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DINDING PENAHAN

TANAH
Penahan Lateral
4

Di dalam geotechnical engineering, sangat penting


untuk mengantisipasi pegerakan horisontal tanah.

Tie rod
Anchor

Sheet pile

Dinding Penahan Penahan Galian Turap Jangkar


Kantilever
Penahan Lateral
5

Kita harus bisa mengestimasi tekanan tanah lateral


terhadap struktur, untuk keperluan desain.

Dinding penahan Soil nailing


Reinforced earth wall
gravity
Jenis –jenis dinding penahan tanah
6
Dinding Penahan Tanah
7
Penahan Lateral
8

Jenis Penahan Tanah di dalam perkembangannya.

geosynthetics
Penahan Lateral
9
Jenis Penahan Tanah di dalam perkembangannya.
filled with
Crib walls di Queensland. soil

Interlocking
stretchers
and headers
Soil Nailing
10
Turap
11

Persiapan pemancangan turap


Turap
12

Dinding Turap
Turap
13

Saat Dinding Turap


Pemancangan
Distribusi Tekanan Tanah
14 - in granular soils
[h’]active
PA and PP adalah
resultan dari
tekanan aktif &
pasif pada dinding

[h’]passive H

PA=0.5 KAH2

h PP=0.5 KPh2

KPh KAH
Desain of gravity and semigravity walls
15

Sumber : Bowles, Joseph E, Foundation analysis and design


Desain of gravity and semigravity walls
16

Sumber : Bowles, Joseph E, Foundation analysis and design


Desain of gravity and semigravity walls
17

Sumber : Bowles, Joseph E, Foundation analysis and design


Desain of gravity and semigravity walls
18

Sumber : Bowles, Joseph E, Foundation analysis and design


Design of Cantilever Retaining Wall
19

Sumber : Bowles, Joseph E, Foundation analysis and design


Design of Cantilever Retaining Wall
20

Sumber : Bowles, Joseph E, Foundation analysis and design


Design of Cantilever Retaining Wall
21

Sumber : Bowles, Joseph E, Foundation analysis and design


Design of Cantilever Retaining Wall
22

Sumber : Bowles, Joseph E, Foundation analysis and design


Design of Cantilever Retaining Wall
23

Sumber : Bowles, Joseph E, Foundation analysis and design


Drainage Wall
24
11/8/2012

Sertifikasi HATTI:
Tegangan Lateral
dan
Dinding Penahan Tanah

Prof. Ir. Masyhur Irsyam, MSE., Ph.D.


Teknik Sipil, Institut Teknologi Bandung

Sheet Pile

(Retaining wall Gabion)

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Braced Cut Excavation

CONTOH STRUKTUR SHEET PILE


Contoh PelaksanaanDiapraghmWall
Pembuatan Guide Wall

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11/8/2012

Clamshell Grabber Clamshell Grabber

CWS (Cofrage Avec Waterstopper)


Stopper baja untuk mencetak bentuk ujung kiri-kanan panel Rebar cage + anchor sleeve

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Rebar cage + anchor sleeve Rebar Lifting

Rebar Lifting
Rebar Lifting

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GEDUNG PERKANTORAN
Concreting JAKARTA

Ground Anchor

Davy Sukamta

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Ground Anchor

GEDUNG KANTOR
PLUIT SELATAN RAYA - JAKARTA
Rekomendasi Buku Untuk Sheet Pile

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σ1
Test Triaxial: Mekanisme Aktif dan Passif
Arah Bidang Runtuh Terhadap σ1

σ3 σ3

σ1
σ1
ψ=45-φ/2

θ=45+φ/2

σ3 σ3

σ1

Mekanisme Aktif dan Passif Mekanisme Aktif dan Passif

σv=σ1 σ1 σv=σ1
σh=σ3 σh=σ3

σ3 σ3
σv=σ3 σv=σ3

σ3
σh=σ1 σh=σ1

σ1

σ1
σ1

σ3
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Besarnya Tegangan Aktif


Hubungan Koefisien Lateral dan Regangan

τ σ1
Kp
φ

Pasir
τ
φ τ σ3 σ3
φ

σ
σ3=σh σ1=σv
σ3=σh σ1=σv σ σ3 σ1 σ1

Ko σa=σ3=σh=Ka. σv
Ka σ3 Ka =tan245φ /2
Compression
Ka = σ3
Expansion
Lateral Strain

σ1

Tekanan Aktif: Pasir Besarnya Tegangan Pasif

τ
φ σ3

σ1 σ1
σh=σ3=σ1x Ka
Lebih dari satu lapis : σ σ3
σ3 σ1

σ1
σp=σ1=σh=Kp. σv
σ1 = 1
Kp = =
σh=σ3=σ1x Ka σ3 Ka

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Tekanan Aktif dan Pasif: Pasir Tekanan Aktif dan Pasif: Pasir
Ada Beban Merata

p
p
σ σ

γh γh q
q

p
γ h Kp γh qKp γ h Kp γ h Ka pKa γh
γ h Ka
σh = γ h +q) Kp
σh = γ h +p) Ka

Depth Depth

Depth Depth

Tegangan Effektif Pengaruh Beban dan Air Tanah

h1
a

h
h2 γ’ = γ - γw

σ = γ.h

σ= γh1 + γ’h2


= γ (h1+ h2) - γw.h2
σ = σ - 
σ‘= tegangan efektif a
σ = tegangan total
 = tegangan air pori

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Cantilever & Gravity Wall


Pengaruh kemiringan tanah diatas:

