhance their operational tunneling activities are and surface.
• Turnkey solutions to allow drainage, and fluorescent/ • Built-in safety to handle
viability and social legitimacy, Underground coal cutter generally rather linked with
the complete outfitting of reflective cables to give short-circuits, fire, • Technical support for
and this can only be done cables offer durability and transportation infrastructure,
a mine. the night-time visibility of abrasion, impact, system engineering,
through modernization, tensile strength, while like highways', railways' or
exposed cable. crush/breakage. fast-delivery, installation
industrialization and • Ruggedness, flexibility loader/scooper cables subways' tunnels civil
and problem solving.
automatisation of their and longevity in very allow electric trucks to Mining-related services works part.
infrastructure, always with harsh environments. travel long distances in include testing, onsite
worker and environmental • Pre-terminated cable galleries when conveyors repair, training for personnel,
safety in mind. assemblies for fast are unavailable. Shaft and programs to support
installation. and gallery cables can environmental and social
Since cables are the only
be designed for easy values. Since easy-to-reach
means of getting power to • Full compliance with world
installation and superior deposits are being depleted
the electrical mobile standards, including
fire-performance to protect worldwide, exploration
machines, they play an ICEA, NEMA, MSHA,
personnel and equipment. has moved farther afield to
important part in the CSA, SABS, AS/NZS,
remote locations, often with
strategic planning of all DIN/VDE, GOST, Drilling and tunneling
desert or freezing conditions.
mining operators. AENOR, AFNOR, etc… cables give boring
machines greater Nexans high performance
Sustainability is a concern, • Lab test services and
autonomy. Surface mining cables are designed for
not only in terms of on-site inspection. Surface mining Underground mining
cables are designed to challenging environments,
protecting present and
• Cable repair workshop withstand mechanical and we can also advise
future geological assets,
and facilities (24/7 forces and to provide non- about infrastructures beyond
but also in obtaining public
hotline) and correspon- stop power supply and “pure mining applications”
support in a sector which
ding training. reliable control for conveyors, which are increasingly the
raises questions about
excavators, pontoon- responsibility of mining
biodiversity, water-usage, To meet the extraction,
mounted dredgers, electric companies: like private
climate change, energy- loading and transport
shovels and draglines. communications and data
sharing, international challenges of today’s mining
networks, self-contained
cooperation, and companies, Nexans has For both types of mining,
electrical power distribution,
the development of developed POWERMINE® composite cables compris-
short-link rail infrastructure
public transport and and TIGER® cables and ing optical fibres and cop-
and material handling
communications networks. cable solutions for both per conductors can be
facilities for loading centers
underground and surface integrated for remote
and ports.

Tunneling Mining infrastructure


and downstream processing plants

4 5
Mining cable types

1 Mining cables can be divided


into 3 main categories:

1 Dynamic excavation mining & tunneling cables


these mobile cables (reeling and trailing cables) present
higher requirements in terms of mechanical resistance and flexibility
than the usual fixed installation cables. For this reason they are designed
and tested according to very stringent national or international standards.

2 Static or semi-static excavation mining & tunneling cables


being mechanically less challenged than the dynamic cables, these typically
include shaft or gallery cables for underground mines, or conveyor belt cables, present
simpler design and construction.

3 Infrastructure cables for downstream processing plants


these cabling solutions are equipped for crushing, washing or mineral processing plants and
the electrical and mechanical requirements are usually simpler and correspond to general
industrial standards.

Remark: tunneling cables are often very similar, and can physically correspond to either of
the 3 above mentioned categories.

6 7
International standards
GERMANY : VDE

CANADA : CSA

Nexans Mining
solutions
POWERMINE®
All cables, specific
USA : ICEA S-15-38
components and services RUSSIA : GOST R
dedicated to the Mining WC-58
industry in general are
covered by this global
brand. UK : BSI
TIGER®
Initially deployed in
Northern America, this CHINA : MA
brand is recognized
FRANCE : AFNOR
as a high class family of TIGER® brand
products manufactured and US mining products INDIA : BIS
tested in full compliance
with the US Standards
(ICEA, NEMA, MSHA).
RHEYFIRM® & BUFLEX® AUSTRALIA : AS
These brands are widely
used across a number of
key markets within Nexans, SOUTH AFRICA NEW ZEALAND : NZS
including Mining.
They have been developed
for reeling applications.
International standards
In many countries,
WORLDWIDE : IEC
the mining industry globally
has established a list of
standards that are aimed
at maximizing the safety
and preserving the health history: Australia, Germany, and bodies in the country In many other countries,
of the workers in all mining USA, Canada and South of issue. some national standards tables will mainly summarize
operations. Africa. They are often used and also exist, and they are still construction principles
The most recognized These standards are applied in many other applied in the maining as well as mechanical
standards have been managed and regularly countries around the world industry, but generally only requirements of Australian,
developed in countries updated by the relevant as a general requirement. at national level. For this German, South African
having a very long mining standardization boards reason the next comparison and American standards.

8 9
International standards

Mechanical requirements
Mining Excavation Cables
The following table summarizes the mechanical and ageing cable requirements according to the most relevant standards.

Australia
Country USA Germany WW South Africa
New Zealand

Standardisation bodies AS / NZS ICEA / NEMA / ASTM VDE IEC* SABS

ICEA Standards S-75-381/NEMA WC-58,


Reference standard Nr. 1802 and 2802 0250-812 / 813 60502-1 / 2 1520-1 / 2
ASTM B-172 and B-33

Physical requirements for sheathing Heavy-duty Extra-HD Extra-HD CR


3808 SE1 RS6
compounds HD CPE EHD CPE EHD TPU 5GM5

Max. conductor temperature in normal


90°C 90°C 90°C 90°C 90°C 85°C 90°C
operation

Tensile Strength: 12.5 N/mm² 1’800 lbs/inch² 2’400 lbs/inch² 3’700 lbs/inch² 15.0 N/mm² 10 N/mm² 15.0 N/mm²
(minimum) AS/NZS 3808 (= 6.15 N/mm²) (= 8.20 N/mm²) (= 12.64 N/mm²) VDE 0207- 21 IEC 60502 SANS 1411-3
300 % 300 % 250 %
Elongation-at-break: (minimum) 300 % 300 % 300 % 400 %
VDE 0207- 21 IEC 60502 SANS 1411-3
7.0 N/mm min 40 lbs/inch 80 lbs/inch 30 N/mm min 10N/mm min
Tear Resistance
AS/NZS 3808 (= 7 kN/m) (= 14 kN/m) VDE 0207-21 SANS 1411-3

Abrasion resistance: sheath material


300 mm²
volume loss during abrasion test acc. to < 5 cm3 < 2 cm3 < 2 cm3
VDE 0472
ISO 4649 method

Ageing requirements

1. After air oven test at 120°C / 240 h 100 °C / 168h 100°C / 168h 100°C / 168h 100°C / 168h 100°C / 168h 70°C / 240 h

8.5 N/mm² ± 30 % max ± 30 % max 80 %


Tensile strength, based on unaged value 50% 70% 50%
AS/NZS 3808 VDE 0472 IEC 60502 SANS 1411-3
Elongation at break, based on unaged ± 40 % max ±40 % max 75 %
150 % 50% 55% 75%
value VDE 0472 IEC 60502 SANS 1411-3

2. After oil immersion 120°C / 18h 121 °C / 18h 121°C / 18h 121°C / 18h 100°C / 24 h 100°C / 24 h 100°C / 24 h

± 40 % max ± 40 % max 60 % max


Tensile strength, based on unaged value 60 % 60% 60 % 60 %
VDE 0472 IEC 60502 SANS1411-3
Elongation at rupture, based on unaged ± 40 % max ± 40 % max 60 % max
60 % 60% 60 % 60 %
value VDE 0472 IEC 60502 SANS1411-3

* IEC = just for comparison, mainly valid for infrastructure cables

10 11
International standards

Construction requirements
Mining Excavation Cables
The following table summarizes the construction of mining cables according to the most relevant standards.

