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B a t a n g a s S t a t e U n i v e r s i ty

College of Informatics and Computing Sciences

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

Project Context

Poultry farming is the process of raising domesticated birds such as chickens,

ducks, turkeys and geese for the purpose of farming meat or eggs for food. This

research focused on modern technologies for poultry farming to control all

environmental parameters like temperature, humidity, etc. that effects on the growth

of the chickens. If the environmental condition is not up to the mark then there may

be harmful for digestive, respiratory and behavioral change in the chickens. If

chickens may get suitable atmosphere and proper food then it may grow rapidly and

health of chickens will be good so their weights will increase.

Climate plays quite important role in the growth of the chicken. A hatched

chick cannot maintain a proper body temperature without help. In the first three

weeks of its life, a chick should not be exposed to cool temperatures. Exposing the

young bird to cool temperatures (20oC) for a day or two on the farm can cause the

bird to die from heart problems later. Hence, heated premises are a must for

brooding. Temperature should be reduced by 3oC per week, until the room

temperature of 20oC is reached. After six weeks of age, desirable -temperature

range in 18 to 21oC. The most widely used source of heat, is a heat lamp for small

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flocks of birds. In poultry farm production, humidity and air pollution are critical;

during the summer season, birds experience discomfort due to high humidity

combined with high temperatures. High CO2 levels result in lethargic chicks with

reduced weight gains, while high ammonia gas (NH3) level result in poor feed

conversion, reduced weight gain and increased susceptibility to disease. Smart

poultry farm can be designed in way that the humidity and air pollution can be

controlled by ventilations, cooling and heater.

In existing poultry farm system, the chickens need a presence of manpower

to manually monitor the growth of the chicken. Here we concentrate on the

combination of wireless sensors and mobile system network to manage and

remotely monitor environmental parameters in poultry farm. The environmental

parameters like temperature, light and humidity are monitored and controlled

automatically. The person in-charge can able to get the knowledge regarding the

interior atmosphere of poultry farm by receiving a message on his mobile number.

Based on the message received, the owner can take appropriate action to control the

parameters through a mobile application.

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Purpose and Description

Poultry farming is the main source of income in San Jose, Batangas. The

health of the chicken depends on the environment in the poultry farm. If the

environmental condition is not suitable then maybe there will be a problem with the

growth of the chicken and health issues can occur. Healthy chicken growths rapidly

and having good demand in the market. Poultry farms were designed in such a way

that environmental conditions can be altered by providing facilities like ventilation,

cooling and lightening on rough wall and floor.

The purpose of the proposed system is to monitor and control the

environmental parameters such as temperature, humidity and light intensity that can

affect the growth of the chick. The proposed system includes remote sensors and

microcontroller. The system can generate real time data based on environmental

based notification to the farmer/owner such as daily maximum or minimum

temperature, humidity and intensity of the light. User can control the filter fan to

reduce the effect of temperature and turn on/off the light through a mobile

application. The internet links together the devices to communicate. The smart farm

system can reduce cost, time and labor.

The proposed system would be beneficial to farmers and poultry owners

since they can remotely control and monitor the poultry environment and take

actions to environmental parameters. In addition, the proposed system will decrease

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the environmental diseases affecting chicken and increase the productivity and

eliminate a lot of manpower who can make some human errors.

Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study is to propose an IOT based system for

monitoring and controlling environmental parameters in poultry farming.

Specifically, the study aims to:

1. Monitor and control the environmental parameters affecting the growth of a

chick.

2. Design an IOT based system that can control poultry farm equipment’s such

as heater, fan and light

3. Provide quicker and accurate information about different environmental

parameters to the owners/farmers

Scope and Limitation of the Study

Definition of Terms

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To understand and clarify the terms to be used in the development of the

system, the following are hereby defined:

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CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED SYSTEM

This chapter primarily presents the different researches and other literatures

that have significant bearings on the variables.

Technical Background

In the development of the proposed system, technological tools and

applications will be used. In order to make the system successful, various related

ideas and concepts regarding development of web-based infrastructure must be

studied. This section serves a reference for technical details in the study, theories

and the application of the proposed system.

Cascading Style sheets will be used to control how pages will be presented

and make more accessible. Basic special effects and interaction will be provided by

JavaScript, which adds a lot of power to basic HTML. The process of CSS will be

helpful to maintain the interface in order to make the proposed system user-friendly.

For storing and retrieving of data, the proponents will use MySQL. MySQL became

an option to be used because of the large data and information to be stored in the

database. Its affordability and being free are the things that made the proponents

choose MYSQL as the database for the system. PhpMyAdmin will be the one to

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manage the database easily, since it offers a more user-friendly interface for adding,

removing, modifying and deleting databases. The proponents will monitor and

assure that the data that will be entered through form with the use of PHP integrates

and connects well to its respective databases.

