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COR-TEN
Steel


Plates

COR-TENTM
2-6-1 Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku,Tokyo 100-8071 Japan A006en_01_201904f
A006en_01_201904p
Tel: +81-3-6867-4111 © 2019 NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION
Susa Bridge (Yamaguchi)
Photo: 1992 (3 years after completion) ™ ™

is a registered trade name of United States Steel Corporation.

Contents
Saving Maintenance Cost ̶̶
̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 2 Application Examples ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 6 Available Size ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 18 ●Abrasion Resistance ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 26
1 4 ●Unpainted use (Bare) ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 6
●Unpainted use (Complementary Rust Stabilization Treatment) ̶
̶8
6 ●Plate (As Roll) ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 18
●Plate (Heat Treatment) ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 19
●Weldability ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 27
●Weld Joint Properties ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 28
●Painted use ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 10 ●Hot-rolled Sheet ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 20 ●Workability ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 29
●CORQ™ (Cast Metal) ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 12 ●Cold-rolled Sheet ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 20
Features ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 3 ●VINCOR ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 13
2 ●Various Application Examples ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 13

Characteristic Properties ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 21 Joint Materials ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 30

3
Weather Resistance ̶
̶̶̶
̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 4
●Exposure Test Results ̶̶̶̶ ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 5
5
Specification ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 14
●Steel Grades and Features ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 14
7 ●Physical Properties ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 21
●Chemical Composition ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 22
8 ●Welding Materials ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 30
●Bolt Joints ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 31
●Secular Changes in Rust Appearance ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 5
●Chemical Composition ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 15 ●Mechanical Properties ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 22
●Mechanical Properties ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 16 ●Paint durability ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 24
●Paint Film Deterioration Tests ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 25
●Impact Properties ̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶̶ 26

Notice: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained within this publication, the use of the information is at the reader’s risk and no warranty is
implied or expressed by NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION with respect to the use of the information contained herein. The information in this publication is subject to change or modifica-
tion without notice. Please contact the NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION office for the latest information. Please refrain from unauthorized reproduction or copying of the contents of this
publication. The names of our products and services shown in this publication are trademarks or registered trademarks of NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION, affiliated companies, or third
parties granting rights to NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION or affiliated companies. Other product or service names shown may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
owners.
NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

1 Saving Maintenance Cost


2 Features

Since 1959 when COR-TEN began to be marketed, this But, if paint is applied to COR-TEN, the service life of
material has served as served as weathering steel
(atmospheric corrosion-resistant steel).
the paint is prolonged compared to coatings applied to
ordinary steel. Accordingly repainting costs are reduced.
Weather Resistance
COR-TEN has successfully overcome rust, steel’s Since its development in the U.S. in 1933, Because COR-TEN has high weather resistance, it can be used
most weakest, by capitalizing on its unique “rust cures COR-TEN has been used in every field where steel is
rust” function. applied, such as bridges, railway vehicle and buildings.
without painting. Unpainted applications not only offer the
When exposed to the atmosphere without painting, Recently, unpainted applications of COR-TEN are economic advantage of reducing repainting costs; they also offer
COR-TEN begins to rust in the same way as ordinary attracting attention as being especially suited for aesthetic benefits associated with the calming color of the
steel. But soon the alloying elements in COR-TEN cause resource savings and environmental concerns. protective rust.
a protective surface layer of fine-textured rust to form, Another growing application of unpainted COR-TEN While weather resistance depends on the product grade and
thereby suppressing corrosion rate. is in conjunction with rust stabilization treatments on the application environment, COR-TEN’s weather resistance is
Capitalizing on this excellent property, COR-TEN bridges, building exteriors and other structures. nearly 4~8 times that of ordinary steel.
can be used without painting, thereby nullifying the In this way, COR-TEN helps to reduce lifecycle
commonly held belief that “steel must be used with costs (LCC) and environmental burdens in a wide range
paint.” of applications.
Paint durability
COR-TEN is paintable in the same way as ordinary steel. In
addition, even if a painting defect should occur, COR-TEN
suppresses the progress of rust area and, accordingly, prolongs
the service life of the paint, thereby reducing repainting costs.

Weldability
While trace amounts of alloying elements such as copper (Cu)
and chromate (Cr) are added to COR-TEN to ensure high
weather resistance, the carbon content is lowered to provide
appropriate weldability. Accordingly, COR-TEN can be welded
using either manual, gas-shield or submerged arc welding. In
addition, spot welding can be applied to thin-gauge COR-TEN.

Workability
COR-TEN possesses workability (cold forming, hot forming and
gas cutting) similar to ordinary steels of same strength.