Requirements AS / NZS ICEA VDE IEC* SABS

1802 Underground ICEA Standards S-75-381


Reference standard Nr. 0250-812 / 813 60502-1 / 2 1520-1 / 2
2802 elsewhere NEMA WC-58
Tinned Cu Class 5 Tinned or plain
Conductors materials Tinned Cu Class 5 Tinned Cu Class 5 Tinned Cu Class 5
and special stranding Cu Class 5

In AWG : 6, 4, 2, 1, 1/0, 2/0, 3/0, 4/0,


Typical cross sections 1.5 to 300 mm2 In mm2 : 2.5, 4, 6, 10, 16, 25, 35, 50, 70, 95, 120, 150, 185, 240
250 kcmils, 350 kcmils, 500 kcmils

Insulation material for MV cables R-EP-90 or XR-EP-90 EPR II 3GI3 (EPR) EPR /HEPR RD3 (EPM)

• Thickness for 0.6/1.0 kV in mm or mils 1.4 to 3.0 mm 1.78 to 2.41 mm 0.8 up to 2.4 mm 0.7 up to 2.4 mm 1.4 up to 2.3 mm

• Thickness for 1.8/3 kV in mm or mils 3.0 (R-EP), 2.2 to 2.4 (XR-EP) 2.2 / 2.4 mm 2.8 mm @ 3,3 kV

5.0 (XR-EP)
• Thickness for 3.6/6 kV in mm or mils 2.80 mm@ 5 kV 3.0 mm 3.0 mm 3.4 mm @ 6,6 kV
3.0 (XR-EP)
7.6 at 11kV (R-EP)
• Thickness for 6/10 kV in mm or mils 3.81 mm @ 8 kV 3.4 mm 3.4 mm 4.0 mm @ 11 kV
5.0 (XR-EP)

• Thickness for 8.7/15 kV in mm or mils 5.33 mm @ 15 kV 4.5 mm 4.5 mm

10.5 at 22V (R-EP)


• Thickness for 12/20 kV in mm or mils 5.5 mm 5.5 mm 6.0 mm @ 22 kV
7.6 (XR-EP)

• Thickness for 14/25 kV in mm or mils 7.49 mm @ 25 kV 6.8 mm

• Thickness for 18/30 kV in mm or mils 8.0 mm 8.0 mm 8.0 mm @ 33 kV

• Thickness for 20/35 kV in mm or mils 10.5 at 33kV (XR-EP) 9.5 mm

Insulation material for LV cables R-EP-90 EPR II 3GI3 (EPR) HEPR RD3 (PM)

Maximum conductor temperature in normal


90°C 90°C 90°C 90°C 90°C
operation
8.5 N/mm² 8,5 N/mm² 8.5 N/mm² 6.5 N/mm²
Tensile Strength: (minimum) 8.3 MPa
AS/NZS 3808 VDE 0207- 20 IEC 60502 SANS 1411-3
250 % 200 % 200 % 200 %
Elongation-at-break: (minimum) 150%
AS/NZS 3808 VDE 0207- 20 IEC 60502 SANS 1411-3

* IEC = just for comparison, mainly valid for infrastructure cables

12 13
Surface mining
MV trailing cable with rubber sheath
Surface mining are subjected to rigorous and innovative designs power to conveyors and

In surface mining you find


operational and environ- help to provide greater transformers. For this 1 and pilot wires
Application examples:
mental conditions such as levels of safety and Nexans’ POWERMINE®
an array of different cable
lateral movement across productivity. In addition and TIGER® range of
needs for both fixed and
harsh terrain, twisting, and to reeling & trailing cables semi-static and static
mobile installations in mines
bending. you will find a requirement cables are offered and Cable families examples:
where electrification is the SHD-GC, acc. to US standards
Nexans’ POWERMINE® for other types of cables where necessary integrate
main source of power. (ICEA / NEMA).
and TIGER® range of that are essential in the day both fibre optic and/or
The main cable requirement See selection table p.36/37
dynamic cables offer both to day operational function control cables to maximise
is found in reeling and
the flexibility and durability of the mine, such as feeding efficiency and cost. MV trailing cable with transparent polyurethan
trailing applications.
to counter such conditions
These types of cables are 5 2 sheath and reflective tapes underneath
Application examples:
used to feed power to
mobile equipment such 2
as excavators, shovels,
draglines and drills and 5
1
2 Cable families examples:
1 SHD-GC, acc. to US standards
(ICEA / NEMA).
See selection table p.36/37

LV trailing cable with transparent polyurethane

3 sheath and reflective tapes underneath


Application examples:
1 2 3 5

1 2
Cable families examples:
XMEU, acc. to South American
design.
See selection table p.36/37
1 4

2
5 4 MV reeling cable with rubber sheath
Application examples:

Cable families examples:


(RTS)-(N)TSCGWTOEUS, in line
with German standards (VDE).
See selection table p.36/37

2
1 3
5 MV trailing cable with rubber sheath
Application examples:
4 4
Cable families examples:
5 (N)3GGT5G, according to
5 South African standards SANS
1520-2 and in line with VDE
standards . See selection table p.36/37
MOBILE CABLE:
REELING CABLES
1
14 15
Surface mining

Insulation Screens Sheath


• Key features: • Key features: • Key features:
1. Flexibility and 1. Flexibility and 1. Protect the underlying
Reeling and trailing of operations, and present excavation equipment at ensuring that all cables Example of reeling
mechanical strength for mechanical strength for core assembly from
mobile mining cables: the best features and the operating at always higher supplied will operate or trailing dynamic very heavy-duty reeling very heavy-duty reeling mechanical, chemical, or
key features & broadest range of mining voltages, has required the reliably and safely under (mobile) cable, used or flexing cables. or flexing cables for the other environmental
cables offered around the continued development all kinds of difficult 2. Long lasting insulation metallic elements. damage
constructions as well in surface
properties > very low 2. Long lasting mechanical 2. Long lasting mechanical
world. In all countries of new rubber or conditions. Personnel often mining as in partial discharges strength for the coloured strength despite repeated
Rubber or polyurethane
where the mining industry polyurethane sheathed work close to energised underground mining despite repeated nylon twine. bending or reeling cycles.
sheathed cables are bendings / reelings. • Construction: helically • Construction:
has experienced a very cable designs. The key cables, especially in (Type SHD-GC
the natural choice for • Construction: polymeric applied layer of wires, a Polychloroprene (PCP),
long historical develop- objective of all develop- underground mines. according to ICEA / compounds with superior composite textile and tinned chlorosulphonated
applications where
ment, many well defined ment programs for several The cable construction and NEMA / MSHA) properties. Ethylene- copper wire braid, semi- polyethylene (CSP), or
durability, flexibility, and propylene copolymer (EPR) conductive elastomer, or a chlorinated polyethylene
standards or guidelines decades was always the materials must be selected
safe operation under and terpolymer (EPDM). combination of the latter. (CPE).
govern the manufacture continuous improvement of to provide maximum safety
extreme environmental
and the application of the reliability and safety of during both normal
conditions are important.
dynamic, semi-static and all cables designs. The operation and in the case
Nexans’ POWERMINE®
static mining cables. major design responsibility of cable failure.
and TIGER® Brand range of
for POWERMINE® and
cables have demonstrated Innovation in work practices,
TIGER® Brand range aims
their robustness in thousands with increasing number of

Option: Reflective tapes


• Key features:
1. Reflective tapes
underneath transparent
TPU sheath : patented
solution enabling the
application of reflective
tapes mechanically
protected by the outer Core assembly
Option: Reflective stripes
sheath. lay length
• Key features: Specially designed for each
2. Reflective stripe applied application.
at the surface of a
coloured or black rubber
sheath.
Reinforcement and
Conductors Pilot wires Bedding anti-torsion layer
• Key features: • Key features: • Key features: • Key features:
1. Flexibility and 1.Flexibility for the copper 1. Flexibility and 1. Strong resistance to
mechanical strength for wires. mechanical strength for torsion, in order to
very heavy-duty reeling or 2. Long lasting insulation very heavy-duty reeling protect the integrity of the
flexing cables. properties and flexibility or flexing cables for the insulated power and
2. Electrical properties. for the insulations. metallic elements control wires
• Construction: stranded • Construction: generally 2. Long lasting mechanical 2. Long lasting mechanical
tinned or plain class 5 small cross-section strength strong cohesion strength despite repeated
annealed copper wires, copper wires with rubber with the conductors, the bending or reeling
high flexibility insulation. eventual anti-torsion cycles.
(Class 5 or 6). • High modulus layer and the outer • Construction: helically
polypropylene available. sheath. applied double layer of
• Construction: extruded synthetic wires.
rubber or polyurethane
layer, depending upon the
composition of the outer
sheath.