Since the proposed system will be tested in Batangas State University, the

proponents studied the current work system being used by the said university. For

instance, the College of Informatics and Computing Sciences (CICS) and the

College of Engineering, Architecture and Fine Arts are using the same way of

assessing its Program Educational Objectives (PEO) and Student Outcomes (SO).

Currently, the two colleges are using different approach in the said assessment. For

the PEO, CEAFA and CICS are sending the survey form to be answered by the

employer and alumni of their programs thru email or sometimes, the two colleges

personally send the survey forms in the company’s locations. Such things brought

problems with the college since some of the survey forms were not returned. On the

other hand, the process of assessment of SO are somewhat the same with the PEO.

The faculty members assigned for each SO will distribute the SO Exam among its

students. With the said problems, the proponents will be using a web-based

approach in performing the assessment. The alumni, employer, faculty and students

will have its account in the system wherein all the questioners will be performed

online.

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For the assessment process, the proponents will be using the concept of fuzzy

logic. It is best to use the approach of fuzzy logic to computing based problems

which is based on the degrees of truth rather than the usual true or false or Boolean

logic. Fuzzy logic will be applied in the assessment of student outcomes. Since there

are numerous ways of assessing the SO’s, fuzzy logic will be introduced to know

which among those way is the best approach to use. With this, the program head or

faculty members can use the result for reference in the future.

Related Systems

The following are various studies that will provide information about the

development of the proposed system. Relevant ideas on the different sources formed

the bases in the conceptualization and development of the proposed system.

A system developed by Varghese A. et. al. (2017) uses fuzzy logic in the

assessment of Outcomes-Based Education (OBE). In their system, the researchers

focus is not to assign a grade, but assess the level of attainment of the learning

outcomes based on fuzzy modelling approach. Accordingly, the classroom activities

are to be planned and facilitated based on the need and level of the students. Course

Learning Outcomes (CLOs) give a clear picture on the knowledge and the skill

achieved by the student at the end of the course. It does not depend on what the

course Instructor (CI) teaches in the class, rather it depends on what knowledge

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students acquired and what they are able to do. It focuses on the best way for

individuals and organizations to get self-knowledge about where they are and what

they want to be. In short, Outcome based education (OBE) is a recurring education

reform model where the learning philosophy focuses on empirically measuring

student performance called outcomes. Therefore, the continuous assessment to be

made in systematic and accurate way such that the feedback obtained shall be an

input for the teaching learning process to improve. In traditional way of grading

system, the grading will be based on a cut of mark. The drawback of such grading

is that it does not give accurate level of attainment in most of the cases. For example,

a student gets 99 mark and another gets 90 mark will be graded as ‘A’ even though

the difference is 9 mark. At the same time a student gets 90 mark and another student

gets 89 marks will be given different grade, where the difference is just only 1 mark.

In order to reduce such discrepancy, fuzzy logic is introduced where degree of

attainment is also incorporated along with the grade.

Figure 1. Architecture of Fuzzy Inference System


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In their system, each course gets a value in the range [0, t] based on the mark

obtained in Quiz, Assignment, midterm, Final Exam and other classroom Activities.

It is graded as slightly, moderately and substantially using Fuzzy membership

functions. The student learning outcome can be very well modelled using Fuzzy

membership functions and fuzzy rule. The use of fuzzy is suitable to model

vagueness in assessing the student learning outcomes. For Example, out of the 6

CLOs, if 3 CLOs score are “slightly” attained (in the range 0 to 1.5), 2 COs are

“Moderately” attained (between 1 to 2), and 1 CO score is “substantially” attained

(1.5 to 3), then how to rate the performance of the course? The fuzzy reference

engine can model it in a very efficient way. The input to the fuzzy reference engine

here is course outcomes score and the output is the level of attainment such as

“Poor”, “Satisfactory”, “Good”, “Very Good”, “Excellent”. The method has been

implemented using Mamdani Fuzzy inference system in Matlab R2016a. The

defuzzification is performed using centroid method and composition of the input

are done using max-min method.

Relative to the abovementioned study, the proponents will be introducing

fuzzy rules in the assessment of Students Outcomes which is very essential to

determine whether OBE is achieved. These rules are very essential part in the fuzzy

modeling, which maps the input and output spaces. The proponents will be

introducing how fuzzy Logic can be used to assess continuous performance of the

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any course based on the course learning outcome of that course systematically. The

importance of the method is that it takes care of every minute parameter enabling

teaching learning process in order to assess the performance of the system.

Accordingly, remedial action can be suggested for the active involvement of the

students in the teaching learning process, and thus quality education is enhanced.

Another related system which was developed by Najadat, H. et. al. (2016)

focused on the development of an accreditation software for higher education

programs. In a higher educational institute, enhancing the educational process and

achieving a high quality of education will help decision makers in a better

management of resources of the educational institutes. For instance, Jordan

universities applied for national and international higher education accreditation,

whose one of evaluation criteria depends on students’ performance and course

delivery process. Quality of course delivery process is considered one of the main

objectives in the educational field. Currently, universities collect, process, and store

huge amount of educational data. The collected data in educational systems include

students’ performance such as grades of exams, assignments, projects, and quizzes.