Reliability
Since 1959 when “COR-TEN” began to be marketed, more than
2.6 million tons of this material have been produced. (2013 end)

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NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

3 Weather Resistance

When COR-TEN is exposed to the atmosphere, it coastal areas. As can be seen in the figure, while the ■Exposure Test Results It is necessary that steel products include the
develops an initial layer of rust as ordinary steel does. corrosion level of COR-TEN is lower progress than that Because a reliable accelerated test method is not weather-resistant elements that which contribute
But, as time goes by, this early product gradually of ordinary steel, corrosion continues to develop in available and because the alloying elements used in to the formation of protective rust
converts to a fine-textured rust (protective rust) that COR-TEN for a long period. Accordingly, it is necessary steel products and the effects of individual application As regards weather-resistant alloying elements, P, Cu, Cr
tightly adheres to the base metal, providing a protective to pay due care in the application of COR-TEN in coastal environments are complicated, it is necessary to carry and Ni are widely known. Further, Si, Mo, Ti and V are
layer that both protects the base metal and suppresses areas. out long-term exposure tests using numerous test known as complementary elements used to improve
specimens in order to judge whether weather resistance weather resistance in combination with Cu and Cr.
further corrosion. Fig. 3 shows the results of exposure tests in the is high or low. Further, a multiplier effect can be obtained by
F i g . 1 s h o w s t h e re s u l t s o f e x p o s u re t e s t s U.S. The corrosion in both Japan and the U.S. show the COR-TEN was developed in 1933 as a result of appropriately combing the use of these elements, and
conducted in an industrial area. It can be seen from the same trend, but the corrosion levels in the U.S. is only long-term exposure tests using 30,000 or more test thus higher weather resistance can be obtained by
figure that corrosion in COR-TEN is suppressed within 3 about 1/3 to 1/2 that in Japan. This seems attributable specimens. Since then, exposure tests and follow-up finding the optimum mix of elements from many
to 5 years. to differences in temperature and humidity between surveys of existing structures have been continued experiments.
Fig. 2 shows the results of exposure tests in Japan and the U.S. worldwide to further improve weather resistance.
Extensive knowledge has been obtained on the It is necessary for weathering steel to be
performance characteristics that weathering steel subjected to repeated wet-dry cycles in the
Fig. 1 Exposure Tests in Industrial Areas should possess and on the environmental conditions atmosphere in order to form protective rust
Amagasaki Tobata
required for weathering steel to fully demonstrate its Accordingly, when the surfaces of weathering steel are
unique weather resistance. The following offers a constantly submersed in water or wet earth, protective
腐食量loss (mm)

腐食量loss (mm)

summary introduction of such knowledge. rust does not form. Consequently, the application
environment such as this prevent the peculiar features
Exposure Tests (without eaves) of weathering steel from being fully utilized.
Corrosion

Corrosion

Further, protective rust is most likely to form in


sections subjected to sunlight and rainfall, but is less
likely to form in areas subjected to salts.
Because these environmental effects become
clear when steel products are exposed to the
曝露年数years
Exposure 曝露年数years
Exposure atmosphere in an as-rolled state, it is necessary in
unpainted applications of weathering steel to pay full
attention not only to the select of COR-TEN steel but
Fig. 2 Exposure Tests in Coastal Areas also to the purpose of its use and to the site where it is
Ashizuri-misaki to be used.
Sakaide Port (wharf) Weld joining material
(Use of welding material exclusively used for SAW)

Secular Changes in Rust Appearance


腐食量 loss (mm)

腐食量loss (mm)

In the initial stage of application, COR-TEN shows a yellowish appearance. This is followed by a gradual change
in the color of the protective rust from brown to a stable dark brown after one to two years in general application
Corrosion

environments. Afterwards, the coloration shows no clear change except perhaps to a deeper dark brown.
Corrosion

曝露年数 years
Exposure 曝露年数 years
Exposure

Fig. 3-1 Exposure Tests in Industrial Areas in U.S. Fig. 3-2 Exposure Tests in Coastal Areas in U.S.
Keanmy N. J. Kure Beach N.C. (The point 200 m from open sea)
腐食量 loss (mm)

腐食量 loss (mm)

(No exposure
A36 after 8 years)
(以後曝露せず)
Corrosion

Corrosion

(t×50×150mm)

曝露年数 years
Exposure 曝露年数years
Exposure 0.5 months 1.5 months 6 months 2 years 5 years 22 years 40 years

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NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

4 Unpainted use (Bare)


Application Examples

The unpainted application of COR-TEN not


only offers economical advantages but,
thanks to the calming color of the protective
rust, it also demonstrates excellent aesthetic
properties. Because of this, COR-TEN is
applied in a wide range of fields such as
buildings and monuments. Because the initial
outflow of rust dirties the surrounding area, it
is necessary to fully examine the application
site and the purpose for using COR-TEN and
to devise a structuring method.

