Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

(How a Bill Becomes a Law)

PARLIAMENT OF UGANDA

1. The Government Bill


Article 79(1) of the Constitution provides that “Parliament shall have the to make laws on any matter for the peace, order, development
and good governance of Uganda.” A Bill is a draft of an Act of Parliament and includes both a Private Members’ Bill and a Government Bill. C. Plenary:
Minister moves and justifies motion for Second
Reading of the Bill.
A. Plenary: B. Committee: Committee chairperson presents report on the Bill
A Minister introduces a “Bill for First Reading” - a formal introduction of a Bill to Parliament. Committee scrutinises the Bill (A Minority Report if any is also presented).
A Bill is accompanied by a Certificate of Financial Implication which is issued by the Invites various stakeholders from civil society MPs debate committee report on Principles of
Ministry of Finance Planning and Economic Development, a requirement of The Budget and Government to public hearings. the Bill.
Act, 2001 and The Parliament Rules of Procedures. Parliament votes for Second Reading of the Bill.
Reviews relevant and related laws/documents.
The Certificate of Financial Implication sets out the specific outputs and outcomes of the Bill referred to Committee of the whole House.
Writes report with proposed amendments.
Bill and how these fit within the overall policies and programmes of the Governent; the costs
involved and their impact on the budget;
the proposed or existing method of finacing
the costs related to the Bill and its feasibility.
Bill is seconded by an MP/Minister
Bill not debated at this stage.
Speaker refers the Bill to a Parliamentary
Committee.
Bill is published in The Uganda Gazette - the
official Government publication.

E. Plenary D. Committee of whole House


Minister in charge of the Bill asks Committee of the whole House means a
plenary to resume. committee composed of all the MPs
present in the Chamber.
The plenary resumes and
Chaired by the Speaker/Deputy Speaker
Minister reports thereof outcome
(now referred to as the Chairperson/Deputy
of the Committee of the whole
Chairperson respectively).
House.
Comprises all MPs.
Plenary votes for Third Reading The Speaker leaves the Chair and sits at the
the Bill. Clerk’s Table.
MPs approve clauses and schedules of
the Bill one by one.

G. The President’s Office


F. The Clerk’s Office The President assents to Act of Parliament*
The Clerk’s Office prepares copies for authentication and assent Act of Parliament becomes Law of Uganda.
of the President. Implementation starts on commencement date.
Copy sent to the President. Law is published in The Uganda Gazette - the official Government publication.
*President may reject to give assent
Constitution provides that the President shall within 30 days after a Bill is presented to him/her either:-
assent to the Bill.
return Bill to Parliament with a request that the Bill or a particular provision of it be reconsirdered
by Parliament; or
notify the Speaker in writing about the decision.
The Bill may be reconsirderd and then presented for the President’s approval. However, it may
become law without the President’s assent if he/she returns it to Parliament two times. It should have
of atleast two-thirds of all MPs.

2. Private Member’s Bill


Article 79(1) of the Constitution provides that “Parliament shall have the power to make laws on any matter for the peace, order, development and good governance of Uganda.” A Bill is a draft of an
Act of Parliament and includes both a Private Members’ Bill and a Government Bill. A Private Members’ Bill is moved by a backbench MP.

A. Plenary: B. Committee:
MP, Committee chairperson moves motion seeking leave of the House Commttee scrutinises the Bill.
(permission) to present the Private Member’s Bill.
Calls various stakeholders from
Provides proposed draft of the Bill.
civil society and Government to
MPs debate and vote on Motion.
public hearings.
If the MPs reject Motion, the Private Member’s Bill is dropped (a new attempt
Reviews relevant and related laws/
later is allowed).
If the Motion is approved, the printing and publication of the Bill is done by documents.
the Clerk to Parliament. Calls responsible mover(s), Minister(s).
The Private Member’s Bill is introduced for First Reading accompanied by Writes report with proposed
a Certificate of Financial Implication. amendments to the plenary.
Speaker refers Bill to appropriate House committee.
Bill is published in The Uganda Gazette - the official Government publication.

E. Plenary D. Committee of the whole House C. Plenary:


MP in charge of the Committee of the whole House means a Mover moves and justifies motion for
Bill asks the committee composed of all the MPs Second Reading of the Bill.
plenary to resume present in the Chamber. Committee chairperson presents
Chaired by the Speaker/Deputy Speaker report on the Bill.
Reports outcome of (now referred to as the Chairperson/Deputy
Committee of the MPs debate committee report on
Chairperson respectively).
whole House. Principles of the Bill.
Comprises all MPs.
Parliament votes for Second Reading
The plenary votes The Speaker leaves the Chair and sits at the of the Bill.
for Third Reading of Clerk’s Table.
the Bill. Bill referred to the Committee of the
MPs approve clauses and schedules of
whole House.
the Bill one by one.

G. The President’s Office


The President assents to Act of Parliament*
F. The Clerk’s Office
The Clerk’s Office prepares copies for authentication and assent Act of Parliament becomes Law of Uganda.
Implementation starts on commencement date.
of the President.
Copy sent to the President. Law is published in The Uganda Gazette - the official Government publication.
*President may reject to give assent
Constitution provides that the President shall within 30 days after a Bill is presented to him/her either:-
assent to the Bill.
return Bill to Parliament with a request that the Bill or a particular provision of it be reconsirdered
by Parliament; or
notify the Speaker in writing about the decision.
The Bill may be reconsirderd and then presented for the President’s approval. However, it may
become law without the President’s assent if he/she returns it to Parliament two times. It should have
of atleast two-thirds of all MPs.

A Publication of the Department of Communication and Public Affairs, Parliament of Uganda P.O. Box 7178, Kampala - Uganda Plot 16 -18, Parliament Avenue/Plot 13 -15, Sir Apollo Kaggwa
Road Tel: +256414377180/181/183/185 Email: cpa@parliament.go.ug Website: www.parliament.go.ug @Parliament_Ug facebook.com/parliament of uganda