The absence of knowledge for using the collected data in improving the courses

delivery process, has currently made a developing system to face the requirement

of accreditation in Jordan is a mandatory. Also, the process of coordinating and

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assessing the quality of extracting knowledge is a time consuming. Assistance of

every decision-maker in higher educational institute is required to enhance the

educational process and achieve high quality in the educational field. In addition,

the data collected from exams, assignments, and quizzes will take time to be

analyzed and evaluated without an automated system. In this work, an automated

system was coded and developed in order to face the previous requirements. The

system evaluates and enhances the educational process in Jordanian universities.

The system converts the collected data in a valuable knowledge that would help in

the accreditation process. Once a department in a university enters program learning

outcomes or recently called Student Outcomes (SO), Program Objectives (PO), the

system requires all courses information including Course Learning Outcomes

(CLO), Course Objectives (CO), and assessment policy. Then, the collected data is

automatically coordinated and analyzed. Therefore, the system provides different

functions including computing the percent of attained course learning outcomes and

achieved student outcomes. The system tries to integrate different educational

assessments into a unified evaluation report that provides a plan for continues

improvements. Also, the report aids the instructors in determining the weakness and

strength of course delivery process. In order to make the education procedures

easier, the system builds an automated survey and a syllabus for each course. The

survey and syllabus are shared among all instructors who teach the same course. At

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the end, we have improved tools, interfaces, and database to improve assessment

process and students’ performance. The system currently is adapted by different

departments in Jordan University of Science and Technology in Jordan.

The system helps decision makers to assess the educational process, aid any

institute to accredit the performance of the university as a whole and make a decision

where all data is up to date. The system shows a powerful capability in producing

different reports that provide a plan to improve the quality of education for present

and ready to be used in continuous improvement.

The said study will provide an impact to the proposed system based on its

objectives which is very similar to the proposed study. Relative to this, the system

developed used two semester final examination results. Descriptive statistics and

independent samples t-test were performed to establish the group statistic and

significant difference in the mean grade point average of students and also the mean

grade point average by streams. Correlation analysis was also conducted to

determine correlation between students’ class size and grade point of course code;

and the correlation between the semester (part) the students in and grade point of

course code.

The proponents will be integrating the use of virtual class which is being used

by Batangas State University in assessing the students’ outcomes. Specifically, the

College of Engineering, Architecture and Fine Arts and the College of Informatics

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and Computing Sciences has been using the virtual class to assess the SO’s in

different programs of the said colleges.

On the other hand, Hoic-Bozic, et. al. (2015) created a system to enhance the

blended learning model which used the combination of face-to-face and online

learning that have a great importance in modern higher education. However, their

development should be in line with the recent changes in e-learning that emphasize

a student-centered approach and use tools available on the web to support the

learning process. The system presented a way on implementing a contemporary

blended learning model within the e-course “Hypermedia Supported Education”.

The blended model developed combines a learning management system (LMS), a

set of Web 2.0 tools and the E-Learning Activities Recommender System (ELARS)

to enhance personalized online learning. As well as incorporating various

technologies, the model combines a number of pedagogical approaches, focusing

on collaborative and problem-based learning, to ensure the achievement of the

course learning outcomes. The results of the comparative study show the

effectiveness of the proposed model in that students who performed personalized

collaborative e-learning activities achieved better course results. These findings

encourage the further application of the model to other computer science courses.

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Relative to the developed system, the proposed study aims to study the

different approaches used by various universities in the country in determining the

impact of outcomes-based education among the higher education institutions in the

Philippines. This proposal aims to assess the which among those strategies for OBE

has a greater impact to the students which can be used as a basis for the successful

career of the graduates in the future.

Another system developed by Abdulah, et. al. (2015) aims to help

academicians in determining the impact of OBE among the students. The

researchers developed a model of OBE mobile application called OBEManager. The

researchers found out that the OBE is very important to the academician, especially

in higher education institutions (HEI’s) in ensuring that the students will get the

benefits in teaching and learning of their study. In their study, there is a lacking of

the OBE system model in helping the academician to use in OBE management for

mobile application system environment. Since that, the implementation of the OBE

as a system model for mobile application called as OBEmanager which main

objectives is to offer the academician and easy and straightforward access to general

information about their courses. So that it's easy to monitor the OBE of student

achievement based on Cognitive, Psychomotor and Affective (CPA).

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The said study highlighted a system model of OBE for academician in

different HEI’s. The model developed covers the conceptual design and its

interaction as well as the system configuration in supporting the academician to use

it in their teaching and learning towards effectiveness and its efficiency. Similar

application will be developed by the proponents in terms of developing a model in

assessing the PEO’s and SO’s. In relation thereto, the proponents will be developing

a web-based application to incorporate all matters related to OBE such as PEO, SO

and ILO. Upon the development, the proposed system will display graphical reports

to determine the impact of the assessment used by the students.

