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List of the host-Parasites prepared as per VCI Syllabus for UG students of B V Sc & AH

Sr Name of the Cestode Definitive host Location in Intermediate Name of the Remarks if
N Parasite (Tapeworm) Definitive Host Metacestode any
o host
Ruminant
Tapeworms
1 Moniezia expansa S,G,C SI Oribatid mites Cysticercoid
2 Moniezia benedeni C & ruminants SI Oribatid mites Cysticercoid
3 Avitellina S & ruminants SI Psocids (bark Cysticercoid
centripunctata lice, booklice,
dust lice
4 Stilesia hepatica S,G,C Bile duct Oribatid mites Cysticercoid
5 Stilesia globipunctata S,G SI Oribatid mites Cysticercoid
Equine tapeworms
1 Anoplocephala Horse,Donkey Ileum,Caecu Oribatid mites Cysticercoid Lappet
perfoliata m
2 Anoplocephala magna Horse, Donkey S I ,stomach Oribatid mites Cysticercoid
3 Paraanoplocephala Horses S I ,stomach Oribatid mites Cysticercoid
mamillana
Poultry tapeworms
1 Davainea proglottina Fowl, Pigeon Duodenum Slugs/Gastrop Cysticercoid Smallest
od
2 Raillietina tetragona Chicken, Guinea S I Ants/House Cysticercoid Largest
Fowl flies
3 Raillietina Chicken, Turkeys S I Ants Cysticercoid Windows in
echinobothrida strobila,
Nodular
tapeworm
4 Raillietina cesticillus Domestic poultry SI Beetles/House Cysticercoid
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 1
fly
5 Cotugnia digonopora Ducks SI Ants Cysticercoid
6 Amobotaenia cuneata Domestic fowl SI Earthworms Cysticercoid
Dwarf tape worm
1 Hymenolepis nana Rodents/Man SI ----------- Cysticercoid ONLY
TAPERWOR
M DIRECT
LIFE CYCLE
2 Hymenolepis diminuta Wild SI Fleas/Flour Cysticercoid
rodents/Man beetles
Broad fish tapeworm
1 Diphyllobothrium Man,Dog,Cat,Pig SI I- I-Procercoid Tapeworm
latum Cyclop/Copep II-Plurocercoid with TWO
od metacestods/
II-Fresh water Two IH
fish
Dog tape worms
1 Dipylidium caninum Dog,Cat,Fox,Man S I Dog fleas: Cysticercoid Commonest
Ctenocephalid tapeworm of
es canis, Dog Dog,
louse: Cucumber
Trichodectes seed like
canis proglottids
2 Taenia solium Man SI Pigs Muscles Cysticercus Measley Pork
cellulosae ( Auto
infection
results in
Neurocystoce
rcosis
3 Taenia saginata Man SI Cattle,S,G,B Cysticercus bovis Measley Beef
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 2
Muscles
4 Taenia hydatigena Dog,Fox,Wild SI S,G,C,Liver Cysticercus Hepatic
canines tenuicollis cysticercosa
5 Taenia pisiformis Dog,Fox,Wild SI Rodents Cysticercus
canines pisiformis
6 Taenia ovis Dog,Fox,Wild SI Sheep,Goats Cysticercus ovis
canines
7 Taenia hydatigera Cat SI Rodents liver Cysticercus
(T.taeniaformis) fasciolaris OR
Strobilocercus
8 Taenia multiceps Dog,Fox,Wild SI S,G C cranial Coenurus Gid
canines cavity cerebralis
9 Taenia giageri Dog, Wild Goats Coenurus giageri
canines
10 Taenia serialis Dog and other Rodents Coenurus serialis
canines
11 Echnococcus Dog and other S,G,C,B,Man Hydatid cyst
granulosus canines …..

