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(1) A sphere is just enclosed inside a right circular cylinder. If the volume of the sphere is 380 cm 3, find the
volume of the gap between the cylinder and the sphere.

(2) For f(x) = ax2 + bx + c, if f(1) = 1 and f(-1) = 2, find the value of a + c.
(3) ABCD is a trapezium with sides AB and CD being parallel to each other. If P and Q are the midpoints of
the diagonals of this trapezium, and AB = 12 cm and CD = 7 cm, find the length of segment PQ.

(4) A square of area 40 cm 2 is inscribed into a semi-circle. What is the area of the semi-circle?
(5) Compute the measure of ∠z.

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(6) Find the coordinates of the point shown in the picture.

2
(7) If f(x) = x + 6, g(x) = 4x and h(x) = , find the value of f -1(g(h(2))).
x

(8) An internet service provider charges \$ 0.8 for the first minute and \$ 0.5 per minute for subsequent
minutes of a call. If duration of connection is represented as x, and amount charged is represented as
y, find the linear equation for this relationship.
(9) Is 0.004 the multiplicative inverse of 250 ? Why or why not ?
(10) The radius of a cylinder is halved and the height is tripled. What is the area of the curved surface when
compared to the same area previously?
(11) Which of the points W(0, -5), X(-2, 0), Y(0, -15) and Z(6, 0) lie on the y-axis?
(12) If two adjacent angles of a parallelogram are in ration 6:3, then the measure of the angles are

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(13) If ∠ADC = 120° and chord BC = chord BE. Find ∠CBE.

Choose correct answer(s) from the given choices

(14) Which triangle has the maximum area for a given perimeter :
a. Equilateral Triangle b. Can not be determined
c. Isoceles Triangle d. Obtuse Angle Triangle

(15) In parallelogram ABCD, CD is smaller than BC as shown below:

a. x = y b. y < x
c. y > x d. Can not be determined from the given data

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(1) 190 cm3

Step 1
There are three equations we need to know in this type of question - the volume of a cylinder, the
volume a sphere, and the remaining volume of the gap between the sphere and the cylinder.

Step 2

The volume of a cylinder of radius 'r' and height 'h' is πr 2h. Here, we know the sphere will fit in
exactly in the cylinder, so h=2r, and the formula now becomes 2πr3.

Step 3
4
The sphere will have the radius 'r' so its volume is πr3.
3

Step 4
The volume of the gap between the cylinder and the sphere is all the volume inside the cylinder not
taken up by the sphere.
This is the difference between the volume of the cylinder and the volume of the sphere.
4
i.e. volume of the gap = 2πr3 - πr 3
3
2
Simplifying, volume of the gap = πr 3
3

Step 5
So we have 3 equations:
Volume of the cylinder = 2πr3
4
Volume of the sphere = πr 3
3
2
Volume of the gap = πr 3
3

Step 6

Here, we know that volume of the sphere is 380 cm 3. We need to find the volume of the gap
between the cylinder and the sphere.

Step 7
Substituting from the equation above, we get volume of the gap between the cylinder and the
sphere = 190 cm3

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(2) 1.5

Step 1
Given, f(1) = 1
Substituting x = 1 in the given equation, a(12) + b(1) + c = 1
⇒ a + b + c = 1 ______________ (1)

Step 2
Similarly f(-1) = 2
Substituting x = - 1 in the given equation, a(-12) + b(-1) + c = 2
⇒ a - b + c = 2 ______________ (2)

Step 3
On adding eq. (1) and (2), we have
2a + 2c = 3
a + c = 1.5

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(3) 2.5 cm

Step 1

Step 2
Let us join CQ and produce to meet AB at X. Now consider the triangle CDQ and BQX:
Angle DCQ = Angle XBQ (Alternate interior angles)
Angle DQC = Angle BQX (Vertically opposite angles)
DQ = BQ (Q id midpoint of DB)
Triangles CDQ and BQX are congruent.

Step 3
From step 2 we have QX = CQ. Now consider triangles CXA and CPQ. P and Q are midpoints of
CA and CX, which means PQ is parallel to AX. Since PQ is parallel to AX or AB, it can be said that
PQ is parallel to CD.

Step 4
1
Also since P and Q are mid points of CD and AB, it can be said that PQ = × AX
2
1
Or, PQ = × (AB - BX)
2
1
Since we proved above that BX = CD, PQ = × (AB - CD).
2

Step 5
1
We have the value of AB and CD, PQ will be equal to: × (12 - 7) = 2.5 cm.
2

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(4) 25π cm 2

Step 1
Following figure shows the square inscribed into a semi-circle,

Let's assume, a is the length of the side of the square.

Therefore, AB = BC = CD = DA = a,
The area of the square = a 2

Step 2

According to the question, the area of the square is 40 cm 2.

Therefore, a 2 = 40 -----(1)

Step 3
If we look at the figure carefully, we notice the OC is the radius of the semi-circle and 'O' is the
center of the semi-circle.
Therefore, OA = OB = a/2

Step 4
In right angled triangle OBC,
OC2 = OB2 + BC2 [By the Pythagorean theorem]
= (a/2)2 + a2
= (a 2/4 + a 2)
= 5a 2/4
= (5 × 40)/4 [From equation (1)]
= 50 cm2

Step 5

= (π × 50)/2
= 25π

Step 6

Hence, the area of the semi-circle is 25π cm 2.