Kanno Museum of Art (Miyagi) Photo: May 2007 (1 year after completion) Univ. OKAYAMA Pref. Alumni House: June 2013 (at time of completion)

Hokkaido Centennial Memorial Tower (Hokkaido)


Photo: Oct. 1969 (under construction)
Photo: Apr. 1973 (4 years after completion)

N Corporation (Tokyo) Photo: Oct. 2005 (40 years after completion) La Chapelle des Pommiers (Normandy, France; floor member; by Kyoji Takubo)
Photo 1999 (at time of completion)

Photo: Sep. 1977 (8 years after completion) Photo: May 1991 (22 years after completion) Photo: Jul. 2010 (41 years after completion) Shimane Museum of Ancient Izumo (Shimane) Photo: Oct. 2009 (3 years after completion) IRONHOUSE (Tokyo) Photo: Dec. 2009 (2 years after completion)

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NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

4 Unpainted use (Complementary Rust Stabilization Treatment)

COR-TEN can be applied without painting (in a bare


state), thus reducing the cost of repainting and other
repairs. However, there have been expressions of
concern during the first year or two when the protective
layer of fine-textured rust (protective layer) is forming.
These concerns usually referred to adverse landscaping
associated with the yellowish color of the initial rust and
to the contamination of surrounding areas caused by the
runoff of early-stage rust washed away by rainwater. As
a result, there have been obstacles linked to the use of
COR-TEN in spite of its superior economic advantages.
In order to solve these problems, supplementary
rust stabilization treatment was developed.
In the case of Complementary Rust Stabilization
Treatment, agents similar in color to rust have been
selected on the premise that the agents would be
converted to rust in the future. Recently, in order to meet
requests for the free selection of colors that harmonize No.2 Hozugawa Bridge (Kyoto) Photo: Sep. 2006 (18 years after completion) Ariake-tennis-no-mori (Tokyo) Photo: May 2007 (20 years after completion) Nagaragawa Baseball Stadium (Gifu) Photo: Oct. 2011 (22 years after completion)

with surrounding colors, Complementary Rust Stabilization


Treatment agents to which various colors can be applied.
Because the Complementary Rust Stabilization
Treatment agents will eventually be converted to rust, there
is a certain period when the color will cease, over time, to
remain uniform. When countermeasures are required from
a landscaping perspective, it is necessary to apply an easy
restoration treatment for surface layer film.

Nagano Municipal Museum of Art Viaduct Hokuriku Super-express (Niigata) Arakawa Bridge (Tokyo): Landscape type Complementary Rust Stabilization
(Nagano) Photo: Jun. 2005 (19 years after completion) Treatment (light blue) Photo: Jul. 2007 (6 years after completion)
Photo: Jul. 2006
(27 years after completion)

Nagano Municipal Museum of Art (Nagano) Photo: Aug. 1980 (8 months after completion) World Hall (Hyogo) Photo: Mar. 2010 (26 years after completion) Steel pier of Kitasaki Viaduct (Aichi): Landscape type Complementary Rust
Stabilization Treatment (white) Photo: Jul. 2007 (7 years after completion)

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NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

4 Painted use

When COR-TEN is painted, the required number of times


that repainting must be conducted can be reduced.
This advantage is believed to result from the fact
that, even when corrosion occurs in the base metal due
to defects in the painted film or to pinholes, the
corrosion progresses slowly and thus the occurrence of
blistering and peeling of the paint film is reduced.
By making the most of this advantage, COR-TEN is
applied in every field where steel is used̶ranging from
buildings to railway vehicle, marine containers, storage
tanks, industrial machinery and bridges.

High-speed passenger ship (Setouchi Sea Line) Flying Dome of Nihondaira Zoo (Shizuoka) Photo: Mar. 2011 (under constuction)

Arakawa Bridge (Tokyo)

Jinbocho Theater (Tokyo) Former Nippon Steel Head Office (Tokyo)


Tomari Bridge (Okinawa) Photo: Nov. 2004 (19 years after completion) Photo: Dec. 2007 (0.5 years after completion) Photo: Oct. 2009 (40 years after completion)

Garbage truck (ShinMaywa Industries, Ltd.) Concrete mixer car Container Gosha Inari Shrine (Aichi) Photo: Oct. 2005 (completion)

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NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

4 CORQ™ (Cast Metal)


CORQ™ is a registered trade name of Kyoji Takubo and NIPPON STEEL.
VINCOR™

CORQ is a cast metal product that has the features of VINCOR (VINtage COR-ten) is a product to consider the initial 9 years after completion
COR-TEN and is used mainly for floor materials. color tone with a state of being aged from shipment.
CORQ is produced and marketed by Okayama VINCOR is sold by Chikumakozai Co., Ltd
Casting Center (Tel: 8-86-277-5588). (Tel: 81-47-354-5721).

■ By using the index numbers that have a high correlation with colors,
the color tone is quantified and reproduced.
35
0.5 month after completion

Index showing the color tone


30
5 months of completion
25

20

15

10

0
0.1 1 10 100
Gold Apple by Kyoji Takubo (University of The Sacred Heart) Photo: Jun. 2017 Iiyama Church of the Resurrection Lapse of time (years) Partition wall in restaurant

Various Application Examples

Library of Rikuzen Takada city “place of recreation” Exhibition in 2016 at the Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum
Photo: Sep. 2013 (completion) “Tamasora” by Noe Aoki
Photo: Tadasu Yamamoto

Application of CORQ in floor Example of CORQ application Parts of CORQ “Stair in the Void” by Minoru Togashi (Yamagata) Kotohiragu cafe & restaurant “Kamitsubaki” (Kagawa) Yokohama Naka Ward Office (Kanagawa)
Photo: Jun. 2005 (4 years after completion) Photo: 2009 (2 years after completion) Photo: Oct. 2006 (23 years after completion)