16 17
Surface mining

Recommended cable types according to applications & standards

Oceania Standards AS /NZS In line with GERMAN Standards VDE South African Standards SABS USA Standards ICEA
Application
MV LV MV LV MV LV MV LV

Type POWERMINE® POWERMINE® up to Type POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Bucket Wheel Excavator
OLEX® 450 (N)TSCGEWTOEUS (N)SSHOEU 633 & ECC 61 A/B or 41 SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC

POWERMINE® POWERMINE® up to Type POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Bucket Chain Excavator
(N)TSCGEWTOEUS (N)SSHOEU 633 & ECC 61 A/B or 41 SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC

Type OLEX® 441 POWERMINE® POWERMINE® up to Type POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Mobile Transfer Conveyors
& OLEX® 455 (N)TSCGEWTOEUS (N)SHTOEU 633 & ECC 61 A/B or 41 SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC

Type OLEX® 441 POWERMINE® POWERMINE® up to Type POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Conveyor Belts
or OLEX® 455 F-(N)TSCGEWOEUS NSSHOEU 633 & ECC 61 A/B or 41 SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC

Type OLEX® 409,


POWERMINE® up to Type POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Draglines OLEX® 441
(N)TSCGEWOEUS 633 & ECC 61 A/B SHD-GC SHD-GC
or OLEX® 450

Type POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand


Drilling devices
OLEX® 409 (N)SHTOEU 61 A/B SHD-GC

Type OLEX® 409, Type


POWERMINE® POWERMINE® Type Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Ground water recovery OLEX® 441 OLEX® 409
TMP-(N)TSWOEU TMP-(N)SHOEU POWERMINE® 63 or 66 61 A/B SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC
or OLEX® 450 or 241

POWERMINE® POWERMINE® up to Type POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Mobile Crushing Plants Type OLEX® 409
(N)TSCGEWTOEUS NSSHOEU 633 & ECC 61 A/B or 41 SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC

Processing plant Type OLEX® 455,


POWERMINE® POWERMINE® up to Type POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
conveyor bridge OLEX® 441 or
(N)TSCGEWTOEUS (N)SHTOEU 633 & ECC 61 A/B SHD-GC SHD-GC
on crawlers OLEX® 440
Type OLEX® 455,
POWERMINE® POWERMINE® up to Type POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Reclaimer Stacker OLEX® 441 or
(N)TSCGEWTOEUS (N)SHTOEU 633 & ECC 61 A/B SHD-GC SHD-GC
OLEX® 440

Type OLEX® 409 POWERMINE® up to Type POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Rope Shovels
or OLEX® 441 (N)TSCGEWTOEUS 633 & ECC 61 A/B SHD-GC SHD-GC

POWERMINE® POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand


Sand dredging
(N)TSCGEWOEUS (N)SSH(C)OEU SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC

POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand


Spreader
(N)TSCGEWTOEUS SHD-GC SHD-GC

Type
TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Pumps OLEX® 409
SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC
or 241

* Full product range : see page 34-39

18 19
Underground mining
MV trailing cable with rubber sheath
Underground mining Another key area for under- 1. Thermoplastic insulation

In underground mining you


ground mining where 2. Thermoplastic sheath 1 and pilot wires
Application examples:
cables are an integral 3. Free hanging shaft
find an array of different
requirement, are fixed technology 3
cable needs for both fixed
installations such as shaft 4. Armouring with various
and mobile installations in
and gallery. Mechanical designs: Cable families examples:
mines where electrification (N)TSCGEWTOEUS, in line
properties here are essential a) steel wires or steel
is the main source of with German standards (VDE)
in ensuring the safety of the tapes for horizontal or SHD-GC (ICEA/NEMA).
power. Here the require-
workforce. gallery cables. See selection table p.36/37
ment covers both fixed and
Nexans’ POWERMINE ® b) round or flat steel wires
mobile installations. For
and TIGER® range of static for vertical shafts, up VERTICAL SHAFT
mobile equipment such as CABLE CLAMPING MV gallery cable with steel braid
and semi static cables offer to 1500 m depth.
longwall shearers, conti-
nuous miners, and loaders, security in construction and 2 and PVC sheath
Application examples:
Nexans’ POWERMINE® innovative designs.
and TIGER® range of
dynamic cables offers the
Cable families examples:
necessary flexibility and
(N)3GHSSYCY, in line with
durability to meet German standards (VDE)
operational conditions. or MP-GC (ICEA/NEMA)
See selection table p.36/37

Shafts and galleries are


3
3 MV shaft cable with PVC sheath
Application examples:
often unique in design and
construction. Rock quality,
concrete covered wall &
Cable families examples:
ceiling conditions can often (N)3GSEYRRGY, in line with
1
influence the cable design to German standards (VDE).
ensure the safe installation of See selection table p.36/37

the cables using either single


point suspension, clamping
2
points and other installation
methods.
2
4
4 Optical fibre cable
Application examples:
In addition to its dynamic,
4
static and semi-static range
1
of cables, Nexans offers its
2 4 Cable families examples:
innovative free hanging
OFE-MZ for mining applications,
technology for vertical shafts acc. to German standards.
and expertise in braking See selection table p.36/37
drums, pulleys and other
installation tools. 3
REINFORCED PULLEYS
FOR VERTICAL LAYING Remark : for reeling cables, see under Surface
GALLERY CABLES mining (valid for underground mining as well)

20 21
Underground mining

Insulation Fillers Sheath


• Key features: Fillers (in the picture), • Key features:
Long lasting insulation but can also be replaced by 1. Protect the underlying
Static cable : key The historical evolution of For several decades, Cable design has evolved Example of static cable,
properties => very low Ground wires core assembly from
features & constructions underground mining has the key objective of all with the development of used in underground partial discharges and • Key features: mechanical, chemical, or
For typical static led to a strong increase of development programs better insulation vertical shafts either with good mechanical properties. Long lasting mechanical other environmental
the vertical shafts depth, has been the continuous compounds, sometimes • Construction: polyethylene damage.
applications, cross-linked regular clamping or with stability for the insulations.
(XLPE) or Ethylene-Propylene • Construction: Generally 2. Long lasting mechanical
insulations and thermoplastic combined with high improvement of the reliability allowing wall thickness single-point-of-suspension Rubber (EPR) with inner and strength despite rough
class 5 tinned copper
sheaths are generally requirements in terms and safety of all cable reductions to reduce the techniques outer semiconductor layers. conductors without environmental conditions
(heat, humidity,…).
specified, as well as semi- of safety factors. designs, both from electrical cable weight, and also (Type (N)3GSEYRRGY, in insulation.
• Construction: PVC or PE
rigid conductors (Class 2). requirements perspective, with the introduction of line with VDE German sheath, sometimes halogen
For example it is often
as from mechanical and continuously reinforced standards) free flame retardant
Depending upon the instal- required that the steel compound required.
environmental requirements steel qualities, in order to
lation method and position armour tensile strength must
perspective. enhance the safety factor
of the cable (vertical or be 5 times higher than the
for the tensile strength of
horizontal), it will have to cable weight calculated for
the cables.
be more or less strongly the free hanging portion.
reinforced to withstand These factors can lead to
the rough environment or very high tensile strengths,
the challenging installation up to more than 70 metric
technique. For this, different tons (83 short tons).
types of constructions are
used, mainly differing
by the type, size and
resistance of the armour.

Conductors Screens Bedding Armour


• Key features: • Key features: • Key features: • Key features:
Very good electrical and 1. Flexibility and good Long lasting mechanical High tensile strength,
mechanical contact with the ground strength. and / or very high crush
properties. wire • Construction: PVC or PE resistance, allowing to
• Construction: 2. Long lasting mechanical sheath, sometimes halogen withstand the important
Annealed stranded strength. free flame retardant radial compression linked
semi-rigid copper • Construction: helically compound required. either with the laying
conductors (Class 2). applied layer of wires, or technique or with the
copper tape, sometimes clamping method in case of
completed by vertical position.
semiconductive tapes • Construction: helically
underneath. applied double layer of
round or flat steel wires for
vertical cables, simple or
double layer of steel tapes
for horizontally laid cables
or for reduced shaft depths.

22 23
Underground mining

Recommended cable types according to applications & standards

Australian Standards AS / NZS In line with German Standards VDE South African Standards SABS Standards ICEA / NEMA
Application
MV LV MV LV MV LV MV LV

POWERMINE®
N2XCEYRRGY
or N2XCEYFFGY
N2XCEHRRGH
POWERMINE®
Shaft / Shaft sinking AS/NZS 1429.1 or N2XCEHFFGH
(N)TSRLRLWOEUS
(N)3GSEYRRGY
or (N)3GSEHRRGH
(N)3GSEYFFGY
or (N)3GSEHFFGH

OLEX®
POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand
Type 240 or 241 POWERMINE® POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand
Gallery AS/NZS 1429.1 (N)3GHSSYCY SHD-GC
(1100 V) (N)SSH(C)OEU Type 63 or 66 61 A/B SHD-GC, MP-GC
or (N)3GSSHCH MP-GC
(16 to 120 mm²)

OLEX®
OLEX® Type 240 or 241 POWERMINE® POWERMINE® POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Drilling
Type 209 (1100 V) (N)TSCGECWOEUS (N)SSH(C)OEU Type 63 or 66 61 A/B SHD-GC SHD-GC
(16 to 120 mm²)

OLEX® OLEX® POWERMINE® POWERMINE® POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Loader
Type 240 or 241 Type 241 or 275 (N)TSCGECWOEUS (N)SSH(C)OEU Type 63 or 66 61 A/B or 41 SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC

POWERMINE®
OLEX® POWERMINE® POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Coal cutter Longwall (N)SSH(C)OEU
Type 245 (N)TSCGECWOEUS Type 63 or 66 61 A/B SHD-GC SHD-GC
or (N)SSHCGEOEU
OLEX®
POWERMINE®
Type 275 (1100 V) POWERMINE® POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Shuttle Car (N)SSH(C)OEU
(Common sizes 25 (N)TSCGECWOEUS Type 63 or 66 41 SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC
or (N)SSHCGEOEU
and 35 mm²)
OLEX®
POWERMINE®
Type 275 (1100 V) POWERMINE® POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Roof bolter (N)SSH(C)OEU
(Common sizes 25 (N)TSCGECWOEUS Type 63 or 66 41 SHD-GC SHD-GC, W, G-GC
or (N)SSHCGEOEU
and 35 mm²)
POWERMINE®
OLEX® OLEX® POWERMINE® POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Continuous Miner (N)SSH(C)OEU
Type 241 Type 241 (N)TSCGECWOEUS Type 63 or 66 61 A/B SHD-GC SHD-GC
or (N)SSHCGEOEU

