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The basis of the scientist in dividing the Earth's 2.

Volcanic Earthquake occurs due to the


lithosphere into several segments called plates is volcanic activity of erupting volcanoes.
the distribution of earthquake epicenters, location Volcanic activity due to the rising of magma
of volcanoes, and formation of mountain ranges. All on the surface of the earth causes shaking in
of this geological features that are formed because surrounding areas known as volcanic
of plate movement. Majority of them are situated earthquake.
along plate boundaries. Earthquake epicenters are
situated in all areas with active volcanoes and
mountain ranges but, not all areas with earthquake Volcanoes
epicenters have mountain ranges and active
volcanoes. Are formed along convergent boundaries wherein
when two plates collide, denser plate will subduct
Lithosphere beneath the other and move towards the mantle.
When the subducted plate reaches the mantle, it
Is the rock portion of the earth. It is composed of melts and turns into a magma which rise up on the
the crust and the upper mantle which are both solid surface creating Volcanoes. Some volcanoes are
that are made up of rocks. Tectonic plate are also formed on divergent boundary particularly on the
called as lithospheric plate. mid-Atlantic ridge. Some Volcanoes are formed
over the hot spot like the Volcanoes on the
Two Types of Lithospheric Plates Hawaiian Islands.

1. Oceanic Plate
Mountain Ranges
Are thinner and have a higher density compared
to continental plate. Examples are: Pacific plate, Are formed between between the collision of
Antarctic Plate continental-to-continental convergence. Collision
zone is created in this type of collision, no trench,
2. Continental Plate no volcanoes but only large group of tall mountains
are created known as mountain ranges. One very
Thicker and have a lesser density compared to good example is the Himalayas mountain.
oceanic plate. Examples are: Eurasian plate,
African plate, North American plate, South Three Types of Plate boundary
American plate, Australian plate.
1. Convergent Boundary
Three Geological Features that Serves as basis for Occurs when two plates moves towards each
the Scientist in Dividing the Earth's Lithosphere other. It can be continental to continental
convergence, oceanic to oceanic convergence,
 Earthquake continental to oceanic convergence. This is also
 Volcanoes the type of plate boundaries where all the
 Mountain Ranges geological features that serves as basis for the
scientist in dividing the earth's lithosphere are
Earthquake present.

Slippage along the fault or the plate boundary, 2. Divergent Boundary


releases tremendous amount of energy which
causes vibration on the surface of the Earth which Occurs when plates moves away from each
is commonly known as Earthquake. other.

Types of Earthquake 3. Transform Fault Boundary

Occurs when the plate slide past each other.


1. Tectonic earthquake is the result of the
movement of the plate which produces
tremendous amount of energy that travels in
all direction away from the epicenter
causing shaking on the surface.