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# P535/1

PHYSICS
PAPER 1

PHYSICS
PAPER 1

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 1

SECTION A [40 marks]

## 1. A rain drop fall down due to

A: atmospheric pressure

B. frictional force

C: gravitational force

D: surface tension

2. A Sound wave

A: is an electromagnetic wave

## B: can travel through a vacuum

C: is a longitudinal wave

D: is a transverse wave.

## 3. The self-starter of a motor car uses a current of 20A for 10 seconds.

What quantity of electricity ﬂows through the starter?

A. 200V B. 0.200C

C: 0.100C D: 200C

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 2

4. Which one of these substances is a soft magnetic material?

A: Iron B: Nickel

C: Steel D: cobalt.

5. An object placed between the principal focus, and the optical centre
of a converging lens will produce an image which is

instrument is

Figure 1

(ii) Contraction

(ii) Expansion

9.

Figure 2

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 4

A: angle oil incident

B: angle of incidence

C: angle of reﬂection

D: angle of refraction

## 10. The total power expanded by a person of mass 50kg climbing 8m is

200W. Find the time taken climbing

A: B:

C: D:

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 5

I2. The volume of a ﬁxed mass of a gas at constant pressure is 400cm3 at
a temperature of -73°C. When the temperature is raised to 27°C the
volume is

## A. 400cm3 B. 300cm C: 0.600m3 D. 600cm3

13. Given that the distance between 6 successive crest is 20cm. Calculate
the wavelength in metre

## l4. In a room temperature at 20°C liquid naphthalene melting at 80˚C is

allowed to cool form 100°C. Which one of the graphs in ﬁg 3 best
represents this cooling process?

Figure 3

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 6

15. Accommodation in the eye is achieved by the

## B. lense changing its shape

C. irish contracting

## D. cornea changing size

16. Roofs structure and many bridges are designed with triangular
sections to

## l7. The traces on an oscilloscope is shown in ﬁg 4(a). A student then

alters one of the controls and obtains the trace in (b)

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 7

Figure 4
Which control is altered?

A: The Y-gain
B: The Y-shift
C: The X- shift
D: The time base frequency

A: 1 C: 3
B: 2 D: 4 I

(i) Resistance

(iii) Current

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 8

20. The process by which electrons are emitted form a metal surface
when struck by ultra-violet light is

A: thermionic emission
C: photo electric emission
D: total internal reﬂection

21.

Figure 5

## Figure 5 shows a charged rod P brought near conductors Q and R in

contact. If is removed alter separating Q and R, and Q is negatively
charged then the charges on P and R are

P R
A + -
B - +
C - -
D + +

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 9

22. A uniform meter rule s pivoted at the 50cm mark. A load of 2ON is
hang at the 15cm mark. Where would a load of 25N be placed in order for
the meter rule to balance horizontally?

A: B:

C: D:

## 23. The force per kilogram in mechanics is equivalent to

A. Pressure C. Velocity

B. Acceleration D. thrust

## 24. The following electric equipment does work on the principle of a

force on at current carrying conductor

(i) Motor

## (ii) Electric hell

(iii) Galvanometer

(iv) Generator

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 10

A: (i), (ii) and (iii) only

## 25. An object of height 2cm is placed 5cm in front of a pin-hole camera.

Find the height of the image if the ﬁlm is 2cm away from the pin-hole.

A. 0.8cm C. 5.0cm

B. 2cm D. 10cm

P is emitted

## If A=284 and Z=88 identify particle P

A: Beta particle

B: Alpha particle

C: Gamma rays

D: Neutrons

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 11

27. Which of the following occurs in a wheel and axel machines when the
radius of the wheel is reduced?

## (i) The efficiency of the machine is increased

(ii) The efficiency of the machine remains the same.
(iii) Both velocity ratio and mechanical advantage increase.

## 29. When current .is passed through a wire placed perpendicular to a

magnetic ﬁeld.

A: becomes magnetized

B: becomes demagnetized

## C: produces a neutral point below it

D: experience a force

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 12

30. Two resistors R1 and R2 are connected in parallel. A third resistor R3
is connected in series with the parallel combination and a battery. Which of
the following is true?