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NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

5 Steel Grades and Features


Specification
Chemical Composition

(%)
Chemical Composition
Steel grade Designation Applicable thickness range (mm) Feature Main applications Destination Steel grade Designation
C Si Mn P S Cu Ni Cr Other elements value
Hot-rolled sheet and plate:1.6≦t≦76 ●Because of its high ●Sash, panel and other
Cold-rolled sheet:0.4≦t≦2.3
weather resistance, building exterior members
Highly weathering steel product COR-TEN O ≦0.12 0.25 0.20 0.07 ≦0.035 0.25 ≦0.65
0.30
─ ─
Highly weathering steel product COR-TEN O this grade is most ●Outer plate for rolling
~0.75 ~0.50 ~0.15 ~0.55 ~1.25
Shape:6≦t≦38 suitable for unpainted stock
Bar:5.5≦t≦44 application. ●Marine container
●Steel tower, etc

For domestic uses


●Because of its high ●Bridge 0.30 0.80 0.30 0.05 0.45 V:0.02
COR-TEN 490A/B/C ≦0.17 ≦0.035 ≦0.035 ─
weather resistance, this ●Steel frame, steel tower, ~0.65 ~1.25 ~0.40 ~0.30 ~0.65 ~0.10
Hot-rolled sheet and plate:6≦t≦50 grade can be used various platforms
COR-TEN 490A/B/C Unpainted specifications
Shape:6≦t≦38 without painting. ●Crane and other
Unpainted specifications ●Because of its high industrial machinery For welded structures
For welded structures weldability and notch ●Flood gate
Weathering steel product
toughness, this grade is ●Low-pressure gas holder,
Weathering steel product recommended for use water tank and other 0.40 0.80 0.30 0.05 0.45 V:0.02
COR-TEN 570 ≦0.17 ≦0.035 ≦0.035 ─
for welded structures. large-size vessels ~0.65 ~1.25 ~0.40 ~0.30 ~0.65 ~0.10
COR-TEN 570 Hot-rolled sheet and plate:6≦t≦50

●Featuring economical ●Column, beam and


Hot-rolled sheet and plate:1.6≦t≦12.7 NAW™ 400 ≦0.150 ≦0.050
0.20
≦0.40
NAW™ 400 advantage, this grade is outer plate of container ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─
Shape:3.2≦t≦12.7 recommended for use ●Ready-mixed concrete ~0.40
with painting. car General weathering
General weathering steel product ●Because of its high ●Small-capacity compressor
Hot-rolled sheet and plate:1.6≦t≦12.7 strength, NAW 490 tank
steel product
0.06 0.25
NAW™ 490 Cold-rolled sheet:0.4≦t≦2.3 offers a high wet NAW™ 490 ≦0.12 0.15 ≦0.90 ~0.12 ≦0.035 ~0.50 ─ ─ ≦Ti:0.15 ─
~0.35
Shape:3.2≦t≦12.7 abrasion resistance.

●Because of its high ●Bridge


NAW -TEN12
NAW -TEN™12 weather resistance, this ●Steel tower -400A/B/C ≦1.25 ─
0.50 0.70
-400A/B/C grade is most suitable ●Building exterior member
for unpainted use. ~ ~ ≦1.20
-490A/B/C ●Because of its high Ni-type highly -490A/B/C 1.00 1.70
-570 0.15 ≦1.40 ─
Ni-type highly weathering -570 Hot-rolled sheet and plate:6≦t≦100 weldability and notch weathering steel
toughness, this grade is
Highly weathering ≦0.18 ~ ≦0.035 ≦0.035 ≦0.08
steel product recommended for use NAW -TEN15 0.65
NAW -TEN™15 for welded structures. steel product -400A/B/C ≦1.25 0.30 2.50 ─
-400A/B/C ●The mechanical properties excluding
~ ~ ≦1.50
chemical composition conform to
-490A/B/C -490A/B/C 0.50 3.50
those in JIS SMA standards.
-570 ≦1.40 ─
-570

For overseas uses


●Because of its high ●Sash, panel and other
weather resistance, building exterior members
Highly weathering steel product
Highly weathering steel product COR-TEN A t≦12.7
this grade is most ●Outer plate for rolling
COR-TEN A ≦0.12 0.25 0.20 0.07 ≦0.05 0.25 ≦0.65 0.50 ─ ─
suitable for unpainted stock ~0.75 ~0.50 ~0.15 ~0.55 ~1.25
application. ●Marine container
●Steel tower, etc
Hot-rolled
●Because ●Bridge
sheet and of its high weather
COR-TEN B t≦200 resistant, this grade can be ●Steel frame, steel tower,
plate various platforms COR-TEN B 0.30 0.80 0.25 0.40 V:0.02
≦0.19 ~0.65 ~1.25 ≦0.04 ≦0.05 ~0.40 ≦0.40 ~0.65 ~0.10
Unpainted specifications used without painting. Unpainted specifications
●Because of its high ●Crane and other COR-TEN B-QT
For welded structures COR-TEN B-QT t≦100 weldability and notch industrial machinery For welded structures ─
●Flood gate
Weathering steel product toughness, this grade is Weathering steel product
●Low-pressure gas holder,
recommended for use 0.30 0.80 0.25
COR-TEN C t≦25 for welded structures. water tank and other COR-TEN C ≦0.19 ≦0.04 ≦0.05 ≦0.40 0.40 V:0.04
large-size vessels ~0.65 ~1.35 ~0.40 ~0.70 ~0.10