Another relevant system developed by Kovalenko, O. et.a l. (2018)

developed an algorithm of blended learning in IT Education. Blended learning is a

modern trend in education. It enables the formation of synergies between traditional

educational communications, electronic information dialogues and appeals to

electronic resources. System algorithms of blended learning allow to use the method

of “small steps” and to create a composition of interrelated educational processes.

The study identifies key processes, roles of learners, learning situations and

outcomes. A number of scientific and practical knowledge of authors and their

practical experience are the base of the developed algorithm and the introduction of

its results into a practical educational process. Among these are the implementation

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of the method of “inverted class”, the active involvement of specialists and the

formation of simulation model of practical activity students for future. The

peculiarities of self-development in the direction of the management education

platform and the teaching experience of the authors are the basis for making changes

in the well-known approaches in blended learning of IT education. The purpose of

the study is to identify key educational processes, to find algorithms of using

internal and external electronic resources. The introduction of the proposed

algorithms is tested during the teaching of disciplines “Algorithms and Data

Structures”, “Fundamentals of Software Engineering”, “Project Management”,

“Computer Networks” etc. The main changes in educational processes are: using of

special network simulation software and project management software; using new

approaches tests construction and encouraging students their mastering; the

students` individual and teamwork in an education management system

environment. The results of the research consist of determining role-based

behavioral educational processes in management of education systems. The new

opportunities for dynamics of improving of educational resources is based on

involving practitioners, the using of open distance courses and the using of new

forms of work with students. The question of activating the role of employers in the

educational process and involving them in the evaluation of students' work, as well

as the introduction of real cases, is an important issue.

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Based on the information presented in the abovementioned system, the

proponents will be integrating various courses in selected programs to determine the

impact of intended learning outcomes used in each course. This will enable the

academicians to assess whether the ILO’s are relevant to the course specified.

On the other hand, Deng, Y. et. al. (2018) created a personalized learning in

a virtual hands-on lab platform. This was applied in the Computer Science

Education. The developed system presents a cloud-based personalized learning lab

platform. Personalized learning is gaining popularity in online computer science

education due to its characteristics of pacing the learning progress and adapting the

instructional approach to each individual learner from a diverse background. Among

various instructional methods in computer science education, hands-on labs have

unique requirements of understanding learner’s behavior and assessing learner’s

performance for personalization. However, it is rarely addressed in existing

research. In the said study, the researchers used a personalized learning platform

called ThoTh Lab specifically designed for computer science hands-on labs in a

cloud environment. ThoTh Lab can identify the learning style from student activities

and adapt learning material accordingly. With the awareness of student learning

styles, instructors are able to use techniques more suitable for the specific student,

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and hence, improve the speed and quality of the learning process. With that in mind,

ThoTh Lab also provides student performance prediction, which allows the

instructors to change the learning progress and take other measurements to help the

students timely. For example, instructors may provide more detailed instructions to

help slow starters, while assigning more challenging labs to those quick learners in

the same class. To evaluate ThoTh Lab, we conducted an experiment and collected

data from an upper-division cybersecurity class for undergraduate students at

Arizona State University in the US. The results show that ThoTh Lab can identify

learning style with reasonable accuracy. By leveraging the personalized lab platform

for a senior level cybersecurity course, our lab-use study also shows that the

presented solution improves students’ engagement with better understanding of lab

assignments, spending more effort on hands-on projects, and thus greatly enhancing

learning outcomes.

With the abovementioned study, the proponents will integrate different

courses handled by the faculty members. The faculty members can use the system

in creating exams, projects and other learning strategy to assess the students’

performance.

Similarly, a study about the strategic implementation of outcomes-based

education in a university in Iran was developed by Zeynal, H. (2017) The study

focused on the quality of engineering education which can be progressively

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improved by OBE system. It mainly consists of three implementation phase of

curriculum design, delivery methods, and assessment system. The first step is the

most important part of the OBE system, as it determines LOs and POs of programs

and subjects which, in fact, fuel OBE quality education engine. It can be assessed

that the implementation of Continuous Quality Control (CQC) over engineering

education is lucrative but arduous for academic decision-makers. Among various

approaches to address CQC, the Outcome-Based Education (OBE) system has

found universal acceptance. The accurate measurement mechanism, transparency of

outcomes (programs/subjects) definition, revamping troublesome education

process, are salient advantages of adopting OBE system. However, the OBE

implementation strategy plays a crucial role to eventual satisfactory level. In their

study, practical case of Buein-Zahra Technical University (BZTE) is studied.

Simulation results reiterates the fact that strategic and efficient implementation of

OBE-BZTE allowed increasing flexibility and manageability of education process.

Results, further, exhibited that the improvement plans over top program Outcomes

(PO) and lower Course Outcomes (CO) are advantageously possible depending on

input and output quality controls.

