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Zeitform Signalwörter Verwendung Bildungsweise Beispiele positiv Beispiele negativ Beispiele Frage
every day

sometimes
• regelmäßig wiederholte oder
gewohnheitsmäßige Handlung
always I work. I don't work. Do I work?
• Handlungsfolgen in der
Gegenwart Infinitiv
often • allgemeingültige He works. He doesn't work. Does he work?
Simple
Feststellungen
Present he/she/it:
usually • Verben mit statischer I go. I don't go. Do I go?
Bedeutung (to love, to hate, to Infinitiv + s
seldom think, etc.)
He goes. He doesn't go. Does he go?
• in futuristischer Bedeutung:
Programm bzw. Terminplan
never

first ... then


now I'm working. I'm not working. Am I working?
• Handlung geschieht im
at the moment Moment des Sprechens (jetzt) He's working. He isn't working. Is he working?
Present • in futuristischer Bedeutung: be (am/are/is) +
Progressive bereits getroffene Infinitiv + ing
Look! Vereinbarung oder bereits I'm going. I'm not going. Am I going?
feststehender Plan
Listen! He's going. He isn't going. Is he going?
last ... regelmäßig: I worked. I didn't work. Did I work?
Infinitiv + ed
... ago Handlung hat in der Vergangenheit He worked. He didn't work. Did he work?
Simple begonnen und ist abgeschlossen
Past (einmalig, wiederholt, unregelmäßig:
in 1990 aufeinanderfolgend) (2. Spalte - Tabelle I went. I didn't go. Did I go?
unregelmäßige
yesterday Verben) He went. He didn't go. Did he go?

englisch-hilfen.de – KOSTENLOS ENGLISCH LERNEN


englisch-hilfen.de – KOSTENLOS ENGLISCH LERNEN

• häufig eine Handlung, die I was working. I wasn't working. Was I working?
gerade stattfand, als ein neues
Ereignis eintrat He was working. He wasn't working. Was he working?
Past • Ablauf einer Tätigkeit/ was/were + Infinitiv
while
Progressive Vorgang in einem bestimmten + ing
Zeitraum der Vergangenheit I was going. I wasn't going. Was I going?
oder zu einem bestimmten
Zeitpunkt der Vergangenheit He was going. He wasn't going. Was he going?
just

yet

never

• Resultat einer Handlung, der


ever have/has + past I have worked. I haven't worked. Have I worked?
Zeitpunkt interessiert den
Sprecher dabei nicht participle*
Simple already • Handlung, die in der He has worked. He hasn’t worked. Has he worked?
Present Vergangenheit begonnen hat *(Infinitiv + ed) oder
Perfect so far, und bis in die Gegenwart (3. Spalte - Tabelle I have gone. I haven't gone. Have I gone?
andauert oder deren unregelmäßige
up to now, Auswirkungen bis in die Verben) He has gone. He hasn’t gone. Has he gone?
Gegenwart reichen

since

for

recently
I have been I haven't been Have I been
all day Handlung, die in der Vergangenheit working. working. working?
begonnen hat und bis in die
the whole day Gegenwart andauert He has been He hasn't been Has he been
Present Perfect have/has + been + working. working. working?
how long
Progressive ABER: Infinitiv + ing
since besondere Betonung des Ablaufs, I have been going. I haven't been going. Have I been going?
Dauer und Unabgeschlossenheit
for eines solchen Vorgangs He has been He hasn't been Has he been
going. going. going?

englisch-hilfen.de – KOSTENLOS ENGLISCH LERNEN


englisch-hilfen.de – KOSTENLOS ENGLISCH LERNEN

• Handlung, die vor einem


bestimmten Zeitpunkt der had + past I had worked. I hadn't worked. Had I worked?
Vergangenheit angefangen participle*
already
hat, aber bis zu diesem He had worked. He hadn't worked. Had he worked?
Simple Past Zeitpunkt oder darüber hinaus
just *(Infinitiv + ed) oder
Perfect andauerte
• Handlung, die zu einem (3. Spalte - Tabelle I had gone. I hadn't gone. Had I gone?
never unregelmäßige
bestimmten Zeitpunkt der
Vergangenheit bereits Verben) He had gone. He hadn't gone. Had he gone?
abgeschlossen war
I had been I hadn't been Had I been
working. working. working?
Handlung begann vor einem
how long He had been He hadn't been Had he been
bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der
Past Perfect Vergangenheit und dauert bis zu had + been + working. working. working?
since
Progressive diesem (oder darüber hinaus) an - Infinitiv + ing
Betonung des Verlauf, der Dauer I had been going. I hadn't been going. Had I been going?
for
dieser Handlung
He had been He hadn't been Had he been
going. going. going?
• Vorhersage einer zukünftiger
Handlung oder eines I'll work. I won't work. Will I work?
zukünftigen Vorganges
• unabwendbares Ereignis – He'll work. He won't work. Will he work?
zukünftiges Geschehen hängt
will - future will + Infinitiv
nicht von persönlichen
Entscheidungen ab I'll go. I won't go. Will I go?
• spontaner Entschluss
• im Hauptsatz der He'll go. He won't go. Will he go?
Bedingungssätze Typ I
I'm going to I'm not going to Am I going to
work. work. work?