Sr Name of the Definitive host Location in Intermediate Host Remarks if


N Trematode Parasite Definitive host any
o (Flukes)
Liver Flukes
1 Fasciola hepatica S,G,C,pig,dog,cat,elepha Bile duct Snails Lymnea luteola Liver flukes
nt, camel,horse and man in other
countries
2 Fasciola gigantica S,G,C,pig,dog,cat,elepha Bile duct Snails ( Lymnaea Liver flukes
nt, camel,horse and man auricularia var in India
rufescens) in India
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 3
3 Dicrocoelium S,G,C,pig,deer,dog,donk Bile duct I: Land Snails Redia stage
dendriticum ey Macrochlamys absent in the
cassida(slime balls), II: life cycle,
Ants Formica fusca Cercaria
vitrina
4 Opisthorchis Dog,Cat,Fox,Pig,Man Bile duct,rarely S I I Fresh water Snail:
tenuicollis Bulinus( Bithynia)
leachi
II Cyprinid fish
5 Opisthorchis viverrini Wild Cats, Dog, Man Bile Duct ----------do----------------
-----
6 Clonorchis sinensis Man,Dog,Cat,Pig Bile Duct & Rarely I Fresh water
Pancreatic duct & Snail:Bulinus,
Duodenum Bithynia,Melania,Vivip
ara
II Cyprinid fish
Intestinal Fluke
1 Fasciolopsis buski Pig,Man SI Snail:
Planorbis,Gyraulus
Cercariae transmitted
thru Tubers and water
chest nuts
Lung Fluke
1 Paragonimus Dog,Cat,Goat,Cattle & Lungs rarely Brain I Snail:
westermanii Man & Spinal cord Melania,Hua,Thiara
II Cray fishes &Crabs
2 Paragonimus kellicoti Wild -----do-------- -------------do-----------
animals,Cat,Dog,Pig
Oviduct Fluke
1 Prosthogonimus ovatus Omestic Bursa of I Snail: Bithynia
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 4
Fowl,Duck,Geese Fabricious,Oviduct leachi,Gyraulus
II Naiads of Dragon fly
Amphistomes/Immat Amphistomosis
ure
1 Paramphistomum cervi S,G,C,B Rumen,Reticulum Snail: Indoplanorbis Conical
exustus flukes
2 Cotylophoron S,G,C,B Rumen,Reticulum Snail: Indoplanorbis Genital
cotylophorum exustus sucker
3 Gastrothylax C,B,S,G Rumen,Reticulum Snail: Gyraulus
crimenifer convexisculus
4 Gastrodiscus Equines rarely Pig Caecum Snail: Cleopatra/I.
aegyptiacus exustus
5 Gastrodiscus secundus Equines , Elephant Colon Snail: Indoplanorbis
exustus
6 Gigantocotyle Buffaloes, rarely C,S,G Bileduct,Gallbladd Snail: Gyraulus Only fluke in
explanatum er convexisculus Bileduct
7 Gastrodiscoides Pig,Man Caecum,Colon
hominis
8 Pseudodiscus collinsi Equines , Elephant LI Snail: Indoplanorbis ,
Bulinus, Lymnaea
Blood
fluke/Schstomoes
1 Schistosoma indicum Equines,Camel,S,G,C,B Mesenteric veins Snail: Indoplanorbis Visceral
exustus Schistosomos
is
2 Schistosoma spindale C,B,S,G,equines,dogs Mesenteric veins Snail: Indoplanorbis Visceral
exustus Schistosomos
is
3 Schistosoma Pigs ,Dog Mesenteric veins Snail: Lymnaea luteola Visceral
incognitum Schistosomos
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 5
is
4 Orientobilharzia Buffaloes Mesenteric veins ……Not Known…….. Visceral
bomfordi Schistosomos
is
5 Orientobilharzia dattai C,B,S,G Mesenteric and Snail: Lymnaea luteola Visceral
hepatoportal veins Schistosomos
is
6 Orientobilharzia S,G,Camel,equines,B,C Mesenteric veins Snail: Lymnaea spp Visceral
turkestanicum Schistosomos
is
7 Schistosoma nasalis C,B, rarely S,G Nasal mucosa Snail: Indoplanorbis Nasal
veins exustus Schistosomos
is
8 Schistosoma Man, rarely rodents,pigs Adults:Mesenteric Snail: Bulinus Urinary
haematobium Eggs in walls of Schistosomos
Urinary is
bladder,urethra,uret
er

