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STORE INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SOP

INTRODUCTION

This section covers the Store Inventory procedures of the Company.

Next to cash, inventory is very susceptible to pilferage and mismanagement.


Majority of the assets of any company is devoted into inventory so an overstocked
inventory or non-moving item can easily hurt the financials of the Company.

That’s why proper control should be implemented when managing inventory,


especially in stores where it’s harder to monitor. The procedures enumerated in
this Manual can help the Company become more effective and efficient in its
inventory management.

COVERAGE

This Simplified Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) covers the following key
areas:

1. Inventory Ordering – including ordering procedures and ordering flow.

2. Inventory Receiving – including delivery acceptance standards, inspection


procedures, and damage report.

3. Inventory Management – including computing minimum stock level,


inventory turnover, and performing daily and monthly inventory reports.

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STORE INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SOP

ORDERING INVENTORY

ORDERING PROCEDURES

 Indicated below is the par stock system for the Store.

Stock level of stocks


Minimum stock should be 2-week
 Ordered weekly worth of inventory.

 Ordered twice a Minimum stock should be 1-month


month worth of sales.

Ordering Flow Ordering Requirement

Branch Staff checks  The system will show those stocks


stocks on hand and from that are already low based on the
the system. minimum stocks set by the
company. (Refer to stock level
guidelines)

Branch Staff  Branch Staff prepares and double


accomplishes request checks stocks to be ordered before
form and forwards to sending request to Supervisor for
Supervisor for approval
approval

 Branch Staff inputs order in the


system. (Once orders are inputted in
Supervisor approves
the system, branch staff should
generate the order file and send the
request and informs
order to the main office.)
branch staff to input
orders in the system

Ordering Day: Every Monday

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STORE INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SOP

Main office receives and  The Main Office will load the order
loads the order in the file and prepare the stocks.
system.
 Based on the delivery lead-time, the
order will be delivered to the
branches.

Lead time to deliver: 3 days

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STORE INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SOP

INVENTORY RECEIVING

DELIVERY ACCEPTANCE STANDARDS

The primary purpose of the receiving control is to verify that the quantity,
quality and price of each item delivered conforms to the order placed. To
ensure this, it is necessary to establish standards that will govern the receiving
process.

 The quantity, quality and price of items delivered should exactly conform to
Purchase Order signed by the President/Purchaser.

 The authorized Supplier delivering the items should be the supplier


indicated in the Purchase Order.

 The President assigns authorized persons who can receive deliveries.


Payments should not be made for deliveries accepted by persons not
authorized.

 Items delivered should be thoroughly checked according to Items


Acceptance Standards.

 All delivered products should be checked per item and category. Any
discrepancy in the quality and quantity of items should be noted in the
Delivery Receipt and should be signed by both the delivery person and the
branch employee receiving the items.

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STORE INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SOP

RECEIVING DELIVERIES

Receiving Flow Receiving Requirements

A delivery receipt will be


generated for every delivery  The Warehouse Dept. delivers stocks
to the branch

Delivery Crew gives copy of  Branch Staff receives delivery receipt


delivery receipt to
authorized Branch Staff for
the list of deliveries

 Branch staff should check the


delivered stocks and ensure that
Prior to acceptance of they are complete and in good
orders, the Branch Staff condition.
must thoroughly inspect the
goods for any defects /
discrepancies  Once delivered items are ok, Branch
Staff uploads the “receiving file”.

 After uploading, the Branch Staff can


Branch Staff uploads the generate inventory receiving report
receiving file to receive the from the system.
stocks in the system
automatically.

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STORE INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SOP

INSPECTION PROCEDURES

 Verify contents of ordered packages or boxes.

 Check integrity of materials / supplies delivered. Materials / supplies


should have manufacturer’s packaging seal or tamper proof seal unbroken.

 Inspect expiration dates.

 Store new deliveries behind old deliveries.

 Proper storage of products received:

a. FIFO policy

b. No overloading in shelves.

c. Proper temperature maintained.