POWERMINE®
OLEX® POWERMINE® Type POWERMINE® TIGER® Brand TIGER® Brand
Monorail (N)SSH(C)OEU
Type 241 Superflex Type 63 or 66 61 A/B SHD-GC SHD-GC
or (N)SSHCGEOEU

OLEX® TIGER® Brand


Pumps
Type 409 or 241 SHD-GC

* Full product range : see pages 34-39

24 25
Tunneling

Tunneling For this reason they are


considered as being part
A. Static cables can be
installed in a fixed
B. Dynamic cables are
systematically connected
3
In the past decades MV trailing cable with rubber sheath
of the same product range. manner from the feeding to the tunneling machine.
numerous very long tunnel
projects have been However their application end of the tunnel to the 1 and pilot wires
Application examples:
can vary from one tunnel interconnection point
developed in a lot of
project to another, and both with the heavy duty
countries, mainly for road
main categories of cables trailing or reeling
or rail traffic and these
as mentioned in the prece- dynamic cable. VERTICAL SHAFT
long tunnels are often
dent chapters are commonly CABLE CLAMPING Cable families examples:
bored with tunneling
SHD-GC, acc. to US standards
machines whose electrical used:
(ICEA / NEMA).
powering is ensured by See selection table p.36/37

heavy-duty flexible or semi-


flex cables very similar to
the dynamic mining cables.

MV trailing cable with rubber sheath

2 Application examples:

Cable families examples:


(N)TSCGEWTOEUS, in line
with German standards (VDE)
or SHD-GC (ICEA / NEMA)
See selection table p.36/37

1 2

1 3 MV gallery cable with steel braid and PVC sheath


Application examples:

2
Cable families examples:
3 (N)3GHSSYCY, in line with
German standards (VDE).
See selection table p.36/37

GALLERY CABLES

GALLERY CABLES

26 27
Mining infrastructure

Mining infrastructure Mining infrastructure dimensions and test require- SE1 over sheathed cables sustained conductor PVC insulation of rated
and downstream cables ments of power cables ha- only when specially required. temperature of 90°C and voltages 600/1000 V and
processing plants ving extruded solid
BS 5467 - Electric cables
for a maximum short circuit 1900/3300 V.
Construction standards: MV CABLES
insulation. IEC 60502-1 is conductor temperature of
All downstream processes of There are many cable Thermosetting insulated, Cables specified in this
applicable for cables having 250°C. Standard BS 6724
the commodities extracted design standards in the armoured cables for standard are intended for
voltage ratings from 1 kV defines requirements for
by the mining industry industrial sectors, among voltages of 600/1000 V use in fixed installations in
(Um=1.2 kV) up to 3 kV construction and establishes
require growing capacities these, IEC 60502-1, and 1900/3300 V. This industrial areas, buildings
(Um=3.6 kV), while test methods for armoured
of grinding, crushing, IEC 60502-2, BS 5308-1, standard reference defines and similar applications.
IEC 60502-2 defines cables having thermosetting
washing, concentrating, BS 5308-2, BS 5467, construction requirements LV CABLES
construction rules for cables insulation of rated voltages BS5308-1 and BS 5308-2
refining plants, whose BS 6724, BS 6446, and gives test methods for
having voltage ratings from 600/1000 V and - Instrumentation cables.
reliability and productivity EEMUA 133. an armoured cable having
6 kV (Um=7.2 kV) up to 1900/3300 V for production BS 5308-1 standard
is directly linked with their thermosetting insulation.
IEC 60502-1 and 30 kV (Um=36 kV). These of lower levels of smoke and describes requirements for
power and control networks. Cables specified in this
IEC 60502-2 - Power cables standards include cables corrosive products when and dimensions of
For all power, control, standard are intended for OPTICAL FIBER CABLES
with extruded insulation and which exhibit properties of exposed to fire comparable polyethylene insulated
instrumentation, use in fixed installations in
their accessories for rated reduced flame spread, low with cables complying with cables in pairs with or
compensation, earthing, industrial areas, buildings
voltages from 1 kV levels of smoke emission BS 5467. without screens and
communication, and similar applications.
(Um=1.2 kV) up to 30 kV and halogen free gas emis- optionally incorporating
supervision and Standard BS 6346 specifies
(Um=36 kV). sion when exposed to fire. The insulation and other single wire armour or lead
measurement applications, requirements for construction
components are suitable to sheath with single wire
Nexans can provide a full These international standards On fire behaviour, flame and describes methods of CONTROL CABLES
permit operation of the armour.
range of cables covering are divided in two different spread tests have to be test for armoured cable with
cables at a maximum
all common electrical, parts, defining construction, performed on ST1, ST2 or BS 5308-2 standard
mechanical and describes requirements and
environmental dimensions of PVC insulated
standards. cables, in multicore and
multipair construction, with INSTRUMENTATION CABLES
or without screens and
optionally incorporating
single wire armour.
The insulation of
instrumentation cables is
suitable for operation at
ALLIPHATIC AND AROMATIC
voltages up to 300 V r.m.s. HYDROCARBON RESISTANT CABLES
core to earth and 500 V
r.m.s. core to core.
Instrumentation cables are
not for direct connection to
low impedance sources,
DATA CABLE
e.g. public mains electricity
supply.

28 29
Added value services

In all parts of the world, we have dedicated mining experts who can provide the right solutions in terms Training Onsite Inspections – Environmental Turnkey capability
of cables and services. They master the development, production, supply and sales of all mining products. MineCable-Safe protection
End users want to facilitate With our broad range of
handling, increase safety, You want to monitor cable From the retrieval of wooden dedicated mining cables
reduce accidents, extend wear in the operating delivery drums, to the (energy, data and
Flexible cables in surface Therefore, Nexans offers Repairs Assemblies
cable life. environment to prevent replacement of materials specialized applications)
mines, underground mining, an extensive repair and
Our key objectives are Our objectives are breakdowns. Our (like lead), Life Cycle and our extensive expertise
tunnelling or other handling emergency service As a response to your
high quality products decreased overall costs meticulous MineCable-Safe Assessment, energy in testing, design, enginee-
systems are exposed to including: safety concerns, we
occuring less repairs and and enhanced reliability program concentrates on management, and cable ring, project planning,
extreme mechanical organize continuous
• fault location less downtimes. for our customers. improving safety and retrieval-disposal-recycling, installation, logistics, repair
conditions during their training programs.
• repair of insulation In many parts of the world, To facilitate productivity. Nexans is dedicated to and maintenance, Nexans
operations. Due to this,
In fact we train over 3,500 creating a safer mining can add value at every
it is not possible to prevent • inner and outer sheath Nexans offers a 24/7 on-site assembly, After a pre-inspection
miners every year. Training environment to benefit level to outfit a complete
damages. In order to repair Repair and Emergency we professionally review, cables are
sessions include layout, workers, the industry and mine cabling solution.
avoid high cost during Service available via a manufacture our cable regularly visually checked
• splicing of cables cable movement analysis, the public at large.
unscheduled downtime of dedicated hotline to assemblies in our plants or and tested for threats, like
without increasing installation, splicing and
the cranes, conveyor belts, provide expert advice, in specialized workshops. excessive bend radius,
outer diameter repair. Training is done on
bucket wheel excavator or technical support and tension, and current
Teams of experienced our premises or by
any other device, it is • splicing / repair of optical even professional onsite overload.
handlers assemble cables travelling field engineers
necessary to carry out fibre elements intervention to avoid break-
and connectors to match for all shifts to reduce A report includes an over-
immediate, professional downs. We supply quick
your exact specifications. overtime and resolve view of cable deployment,
and reliable repairs in case repair kits and can even
Assemblies are built to emergencies. safety and productivity
of damage of the power manage your inventory for
perform in your harshest proposals, payback analysis
cable on site. immediate delivery. Benefits:
operating conditions for (to estimate possible
Benefits: • Improved safety, fewer savings), and training
surface, underground,
accidents recommendations.
• Time and money savings reeling and utility
applications. • Quicker installation and Benefits:
• Replacement-retrieval-
repair
disposal Constructions: • More equipment uptime
• Prolonged cable life and and fewer breakdowns
• Operational security • 2 - 35 kV
reliability
• Stress cones and fill • Greater productivity for
the mine
• ID labeling
• Lower cable costs per
• Pothead assemblies mined ton