With the abovementioned study, the proponents will be testing the system to

be developed on various engineering programs, as well as information technology

education programs such as Information Technology and Computer Science.

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CHAPTER 3

DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY

This chapter describes the discussion of the conceptual design and system

architecture of the proposed system. The data gathered will be evaluated and

analyzed to provide good result. The methodology to be used is also discussed in

this chapter.

Requirements Analysis

During preliminary stage, the proponents studied the current situation of the

process of assessment of outcomes-based education in different universities such as

Batangas State University.

Figure 2 shows the current process flow for the assessment of PEO’s and

SO’s in Batangas State University. On the other hand., the proposed web-based

system will allow the instructors to access Program learning assessment to evaluate

and monitor the Program Outcomes. Also, instructor can set different learning style

each course. While students, alumina and employer can used it to access the content

manager for questionnaire and survey to know the if the program outcomes are

attained or not.

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For instance, the College of Informatics and Computing Sciences uses

different approach in assessing its student outcomes. These includes the use of

virtual class, direct assessment, exit survey and On-The-Job Training. Virtual Class

uses the formula: VCS = (C1W x cs1) + (C2W x cs2)

where:
VCS = Virtual Class size cs = class size
C1W = course 1 weight C2W = course 2 weight

WSOR = (%AC1 x cs1 x C1W) + (%AC2 x cs2 x C2W)


VCS

where:
WSOR = Weighted SO Assessment Result
%AC1 = % of SO attainment of course 1
%AC2 = % of SO attainment of course 2

On the other hand, direct assessment method uses two different courses

which were performance indicators to determine whether each course satisfies the

given student outcome. For example,

SO – 1
Course 1 P.I.-1 (60%) + P.I.2 (40%) / 2
Course 2 P.I.-1 (50%) + P.I.2 (50%) / 2

These assessment methods are being used in the two colleges in BatStateU

such as the College of Engineering, Architecture and Fine Arts and College of

Informatics and Computing Sciences to assess the programs under the said colleges.

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Figure 2. Process Flow for PEO and SO Assessment

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Software Requirements Specifications

The software requirements specification shows the complete description of

the behavior of the software to be developed. The proponents gave emphasis on the

requirements specification of the information related to the assessment method used

for PEO’s and SO’s. The functional and non-functional requirements of the

proposed system are also discussed in this section.

Functional Requirements

This section entails the functional requirements that define the things that system

needs to accomplish and activities that a developed system must be executed.

1. Program Educational Objectives Committee

1.1. The PEO Committee shall be given an account to be able to access the

system.

1.2. The PEO Committee shall be able to create survey online with specific

Likert Scale as basis for the PEO assessment.

2. Student Outcomes Committee

2.1. The SO Committee shall have access to different SO Assessment

Methods such as Direct Assessment, Exit Survey and OJT Survey

Questions.

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2.2. The SO Committee shall be able to access the questions created by

the faculty.

3. Faculty

3.1. The faculty members of each program concerned shall create

assessment strategy for SO’s.

3.2. The faculty members shall be able to create questions relative to

Direct Assessment of SO’s.

4. Students

4.1. The students shall have its account in the system

4.2. The students shall be able to answer SO Exams and shall be able to

answer survey questions relative to SO assessment.

5. Alumni

5.1. The alumni of the program shall have an account in the system.

5.2. Th alumni of the program shall be able to access the system and

answer the PEO Survey Questions.

6. Employer

6.1. The employer shall have an access in the system.

6.2. The employer shall be able to assess the performance of the alumni

based on the survey questions created by the PEO Committee.

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7. Program Chair

7.1. The Program Chair shall have an access in the system.

7.2. The Program Chair shall be able to view the over-all graphical reports

of the system based on the final PEO and SO Assessment.

Non-Functional Requirements

The following non-functional requirements are considered to create a better

outcome of the study.

1. Accessibility

1.1. The system shall allow the system administrator to create accounts.

1.2. The system shall allow the registered user to access the system

anywhere and anytime.

1.3. The user shall be able to access the login form.

1.4. The user shall be able to enter the username and password.

1.5. The database shall be able to validate the username and password.

2. Reliability

2.1. The system shall run 24/7 except when there is power shortage occur.

3. Maintainability

3.1. The system shall be easy to maintain when an error or bug arises.

3.2. The system shall have a back-up of data for easy retrieval.

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Development Approach

The individual base elements of the system were first specified in detail.

These elements were then linked together to form larger subsystems which then in

turn were linked in many levels. The tools that were needed for the mechanism of

the system included the software tools that were adequate, until a complete top-level

system was formed.

Figure 2 shows the design infrastructure of the OBE System. The system will

be divided in to five main modules. This will help the users to easily navigate the

system. Program outcome module will allow the instructor to change and/or edit the

Program Educational Objectives and Student outcomes. Also, it will allow to add

Intended Learning outcomes per course.

After adding programs outcomes. The ILO and SO should be mapped using

Teaching and Learning Assessment Plan module. The instructor can add different

course assessment strategies and questionnaires with rubrics in this module.