Sr Name of the Nematode Host Location Remarks if any


No (Round worms)
Parasite
Ascarid worms
1 Ascaris summ Pigs SI
2 Parascaris equorum Equines SI
3 Oxyuris equi Equines LI Pin worm of equine
4 Toxascaris leonina Dog,Cat SI Arrow headed worm
5 Toxocara canis Dog,Wild carnivores SI Complex L/C involving tracheal &
Somatic migration & direct,lactogenic,
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 6
prenatal, paratenic host routes of
infection
6 Toxocara cati Cat, Wild felids SI Complex L/C involving tracheal &
Somatic migration & direct, lactogenic,
paratenic host routes of infection
7 Toxocara vitulorum Newly born C,B, SI Complex L/C involving tracheal &
calves Somatic migration & direct,lactogenic,
prenatal routes of infection
8 Heterakis gallinarum Fowl,Turkey,ducks Caeca Caecal worm; Eggs transmit Protozoan
parasite in turkeys Histomonas
meleagridis
9 Ascaridia galli Fowl,Turkey SI
BURSATE WORMS
1 Strongyloides papillosus S,G,C,B SI Females parthenogenetic,Homogonic &
Heterogonic L/C occurs, Skin
penetration of larvae
2 Strongyloides westeri Equines SI
3 Strongyloides ransomi Pigs SI
4 Strongyloides stercoralis Man,dog,cat SI
5 Strongylus vulgaris Equines Adults : Producing Thrombi & aneurysms of
Caecum,Colon blood vessels ( Verminnous aneurysm)
Larvae: Migrate
Cranial mesenteric
artery
6 Strongylus equinus Equines Caecum & Colon
7 Strongylus edentatus Equines Caecum & Colon
8 Chabertia ovina Domestic & other Colon
ruminants
9 Oesophagostomum S,G,Camel Caecum, Colon Nodular worm of sheep producing
columbianum PIMPLY GUT
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 7
10 Oesophagostomum S,G,deer,Camel Colon Nodular worm of sheep producing
venulosum PIMPLY GUT
11 Oesophagostomum Goats Caecum, Colon Nodular worm of goats producing
asperum PIMPLY GUT
12 Oesophagostomum C,B Colon Nodular worm of cattle
radiatum
13 Syngamus trachea Turkey,Fowl,Pheasant Trachea Gapeworm or Forked worm of Poultry
Kidney worms
1 Stephanurus dentatus Pigs Perirenal fat,pelvis Kidney worm of swine
of kidney, Walls of
ureters
2 Dioctophyma renale Dogs Kidneys Kidney worm of dogs, Largest
nematode known
Hookworms
1 Ancylostoma caninum Dogs SI Hook worm of Dogs
2 Ancylostoma braziliense Dogs SI Hook worm of Dogs
3 Ancylostoma duodenale Dogs SI Hook worm of Dogs
4 Ancylostoma Cats SI Hook worm of Cats
tubaeforme
5 Agriostomum vryburgi Cattle SI
6 Bunostomum S,G SI Hook worm of Sheep & Goats
trigonocephalum
7 Bunostomum C,B SI Hook worm of cattle& buffaloes
phlebotomum
8 Trichostrongylus S,G,C,B,Camel Duodenum,
colubriformis Jejunum
9 Trichostrongylus axei S,G,C,wild ruminants Abomasum
Trichostrongylus axei Pig,Horse,Donkey,Man Stomach & S I
10 Ostertagia ostertagi C,G, rarely in Abomasum