Notes: Notes:
1) For unpainted uses, COR-TEN O, COR-TEN 490, COR-TEN 570, NAW-TEN™ 12 and NAW-TEN™ 15 are applied. A parameter to weather-resistant alloying elements (ν value) is given by the following equation. Unit: mass%
2) Thicknesses or diameters other than those listed in the above table are subject to the agreement between the orderer and us. ν value=1/{(1.0-0.16[ C]) ×(1.05-0.05[ Si]) ×(1.04-0.016[ Mn]) ×(1.0-0.5[ P]) ×(1.0+1.9[ S]) ×
(1.0-0.10[ Cu]) ×(1.0-0.12[ Ni])
×
3) Bar includes bar-in-coil. But the diameter of bar-in-coil should be 32 mm or less. (1.0-0.3 [Mo] )
× (1.0-1.7 [Ti])}
4) Regarding the grade other than those shown above, equivalent grades can be manufactured. Please consult us in advance. C. Miki, A. Ichikawa, M. Ukai, S. Takemura, T. Nakayama and H. Kihira: Proposal of Weather-resistant Alloying Parameters and Weather
5) NAW™ and NAW-TEN™ are a registered trade name of NIPPON STEEL. Resistance Assessment Methods, Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, No. 738/1-64, pp 271-281, July 2003
6) Shapes are constantly not manufactured, so please consult us in advance concerning designations (only A and B) and size selection.

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NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

5 Mechanical Properties

Tension test *Bending test


(180°
bending) **Impact test
Designation Product Thickness or diameter Yield point Tensile strength Elongation Test piece Thickness or diameter Test piece Test temperature Charpy absorbed energy Test piece
Inner radius Symbol
mm N/mm2 N/mm2 Thickness or diameter mm Elongation % JIS mm JIS °C J JIS
Cold-rolled sheet t≦2.3 315≦ 450≦ ─ 24≦ No.5 ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─
t≦5 22≦ No.5 t≦5 1.0t No.3 ─ ─ ─ ─
t≦20 355≦ 490≦ 5<t≦16 18≦
Hot-rolled sheet and plate No.1A
16<t≦38 21≦
COR-TEN O Shape 20<t≦38 325≦ 460≦ 5<t 1.0t No.1 ─ ─ ─ ─
21≦ No.1A
38<t 295≦ 430≦ 38<t
23≦ No.4
Bar D≦38 325≦ 460≦ D≦25 20≦ No.2 D≦32 1.5D ─ ─ ─ ─
No.2
Bar-in-coil 38<D 295≦ 430≦ 25<D 23≦ No.3 32<D 2.0D ─ ─ ─ ─
t≦16 360≦ t≦16 15≦
Hot-rolled sheet and plate No.1A B 0 27≦
COR-TEN 490 A/B/C 16<t≦40 355≦ 490~610 16<t 19≦ ─ ─ ─
Shape
40<t 335≦ 40<t 21≦ No.4 C 0 47≦ V-notch
t≦16 460≦ t≦16 19≦ Rolling direction
No.5
COR-TEN 570 Hot-rolled sheet and plate 16<t≦40 450≦ 570~720 16<t 26≦ ─ ─ ─ ─ -5 47≦
40<t 430≦ 20<t 20≦ No.4
Hot-rolled sheet and plate t≦5 21≦ No.5 ─ 1.0t No.3 ─ ─ ─ ─
NAW 400 ─ 245≦ 400~510
Shape 5<t 17≦ No.1A ─ 1.5t No.1 ─ ─ ─ ─
Cold-rolled sheet ─ 345≦ 460≦ t≦2.3 22≦ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─ ─
NAW 490 Hot-rolled sheet and plate t<6 22≦ No.5 ─ 1.0t No.3 ─ ─ ─ ─
─ 390≦ 490≦
Shape 6≦t 23≦ ─ 1.5t No.1 ─ ─ ─ ─
t≦16 245≦ t≦16 17≦ A ─ ─
NAW-TEN12-400 A/B/C No.1A
Hot-rolled sheet and plate 16<t≦40 235≦ 400~540 16<t 21≦ ─ ─ ─ B 27≦
NAW-TEN15-400 A/B/C 0
40<t≦100 215≦ 40<t≦100 23≦ No.4 C 47≦
t≦16 365≦ t≦16 15≦ A ─ ─
No.1A
NAW-TEN12-490 A/B/C 16<t≦40 355≦ 16<t 19≦ B 27≦
Hot-rolled sheet and plate 490~610 ─ ─ ─ V-notch
NAW-TEN15-490 A/B/C 40<t≦75 335≦ 0
40<t≦100 21≦ No.4 C 47≦ Rolling direction
75<t≦100 325≦
t≦16 460≦ t≦16 19≦
No.5
NAW-TEN12-570 16<t≦40 450≦ 16<t 26≦
Hot-rolled sheet and plate 570~720 ─ ─ ─ ─ -5 47≦
NAW-TEN15-570 40<t≦75 430≦
20<t≦100 20≦ No.4
75<t≦100 420≦
─ 22≦ ***50
COR-TEN A ≦12.7 345≦ 485≦ ***200
─ 18≦
─ 21≦ ***50
≦100 345≦ 485≦ ***200
─ 18≦
COR-TEN B ***50
100 over t≦125 315≦ 460≦ ─ 21≦
Hot-rolled sheet and plate 125 over t≦200 290≦ 435≦ ─ 21≦ ***50
COR-TEN B-QT ≦100 485≦ 620/760 ─ 19≦ ***50
***50 *Can be eliminated unless otherwise orderer specifies
─ 21≦ **Applied to steel product with thicknesses more than12 mm
COR-TEN C ≦25 415≦ 550≦ ***200
─ 16≦ ***Test piece Gage length, mm