 Update or create new records.

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DAMAGE REPORT

GUIDELINES

1. Any item found damaged after delivery in the Company or any of its
branches should be covered by this report.

2. It is the responsibility of all employees in the branch to report any damage


items. If the person can be pinpointed and the damage is found to be a
result of mishandling or negligence, the concerned employee’s share in
paying the cost.

3. It is important to monitor damage product in the branch since this will


greatly affect product / item costs.

PERSON RESPONSIBLE

The employee making the report.

PROCEDURES

1. Employee concerned prepares the damage Report and submits report to


Branch Supervisor.

2. The Branch Supervisor investigates the incident and fills-up other data in
the Damage Report. He is also the responsible person signing the space
provided in “Noted By”.

3. If an employee is involved, the employee should sign in the space “Damaged


By”.

4. The Branch Supervisor forwards damage report to the Company for


decision.

5. The President or the authorized person decides on the case and signs on the
“Approved By” space.

6. Indicates deduction if any and forwards the report to the Bookkeeper.

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STORE INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SOP

DAMAGE REPORT

BRANCH ________________________ DATE & TIME: ___________________

ITEM DESCRIPTION QTY. COST REMARKS

Cause of Damage: Reported By: _____________

______________________________ Noted By: _______________

______________________________

Damaged By: Charge to:

______________________________ Employee: _________________________

Date: _________________________ Approved By: _______________________

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INVENTORY MANAGEMENT

Inventories include tangible products / supplies owned by the Company.

POLICIES

The Company and its branches are to undertake required inventory for proper
accounting and stock monitoring of its raw materials and supplies. Inventory is
undertaken by the branch staff with the supervisor.

 Monthly and yearly inventory taking are to be headed by the Bookkeeper-


Accountant and the Branch Supervisor. They are assisted by the branch
staff.

 For every loss, damaged product, a report shall be prepared and a copy will
be furnished to the President for his/her decision as to whether to charge it
to the company or to the employee concerned.

 Minimum stock level / Ordering Quantity for each inventory item shall be
clearly decided upon by the President at the start of its operation.

 Any other existing system of reports, forms, and procedures implemented in


the Branch should be in compliance with the Company Policy.

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GUIDELINES

Items / products and other supplies is purchased from the Authorized


Suppliers and sold for a profit. To keep a profitable business, all products must
be available at all times for customer purchase.

Inventory Management involves:

 Performing a “stock count”

All stocks must be accounted for. Everything that comes in and goes
out must be recorded.

 Maintaining proper inventory records

Stock Card

 Simple index cards

 Kept for each item in stock

 Determining when to re-order

Re-order when inventory reaches the minimum stock level

Terminology

 Minimum stock - Amount of stock required to support branch


operations until additional supplies are received

 Lead time – Time between placing an order and receiving it

 Maximum usage – number of item/products sold in a given time


period

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Calculating Minimum Stock Level

Minimum Stock Level = Maximum lead time in weeks

X Maximum Usage

EXAMPLE:

Maximum lead time = 2 weeks

Maximum usage/wk = 3 packs

Minimum stock level = 2 x 3 = 6 packs

When only 6 packs are left, place an order

 Determining how much to re-order

Establish proper full stock level. Re-order to reach that level.

 Never order more than your storage space can hold.

 Never order more supplies than you can use before they expire.

 Consider maximum usage plus minimum stock level.

 Consider delivery time and costs when placing orders.

 Placing orders properly

 Inspecting delivery of new orders

 Ensuring proper storage of inventory

 Keep in a clean, organized, and locked storeroom / cabinet.

 Store according to manufacturer’s instructions.

 Place in well ventilated room.

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 Store away from direct sunlight.

 Place items on shelves.

STORAGE GUIDELINES (to follow)

Currently, stocks are stored by type, e.g. all ink systems are grouped together
by model.

IAYC is still developing a warehousing or storage standards.

