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QUARTER

A Research Paper

Presented to

Carigara, Leyte

for Mathematics 10

by

Ariel Cabazares

Angelyn Darantinao

March 5, 2018

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

TITLE PAGE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER

I INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Definition of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Related Literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Related Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

III METHODOLOGY

Research Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Research Locale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Research Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Statistical Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

OF DATA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

BIBLIOGRAPHY

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

countries and regions. The teaching strategies used by teachers and the quality of

teachers have affected performance of the students as they are not able to

understand the content being taught. The science and mathematics education has

education with science and mathematics curriculum as it was old. The curriculum

encouraged teachers to use poor teaching methods such as rote learning instead

adopt with the change of technology and to the needs of the society. The aim of

education in any country mandates the kind of citizen educational institutions aims

to produce. In the Philippines, it was reported that there is high demand of jobs

waiting for graduates who would be pursuing careers related to science and

technology but only above half of the demand were produced as graduates in

these fields.

demands of a growing need of the country. The low performance of the Philippines

in the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in 1999 and 2003

Act 7678 which states that “The state shall give priority to research and

In the Philippines, there are six types of schools with special science and

mathematics curriculum. These are the schools that use the Philippine Science

High School System, the Regional Science High Schools, Science and Technology

other Public Science High School and private schools with science and

one of the university laboratory schools that responded to the call to address the

need to augment the need of high school graduates who will be inclined to take

development may be judged is in the degree to which the learners are provided

with better and continually improved educational experiences that result to the

production of various types of educational growth including interest and taste that

contribute to the education of the individual and help him to become useful, upright,

is the produced graduates who took and will be taking science and mathematics

related courses.

10-A class in Mathematics and Science from first quarter to third quarter for the

Vocational School in Mathematics from first to third quarters for the school year

2017-2018?

Vocational School in Science from first to third quarters for the school year

2017-2018?

Grade10-A class in Mathematics and Science from first to third quarters for the

school year 2017-2018. Moreover, the results of the research will be beneficial to

the following:

Administrator. The result of the research will serve as a springboard in

and science.

Parents. The result of the research will help the parents of the respondents

material and a guide for future researchers who wish to conduct the same

science from first to third quarters was the focus of this research. The information

needed will be gathered using the class record from the calss adviser obtaining

the students’ grades. All information and conclusions drawn from this research

Definition of Terms

materials or equipment used. It can high technology or simple materials that can

CHAPTER II

This chapter presents related literature and studies about the academic

Related Literature

The science and mathematics curriculum being used in the high school and

other institutions was old. The experts from the University of Philippines claimed

that the curriculum encouraged rote learning instead of inquiry and high levels of

information. Rote learning helps students recall the meaning of the content being

taught quickly.

Rote learning has been used in teaching mathematics and science in many

memorize the multiplication tables. In this case, complex problems are divided into

small and simple multiplications. The answers to the basic operations are

teaching abstract algebra and linear algebra (The Philippine star, 2011).

The “United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural organization”

prohibited the use of rote learning in schools in 1993 as it affected the performance

of the students.

The director for National Institute for science and mathematics education

development in the University of Philippines, Dr. Merle Tan claimed that the

achievement of learners in mathematics and science in the country was lower than

in other nations. In addition, the director claimed that the curriculum did not take

into consideration the high drop out in the area and it did not meet the needs of

students who might have dropped out of school at a certain grade (The Philippine

star, 2011).

The director claimed that there was a gap between the science and

mathematics education practiced and their skills and knowledge that are

required for day to day life. The director stated that students in other countries

performed well in mathematics and science because the teachers taught the

content in depth. In addition, the teachers introduced skills and ideas when

teaching mathematics and science and hence prepared students for real life

and sciences as thy enable teachers understand students learning ability and the

teaching strategies that can be used to teach science and mathematics education

cognitive research, developmental psychology and the need to educate students

and also by linking what they have learned in class with what they believe and

know. Jarrett (1997) studied how teachers can improve students’ performance in

science and mathematics by using inquiry method. Inquiry method is the best

science. Students are able to find explanations for things that they are curious.

Inquiry consists of skills and activities that concentrate in the search for

arithmetic and algorithms, but it is a diverse field that entails data, measurements

mathematics does not only involve calculations and deductions, but it is entails

The inquiry process happens on a continuum. Teachers can use the inquiry

method to use when teaching students from the continuum. They can choose to

use hand on activities and experiments placed on one side of the continuum when

teaching students. In addition they can use science kits to teach students. Also,

students can produce their own questions for investigation as evidenced in the

Teachers should focus on the extreme end of the inquiry continuum where

learners participate in the inquiry process. Teachers can use lower level inquiry

strategies to meet certain goals, but they should not assume the inquiries have all

the components of inquiry. They can use hands on activities to meet certain goals.