16 17
NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

6 Plate
Available Size

As Roll (products other than those listed in the table on page 18) Heat Treatment (COR-TEN 570, COR-TEN B-QT, NAW-TEN12-570, NAW-TEN15-570)
Standard available sizes Standard available sizes
Width 1200 Width 1200
   mm 1000 Over 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400    mm 1000 Over 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400




1200 1400 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4500
Thickness 1600 1800 2000 2200 2400 2600 2800 3000 3200 3400 3600 3800 4000 4200 4400 4500 Thickness
or less or less or less or less
mm mm
6 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 6 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 12.0
over 6 7 incl 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 over 6 7 incl 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 14.0
7 8 15.0 15.0 7 8 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 15.0
8 9 23.0 23.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 8 9 20.0
9 10 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 9 10 20.0
10 12 10 12 21.0 21.0 21.0
12 14 12 14 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0
14 16 14 16 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
16 18 16 18 22.0
18 20 18 20 22.0
20 22 20 22 22.0 22.0
22 24 22 24
24 26 22.0 22.0 24 26
26 28 22.0 21.0 20.0 26 28 21.0 21.0
28 30 22.0 21.0 20.0 19.0 19.0 28 30 21.0 20.0 20.0
30 32 22.0 21.0 20.0 19.0 18.0 18.0 30 32 21.0 19.0 19.0 18.0
32 34 21.0 20.0 19.0 18.0 17.0 17.0 32 34 20.0 19.0 18.0 18.0 17.0
34 36 20.0 19.0 18.0 17.0 16.0 16.0 34 36 20.0 19.0 18.0 17.0 17.0 16.0
36 38 19.0 18.0 17.0 16.0 15.0 15.0 36 38 20.0 19.0 18.0 17.0 16.0 16.0 15.0
38 40 18.0 17.0 16.0 15.0 14.0 14.0 38 40 21.0 19.0 18.0 17.0 16.0 15.0 14.0
40 42 14.0 13.0 12.0 12.0 11.0 11.0 40 42 21.0 20.0 18.0 17.0 16.0 15.0 14.0
42 44 42 44 21.0 20.0 19.0 15.0 13.0 13.0
13.0
44 46 44 46 19.0 17.0 16.0 15.0 14.0
46 48 46 48 21.0 20.0 18.0 17.0 16.0 15.0 14.0 12.0 12.0
48 50 48 50 20.0 19.0 16.0 15.0 13.0 12.0
50 52 21.5 19.5 19.5 18.0 17.0 15.5 14.5 14.0 13.0 12.5 11.5 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.0 50 52 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 21.5 19.5 18.0 17.0 15.5 14.5 14.0 13.0 12.5 11.5 11.5 11.0 10.5 10.0
52 54 52 54
54 56 54 56
56 58 56 58
58 60 58 60
60 65 18.5 17.0 17.0 15.5 14.5 13.5 12.5 12.0 11.5 11.0 10.0 9.5 9.0 9.0 8.5 60 65 20.5 18.5 17.0 15.5 14.5 13.5 12.5 12.0 11.5 11.0 10.0 9.5 9.0 9.0 8.5
65 70 15.5 65 70
70 75 22.5 20.0 16.0 15.0 15.0 13.5 12.5 12.0 11.0 10.5 10.0 9.5 9.0 8.5 8.5 8.5 70 75 22.5 20.0 19.0 16.0 15.0 13.5 12.5 12.0 11.0 10.5 10.0 9.5 9.0 8.5 8.0 7.5 7.5
75 80 75 80 18.0
80 85 20.0 17.5 14.5 13.0 13.0 12.5 11.5 11.5 9.5 9.0 8.5 8.5 80 85 22.5 20.0 17.5 16.0 14.5 13.0 12.5 11.5 10.5 10.0 9.5 9.0 8.5 8.0 7.5 7.0 7.0 6.5
85 90 85 90
90 95 21.0 18.0 16.0 13.0 12.0 12.0 11.5 8.5 8.5 8.0 90 95 20.0 18.0 16.0 14.5 13.0 12.0 11.0 10.5 9.5 9.0 8.5 8.0 7.5 7.0 6.5 6.5 6.0 6.0
95 100 95 100
Notes: Notes:
1) The figure in the table indicates the maximum length (m) of plate. 1) The figure in the table indicates the maximum length (m) of plate.
2) The minimum length shall be 3 m. 2) The minimum length shall be 3 m.
3) Regarding the applicable plate thickness, please refer to “Specifications” on page 13. 3) Regarding the applicable plate thickness, please refer to “Specifications” on page 13.