30 31
Innovations

In the past decade numerous innovations were aimed at strongly improving the visibility and the Shaft cables
identification of the mining cables, and for this several important developments were introduced: More and more underground mines reach depths greater than 1 km, and the design, laying techniques and
clamping solutions for vertical shaft cables have strongly evolved in the past decades.. Nowadays, almost every new
high depth shaft needs a customised solution to cope with the transported power, and its corresponding voltage level
Coloured sheaths Nexans CPE colored sheaths Colour stripes Reflective stripes and cable cross-section, with the shaft dimension and design (concrete-lined shafts or not) and with the fixture system
have the identical physical required.
Nexans Chlorinated Nexans provides additional Nexans reflective Stripes
properties of our standard
Polyethylene (CPE) sheath colour combinations by can extend cable life by
black sheath. These high Fundamentally we during the whole life time
provides the physical vulcanising a contrasting reducing run-overs in low • Enable a safe construction Nexans can supply these
visibility cables can distinguish between: of the cable installation.
performance and strength coloured stripe into the visibility situations and of the anchoring device engineering studies as
improve mine safety by In most standardization
needed to resist wear, tear, sheath of our round CPE improve mine safety by • Clamped cables with at the top of the shaft, well as the customized
providing easy circuit systems the safety factor
abrasion and compression cables. Shown below are providing easier visual regular clamping inter- device which is fixed on cable design for every:
identification. between the guaranteed
cuts caused by everyday a few examples of the circuit identification. vals (typically 5 to 10 the cable at the end of
• Shaft depth between
mining use. many possible sheath / For this 2 options exist in tensile strength of the the production in the
meters), where the 10 and 1’500 meters.
stripe combinations. Nexans product range: cable and the free cable plant.
This tough, durable sheath highest tensile load
Consult with your Nexans hanging length is 5. • Voltage level between
is a proven performer in A/ Reflective stripes directly applied to the cable is • Install the cable with its
specialists for a complete 6 and 35 kV.
mines throughout the world. incorporated at the only effective during the For this reason, detailed anchoring device either
list of available stripe options. laying operation. engineering studies are • Cross-section between
Nexans’ engineered cable surface of CPE sheaths with a bottom-up pulling,
construction includes a (TIGER® Brand types with necessary to determine top-down lowering or 120 and 500 mm2.
• Single-Point-of-Suspension
taped core with fillers or high class mold the right design and making attachments to
cables (SPS) implies a • Laying method.
integral filled and tandem curing system). construction of the cable the shaft wall as the reel
single attachment point at
extrusion of the sheath armour, in order to: • Clamping or
B/ Reflective tapes applied the top of the shaft. is being lowered.
layers. Two-pass sheaths, SPS-anchoring methods.
underneath the outer Here the tensile load of • Guarantee the necessary
TPU Jackets Stripe options
extruded in tandem, yield the cable is applied safety factor.
sheath thanks to a
an inseparable bond
patented transparent
between the layers.
polyurethane
Integral filling of the cable
(TPU) outer layer. Example: Shaft cable with double round steel wire
core reduces torsion-
A B armour for typical shaft depths up to 800 meters and
induced damage.
with double flat steel wire armour for high depth shafts
(up to 1’500m).

CPE Colours

32 33
Appendix

Mining & Tunneling cables : by standard & voltage level


Medium voltage cables 1/2

Construction Construction Typical Application


Conductors

UG shearer (Cable
(fixed installation)
Fixed Application

(Cylindrical reels)
Conductor T° in C°

protection chain)
Ground or earth
Standards

OP Excavators /
Dragline trailing
Pilot or Ground

Reeling (Mono

Belt conveyor
Underground

Free trailing
spiral reels)
Standard /

check wire
Insulation

(hanging)

Tunneling
operation
Designation

Surface

Reeling
Voltage

wires
Specification

Max.
Nr Cross section range Material Class Screen Sheath reinforcement Outer sheath
level

G-GC ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 6 AWG to 4/0 AWG Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 5 kV Hybrid Cotton- CuSn Braid 2 1 - CPE
G ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 6 AWG to 4/0 AWG Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 5 kV Hybrid Cotton- CuSn Braid - - - CPE
SHD-CGC 3/C ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 2 AWG to 350 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 5 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid - - - CPE
SHD-GC 3/C CPE ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 6 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 5 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 2 1 - CPE
SHD-GC 3/C TPU ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 6 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 5 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 2 1 - TPU
SHD-PGC 3/C Longwall ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 2 AWG to 4/0 AWG Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 5 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 1 3 - CPE
SHD-GC 3/C CPE ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 4 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 8 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 2 1 - CPE
SHD-GC 3/C TPU ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 4 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 8 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 2 1 - TPU
SHD-GC 3/C CPE ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 2 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 15 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 2 1 - CPE
US

SHD-GC 3/C TPU ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 2 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 15 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 2 1 - TPU
SHD-GC 3/C CPE ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 1 AWG to 350 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 25 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 2 1 - CPE
SHD-GC 3/C TPU ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 1 AWG to 350 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 25 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 2 1 - TPU
MP-GC 3/C CPE ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 4 AWG to 500 kcmil Plain Cu 2 EPR 90 5 kV Semicon + Cu tape 2 1 - CPE
MP-GC 3/C CPE ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 4 AWG to 500 kcmil Plain Cu 2 EPR 90 8 kV Semicon + Cu tape 2 1 - CPE
MP-GC 3/C CPE ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 2 AWG to 500kcmil Plain Cu 2 EPR 90 15 kV Semicon + Cu tape 2 1 - CPE
MP-GC 3/C PVC ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 4 AWG to 500 kcmil Plain Cu 2 XLPE 90 5 kV Semicon + Cu tape 2 1 - PVC
MP-GC 3/C PVC ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 4 AWG to 500 kcmil Plain Cu 2 XLPE 90 8 kV Semicon + Cu tape 2 1 - PVC
MP-GC 3/C PVC ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 2 AWG to 500 kcmil Plain Cu 2 XLPE 90 15 kV Semicon + Cu tape 2 1 - PVC
N2XCEYRRGY / N2XCEHRRGH VDE 0276-620 1 120 - 185mm2 Plain Cu 2 XLPE 90 20/35 kV Cu Wires - - Steel wires + tape PVC or HFFR
N2XCEYFFGY / N2XCEHFFGH VDE 0276-620 & 0271 1 120 - 185mm3 Plain Cu 2 XLPE 90 20/35 kV Cu Wires - - Flat Steel wires x 2 PVC or HFFR
(N)3GSEHFGH ( RG7H1OM1FNM1) VDE 0276-620 & 0271 3 240 to 400 mm2 Plain Cu 2 EPR 90 6/10 kV Cu Wires - - Flat steel wires HFFR
(N)3GSEYBY ( RG7H1ONR) VDE 0276-620 & 0271 3 240 to 400 mm2 Plain Cu 2 EPR 90 6/10 kV Cu Wires - - Steel tapes PVC
N2XCEYFFGY VDE 0276-620 & 0271 1 95 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 6/10 kV Cu Wires - - Flat steel wires PVC
(N)3GSEYRRGY / (N)3GSEGRRGH VDE 0276-620 & 0271 3 120 - 185mm2 Plain Cu 2 XLPE 90 20/35 kV Cu Wires - - Steel wires + tape PVC or HFFR
(N)3GSEYFFGY / (N)3GSEGFFGH VDE 0276-620 & 0271 3 120 - 185mm2 Plain Cu 2 XLPE 90 20/35 kV Cu Wires - - Steel wires + tape PVC or HFFR
NYHSSYCY VDE0250-212 3 25 to 120 mm2 Plain Cu 5 PVC 90 3.6/6 kV Cu wires - 3 Galv. SW Braid PVC
(RS)(N)3GHSSYCY VDE0250-605 3 25 to 120 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 6/10 kV Cu wires - 3 Galv. SW Braid PVC
(RS)(N)3GHSSYCY VDE0250-605 3 35 to 185 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 12/20 kV Cu wires - 3 Galv. SW Braid PVC
NTMCGCWOEUS VDE0250-812 1 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 6/10 kV CuSn Wires - - - CPE
NTMCGCWOEUS VDE0250-812 1 25 to 800 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 12/20 kV CuSn Wires - - - CPE
German