List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 8
sheep,horse
11 Ostertagia circumcincta S,G,Camel Abomasum/rarely
in S I
12 Cooperia curticei S,G,C S I rarely in
Abomasum
13 Cooperia punctata C,S,Water buffalo S I rarely in
Abomasum
14 Nematodirrus spathiger S,G,C,camel SI Spicules ends in Spoon shaped
formation
STOMACH WORMS
1 Haemonchus contortus S,G,C,B Abomasum Stomach worm, Wire worm, Barbers
pole worm , ‘Y’ shaped dorsal Ray of
Bursa, Vulval flap either linguiform or
knob like in female
2 Haemonchus placei C Abomasum
3 Haemonchus bubalis B Abomasum
4 Mecistocirrus digitatus S,G,C,B Abomasum
Lung worms
1 Dictyocaulus filaria S,G Bronchi& Lung worm of sheep, cattrahal parasitic
Bronchioles BRONCHITIS
Dictyocaulus viviparous C,B Trachea Bronchi& Lung worm of CATTLE, Husk &
Bronchioles Hoose condition in calves
2 Dictyocaulus arnfieldi Horses,Donkeys,Zebra Bronchi& Lung worm of equines
Tapir Bronchioles
3 Dictyocaulus cameli camel Bronchi&
Bronchioles
4 Protostrongylus S,G Small bronchioles Red lung worms ( IH : Snails Helicella)
rufescens & Lung
Parenchyma

List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 9
5 Muellerius capillaris S,G Lung Parenchyma Hair lung worms ( IH : Snails
Helicella,Helix,Arion)

Sr Name of the Host Location Intermediate Host Remarks if any


No Nematode Parasite
TISSUE ROUND
WORMS
1 Habronema muscae Equines Stomach Musca domestica Chronic gastritis,
ulceration, gastric
tumors + Cutaneous
habronemosis/summer
sores/bursati/granular
dermatitis
2 Habronema majus Equines Stomach Stomoxys calcitrans -------------do---------
3 Draschia megastoma Equines Stomach Musca domestica -------------do-----------
4 Thelazia rhodesii C,B,rarely S,G Eyes Musca domestica Eye worm
5 Thelazia skrjabini C,B Conjunctival sac Musca domestica
& Lacrimal duct
6 Thelazia lacrymalis Hoses,C,B,camel,dog Conjunctival sac Musca domestica
7 Spirocerca lupi Dogs Wall of IH: Coprophagous Oesophageal tumor,
oesophagus, beetles Spondylitis of
stomach, Aorta Transport host: thoracic vertebrae or
Amphibia, reptiles, Hypertrophic
domestic & Wild birds pulmonary
, mice, rabbits osteoarthropathy of
long bones
8 Gongylonema S,G,C,B, Pig, horse, Mucosa & Coprophagous beetles, Worm lies in zigzag
pulchrum camel, donkey, wild Submucosa of Small cockroach fashion in oesophagus
boar and rarely in oesophagus Blatella germanica resembling TAILORS
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 10
man STICHES