In stakeholder assessment module, alumni and employer should answer the

survey if the program educational objectives are attained. This module will contain

different questions about students/alumni performance in company while practicing

their acquired skills in their respective programs.

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Program Outcome
• Program Educational Objectives
• Student Outcomes
• Intended Learning Outcomes

Teaching and Learning Assessment Plan


• Course Mapping
• Course Assesment Startegies
• Questionnare
• Exit Survey

Stakeholder Assessment
• Alumni Survey
• Supervisor Survey
• Employer Survey

Course Assesment
• Assessment Marks
• Assessment Summary

Program Evaluation
• Summary of Program Outcomes
• Trend and Analysis

Figure 3. Design Infrastructure of the OBE System

Course Assessment will serve as the class record of the student in SO. The

instructor can view the answers of the student in different questions and surveys.

The system will automatically check the answers of the multiple-choice

questions and record it to class record. While in essay type question, the instructor

will manually check and record the score of the students using the uploaded rubrics.

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After checking and recording they can now view the Summary and other

reports related to OBE using Program Evaluation Module. Every module will be

tested as a unit and will be integrated at the university’s online system. At the end

of each development phase, the project is open for suggestions and improvements,

since the model to be used is the incremental development model. Units will then

be integrated as a whole and the project will be tested through beta testing. The

project will be deployed to the students who are currently enrolled. Students and

Instructors will be given questionnaires for them to evaluate the system.

Development Model

Figure 4 shows the incremental development model which will serve as the

guide model during the development of the system. The proponents decided to use

such model because of its flexibility and thus, it allows changes in the requirements.

It will be used in order for the developers to make changes that might occur in the

future.

Specifically, this will enable the university to reduce time and minimized

paper work in assessing PEO’s and SO’s. It will help the instructors and department

heads to monitor the attainment of outcomes, generate reports in CQI, SO and PEO.

Also, it will offer supplemental learning material and provide an economical, yet

competitive educational services. The software development model that will be

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utilized is the Incremental development model which basically delivers a series of

releases called increments and provide progressively more functionality as each

increment is delivered.

Figure 4. Incremental Development Model

Data Flow Diagram

Figure 5 shows the whole process of the system. There will be seven users to

the proposed system which has different functions in the whole system. For

example, the PEO and SO Committee shall be the main responsible for the PEO and

SO Assessment. The Faculty will be the one to create questions related to the

courses being taught as basis for SO Assessment. The students will be one to answer

these questions.

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Figure 5. Context Diagram of the Proposed System

On the other hand, the employer and the alumni of the program being

assessed will be the one to answer the PEO Survey Questions. Lastly, the Program

Chair will be the one to evaluate the over-all result of the PEO and SO Assessment.

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Figure 6. Level 0 Diagram of the Proposed System

Figure 6 shows the more comprehensive flow of the system as presented in

the Level-0 Diagram. The process shows that the PEO and SO Committee will be

the one to process the assessment method to be used by the faculty, students, alumni

and employer. For instance, the Program Chair will be able to see the graphical

reports related to the aforementioned assessment. These graphs shall also show the

different SO assessment method as defined in the fuzzy logic rules. With this, the

assessment result can be a basis for the program to enhance the quality of its

program based on its continuous quality improvement.

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Figure 7. Use-Case Diagram of the Proposed System

Figure 7 shows the users of the system. As explained in the previous

discussions, there will be seven users of the system who has its own functions in the

system.

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Architectural Literature

Through architectural literature the developers were aided to come up with

suitable system and thought of the appropriate user interface. The design of the

graphical user interface was made pleasing to the eyes of the user that was easy to

navigate.

The back-end services contain various internal services for administration

and management purposes. In addition, the system will host a repository of content

with instructions and code in this layer using MySQL, Python and other related tools

that can be used to develop a web-based system.

User Interface

Employer/OJT
Instructor UI Student UI Alumni UI
Supervisor UI

Service Layer

Program Learning
Student Log
Performance Learning Style Content Manager
Analyzer
Assessment

Backend Layer

Student Instructions and


Performance Record Code

Figure 8. System Architecture of the Proposed System

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Link Architecture

In Figure 9, the link architecture shows the functionality of each user which

will be used as a basis in constructing the flow of the system.

Figure 9. Link Architecture of the System

Software Development Tools

The software development tools to be used includes Hyper Text Markup

Language, CSS, MySQL, JavaScript and PHP. JavaScript will be used since it

allows to do more less code because some of the codes in JavaScript can also be

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used into any other pages. Less code means less maintenance time and less coding

time. On the other hand, MySQL will be used as the database storage for the data

information. Through the help of PHP, it can access the database and other

information regarding the system.

Project Team Responsibilities

In this section, each proponent shows their responsibilities in order to accomplish

the project. Table 1 shows the names of the member of the project and their

responsibility respectively.