NTMCGCWOEUS VDE0250-812 1 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 18/30 kV CuSn Wires - - - CPE
(RS)F-(N)TSCGEWOEUS VDE0250-813 3 35 to 240 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 6/10 kV CuSn Wires 3 - - CPE
(RS)F-(N)TSCGEWOEUS VDE0250-813 3 35 to 240 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 12/20 kV CuSn Wires 3 - - CPE
(RS)F-(N)TSCGEWOEUS VDE0250-813 3 35 to 240 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 18/30 kV CuSn Wires 3 - - CPE
(RTS)R-(N)TSCGEWTOEUS VDE0250-813 3 35 to 240 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 6/10 kV CuSn Wires 3 - Synthetic threads PCP
(RTS)R-(N)TSCGEWTOEUS VDE0250-813 3 35 to 300 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 12/20 kV CuSn Wires 3 - Synthetic threads PCP
(RTS)R-(N)TSCGEWTOEUS VDE0250-813 3 35 to 240 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 18/30 kV CuSn Wires 3 - Synthetic threads PCP
(RTS)R-(N)TSCGEWTOEUS-OFE VDE0250-813 3 35 to 240 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 6/10 kV CuSn Wires 2 - Synthetic threads PCP
(RTS)R-(N)TSCGEWTOEUS-OFE VDE0250-813 3 35 to 240 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 12/20 kV CuSn Wires 2 - Synthetic threads PCP
(RTS)R-(N)TSCGEWTOEUS-OFE VDE0250-813 3 35 to 240 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 18/30 kV CuSn Wires 2 - Synthetic threads PCP
(RS)TMP-(N)SHOEU VDE 0250-812 3 35 to 120 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 1.8/3 kV CuSn Wires - - - CPE
(RS)TMP-(N)SHOEU VDE 0250-812 3 50 to 120 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 3.6/6 kV CuSn Wires - - - CPE
(RS)TMP-(N)TSWOEU VDE 0250-813 3 50 to 120 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 1.8/3 kV - - - - CPE
(RS)TMP-(N) TSWOEU VDE 0250-813 3 50 to 120 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 3.6/6 kV - - - - CPE
Type 63 SANS 1520-1 3 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.9/3.3 kV CuSn Wires - 3 Synthetic threads CPE
Type 66 / ( Type 66 ECC) SANS 1520-2 3 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 3.8/6.6 kV CuSn Wires -1 3 Synthetic threads CPE
Sans

Type 611 / (Type 611 ECC) SANS 1520-2 3 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 6.35/11kV CuSn Wires -1 3 Synthetic threads CPE
Type 633 / (Type 633 ECC) SANS 1520-2 3 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.9/3.3 kV CuSn Wires -1 3 Synthetic threads CPE

Recommended application

Possible, but not optimum

Not applicable

34 35
Appendix

Mining & Tunneling cables : by standard & voltage level


Medium voltage cables 2/2

Construction Construction Typical Application


Conductors

UG shearer (Cable
(fixed installation)
Fixed Application

(Cylindrical reels)
Conductor T° in C°

protection chain)
Ground or earth
Standards

OP Excavators /
Dragline trailing
Pilot or Ground

Reeling (Mono

Belt conveyor
Underground

Free trailing
spiral reels)
Standard /

check wire
Insulation

(hanging)

Tunneling
operation
Designation

Surface

Reeling
Voltage Outer

wires
Specification

Max.
Nr Cross section range Material Class Screen Sheath reinforcement
level sheath

Type 209.3 AS/NZS 1802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 3.3kV Composite braid - 1 - PCP
Type 209.6 AS/NZS 1802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 6.6kV Composite braid - 1 - PCP
Type 209.11 AS/NZS 1802 3 16 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 11 kV Composite braid - 1 - PCP
Type 240.3 AS/NZS 1802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 3.3 kV Composite braid - 3 - PCP
Type 240.6 AS/NZS 1802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 6.6 kV Composite braid - 3 - PCP
Type 240.11 AS/NZS 1802 3 25 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 11 kV Composite braid - 3 - PCP
Type 241.3 AS/NZS 1802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 3.3 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 241.6 AS/NZS 1802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 6.6 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 241.11 AS/NZS 1802 3 25 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 11 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 245.3 AS/NZS 1802 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 6 EPR 90 3.3 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 3 Open weave braid PCP
Type 245.6 AS/NZS 1802 3 50 to 150 mm2 Tinned Cu 6 EPR 90 6.6 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 3 Open weave braid PCP
Type 275.1 AS/NZS 1802 3 16 to 50 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.1 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 409.3 AS/NZS 2802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 3.3 kV Composite braid - 1 - PCP
Type 409.6 AS/NZS 2802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 6.6 kV Composite braid - 1 - PCP
Type 409.11 AS/NZS 2802 3 25 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 11 kV Composite braid - 1 - PCP
Type 409.22 AS/NZS 2802 3 35 to 70 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 22 kV Composite braid - 1 - PCP
Type 440.3 AS/NZS 2802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5*
Australian

EPR 90 3.3 kV Composite braid - 3 - PCP


Type 440.6 AS/NZS 2802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 6.6 kV Composite braid - 3 - PCP
Type 440.11 AS/NZS 2802 3 25 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 11 kV Composite braid - 3 - PCP
Type 440.22 AS/NZS 2802 3 35 to 50 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 22 kV Composite braid - 3 - PCP
Type 441.3 AS/NZS 2802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 3.3 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 441.6 AS/NZS 2802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 6.6 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 441.11 AS/NZS 2802 3 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 11 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 441.22 AS/NZS 2802 3 35 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 22 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 450.3 AS/NZS 2802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 3.3 kV Composite braid 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 450.6 AS/NZS 2802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 6.6 kV Composite braid 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 450.11 AS/NZS 2802 3 25 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 11 kV Composite braid 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 450.22 AS/NZS 2802 3 35 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 22 kV Composite braid 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 450.33 AS/NZS 2802 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 33 kV Composite braid 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 455.3 AS/NZS 2802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 3.3 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 455.6 AS/NZS 2802 3 16 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 6.6 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 455.11 AS/NZS 2802 3 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 11 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 455.22 AS/NZS 2802 3 35 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 22 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 455.33 AS/NZS 2802 3 50 to 150 mm2 Tinned Cu 5* EPR 90 33 kV Semiconductive Rubber 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
MV shaft & gallery cable AS/NZS 1429 1 16 to 1200 mm2 Plain Cu 2 XLPE 90 3.3 to 33 kV Plain Cu wire 0 0 - PVC
MV shaft & gallery cable AS/NZS 1429 3 16 to 500 mm2 Plain Cu 2 XLPE 90 3.3 to 33 kV Plain Cu wire 0 0 SWA or DWA PVC
Type AM3T7S MA003-2010 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.9/3.3 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 1 3 Synth. yarns CPE
Type AM3T7SMOD MA003-2010 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.9/3.3 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 1 3** Synth. yarns CPE
Type AM3T7 MA003-2010 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.9/3.3 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 1 3 Synth. yarns CPE
Chinese

Type AM3T7M MA003-2010 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.9/3.3 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 1 3 Synth. yarns CPE
Type AM3T31 MA003-2010 3 25 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.9/3.3 kV Bronze Braid 3 - Synth. yarns CPE
Type 241 MA003-2010 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.1 & 3.3 kV Semicon. elastomer 3 1 - CPE
Type 245.3 MA003-2010 3 25 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 3.3 kV Semicon. elastomer 1 3 - CPE
Type AM15TMPF MA003-2010 3 35 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 15 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 2 1 - CPE
Type AM10TMPF MA003-2010 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 10 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid - 1 - CPE

* Indicates that the Conductor is Class 5 up to and including 50 mm2. Recommended application
Larger conductor sizes can be Class 5, but are normally made with a different wire and construction.
** Shielded Possible, but not optimum

Not applicable

36 37
Appendix

Mining & Tunneling cables


Low voltage cables

Construction Construction Typical Application


Conductors

UG shearer (Cable
(fixed installation)
Fixed Application

(Cylindrical reels)
Conductor T° in C°

protection chain)
Ground or earth
Standards

OP Excavators /
Dragline trailing
Pilot or Ground

Reeling (Mono

Belt conveyor
underground

Free trailing
spiral reels)
Standard /

check wire
Insulation

(hanging)

Tunneling
operation
Designation

Surface

Reeling

Pumps
Voltage Outer

wires
Specification

Max.
Nr Cross section range Material Class Screen Sheath reinforcement
level sheath

W flat 2/C ICEA S


75-381 / NEMA WC-58 2 8 AWG to 4/0 AWG Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV - - - Synthetic yarns CPE
W flat 4/C ICEA S
75-381 / NEMA WC-58 4 6 AWG to 1 AWG Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV - - - Synthetic yarns CPE
G flat 2/C ICEA S
75-381 / NEMA WC-58 2 6 AWG to 2/0 AWG Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV - 1 - Synthetic yarns CPE
G-GC flat 3/C ICEA S
75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 6 AWG to 1 AWG Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV - 1 1 Synthetic yarns CPE
W Round 3/C ICEA S
75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 8 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV - - - - CPE
W Round 4/C ICEA S
75-381 / NEMA WC-58 4 8 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV - - - - CPE
US Standards