9 Gongylonema S,G,C,deer Wall of rumen ------------do----------


verrucosum and stomach
10 Gongylonema Fowl Crop -------------do-----------
ingluvicola
FILARIAL
WORMS
1 Dirofilaria immitis Dog,Cat,Man,Wild Right ventricle & Culicine mosquitoes of HEART WORM of
carnivores Pulmonary artery genus dog
Culex,Aedes,Anopheles
2 Dirofilaria repens Dog,Cat Subcutaneous Mosquitoes S/C nodules
tissue
3 Parafilaria bovicola C,B particularly in Haemorrhagic House fly Summer bleeding/
bullocks nodules on Skin haemorrhagic
dermatitis
4 Parafilaria Horse,Donkey,Mules S/C & Haematobia flies
multipapillosa Intramuscular
connective
tissues
5 Setaria equina Horse, donkey, Peritoneal cavity, Culicine mosquitoes of
mules, zebra & rarely sometimes in genus
in cattle, man plural cavity Culex,Aedes,Anopheles
,lungs, scrotum
,intestine, eyes
6 Setaria digitata C,B Adult worms: Culicine mosquitoes of
Peritoneal cavity genus
or Urinary Culex,Aedes,Anopheles
bladder
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 11
Setaria digitata S, G, horses Central Nervous Culicine mosquitoes of Enzootic
System genus cerebrospinal
Culex,Aedes,Anopheles nematodosis in horses
/Kumri disease in S,G
7 Stephanofilaria Cattle Skin of hump House fly HUMP SORE in
assamensis region cattle
8 Staphanofilaria Buffalo Skin of ear House fly EAR SORE
zaheeri
9 Onchocerca C,B & also in Pig, Wall of thoracic L/C Unknown
armillata S,G aorta
10 Onchocerca C,B Ligamentum Simulium (Black)flies
gutturosa nuchae other
parts scapular
cartilage in the
hip, stifle
,shoulder &
ligaments of hind
leg
11 Onchocerca gibsoni C,B Connective Culicoides spp midges
tissue below skin
of brisket region
& Hind limbs
12 Onchocerca Horse, mule Ligamentum Culicoides spp midges
cervicalis nuchae
13 Onchocerca Horse Mule Flexor tendons & Culicoides spp midges
reticulata Suspensor
ligament of fore
leg
14 Dracunculus Man Subcutaneous Cyclops: Mesocyclops Guinea worm
medinensis tissue lukarti (NARU)
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 12
C:Cattle,B:Buffaloes,S:sheep,G:goats,S I :Small intestine, IH: Intermediate host References 1: Helminthes
th
,Arthropodes and Protozoa of domesticated animals by EJL Soulsby 7 Edn,1982; Bailliere Tindall London; 2)
Textbook of Veterinary Parasitology by BB Bhatia,KML Pathak & PD Juyal Third Revised Editzion reprinted in 2012
,Kalyani publishers New Delhi

Control measures against Control measures against Cestodes Control measures against
NEMATODEs (Round worms) (Tape worms) Trematodess (Flukes)
1 Regular faecal examination and 1 Regular faecal examination and 1 Regular faecal examination and
Treatment of affected animals, to Treatment of affected animals, to Treatment of affected animals,
avoid pasture contamination avoid pasture contamination toavoid pasture contamination
2 Designing of Deworming schedule 2 Control of Intermediate 2 Integrated snail control, thru
suitable for local climatic and host/Oribatid mites etc physical, biological, chemical
demographic conditions with use 3 Proper disposal of carcasses of methods
of epidemiological parameters & domesticated animals & carcasses 3 Cordoning of the fluke
Follow-up shall not have access to stray dogs affected/having thick snail
3 Grazing management for4 Non-veg diet such as meat, pork population water reservoirs
minimizing the larvae-host contact ,fish shall not be consumed as raw ,rivulets ,grazing land and Grazing
such as, rotational grazing, of semi-cooked land management thru cut &carry
alternate grazing, pasture spelling,5 Personal hygiene, trimming of system
ploughing & reseeding of pasture nails etc 4 Cray Fishes, crab, water chest nuts
4 Control of IH host in case of 6 Provision of latrine facility & shall not used as raw for human
spiruroid nematodes and filaroid proper disposal of human night consumption
nematodes soil as well as proper disposal of 5 Human working in contact with
dog faeces water body shall use gloves and
7 Peoples education about the gum-boots for avoiding cercarial
possible threat from tapeworm infections of Schistosoma spp
infections and their control thru
print, electronic media
List of the important drugs against Helminth Parasites. Prepared as per VCI Syllabus for UG students of B V
Sc & AH
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 13
Sr Name of Parasites Drugs/Anthelmintics Dose rate Remarks
No
1 Liverflukes 1 Triclabendazole 10 mg/kg bw orally (S,G), 12 mg/kg bw For all stages
orally (C,B)
2 Oxyclozanide 15mg/kg bw orally (S,G), 10-15 mg/kg bw Effective x adults
orally(c,B)
3 Rafoxanide 7.5 mg/kg bw orally (C,B,S,G) Effective
xadults,immatures
4 Albendazole 15-20 mg/kg bw orally (S, G, C, Pig , Not to be used in
Horse) early pregnancy
2 Immature 1 Oxyclozanide 18.7 mg/kg bw orally, two doses two days
Amphistomosis apart(C,B)
2Bithinol sulphoxide 25-40 mg/kg bw orally for 3 days
3Hexachlorophene 20 mg/kg bw orally (C,B,G) Toxicity may be
shown
4 Lintex 50 mg/kg bw orally,3 doses at weekly
interval
5Niclosamide 50-100mg/kg bw orally (C, B,S)
3 Schistosomosis 1 Praziquantel 10-15 mg/kg bw orally (C,B,S,G)
(Visceral)
4 Nasal 1 Praziquantel 10-15 mg/kg bw orally (C,B,S,G)
Schistosomosis
2 Sodium Antimonyl 1.5 mg/kg bw twice a day for two days
tartrate
5 Tapeworm 1 Praziquantel 10-15 mg/kg bw orally(C,B,S,G)& 5-7.5 Avoid in pups and
infections mg kg bw(Dogs Cats) kittens
2 Niclosamide 50-100 mg/kg bw orally (C,B,S,G);
75-100mg/kg(dogs);
175 mg/kg bw (Poultry)