PRODUCTS – STOCK LEVEL

2 weeks Min. stock


Items par stock level for
level re-ordering

 Bottled Inks

 Epson:
Black
Cyan
Magenta
Yellow
Light Cyan
Light Magenta

 Canon:
Black
Cyan
Magenta
Yellow

 Brother:

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Black
Cyan
Magenta
Yellow

 Compatible Ink Cartridges:


 73n Compatible K
 73n Compatible C
 73n Compatible M
 73n Compatible Y
 LC 38 Compatible K
 LC 38 Compatible C
 LC 38 Compatible M
 LC 38 Compatible Y

 Printer Package:
 Canon IP2770 (Single
Function)
 Canon MP287 (Multi Function)
 Brother MFC-J3220 (Multi
Function)
4 in 1

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STORE INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SOP

INVENTORY TURNOVER

 Inventory turnover measures the time inventory is used over a certain


period of time. Products and supplies bought at the start of the month
should be used within the month. Turnover means usage of inventory
products for sale in the branch. When inventory is not readily used, it
results to the following:

 Items stocked for long period result to damage. Damage products


increases product cost since purchases are not converted to sales.

 Cash is tied up to inventory.

 Labor cost increases due to employees maintaining storage.

 Excessive inventory requires space and rentals. This does not


maximize space usage.

 Unwarranted opportunities for theft.

 This ratio reveals how well inventory is managed. It is important because


the more times inventory can be turned over a given operating cycle, the
greater the profit. The Inventory Turnover Ratio is calculated as follows:

Inventory Turnover Ratio = Net Sales / Average Inventory at Cost

FREQUENCY

 As stated above, Inventory taking at the branch is done on a daily, monthly,


and yearly basis.

 Refer to the above policies on the persons in charge of inventory taking and

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its authorized signatories.

 The year-end inventory taking is necessary for government reportorial


requirements and year-end Company Report.

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STORE INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SOP

DAILY INVENTORY REPORT

PURPOSE

To monitor daily movement of the following:

 Products and items in the cabinet.

 Products and items in the counter area.

COPY DISTRIBUTON
1st copy (Bookkeeper-Accountant)

2nd copy Branch File Copy

PERSON RESPONSIBLE
Assigned employee

PROCEDURES

1. Branch Staff is responsible of preparing this report.

2. Branch Staff updates the inventory in the computerize inventory system.

3. Branch Staff conducts actual count of items using the scan bar code.

4. Forward this report to Supervisor.

5. Forward to Bookkeeper or Company office

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DAILY INVENTORY REPORT

BRANCH DATE & TIME:


__________________________ ___________________

MIN. DIFF.
ITEM DESCRIPTION QTY. REMARKS
STOCK

Prepared By: Approved By:

______________________________ ________________________________

Date: _________________________ Date: _______________________

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STORE INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SOP

MONTHLY INVENTORY REPORT

COPY DISTRIBUTION

 1st copy (Bookkeeper-Accountant)

 2nd copy Branch File Copy

PERSON RESPONSIBLE

 Branch Staff and Bookkeeper

PROCEDURES

1. Branch Supervisor and Bookkeeper are the persons responsible for the
Monthly Inventory Report.

2. Under the caption “ITEM”, list the items subject to monthly count.

3. In the column “ENDING INVENTORY” indicate the remaining quantity of


stocks at the end of the month. Based on Daily Inventory Tracking or
stock card.

4. For all areas stated above, “PHYSICAL / ACTUAL COUNT” means the
verified or physical count of stocks at the end of the month as witnessed
by the Accountant/Bookkeeper.

5. “VARIANCE” means the difference between the “ENDING INVENTORY”


(per record) and the “PHYSICAL / ACTUAL COUNT”.

6. Report to be certified by the Bookkeeper.

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MONTHLY INVENTORY REPORT

BRANCH DATE & TIME:


_________________________ ___________________

ENDING ACTUAL VARIANCE


ITEM DESCRIPTION REMARKS
INV. INV.

Prepared By: Approved By:

______________________________ ________________________________

Date: _________________________ Date: _______________________

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