G-GC Round 3/C ICEA S


75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 8 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV - 2 1 - CPE
SHD-GC 3/C CPE ICEA S
75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 6 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV Nylon – Tinned Cu braid 2 1 - CPE
SHD-GC 3/C TPU ICEA S
75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 6 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV Nylon – Tinned Cu braid 2 1 - TPU
SHD-PGC Longwall ICEA S
75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 2/0 AWG to 4/0 AWG Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV Nylon – Tinned Cu braid 1 3 - CPE
SHD-CGC 3/C ICEA S
75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 2/0 AWG to 350 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV Nylon – Tinned Cu braid 3 1 - CPE
SHD Flat 3/C ICEA S
75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 2/0 AWG to 350 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV Cotton- Tinned Cu Braid 3 1 - CPE
Flexible Power Cable DLO EP/CPE MSHA P-184 1 14 AWG to 1111 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2 kV - - - - CPE
VFD Power Cable Shielded ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 2 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2 kV - 3 (1-3) Tinned Cu braid + Al tape CPE
G ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 3 8 AWG to 500 kcmil Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV Tinned Cu Braid - - - CPE
Drilling Mast cable ICEA S 75-381 / NEMA WC-58 2 8 AWG to 4/0 AWG Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 2kV - 1 2-4 - CPE
(RS)TMP-(N)SH(C)OEU VDE 0250-812 1 35 to 185 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV Option : (C)=Tinned Cu screen - - - CPE
(RS)TMP-(N)SH(C)OEU VDE 0250-812 3 1.5 to 120 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV Option : (C)=Tinned Cu screen - - - CPE
(RS)TMP-(N)SH(C)OEU VDE 0250-812 4 1.5 to 120 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV Option : (C)=Tinned Cu screen - - - CPE
German Standards

(RS)TMP-(N)SH(C)OEU VDE 0250-812 5-24 1.5 to 35 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV Option : (C)=Tinned Cu screen - - - CPE
(RS)TMP-(N)SH(C)OEU VDE 0250-812 3 50 to 120 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV Option : (C)=Tinned Cu screen 3 - - CPE
(N)SSH(C)OEU VDE 0250-812 3-10 2.5 to 185 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV Option : (C)=Tinned Cu screen 3 - - CPE
(N)SSHOEU-O/J VDE 0250-812 1 2.5 to 185 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV Tinned Cu Wires 3 - - CPE
(N)SSHOEU-O/J VDE 0250-812 3 2.5 to 185 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV Tinned Cu Wires 3 - - CPE
(N)SSHOEU-O/J VDE 0250-812 4 2.5 to 185 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV Tinned Cu Wires 3 - - CPE
(N)SSHOEU-O/J VDE 0250-812 5 2.5 to 185 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV Tinned Cu Wires 3 - - CPE
(N)SHTOEU-J VDE 0250-814 3 25 to 95 mm2 Plain Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV - 1 - Synthetic threads PCP
NSSHCGEOEU-V VDE 0250-812 3 16 to 95 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV - 1 3 Galv. Steel & Cu strands layer CPE
NSSHCGEOEU-Z VDE 0250-812 3 6 to 150 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.6/1.0 kV - 1 3 Galv. Steel & Cu strands braid CPE
Type AM1T7S MA003-2010 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.64/1.1 kV Nylon – Tinned Cu braid 1 3 Synth. yarns CPE
German Standards

Type AM1T7SMOD MA003-2010 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.64/1.1 kV Nylon – Tinned Cu braid 1 3** Synth. yarns CPE
Type AM1T7 MA003-2010 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.64/1.1 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid - 1 Synth. yarns CPE
Type AM1T7M MA003-2010 3 50 to 185 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.64/1.1 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid - 1 Synth. yarns CPE
Type AM1T11 MA003-2010 3 6 to 25 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.64/1.1 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid - 1 Synth. yarns CPE
Type AM1T41 MA003-2010 3 6 to 25 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.64/1.1 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid - 3 Synth. yarns CPE
Type AMSA41 MA003-2010 3 6 to 25 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.64/1.1 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 1 3 Synth. yarns CPE
Type 275 MA003-2010 3 16 to 50 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.1 kV Hybrid Nylon- CuSn Braid 3 1 - CPE
Type 41 SANS 1520-2 3 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.64/1.1 kV - 1 3 Synthetic threads braid CPE
SANS

Type 61A SANS 1520-2 3 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.64/1.1 kV - 1 3 Synthetic threads braid CPE
Type 61B SANS 1520-2 3 25 to 240 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 0.64/1.1 kV - 1 3 Synthetic threads braid CPE
Type 209.1 AS/NZS 1802 3 6 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.1/1.1 kV - 1 3 - PCP
Australian Standards

Type 210 AS/NZS 1802 3 1.5 & 2.5 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.1/1.1 kV - 1 3 - PCP
Type 275 AS/NZS 1802 3 16 to 50 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.1/1.1 kV - 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 240.1 AS/NZS 1802 3 6 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.1/1.1 kV - - 3 - PCP
Type 241.1 AS/NZS 1802 3 6 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.1/1.1 kV - 3 1 Open weave braid PCP
Type 245.1 AS/NZS 1802 3 50 to 150 mm2 Tinned Cu 5 EPR 90 1.1/1.1 kV - 1 3 Open weave braid PCP
Type 409.1 AS/NZS 1802 3 6 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 2 EPR 90 1.1/1.1 kV - - 1 - PCP
Type 440 AS/NZS 1802 3 6 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 2 EPR 90 1.1/1.1 kV - - 3 - PCP
Type 441 AS/NZS 1802 3 6 to 300 mm2 Tinned Cu 2 EPR 90 1.1/1.1 kV - 1 3 Open weave braid PCP