List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 14
3 Pyrantel embonate 38mg/kg bw horse
4 Mebendazole C,S,G,Horse,Pigs: 10-15 mg /kg bw for 3
days
Dog,Cats: 22 mg /kg bw for 3
days
Poultry: 50-100 gms/2000 birds
below 6 wks age
Poultry: 50-100 gms/1000 birds
above 6 wks age
5 Butynorate Poultry : 75-150 mg/kg
6 Arecholine Dogs : 1-2 mg/kg bw (
hydrobromide Contraindicated in cats)

Sr Name of Parasites Drugs/Anthelmintics Dose rate Remarks


No
1 Ascariosis 1 Pyrantel pamoate 5-10mg/kg bw(dogs); 6.6 mg/kg
bw(horses);
250mg total dose in buffalo calves ;orally
2 Pyrantel embonate 19 mg/kg bw(horses);14.4 mg/kg bw
(dogs)
3 Piperazine 200-300mg /kg
bw(C,B,horses,pigs,dogs),300-400mg/kg
bw in poultry
4 Benzimidazole 5-15 mg/kg bw Effective x adult
compounds worms
5 Hygromycin As feed additive @ 600units/pound of
feed for 3 consecutive wks
6 Dietylcarbamazine 50 mg/kg bw
2 Equine Strongylus 1 Fenbendazole 30-60mg/kg bw as single dose OR 7.5 -10
List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 15
spp infections mg /kg bw for 5 consecutive days
(Strongylosis)
2 Oxfendazole 10 mg/kg bw
3 Thiabendazole 440 mg/kg bw for 2 days
4 Ivermectin 0.2 mg/kg bw
3 G I Nematodosis 1 Albendazole 5-7.5 mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G,Horse, Pigs) Avoid use at mating
(Parasitic or early pregnancy
Gastroenteritis)
2 Fenbendazole 5-7.5 mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G,Horse, Pigs); Can be used in
50mg/kg bw (Dogs); pregnant and
30mg/kg bw (Cats); 10%v Solution lactating bitches
@1ml/15-20 birds for 3 days
3 0.2 mg/kg bw With milk withdrawn
Ivermectin/Doramectin period
4 Levamisole 7.5mg/kg bw
5 Mebendazole 10-15 mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G,Horse, Pigs)
6 Oxfenbendazole 5 mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G)
7 Tetramisole 15 mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G,Horse); 100
gm/100 birds in 4 liter water
8 Piperazine hydrate 45% sol @ 100 ml/100 birds < wks & 100
ml/200 birds> 6 wks
9 Morantel tartrate 1o mg/kg bw
4 Hook worm 1 Albendazole 5-7.5 mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G,Horse, Pigs)
disease
2 Fenbendazole 5-7.5 mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G,Horse, Pigs);
50mg/kg bw (Dogs);
30mg/kg bw (Cats); 10%v Solution
@1ml/15-20 birds for 3 days
3 Levamisole 7.5mg/kg bw