18 19
NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

6 Hot-rolled Sheet and Cold-rolled Sheet


7 Physical Properties (Example)
Characteristic Properties

Hot-rolled Sheet (COR-TEN O) Elastic Modulus (Unit:N/mm2)

18.0×600 18.0×1200 18.0×1690 COR-TEN O 19.3~20.7×104


18
18.0×600
16 15.0×1690 NAW 490 20.5×104
14
<20.74×104N/mm(18˚C)
2

Thickness(mm)

12 Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (Unit:×10-6/˚C)


Temperature range
10 (from room temperature) Up to 100˚C Up to 200˚C Up to 300˚C Up to 400˚C Up to 500˚C Up to 600˚C
COR-TEN O 10.5 11.8 12.8 13.4 13.5 13.6
8
NAW 490 ─ ─ 13.0 ─ ─ 13.8
6 <11.16~11.28×10 / ˚C
(20˚C)

-6

Specific Heat (NAW 490)


4 3.2×600
3.2×1690 Temperature(˚C) 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600
2 1.2×600 1.2×1350 2.0×1690 Specific heat 0.105 0.111 0.122 0.105 0.128 0.134 0.140 0.145 0.150 0.164 0.176 0.198
1.4×1600
<0.1136~0.1146
(20˚C)

0
400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000 2200
Thermal Conductivity (NAW 490)
Width(mm)
Legend: (˚C)
Temperature cal/cm sec˚C kcal/m hr˚C
Black figure: Available size range of hot-rolled coil -1
100 1.34×10 48.2
Blue figure: HCL available size range (available length: 1800~12700 mm)
※The available size range differs depending on the steel grade and size. Please inquire us for every lot of orders. 200 1.18×10-1 42.5

Cold-rolled Sheet 300 1.05×10-1 37.8


-1
400 0.94×10 33.8
3.0
-1
500 0.86×10 31.0
2.8
2.6
600 0.80×10-1 28.8

2.4 <43~52kcal/m hr˚C


(20˚C)

2.3×615 2.3×1275
2.2 Electrical Resistance (NAW 490)
Thickness(mm)

2.0 (˚C)
Temperature 20 100 200 300 400 500 600
1.8
(μΩ cm) 20.3
Resistivity 23.8 29.4 38.5 50.4 63.6 79.2
1.6
<13.7~15.8μΩ cm
(20˚C)

1.4
1.2 < >: Value of “mild steel (C: 0.12~0.20%) specified in
Handbook on Mechanical Engineering (The Japan Society
1.0 of Mechanical Engineers)
0.8 0.8×1260 0.8×1275
0.6 0.6×1250 0.6×1260
0.5×1200
0.4
0.4×615 0.4×1200
0.2
0
500 700 900 1100 1300 1500 1700 1900
Width(mm)

20 21
NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

7 Chemical Composition, Mechanical Properties (Example)

Chemical Composition and Tensile Test Values


(%)
Chemical composition Tensile test value
Designation Product Thickness
mm Yield point Tensile strength Elongation Test piece
C Si Mn P S Cu Ni Cr V Ti
N/mm2 N/mm2 % JIS

Cold-rolled sheet 1.2 0.08 0.45 0.38 0.115 0.018 0.28 0.12 0.60 ─ ─ 345 500 33 No.5
3.2 0.08 0.43 0.40 0.094 0.005 0.28 0.17 0.59 ─ ─ 404 536 35 No.5
COR-TEN O
Hot-rolled sheet and plate 6.0 0.08 0.43 0.41 0.096 0.005 0.28 0.17 0.59 ─ ─ 392 524 27 No.1A
9.0 0.08 0.44 0.41 0.095 0.004 0.28 0.16 0.61 ─ ─ 382 520 26 No.1A
12 0.13 0.26 1.01 0.008 0.006 0.32 0.11 0.46 0.03 ─ 395 530 26 No.1A
COR-TEN 490 Hot-rolled sheet and plate 25 0.15 0.45 0.96 0.019 0.005 0.33 0.12 0.47 0.06 ─ 385 520 27 No.1A
42 0.15 0.46 0.96 0.018 0.005 0.32 0.11 0.46 0.06 ─ 385 520 33 No.4
19 0.09 0.35 1.21 0.016 0.006 0.32 0.12 0.50 0.04 ─ 570 661 36 No.5
COR-TEN 570 Hot-rolled sheet and plate 25 0.09 0.36 1.19 0.015 0.005 0.33 0.13 0.53 0.04 ─ 540 640 28 No.4
32 0.09 0.35 1.22 0.014 0.004 0.34 0.12 0.52 0.03 ─ 540 640 27 No.4
NAW 400 Hot-rolled sheet and plate 2.0 0.07 0.18 0.55 0.043 0.018 0.28 ─ 0.35 ─ ─ 305 450 36 No.5
2.3 ─ ─ ─ 432 547 31 No.5
NAW 490 Hot-rolled sheet and plate 0.08 0.20 0.62 0.066 0.004 0.27 0.03
8.0 ─ ─ ─ 433 535 34 No.5