** Shielded Recommended application

Possible, but not optimum

Not applicable

38 39
Appendix

Glossary

A mining operations. What sets • CV: Continuous Vulcanization: G • IEEE: Institute of Electrical and cables which prevent the • Mobile crushing plants: insulation and outer jacket for
BWEs apart from other large- vulcanization process on Electronic Engineers: primary propagation of fire, reducing Designed for on-site recycling of flexible cables.
• Al: Symbol for aluminum. • G: Ground: flexible mine cable
scale mining equipment, such production line with extrusion. global association of engineers emission of smoke and halogen construction waste such as
with grounding conductors. • NESC: National Electrical
• AMSL: Above mean sea level as bucket chain excavators, is specializing in electricity, acid gas. concrete debris, stones,
D Safety Code.
(meters). their use of a large wheel • Gallery: a mine shaft or tunnel electronics and related fields. damaged soil and felled trees
M
consisting of a continuous • DIN: German Institute of used for accessing the zone for reuse as construction • NFPA: National Fire Protection
• ANSI: American National • ISO: International Standards
pattern of buckets used to Standards. where mineral is being mined. • MC: Metal Clad: cable materials. Mobile crushers are Association: North American
Standards Institute. Organization.
scoop material as the wheel reinforced with an interlocked also used for crushing stones at association for fire safety,
• Dragline: bucket system • G-GC: Ground-Ground Check:
• AS: Australian Standard turns. They are among the K metallic covering, or corrugated quarry sites. responsible for the NEC
consists of a large bucket flexible mine cable, with
largest vehicles ever tube. publication.
• AS/NZS: Australian and New which is suspended from a grounding conductors and an • Kcmil: kiloCircularMil: area unit • Monorail: The monorail cars
constructed, and the biggest
Zealand Standard. boom (a large truss-like insulated conductor to verify the in the North American system of • MESA: Mine Enforcement travel along overhead railings. • NM: Non-Metallic Sheathed
bucket-wheel excavator ever
structure) with wire ropes. continuity of the ground sizes of electrical conductors, Safety Act: Council on Safety Monorails are particularly Cable: Insulated conductors
• ASTM: American Society for built, Bagger 293, is the largest
The bucket is manoeuvered by conductors. equal to 1 000 circular mils and Hygiene for the mining designed for the transport of with non-metallic outer jacket
Testing and Materials. terrestrial (land) vehicle in
means of a number of ropes (CM). Previously known as industry. men and material in branched resistant to humidity, and fire-
human history according to the • Ground water recovery:
• Auger: A rotary drill that uses a and chains. The hoist rope, MCM. underground mining operations. retardant; suggested for dry
Guinness Book of World recovery of fresh water found • MIL: North America Military
screw device to penetrate, powered by large diesel or atmospheres.
Records. beneath the Earth’s surface, • KV: kiloVolt: unit of Standard. • MP: Mine Power Feeder
break, and then transport the electric motors, supports the
usually in aquifers, which is measurement of electric voltage Cable: mine feeder cable with P
drilled material (coal). C bucket and hoist-coupler • Mobile transfer conveyors:
often used for supplying wells equal to 1 000 volts. three-phase conductors and
assembly from the boom. The Mobile Transfer Conveyors • PCG: Portable Cable Control
• AWG: American Wire Gauge: • CEI (lEC): Commission and springs. Because ground three ground conductors.
dragrope is used to draw the L (MTC) are « multi use » and Ground Conductors:
American size scale for wiring Electrotechnique Internationale: water is a major source of
bucket assembly horizontally. equipment in open pits. • MP-GC: MP-Ground Check: flexible cable for shafts with
and cables, also known as B&S French name for the drinking water there is growing • LDPE: Low-Density Polyethylene.
By skillful manoeuvre of the hoist Determined by operational MP with an insulated conductor control conductors and for
(Brown and Sharpe) Wire International Electrotechnical concern over areas where
and the dragropes the bucket is • Loader: A loader (bucket requirements, the design can be to verify the continuity of the grounding, 2,000 volts.
Gauge. Commission. leaching agricultural or
controlled for various loader, front loader, frontend distinguished in fully mobile and ground conductors.
industrial pollutants or • PCP: Polychloroprene
B • CM: Circular Mil: area of a operations. loader, payloader, scoop, semi mobile, self driven or not,
substances from leaking under • MSHA: Mine Safety and
wire with a diameter of 0,001 shovel, skip loader, or wheel one or two single conveyors, • PG: Portable Cable Ground
• Bituminous coal: BA middle • Drilling device: is a machine ground storage tanks are Health Administration: North
of an inch. loader) is a heavy equipment lifting, luffing and slewing of Conductor: flexible cable for
rank coal (between which creates holes in the contaminating ground water. American branch dealing with
machine used in construction no, one or both conveyors. shafts with phase conductors
subbituminous and anthracite) • Continuous miner: A machine ground. Drilling rigs can be safety and hygiene in the
H and sidewalk maintenance to Mobile Transfer Conveyors are and for grounding, 2 000 volts.
formed by additional pressure that constantly extracts coal massive structures housing mining industry.
move aside or load materials installed between Bucket
and heat on lignite. Usually has while it loads it. This is to be equipment used to drill water, • HDPE: High-Density • Psi: Pounds per square inch.
such as asphalt, demolition Wheel/Chain Excavators and • MT: Medium Voltage Cable:
a high Btu value and may be distinguished from a oil, or natural gas extraction Polyethylene.
debris, dirt, snow, feed, gravel, the shiftable bench conveyor cables with solid insulation for • Pumps: Water is a constant
referred to as « soft coal ». conventional, or cyclic, unit wells, or they can be small
• Hz: Hertz. logs, raw minerals, recycled allowing multi block and multi voltages of 2 001 to 35,000 threat to mining, whether it
which must stop the extraction enough to be moved manually
• BSI: British Standards Institution. material, rock, sand, wood bench operations to increase volts. enters a mine through infiltration
process in order for loading to by one person and are called I
chips, etc. into or onto another the block width and the block or comes from a storm. Mine
• Bucket chain excavator: commence. augers. Drilling rigs can be N
• IACS: International Annealed type of machinery (such as a height. Thus, increasing the time operators must be able to
Characteristic for a Bucket mobile equipment mounted on
• CPE: Polyethylene Chloride: Copper Standard: international dump truck, conveyor belt, between two shifting operations • NEC: National Electrical Code: manage the water where it is
Chain Excavator are the bucket trucks, tracks or trailers. The
a synthetic rubber jacketing standard for copper conductivity feed-hopper, or railroad car). of the bench conveyor – results General standards governing known to exist and quickly
chain, the superstructure with term «rig» therefore generally
compound. (same as 100% for electrolytic in a higher utilization of the electrical products and alleviate the problems
counterweight boom/platform, refers to the complex of • Longwall: One of three major
reheated copper). mining system. Mobile Transfer installations published by NFPA associated with it when it rises
the sub-structure with rail or • CSA: Canadian Standard equipment that is used to underground coal mining
Conveyors are used also as a following the guidelines of the unexpectedly. Mine dewatering
crawler track undercarriage. Association: Canadian penetrate the surface of the • ICEA: Insulated Cable methods currently in use.
combination of transfer OSHA. pumps generally need to pump
A transfer boom is necessary institution for the certification of Earth’s crust. Engineers Association: current Employs a steal plow, or
conveyor to the bench conveyor water horizontally-from a
only for block operation. electrical and electronic name of the IPCEA (Power), rotation drum, which is pulled • NEMA: National Electrical
E and direct dumping onto the pit smaller sump to a larger
equipment in accordance with American association for the mechanically back and forth Manufacturers Association:
• Bucket wheel excavator: floor in coal seems with sump or vertically from the
the standards published by • EIA: Electronic Industries standardization of electrical across a face of coal that is Association of manufacturers of
Bucket-wheel excavators interburden layers. Grasshopper bottom of the pit up to the
them. Association. conductors. usually several hundred feet electrical equipment, supporting
(BWEs) are heavy equipment style Mobile Transfer Conveyors elevation of the mine, and then
long. The loosened coal falls standardization and
used in surface mining. The pri • Cu: Symbol for copper. • EPR: Ethylene Propylene • lEC: International Electrotechnical installed as a chain like one horizontally to a discharge
onto a conveyor for removal manufacturing technologies.
mary function of BWEs is to act Rubber. Commission: international connected to the other are part point. The pumps most
• CuSn: Symbol which denotes from the mine.
as a continuous digging organization in charge of the of waste dumping and Heap • Neoprene: or Polychloroprene, commonly found in mine
tinned copper.
machine in largescale open pit standardization of electrical • LS: Low Smoke: marking of Leach Systems. a synthetic rubber used as operations include vertical
producers.

40 41
Glossary

turbine pumps, electric and bottom sediments and disposing with screen and grounding T
hydraulic submersible pumps, of them at a different location. conductors.
• TW: Thermoplastic Building
horizontal multistage centrifugal This technique is often used to
• SHD-GC: SHD-Ground Check: Wire Moisture (Water)
pumps and horizontal single- keep waterways navigable. It is
SHD with an insulated Resistant: Wire or cable
stage centrifugal pumps. also used as a way to replenish
conductor for the circuit of insulated with PVC resistant to
sand on some public beaches,
• PVC: Polyvinyl Chloride, grounding connection continuity humidity 60°. 600 volts.
where sand has been lost
a compound widely used for testing, and two ground
because of coastal erosion. U
insulation and outer jacket. conductors.
Dredging is also used as a
• Underground drilling:
R technique for fishing for certain • Shovels: normally consist of a
Underground drilling rigs for
species of edible clams and revolving deck with a power
• Reclaimer, Stacker: A stacker is mine shafts are special shaft
crabs, see fishing dredge. A plant, driving and controlling
a large machine used in bulk sinking equipment to drill blast
dredger (or “dredge” as is the mechanisms, usually a
material handling. Its function is holes for construction of shaft
general usage in the Americas) counterweight, and a front
to pile bulk ores on to a stock- mine.
is any device, machine, or attachment, such as a crane
pile. A reclaimer can be used
vessel that is used to excavate (« boom ») which supports a V
to recover the material. Stackers
and remove material from the handle (« dipper » or « dipper
are nominally rated for capacity • V: Volt: unit utilized to describe
bottom of a body of water. For stick ») with a digger
in tonnes per hour (tph). They electrical voltage.
example, a scoop attached to (« bucket ») at the end.
normally travel on a rail
the end of a rope or pole by « Dipper » is also sometimes • VA: Volt Ampere: external
between stockpiles in the stock-
which a man can draw used to refer to the handle and power unit for transformers.
yard. A stacker can usually
sediments up from the bottom of digger combined.
move in at least two directions: • VDE: Verband Deutscher
a pond is a dredger. The machinery is mounted on a
horizontally along the rail and Elektrotechniker: German
Developing this idea further, a base platform with tracks or
vertically by luffing (raising and Association of Electrical
motorized crane equipped with wheels. Modern bucket
lowering) its boom. Some Engineers.
a drag bucket or clamshell capacities range from 8 m3 to
stackers can rotate the boom.
(grabber) that is used to scoop nearly 80 m3. W
This allows a single stacker to
material from the bottom of a
form two stockpiles, one on • Shuttle-car: A self-discharging • W: Flexible cables for mines:
body of water is also a
either side of the conveyor. truck, generally with rubber tires one or several conductors with
dredger. The crane could be
or caterpillar-type treads, used elastomeric insulation and outer
• Roof bolter: machine installing located on the bank, or
for receiving coal from the jacket for extra heavy use.
long steel bolt driven into the perhaps mounted on a barge.
loading or mining machine and
roof of underground excavations If the crane is mounted on a X
transferring it to an underground
to support the roof, preventing barge, the entire vessel is
loading point, mine railway or • XLPE: Cross (X)-Linked
and limiting the extent of roof referred to as a dredger
belt conveyor system. Polyethylene: cross-linked
falls. The unit consists of the bolt
• SH: Shielded Mining Cable polyethylene, also known as
(up to 4 feet long), steel plate, • SIC: Specific Inductive
Single Conductor: flexible vulcanized polyethylene of XLP.
expansion shell, and pal nut. Capacity: dielectric constant of
monopolar cable mines with
The use of roof bolts eliminates a material, which is the relation
screen and outer jacket, for
the need for timbering by existing between a condenser
heavy use.
fastening together, or with the material as the
« laminating » several weaker • Shaft / Shaft sinking: Shaft dielectric, and the same
layers of roof strata to build a mining or shaft sinking refers to condenser with air as the
« beam ». the method of excavating a dielectric.
vertical or near-vertical tunnel
S • Spreader: Spreaders are
from the top down, where there
mobile, continuous operating
• Sand dredging: Dredging is an is initially no access to the
dumping machines receiving
excavation activity or operation bottom.
the material from the shiftable
usually carried out at least
• SHD: Shielded Mining Cable dump bench conveyor via a
partly underwater, in shallow
with Ground Conductors: three- tripper car or from Mobile
seas or fresh water areas with
phase flexible cable for mines Transfer Conveyors.
the purpose of gathering up

42
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