Table 1

Project Team Responsibility

Name of Proponents Task/Responsibilities

Daño, Gerald James Q. Documenter, Tester, Programmer

Mariano, Shara Mae A. Documenter, Researcher, Tester

Marquez, Bryan Carlo C. Researcher, Designer, Documenter

Figure 10 shows the schedule and timeline for the development of the

proposed system. The proponents devote more time in interviews to be able to

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familiarize themselves in the process being implemented in the assessment of

Outcomes-Based Education using PEO’s and SO’s.

Figure 10. Gantt Chart

Verification, Validation and Testing Plans

Verifying and validating the system against the requirements were key steps

that ensured that all the functions worked as expected and were provided using a

standard. The proposed system will undergo the following tests:

Database testing

In the database testing, database records will be checked with the data from the

original .csv files. It involves the retrieved values from the database by the web.

Also, the proponents will check the integrity of every data to be inputted into the

data field. Adding, deleting and updating of data will be done on the system were

correctly translated onto the database.

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Interface testing

This will evaluate whether the system components passed the data controlled

correctly to one another. This will be done by testing the data gathered from the

other modules of the project and by verifying the communication between the

database, networks and systems. Also, the proponents will verify the methods used

in API or web services like GET and POST and verified that some removed

components from the system is not interacting with those other components

anymore.

Compatibility Testing

The system will be tested if it runs in various software requirements. It shall

run in Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox and Microsoft Edge. Also, the proponents

will test other system software like mobile application tool.

Implementation Plan

For the implementation plan, the users of the system will be trained in order

to know how the system will work. These users include the PEO and SO Committee,

Faculty, Students, Chairperson of the Program, Employer and Alumni. Some of

these people will undergo a simple training to show how the system will work.

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User Interface Design

Figure 11. Home Page

Figure11 shows the Home Page of the proposed system. In this page, all users

will be displayed. These includes the PEO Committee, SO Committee, Employer,

Alumni, Faculty, Students and Program Chairperson. Each user has a specific role

in the system.

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Figure 12. PEO Committee Page

In Figure 12, the PEO Committee’s Page is shown. In this page, the PEO

Committee will be able to create survey questions for a particular program. The

survey questions will use likert scale from one to three (1-3) to measure the PEO.

The employer and alumni will be the one to answer the survey questions. The PEO

Committee can also perform the assessment based on the answers submitted by both

alumni and employers.

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Figure 13. SO Committee Page

Figure 13 shows the tasks to be performed by the SO Committee. The said

committee will be able to choose which among three different assessment methods

for SO’s will be used. These includes: 1.) direct assessment which uses direct

courses for the assessment, 2.) exit survey which let the students assess themselves

and 3.) use of OJT questions/survey.

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Figure 14. Employer’s Page

The Employer’s Page is shown in Figure 14 wherein the employer of the

alumni being assessed can answer the survey questions. In this page, the employer,

specifically those in the managerial positions will be able to rate the alumni to know

whether the graduate of the particular program was able to possess the

characteristics of the graduates three to five years after graduation.

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Figure 15. Alumni’s Page

In Figure 15, the alumni’s page is shown. Just like in employer’s page, the

alumni will be able to answer the survey questions based on the program educational

objectives. The alumni should assess him/herself whether he/she possesses the traits

a graduate should have. This will be the basis of PEO Committee to determine the

success of its graduates.

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Figure 16. Faculty’s Page

Figure 16 shows the Faculty Page wherein he/she has the authority to create

assessment strategy for the courses to be assessed using direct assessment method.

The exam can be in a form of essay, multiple choice, identification or any other

examination type. The faculty can also create course assessment tool to assess the

success of Intended Learning Outcomes of a particular course at the end of the

semester.

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Figure 17. Student’s Page

In figure 17, the student’s page is shown. This page is intended for the

students to perform examinations related to student outcomes. The students will be

able to submit their exams online.

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Figure 18. Program Chairperson’s Page

The Program Chairperson’s Page is shown in Figure 18. In this page, the

Program Chairperson can easily view the result of assessment performed by the

PEO and SO Committee, respectively. Based on the graphical results, the Program

Chair and the program itself can come with a concrete plan for its continuous quality

improvement to make the program more successful in the future.

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Figure 19. PEO Survey Questions

Figure 19 shows the sample PEO Surveys for the alumni and employer. Both

alumni and employer will answer the questions developed by PEO Committee. The

survey exams will measure the level of attainment of PEO of the graduate of the

program.

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Figure 20. SO Assessment Exam

In Figure 20, a sample SO Assessment Exam is shown. The questions will

be prepared by the faculty who are teaching the courses being assessed. Each SO’s

will have two performance indicators which has different percentage depending on

the weight of the statements being discussed. Checking of SO Exams will be done

online except those of the essay type of exam.

