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HEALTHFUL PRACTICES THAT AFFECT THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

I. OBJECTIVE:
After 60-minutes lesson, at least 90% of the students shall/must have:
1.) Identified the different food groups that can help a healthful practice that affect the Digestive System.
2.) Cited the advantages or the benefits of a healthy diet that affects the Digestive System.
3.) Appreciate the importance of a healthful practices that affect the Digestive System.

II. LEARNING CONTENT:


 SUBJECT MATTER: DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
 SUB-TOPIC: HEALTHFUL PRACTICES THAT AFFECT THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.

 CONTENT OUTLINE:
> Different food groups that affects a healthful practice in the Digestive System.
> Advantages or benefits of a healthy diet in the Digestive System.

 SCIENCE CONCEPTS:
 DIFFERENT FOOD GROUPS for HEALTHFUL PRACTICES that affect the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
 CARBOHYDTATES- are needed by the body as the primary source of energy. These materials are
broken down into sugars that are distributed to the different cells of the body.
Can be obtained from:
 Fruits
 Milk products
 Wholegrain breads and cereals
 Starchy vegetables
 and legumes

 FATS- are also important sources of energy.


Can be obtained:
 Oils (corn oil, canola oil, olive oil and soybean oil are healthy sources of fats)
 Dairy products
 Fishes
 and Nuts

 PROTEINS- builds and repair tissues.


Can be obtained from:
 Nuts
 Dairy
 Meats
 Beans
 and Grains

 A healthy diet should consist of 45-65% carbohydrates, 10-35% protein and 20-35 % fats (less saturated
fats and 0% Trans fats).

FOOD PYRAMID
IMPORTANCE OR BENEFITS OF HEALTHY PRACTICES FOR THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM:

A healthy digestive system improves the person’s capacity to derive optimum energy from food. The energy we get
from food depends on the body’s metabolism, quantity, and quality of food we eat, rest and relaxation, food timings, and stress
levels in our daily life. The following are healthful practices that can promote proper nutrition and overall wellness:

 A diet rich in raw, living food should be part of our daily diet. Raw diets such as vegetable salads, fruits, nuts, vegetable and
fruit juices are rich with enzyme that hasten chemical breakdown of food. A diet rich in raw, living food provide our body
with high energy, strong stamina and all round good health. Eating food rich with enzymes will help our overworked
digestive system.
 Food rich in fibers is also recommended. Fibers do not completely break down during the digestive process and they
“sweep” the large intestine to keep it clean and to assist in elimination of fecal materials. Whole grains are also
recommended to be eaten on a regular basis for good colon health. Whole grains have many essential amino acids, which
are essential for our energy and well-being.
 Drinking enough amount of water, likewise promotes healthy digestion. The digestive process takes place in the presence
of water. As a matter of fact, all cell functions require water to perform optimally. Many believe that, if we drink more
water, digestive malfunctioning would be greatly reduced and the body would be saved from so much discomfort.
 Drinking warm liquids is also recommended. Ice cold drinks can stiffen muscles of the digestive organs, thus, reducing or
slowing down their functions.
 Exercise after eating. Light exercise, such as, brisk walking and short distance biking, help the digestive system. Light
exercises can increase breathing and heart rate that can jumpstart the digestive process and increase the production of
enzymes that will lead to a more complete digestion and less digestive discomfort such as constipation and heartburn.

Healthful practices such as eating food rich in fibers, drinking lots of water and exercise can promote proper nutrition and
overall wellness.

 Science Process Skills/Thinking Skills


 Communicating
 Identifying
 Applying
 Analyzing
 Describing
 Giving example

 Values Focus
 Shows interest about the lesson;
 Willingness to share ideas to others;
 Openness to learn new things and ideas;
 Appreciate the importance of the topic.