## A: Current through R2 is the same as current through R3

B: Potential difference a cross R1 is the same as that across R2
C: Current through R1 is the same as current through R3
D: Potential difference across R2 is the same as that across R3

31. An un magnetized bar of soft iron is tested at both ends by the south
pole of a permanent magnet which of the following is observed

## A: Attraction to both ends

B: Attraction to one end only
C: Attraction to one end and repulsion from the other end
D: Repulsion form both ends

## 32. The amount of hear absorbed by a body of mass 2kg at a constant

temperature is called.

A: latent heat

B: heat capacity

33.

Figure 6

## Figure 6 shows a 3.0V battery of negligible internal resistance connected to

an ammeter and two resistors of 3Ω and 6Ω which are in parallel determine

A. 1.00A C: 0.67A

B. 1.50A D: 0.33A

## 34. When an uncharged conductor is brought near the cap of a positively

charged electroscope the gold leaf

## B: increases the divergence i

C: decreases in divergence

D: remains uncharged

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 14

A: increasing the number of coils

## 36. A body accelerates uniformly from rest and acquires a velocity of

60ms-1 after half a minute. Find the distance covered by the body.

## 37. An experimenter standing 160m from a vertical cliff makes a loud

sound and hears an echo. If the speed of sound in air is 32Oms -1, how long
does it take to hear the echo?

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 15

39. A beam may be designed with much of its central part removed in
order to improve on its

A: stiffness C: ductility

B: brittleness D: stability

(i) Conduction

(ii) Convection

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 16

Section B (40 Marks)

## Answer all questions in the section

All working must be shown clearly in the spaces provided

## (b) A stone is thrown vertically upwards with an initial velocity of

20ms-2. Find the time taken to reach the highest point. (03 marks)

## 42. (a) Define the term radioactivity. (01 mark)

(b) What are the values of p and q in the nuclear equation given below?

(03 marks)

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 17

43. (21) State Snell’s law. (1 mark)

(b)

6cm
O

Figure 7

Figure 7 shows an object placed 6cm from a plane mirror. Complete the
diagram to shows the formation of the image in the mirror. (03 marks)

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 18

44. (a) Define the term speciﬁc latent heat of vaporization of a
substance. (01mark)

## (b) An immersion heater rated 15W is used to heat a liquid in an open

beaker. The beaker contains 300g of the liquid. After the liquid boils, the
heater is left on for 10 minutes before being switched off.

## Determine the amount of heat supplied by the heater during the 10

minutes of boiling (03 marks)

## 45. A vibration is used to produce water waves in a ripple tank. The

distance between the ﬁrst and the ﬁfth crests is 200mm. The waves travel
30Omm in 1.5 seconds. Determine

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 19

(b) The frequency of the vibration

46. (a) Define the term kilowatt hour (kWh). (01 mark)

(b) A clubby uses a 750-watt electric iron to press clothes for an;
average of 5 hours a week. What is the cost of the electricity used in 4
weeks if the electrical energy cost shs. 6.20 per kWh? (03 marks)

(b)

Figure 8

## Figure 8 shows an arrangement that can be used to investigate how

electromagnetic force varies with current. Explain what happen when
current is passed though the solenoid. (03 marks)

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 21

(b)

Figure 9

Using ﬁgure 9 above, identify all girders which are struts and ties

(02 marks)

49. (a) Deﬁne the term principal focus as applied to thin lenses. (01 mark)

## Uganda Certificate of Education Page 22

(b) A microscope is used to focus a mark on a surface. When a
rectangular glass block 30mm thick is placed on the mark, the microscope
is adjusted 10 mm upwards to bring the mark back to focus. Determine the
refractive index of the glass. (03 marks)

## 50. An S.4 student was provided with a positively charged electroscope,

glass rod and a silk duster. State and explain what is observed when

(a) The glass rod is rubbed with the duster and then brought near the cap
of the electroscope.

(b) The duster and the rod are rubbed together then brought near the cap.

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