He's going to He's not going to Is he going to


going to - • bestehende Absicht/Plan be (am/are/is) + work. work. work?
future • logische Schlussfolgerung going to + Infinitiv
I'm going to go. I'm not going to go. Am I going to go?

He's going to go. He's not going to go. Is he going to go?

englisch-hilfen.de – KOSTENLOS ENGLISCH LERNEN


englisch-hilfen.de – KOSTENLOS ENGLISCH LERNEN

I'll be working. I won't be working. Will I be working?


• Handlung, die zu einem
Zeitpunkt in der Zukunft sein He'll be working. He won't be working. Will he be working?
Future wird und bereits zu diesem will + be + Infinitiv
Progressive Zeitpunkt begonnen hat + ing
• Etwas passiert, weil es I'll be going. I won't be going. Will I be going?
gewöhnlich geschieht.
He'll be going. He won't be going. Will he be going?
I'll have worked. I won't have worked. Will I have worked?
will + have + past
participle*
He'll have He won't have Will he have
Future Perfect Handlung, die zu einem worked. worked. worked?
Simple bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der *(Infinitiv + ed) oder
Zukunft abgeschlossen sein wird (3. Spalte - Tabelle
I'll have gone. I won't have gone. Will I have gone?
unregelmäßige
Verben)
He'll have gone. He won't have gone. Will he have gone?
I'll have been I won't have been Will I have been
working. working. working?
Handlung, die zu einem
bestimmten Zeitpunkt in der He'll have been He won't have been Will he have been
Future Zukunft abgeschlossen sein wird working. working. working?
will + have + been +
Perfect
Infinitiv + ing
Progressive ABER: I'll have been I won't have been Will I have been
besondere Betonung der Dauer going. going. going?
dieser Handlung
He'll have been He won't have been Will he have been
going. going. going?
I would work. I wouldn't work. Would I work?
• Handlung, die vielleicht
eintreten kann (eher He would work. He wouldn't work. Would he work?
Conditional
theoretisch) would + Infinitiv
Simple
• im Hauptsatz der I would go. I wouldn't go. Would I work?
Bedingungssätze Typ II
He would go. He wouldn't go. Would he work?

englisch-hilfen.de – KOSTENLOS ENGLISCH LERNEN


englisch-hilfen.de – KOSTENLOS ENGLISCH LERNEN

I would be I wouldn't be Would I be


working. working. working?
Handlung, die vielleicht eintreten
kann (eher theoretisch) He would be He wouldn't be Would he be
Conditional would + be + working. working. working?
Progressive ABER: Infinitiv + ing
besondere Betonung der Dauer I would be going. I wouldn't be going. Would I be going?
dieser Handlung
He would be He wouldn't be Would he be
going. going. going?
I would have I wouldn't have Would I have
worked. worked. worked?
would + have + past
• Handlung, die nicht mehr participle* He would have He wouldn't have Would he have
eintreten kann (es ist zu spät) worked. worked. worked?
Conditional • im Hauptsatz der
Perfect *(Infinitiv + ed) oder
Bedingungssätze Typ III (3. Spalte - Tabelle I would have I wouldn't have Would I have
unregelmäßige gone. gone. gone?
Verben)
He would have He wouldn't have Would he have
gone. gone. gone?
I would have been I wouldn't have been Would I have been
working. working. working?

Handlung, die nicht mehr eintreten


He would have He wouldn't have Would he
kann (es ist zu spät)
Conditional been working. been working. have been working?
would + have + been
Perfect
ABER: + Infinitiv + ing
Progressive I would have been I wouldn't have been Would I have been
besondere Betonung der Dauer
going. going. going?
dieser Handlung

He would have He wouldn't have Would he


been going. been going. have been going?

Für Progressive kann auch Continuous stehen. Beachte, dass Signalwörter verschiedene Zeitformen verlangen können. Für die Zeitformen der Zukunft haben wir auf
Signalwörter verzichtet, da hier mehrere Zeitformen möglich sind und keine eindeutigen Zuordnungen möglich sind. Überlege also immer, welche Handlung vorliegt.
Benutzte Farben:
blau → Infinitiv grau → unregelmäßige Verben im Simple Past rot → Verneinung
dunkelgrün → Hilfsverb lila → past participle
orange → Endung hellgrün → Signalwörter
englisch-hilfen.de – KOSTENLOS ENGLISCH LERNEN