 Instructional Materials

A. References:
 Kto12: WORKTEXT IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 8: SCIENCE LINKS. Aquino, M.D., Valdoz, M. P.,
Mariano, J.J. M., Bascana, M.A., Madriaga, E. A.
 http://sciencenetlinks.com/lessons/nutrition-1-food-and-the-digestive-system/
Nutrition 1: Food and the Digestive System

B. Visual Aids/ Teaching Aids


 Flashcards
 Manila paper
 Pictures regarding the subject matter
 Video clip (if necessary)

 Lesson Development
PART OF THE TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY TEACHER’S
LESSON/ NOTES/
TIME REMINDERS/
ALLOTMENT REMARKS
Introduction Good morning/afternoon class, I am Good morning ma’am.
(15 sec) your teacher for today.
We will start our class with a prayer. Student will lead the prayer.
Review Let’s have a little review of our past Some student will elaborate
(2 mins) lesson. their past lesson.
What does our digestive system do Break it down and distribute the
to the foods that we have taken? end product to our different parts of
our body ma’am.
Could you tell me where does It starts in the mouth ma’am.
digestion start?
Motivation What have you eaten today? Students answers may vary.
(15 sec) Students should naturally
begin talking about the
Why did you choose to eat those digestive system in response
foods? to the final question listed
above. Let them know that
What happened to your food after food and the digestive system
you ate it? are the topics for this lesson.

Presentation of Thank you for your honest answers. Students will listen attentively. The teacher will
the New Lesson Our lesson for today is about the show an illustration
(15 sec) Healthful Practices that affect of the digestive sys
the Digestive System. tem.
Lesson Proper: Students answer may vary. At this point the
Where do people get energy? -They get energy from food. teacher will show the
ENGAGE (ASK images or pictures at
How does the energy from food get into -Nutrients flow into the
an INQUIRY hand.
the body? bloodstream from the small
QUESTION) intestine.
(1 min) What happens to the indigestible parts -It will go into the large
of the food? intestine and are eliminated.

EXPLORE I have a pictures at hand. Please group Students actively participate in Please refer to the
(Conduct an yourselves into 4. Put the pictures to the activity. attached activity
ACTIVITY) where it belonged, according to what our sheets for
(10mins) body needs: eat most, eat more, eat reference.
moderately or eat less kind of food.
EXPLAIN Based on the activity that we just Students answers may vary. At this juncture the
(ANALYSIS) had, why do you think our body teacher may write
(10 mins) needs to get energy from food? or show the
Example: Carbohydrates. -because it’s the primary different food
Examples are: source of energy. groups that may
 Fruits help in a healthy
 Milk products digestion.
 Wholegrain breads and cereals
 Starchy vegetables
 and legumes

How about fats? Do you think we Students response may vary.


could get energy from it?
Yes, of course we could get energy
from it as long as it is healthy and in
moderation.
Example are:
 oils (corn oil, canola oil, olive oil
and soybean oil are healthy
sources of fats),
 Dairy products
 Fishes
 and Nuts

Could we get energy from Protein?


- it builds and repair tissues. Students response may vary.
And we could get it from:
 Nuts
 Dairy
 Meats
 Beans
 and Grains

ELABORATE For us to understand more of our


(ABSTRACTION topic. Let’s tackle the Importance or
and the benefits we will gain when we
APPLICATION) practice eating healthy foods to our
(10 mins) Student 1:
digestive system. Please read.
 A diet rich in raw, living
food should be part of our
daily diet.
Could you read another example? Student 2:
 Food rich in fibers is also
recommended.
Please continue to read another Student 3:
example.  Drinking enough amount
of water, likewise
promotes healthy
digestion.
Ok thank you. Last but not the least,
Student 3:
please read.
 Exercise after eating.

EVALUATE I will give you a summative test


(ASSESSMENT) about our topic today so I hope you
(10 mins) listen well and retain on your
memory some of our discussion.
AGREEMENT/ Class, for our next lesson study in Goodbye ma’am. Goodbye
(ASSIGNMENT) advance the different digestive classmates.
(5mins) problems we encounter if it is not
properly functioning so we can
continuously discuss our lesson
tomorrow.
Thank you & Goodbye class!