Cantilever Gravity Wall

Penaruh C-Kohesi Tanah


Tekanan Aktif Rankine

Pasir Shear
stress σ3 =σ.Ka =σvKa 2c Ka

Normal
stress
(b)
Lempung

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Tekanan Pasif Rankine


Tekanan Aktif Rankine untuk Perencanaan

σ1 =σv .Kp =σvKp +2c Kp

(c)

Beban pada dinding Beban pada dinding

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Disain Dinding Penahan Tanah: Stabilitas Retaining Wall


1. Overtuning
Stabilitas 2. Sliding
3. Excentricity
1. Overtuning 4. Bearing Capacity
2. Sliding 5. Over All Stability
3. Excentricity
4. Bearing Capacity
1. Overturning
SF = 1.5 – 2.0

MR
MR

• Overtuning
• 2. Sliding α

Pa
• 3. Pv
Excentricity Ph

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• Overtuning
τ

x
x φ
x
x

c
σ
s = c + σ’ tan φ

Where σ’ = effective normal stress on plane of shearing


c = cohesion, or apparent cohesion
φ = angle of friction

• Sliding • Sliding

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1. Contoh Soal 1. Solusi :

Berikut ini gambar cross section dari cantilever retaining


wall. Hitung angka keamanan (factor of safety) yang
menyangkut overtuning dan sliding!!!

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1. Contoh Soal
Berikut ini gambar cross section dari cantilever retaining
wall. Hitung angka keamanan (factor of safety) yang
menyangkut overtuning dan sliding!!!

Sheet Pile

KLASIFIKASI STRUKTUR SHEET PILE


Cantilever Pile/ Sheet Pile

Steel Pipe Pile - Japan

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Anchored Type Tie Rod Type


Structure Anchored Type
Deadman Type Structure

Double Tie Rod


Type Structure

Steel Pipe Pile - Japan

Tie Rod Type-I


Tie Rod Type-II

Steel Pipe Pile - Japan Steel Pipe Pile - Japan

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Tie Rod Type-III


Anchored Sheet Pile

Steel Pipe Pile - Japan Piling Handbook - Arcelor

Batter-Pile Anchor Type


Sheet pile

Ground anchor

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Dermaga Tanjung Emas

+3.60 mLWS

0.00 mLWS

Existing Sea Bed C φ γ


Sand 1.0 24o 16.5
C φ γ
-10.0 mLWS Very Soft Clay 25.4 1o 15.5

Very Soft Clay 29.4 1o 16.0


Very Soft Clay 31.9 1o 16.0

Eu = 250 Cu Soft Clay 41.9 1o 16.0

Soft Clay 43.4 2o 16.5

Stiff Clay 65.0 4o 17.0

Stiff Clay 80.0 4o 17.5

Relieving Platforms Retaining Wall

Relieving Platform Type Structure

Steel Pipe Pile - Japan Piling Handbook - British

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Double Sheet Pile Wall Type Structure

Double Sheet Pile Wall Type


Steel Pipe Pile - Japan

Cellular Type Structure Cofferdams

Piling Handbook - Arcelor Piling Handbook - Arcelor

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Piling Handbook - Arcelor

Cofferdams Metoda Perhitungan Sheet Pile


1. Metoda Elemen Hingga
Parameter Tanah:

Anchor: Pegas

C (kohesi)
φ (Sudut geser dalam)
Sheet Pile: Beam Element E (Young’s modulus)
υ (Poisson’s ratio)

M < M konvensional

Piling Handbook - Arcelor

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3. Metoda Konvensional
2. Beam on Elastic Foundation
O Anchor

Anchor: Pegas
Tekanan Tanah Aktif dan Pasif

Tekanan aktif

Tahanan pasif tanah: Pegas

Keseimbangan Gaya Horizontal dan Momen di Titik O

Cantilever Pile/ Sheet Pile Cantilever Pile/ Sheet Pile

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Cantilever Pile/ Sheet Pile Tegangan Lateral Pada Cantilever Pile/ Sheet Pile

σ1

σ3 σ3

σ3
σ1

σ1

σ1
Aktif Pasif

σ3

Cantilever Sheet Pile

O
aktif pasif

C
D

Σ Mc = 0
OD = 1.20 OC
Mmax pada zero shear

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Metoda Konvensional:
1. Free Earth Support

Metoda Konvensional: Tegangan Lateral Anchored Sheet Pile


1. Free Earth Support

o
σ1

σ3 σ3
σ3

σ1
σ1

σ1

Aktif Pasif
σ3

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Metoda Konvensional: Metoda Konvensional: 1. Free Earth Support


1. Free Earth Support

O O

aktif pasif
aktif pasif

Panjang teoritis d: Keseimbangan momen di titik O Untuk Disain Panjang d : SF momen di titik O = 2.0
Gaya angkur : Keseimbangan gaya horizontal

Piling Handbook -British

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Metoda Konvensional:
2. Fixed Earth Support

Metoda Konvensional: Metoda Konvensional:


2. Fixed Earth Support 2. Fixed Earth Support

σ1

σ3 σ3

σ3
σ1

σ1

σ1
Aktif Pasif

σ3

σ3
σ1

σ1
Pasif Aktif

σ3
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Metoda Konvensional:
2. Fixed Earth Support

Aktif Pasif

Pasif Aktif

Metoda Konvensional:
2. Fixed Earth Support Retaining Walls

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CONTOH STRUKTUR SHEET PILE


Retaining Walls

Braced Cut Excavation

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11/8/2012

Multi-Strut Type

28
BORED PILE DENGAN DISKONTINUITAS DARI HASIL PENGUJIAN

TT

TL

TL

TL

TL

PINTU GESER 2
PINTU GESER 1 TT BM.1

TL
TL

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Sand Clay
Soft to Medium Stiff
γH γH
C >4 C <4

γH

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