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(5) 59°

Step 1
If we look at the angles 109° and (z + 50)°, we find that they are vertically opposite angles.

Step 2
We know that the vertically opposite angles are equal.
Therefore, ∠(z + 50)° = ∠109°
⇒ ∠z = ∠109° - ∠50°
⇒ ∠z = ∠59°

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(6) (10 , -15)

Step 1
In order to find the coordinates of the point shown in the picture, let us draw a horizontal and a
vertical line that connects this point to the y-axis and x-axis respectively.

Step 2
We can see that the vertical line intersects the x-axis at 10. Therefore, the x-coordinate of the point
is 10.

Step 3
Similarly, the horizontal line intersects the y-axis at -15. Therefore, the y-coordinate of the point is
-15.

Step 4
Hence, the coordinates of the given point are (10, -15).

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(7) -2

Step 1
It is given that f(x) = x + 6
or, f-1(x) = x - 6

Step 2
2
f-1(g(h(2))) = f-1(g( ))
2
= f-1(g(1))
= f-1(4 × 1)
= f-1(4)
=4-6
= -2

(8) y = 0.5x + 0.3

Step 1
We are given the following facts
- The charge for the first minute is is \$ 0.8
- The charge per minute after that is \$ 0.5

Step 2
We can see that the charge will be dependent on the time spent in minutes
So we set y on the left hand side
y = Some linear function of x

Step 3
We know that after the first minute, the rate is \$ 0.5 per minute.
So if the connection lasts for x minutes, there will be a charge \$ 0.8 for the first minute, and \$ 0.5
for x - 1 minutes.

Step 4
This means the equation is y = 0.8 + ((x - 1) x 0.5)

Step 5
Simplifying, we get y = 0.5x + 0.3

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(9) Yes - The product or fraction and its multiplicative inverse must be equal to 1.

Step 1
When we multiply a number by its Multiplicative Inverse we get 1.
1 1
For example, x × = 1 [It means is a multiplicative inverse of x.]
x x

Step 2
According to the question, we have to prove that 0.004 is the multiplicative inverse of 250. To
prove this we have to multiply the given number to the given multiplicative inverse and check if
result is 1 or not.
Product,
= 0.004 × 250
4
= × 250
1000
=1
It satisfies the condition of product being equal to 1.

Step 3
Therefore, 0.004 is the multiplicative inverse of 250.

(10) 1.5 times

Step 1
The curved surface area of a cylinder is 2πrh.

Step 2
Here, we halved the radius and tripled the height.

Step 3
Putting this into the formula, we see that the curved surface area becomes 1.5 times.

(11) W and Y

Step 1
We know that a point lying on the x-axis will have the ordinate as 0 and a point lying on the y-axis
will have the abscissa as 0.

Step 2
We can see that out of all the points W and Y have the abscissa zero, which means points W and
Y will lie on the y-axis.

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(12) 120°, 60°

Step 1
Let's assume x is the common ratio factor of the angles.
The adjacent angles of the parallelogram are 6x and 3x.

Step 2
We know that the sum of the adjacent angles of a parallelogram is equal to 180°,
Therefore, 6x + 3x = 180
⇒ 9x = 180
180
⇒x=
9

Step 3
180
Now, 6x = 6 × = 120,
9
180
3x = 3 × = 60
9

Step 4
Hence, the measures of the angles are 120° and 60°.

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(13) 120°

Step 1
ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral since all the four points A, B, C and D lie on the circumference of a
circle.
We know, the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral add up to 180°. So,
⇒ ∠CBA = 180° - ∠ADC
⇒ ∠CBA = 180° - 120°
⇒ ∠CBA = 60°

Step 2
We know that chord BC = chord BE.
Join the points C and E to the centre of the circle.

Consider ΔCOE and ΔBOE,

BO = BO (common)
BC = BE (given)
OC = OE (radius of the circle)
So, ΔCOE ≅ ΔBOE by the property SSS.
Hence, ∠OBC = ∠OBE by CPCT
We have, ∠OBC = ∠OBE = ∠CBA = 60°

Step 3
Therefore, ∠CBE = ∠OBC + ∠OBE = 60° + 60° = 120°.

(14) a. Equilateral Triangle

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(15) b. y < x

Step 1
The parallel lines AB and DC are intersected by transversal AC. Therefore,
∠DCA = ∠CAB = x° ............ (Interior alternate angles)
Similarly, parallel lines AD and BC are intersected by transversal AC. Therefore,
∠ACB = ∠ DAC = y° ............ (Interior alternate angles)

Step 2
In triangle ΔABC, angle x° faces BC, while angle y° faces AB. We know that in a triangle, smaller
side faces smaller angle, and larger side faces larger angle.
Therefore,
y < x .............. since AB < BC

Step 3
Thus correct answer is y < x

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