List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 16
Specific parasitic
infections
1 Cysticercosis in 1 Albendazole 5-7.5 mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G,Horse, Pigs) Domestic animals as
domestic animals IH host human/Dog
tapeworms
2 Hydatidosis in 1 Albendazole 5-7.5 mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G,Horse, Pigs) ----------do-------------
animals
2 Fenbendazole 5-7.5 mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G,Horse, Pigs) ----------do-------------
----
3 Parasitic 1 Fenbendazole 5mg/kg bw (C,B,S,G)
bronchitis due to
lung worm
infection
2 Ivermectin 0.2 mg/kg bw parentral route
4 Stomach worms in 1 Albendazole 10 mg/kg bw Habronema/Draschia
equines infections
2 Ivermectin 0.2 mg/kg bw parentral route
3 Piperazine 200-300mg /kg bw
5 Thelaziosis (Eye 1 Ivermectin 0.2 mg/kg bw parentral route
worms)
2 Tetramisole 15 mg/kg bw ,orally
6 Spirocecosis in 1 Tetramisole 15 mg/kg bw ,orally
dogs
2 Oxfendazole 5 mg/kg bw
3 Albendazole 5-7.5 mg/kg bw
7 Dirifilariosis in 1 Dietylcarbamazine 6.6mg/kg bw for 3-4 days by parentral
dogs route
2Milbemycin oxime 0.5mg/kg bw orally
8 Parafilariosis 1 Nitroxynil 20 mg/kg bw

List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 17
(bovines/equines)
2 Tetramisole 15 mg/kg bw ,orally
9 Enzootic 1 Ivermectin 0.2 mg/kg bw parentral route
cerebrospinal
namatodosis
(Kumari)
2 Fenbendazole 5 mg/kg bw (,S,G,)
10 Stephanofilariosis 1 Levamisole 7 mg/kg bw
2 Tetramisole 15 mg/kg bw ,orally
3 Oxfendazole 5 mg/kg bw
C:Cattle,B:Buffaloes,S:sheep,G:goats,S I :Small intestine, IH: Intermediate host References 1: Helminthes
,Arthropodes and Protozoa of domesticated animals by EJL Soulsby 7th Edn,1982; Bailliere Tindall London; 2)
Textbook of Veterinary Parasitology by BB Bhatia,KML Pathak & PD Juyal Third Revised Edition reprinted in 2012
,Kalyani publishers New Delhi

Sr IMP IH Chemical Biological Physical


CONTROL
1 Snail 1 N-tritylomorpholine Natural Enemies: Domesticated fowl—such as ducks,
1 : Removal of
control : ---.09-0.1 parts per geese, or chickens—kept penned in infested areas can
stones, debris,
Integrated million be effective snail predators that significantly reduces the
weedy areas
snail control 2 Cupper Sulphate ---- snail population around tree
involving -----1 parts in 150 trunks, leafy
physical, million parts of water Ref for snail Control: branches
biological & 3 Di-nitro-o- www.ipm.ucdavis.eduPMGPESTNOTESpn7427.htm growing close to
chemical cyclohexyl- the ground, and
control in a phenol(DCPH)---3-5 dense ground
compatible parts per million parts covers such as
manner of water ivy are ideal
4 Metaldehyde baits sheltering spots