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Figure 21. SO Assessment Result

Figure 21 shows the sample SO Assessment Result based on Direct

Assessment. The system will also be able to show the result of assessment based on

other assessment methods.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

Commission on Higher Education (CHED). CHED Memorandum Order No. 46


Series of 2012. Policy-Standard to enhance Quality Assurance (QA) in
Philippine Higher Education through an Outcomes-Based and Typology-
based QA. Retrieved June 14, 2019 from
http://www.ched.gov.ph/chedwww/index.php/eng/Information/CHED-
Memorandum-Orders/2012-CHED-Memorandum-Orders

Varghese, Abraham & Kolamban, Shajidmon & Prasad, Jagath & Nayaki, Sankara.
(2017). Outcome based Assessment using Fuzzy Logic. International Journal
of Advanced Computer Science and Applications. 8.
10.14569/IJACSA.2017.080115.

Hassan, Najadat & Al-Badarneh, Amer & Qawasmi, Huda. (2016). Accreditation
Software for Higher Education Programs. 10.1109/ 15th Conference on
Information Technology in Higher Education and
Training.ITHET.2016.7760746.

Holenko Dlab, Martina & Hoic-Bozic, Natasa & Mornar, Vedran. (2015).
Recommender System and Web 2.0 Tools to Enhance a Blended Learning
Model. IEEE Transactions on Education. 10.1109/TE.2015.2427116.

Ali, Abdifatah & Abdullah, Rusli. (2015). OBEmanager: A model of OBE mobile
application system management for the academician.
10.1109/MySEC.2015.7475215.

Kovalenko, Олена & Palamarchuk, Yevhen. (2018). Algorithms of Blended


Learning in IT Education. 382-386. 10.1109/STC-CSIT.2018.8526605.

Deng, Yuli & Lu, Duo & Chung, Chun-Jen & Huang, Dijiang & Zeng, Zhen. (2018).
Personalized Learning in a Virtual Hands-on Lab Platform for Computer
Science Education. 1-8. 10.1109/FIE.2018.8659291.

Zeynal, Hossein & Zakaria, Zuhaina & Anisseh, Mohammad & Mansoorzadeh, S.
(2017). Strategic implementation of outcome-based education system in Buein-
Zahra Technical University of Iran. 122-127. 10.1109/2017 IEEE 9th
International Conference on Engineering Education.ICEED.2017.8251178.

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CURRICULUM VITAE

GERALD JAMES Q. DAÑO


Agoncillo, Batangas
realdanogerald@gmail.com
09472445865

PERSONAL INFORMATION
Date of Birth : June 16, 1997
Age : 22
Place of Birth : Biñan City, Laguna
Sex : Male
Civil Status : Single
Language Spoken : English/Filipino
Nationality : Filipino
Religion : Roman Catholic

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Tertiary: Batangas State University


BS Information Technology with
specialization track in Business Analytics
2016-present

Secondary: Coral na Munti National Highschool


Agoncillo, Batangas
2010-2014

Elementary: Coral na Munti Elementary School


Balanga, Ibaan, Batangas
2004-2010

SKILLS
 Responsible for all the task assigned
 Strong leadership and organizational skills
 Capable for analyzing and solving problems
 Good communication both written and oral

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CURRICULUM VITAE

SHARA MAE A. MARIANO


San Andres Isla Verde, Batangas City
sharamaemariano754@gmail.com
09102633335

PERSONAL INFORMATION
Date of Birth : January 02,1995
Age : 24
Place of Birth : San Andres Isla Verde, Batangas City
Sex : Female
Civil Status : Single
Language Spoken : English/Filipino
Nationality : Filipino
Religion : Roman Catholic

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Tertiary: Batangas State University


BS Information Technology with
specialization track in Business Analytics
2016-present

Secondary: San Agustin National Highschool


San Agustin Silangan Isla Verde,
Batangas City
2008-2012

Elementary: Parang Cueva, Elementary School


San Andres, Isla Verde Batangas City
2002-2008

SKILLS
 Dealing with stressful situations in a calm and professional manner.
 Ability to maintain strict levels of confidentiality in handling sensitive
information.
 Capable for analyzing and solving problems.
 Good persuading skills.
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CURRICULUM VITAE

BRYAN CARLO C. MARQUEZ


Itlugan, Rosario Batangas
marquezb034@gmail.com
09388496439

PERSONAL INFORMATION
Date of Birth : December 22, 1998
Age : 20
Place of Birth : Canumay West, Valenzuela City
Sex : Male
Civil Status : Single
Language Spoken : English/Filipino
Nationality : Filipino
Religion : Roman Catholic

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Tertiary: Batangas State University


BS Information Technology with
specialization track in Business Analytics
2017-present

Secondary: Saint Joseph Institute


Rosario Batangas
2011-2015

Elementary: Itlugan Elementary School


Itlugan Rosario, Batangas City
2005-2011

SKILLS
 Dealing with stressful situations in a calm and professional manner.
 Ability to maintain strict levels of confidentiality in handling sensitive
information.
 Capable for analyzing and solving problems.
 Good persuading skills.

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