Teachers are supposed to take into consideration various things when choosing

inquiry strategies from the inquiry continuum. They should consider their teaching

skills, learners’ readiness, age and ability and the pedagogical goals. The teachers

will move from one end of the continuum to the other occasionally to meet specific

strategies that are elements on inquiry used by teachers to teach mathematics and

science. First, teachers use activities to teach the subjects. They ensure activities

solutions. This ensures they are mentally and physically involved in the learning

have understood the content or not. They encourage students to work in small

to engage the students and determine whether they have understood the content

or not. They also offer clear explanations to students when necessary (Jarrett,

1997).

Students learn how to work as a team, to articulate their own ideas and

respect the opinion of other students. Students acquire inquiry skills that help them

in different aspects of life. Moreover, inquiry strategies encourages mathematical

whether something seem sensible. The learners develop ideas and knowledge

Related Studies

school; differences favoring men emerged in high school and college. Gender

differences were smallest and actually favored females in samples of the general

population, grew larger with increasingly selective samples, and were largest for

magnitude of the gender difference has declined over the years. Gender

attention.

There are differences among students in the top one percent of mathematical

ability. Among students in the top 1% of ability, those with SAT-M scores in the top

quarter, in comparison with those in the bottom quarter, achieved at much higher

levels through high school, college, and graduate school. Of the 37 variables

studied, 34 showed significant differences favoring the high SAT-M group which

than the ability group differences; they were not observed in the relationship

of the SAT-M for high-ability 7th and 8th graders was supported.

CHAPTER III

METHODOLOGY

treatment of data.

Research Design

considered in the research. The research was limited only to Grade 10-A students

The research was conducted in February 2017. Students’ grades from first grading

period until third grading period in Science and Math subjects were considered

Research Locale

National Vocational School, Carigara, Leyte for the school year 2017-2018.

Research Respondents

Grade10-A class of Carigara National Vocational School, Carigara, Leyte for the

Research Instrument

The instrument used in this research was a class record from the class

The data were gathered from the class record of the class adviser. The

students’ grades from first quarter until third quarter in mathematics and science

Statistical Treatment

f

P = N x 100

where:

P = percentage

f = frequency

N = number of respondents

∑ 𝑓𝑚

𝑥̅ = N

where:

x̅ = weighted mean

N = number of respondents

f = frequency

CHAPTER IV

science.

mathematics, with a weighted general average from first quarter to third quarter of

Table 1

94 – 95 1 2%

92 – 93 2 4%

90 – 91 5 9%

88 – 89 10 19%

86 – 87 17 32%

84 – 85 14 26%

82 – 83 3 6%

80 – 81 0 0%

78 – 79 1 2%

76 – 77 0 0%

74 – 75 0 0%

72 – 73 0 %

Total 53 100%

The table revealed that out of fifty-three (53) students in Grade 10-A taking

91; 10 or 19% with a range of 88-89; 17 or 32% got a range of 86-87; 14 or 26%

got a range of 84-85; 3 or 6% got a range of 82-83; and 1 or 2% got a range of 78-

79. None of the students in Grade 10-A obtained a general weighted average of

science, with a weighted general average from first quarter to third quarter of the

Table 2

96 – 98 1 2%

93 – 95 3 6%

90 – 92 11 21%

87 – 89 17 32%

84 – 86 15 28%

81 – 83 5 9%

78 – 80 1 2%

75 – 77 0 0%

72 – 74 0 0%

Total 53 100%

The table revealed that out of fifty-three (53) students in Grade 10-A taking

or 32% with a range of 87-89; 15 or 28% got a range of 84-86; 5 or 9% got a range

of 81-83; and 1 or 2% got a range of 78-80. None of the students in Grade 10-A

From the tables above, it was clearly implied that most of the students in

Grade 10-A were good in Science than Mathematics. Thus, most of them excel

academically in Science.

CHAPTER V

This chapter summarizes the findings of the research, which are the basis

Summary

the Grade 10-A students in Mathematics and Science from first to third quarter of

considered in the research. The research was limited only to Grade 10-A students

The research was conducted in February 2017. Students’ grades from first grading

period until third grading period in Science and Math subjects were considered

From the tables presented, it was clearly implied that most of the students

in Grade 10-A were good in Science than Mathematics. Thus, most of them excel

academically in Science.

Conclusions

On the basis of the findings of this research, the following conclusions are

drawn:

1. The highest grade obtained falls at the bracket 96-98 while the lowest

2. The students were certain that they excel academically in Science than

Mathematics.

Recommendations

In the light of the findings obtained and the conclusions drawn, this rsearch

and process.

learning.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

from http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/248868/scitech/science/phl-

senator-urges-reforms-in-science-math-education on 4/07/2012.

Hyde, Janet Shibley, Fennema, Elizabeth, et. al., - 1990 - Gender Comparisons of

(3):299-324.

Lubinski, D., & Benbow, C.P. (1992). Gender differences in abilities and

Retrievedfromhttp://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=666941&publi

cationSubCategoryId=442 on 4/07/2012.