List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 18
with 4% active 2 Hand picking
ingredient ( With 3 Traps, Vertical
CAUTION of copper screens
POISONING) , &Barriers
5 Iron phosphate baits
2 Oribatid 1 Ploughing &
mite : Reseeding of
control for Pasture
control of 2 Avoiding
tapeworms infected pasture
of ruminants for grazing and
use of grasses
from such land
by cut and carry
Syllabus as per VCI for GENERAL VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY AND HELMINTHOLOGY,
VPA- 211 Credit Hours 3+1=4, THEORY
Parasites and parasitism. Types of Parasitism. Commensalism, symbiosis and predatorism, Types of hosts: Final and Intermediate hosts, paratenic
hosts and reservoir hosts, natural and unnatural hosts. Host- parasite relationship; mode of transmission of parasites and methods of dissemination
of the infective stages of the parasite. Parasite specificity in relation to species,breed, sex and location. Tissue reactions caused by parasites to the
host. Resistance of hosts to parasitic infections/infestations. Immunity against parasitic infections. Standardized Nomenclature of Animal Parasitic
Diseases (SNOAPAD). General description of helminth parasites affecting domestic animals and birds.Classification of helminths. Characteristics of
phylum (Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes and Acanthocephala). Salient morphological features of diagnostic importance. Life cycle of the
helminths in relation to transmission, pathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnosis, general control measures of following helminthes of animals and birds.
Trematodes:Liver flukes (Fasciola, Dicrocoelium and Opisthorchis), intestinal flukes (Fasciolopsis),blood flukes (nasal schistosomosis), cercarial
dermatitis (Schistosoma and Ornithobilharzia),visceral schistosomosis (S. spindale, S. indica, S. incognitum), Amphistomes/immature amphistomosis
(Paramphistomum, Cotylophoron, Gastrothylax, Gastrodiscus,Gigantocotyle, Gastrodiscoides, Pseudodiscus), Lung flukes(Paragonimus) and oviduct
flukes (Prosthogonimus),their importance in the diagnosis.
Cestodes:Metacestodes (bladder worm), Ruminant tape worms (Moniezia. Avitellina, Stilesia), Dog tape worms (Dipylidium, Taenia, Multiceps and
Echinococcus), Equine tape worms (Anoplocephala, Paranoplocephala), Poultry tape worms (Davainea, Cotugnia, Raillietina,Amoebotaenia) and
Broad fish tape worm (Diphyllobothrium), Dwarf tape worm (Hymenolepis).

List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 19
Nematodes:Ascaris, Parascaris, Toxocara, Toxascaris, Ascaridia, Heterakis and Oxyuris.Bursate Worms (Strongyloides, Strongyles, Chabertia,
Syngamus, Oesophagostomum),Kidney worms (Stephanurus, Dioctophyma), Hook worms (Ancylostoma, Agriostomum,Bunostomum,
Trichostrongylus, Ostertagia, Cooperia, Nematodirus). Stomach worms (Haemonchus, Mecistocirrus). Tissue round worms (Habronema, Thelazia,
Spirocerca,Gongylonema). Filarial worm Dirofilaria, Parafilaria, Onchocerca, Setaria, Stephanofilaria).Lung worms (Dictyocaulus, Mullerius and
Protostrongylus). Guinea worms (Dracunculus).International regulations for control of different helminthic diseases.
RACTICAL
Methods of collection, fixation, preservation and mounting of helminth parasites. Study of morphological characters of adults and their larval stages
and damages caused by them.
Identification of important trematodes, cestodes and nematodes. Examination of faecal samples for eggs of trematodes, cestodes and nematodes.
Demonstration of the life cycle and
development of the type species of Trematode, Cestode and Nematode.
REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals - E.J.L. Soulsby.7th Edn
2. Veterinary Parasitology - G.M. Urquhart et. al. 3. Introduction to Animal Parasitology - J.D. Smyth.
4. A Text Book of Veterinary Parasitology - B.B. Bhatia, K.M.L. Pathak. &P D Juyal Third revised edn reprinted in 2012
5. Veterinary Helminthology – T. Kassai, 6. General Veterinary Parasitology - P.C. Jain , 7. Introduction to Animal Parasitology – J.D. Smyth

List of the Host-Parasites as per VCI Syllabus for UG students Prepared by Dr B W Narladkar Assoc. Prof. Parasitology, COVAS, ParbhaniPage 20

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