Fatigue Test Results High-temperature Tension Test Results Creep Rupture Strength (105 hours, estimated)
Maximum cyclic stress

Stress

Stress
●Loading type: Pulsating tension Tensile 0.2% offset
strength yield strength
●Minimum load: 20N/mm2
●Frequency: 500c.p.m.
●Test piece condition: As black scaled

Cyclic numbers up to fracture Test temperature Temperature

22 23
NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

7 Paint durability (Example) Paint Film Deterioration Tests (Example)

■Corrosion Tests for COR- Corrosion Test Results (Kure Beach N.C. 180 ft site, 365 days) Using COR-TEN O, Cu-containing steel and ordinary carbon steel in industrial, semi-rural and coastal areas, H.R. Copson
TEN below Paint Film and C.P. Larrabee jointly surveyed paint deterioration and corrosion rates over an 8- year span. The results of the survey
Corrosion rate mg/100cm2/day are shown below. The test results show that the higher the corrosion resistance of the steel grade, the longer the service
COR-TEN, ordinary carbon steel and Painting condition Magnification
0.2% Cu steel were painted and Ordinary steel COR-TEN life of the paint film. The service life of paint applied to COR-TEN is expected to be 1.5 times (2 times on average) greater
exposed to the atmosphere for one than for other steel materials.
Bare material 212 13 16
year. The results of tests comparing
the corrosion rates of the metal Direct painting on substrate surface 55 1 55 Chemical Composition
beneath the respective paint films are X marking on the above surface 97 1 97 (%)
Chemical Composition
Steel grade
shown in the table at the right. C Si Mn P S Cu Ni Cr
In the test, the surfaces were Painting after phosphate treatment 26 0.3 87
Cold-rolled sheet 0.03 0.003 0.27 0.009 0.020 0.03 0.02 0.02
prepared with a phosphate treatment, X marking on the above painting 40 0.3 133 Carbon steel
given a primer undercoat, and were Hot-rolled sheet and plate 0.17 0.027 0.40 0.013 0.034 0.04 0.02 0.05
top-coated using an urea-type alkyd Only primer coating on substrate surface 210 7 30 Cold-rolled sheet 0.05 0.003 0.40 0.004 0.016 0.28 0.07 0.03
Cu-containing steel
coating. Following this, the identical Primer coating after phosphate pretreatment 133 6 22 Hot-rolled sheet and plate 0.16 0.016 0.25 0.006 0.024 0.21 0.04 0.02
test specimens were given the same
Cold-rolled sheet 0.08 0.65 0.30 0.09 0.020 0.41 0.48 0.85
flaw, a diagonal break in the paint COR-TEN O
film, after which they were exposed to
No Phosphate Treatment Hot-rolled sheet and plate 0.09 0.60 0.37 0.10 0.022 0.37 0.46 0.92
the atmosphere. Photos at right show ●Ordinary steel ●0.2%Cu steel ●COR-TEN
the test conditions in the 8th month. It Corrosion Test Results for Painted Test Pieces: Number of Years of Paint Deteriorationb)
is clear from the test results that Kearny, New Jersey South Bend, Pennsylvania Kure Beach, North Carolina
COR-TEN exhibits high performances (Industrial area) (Semi-rural area) (Coastal area, 800 ft from sea)a)
in every coating condition, and that,
Steel grade By rolling Red- Zinc Iron Red- Zinc Iron Red- Zinc Iron
the corrosion rate of COR-TEN is 5
times good on than that of 0.2% Cu lead chromate oxide lead chromate oxide lead chromate oxide
steel and 70 times good than that of primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating
ordinary carbon steel. Bonderizing Primer
Carbon steel 3.0 2.0 2.5 2.0 3.0 2.0 4.0 c) 4.0
●Ordinary steel ●0.2%Cu steel ●COR-TEN Cu-containing steel Hot rolling 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.0 8.0 2.0 5.0 c) 5.0
COR-TEN O 4.5 4.5 c) c) c) c) 6.5 c) c)
Carbon steel 2 2 c) c) c) c) d) c) d)
Cu-containing steel Cold rolling c) c) c) c) c) c) d) c) d)
COR-TEN O c) c) c) c) c) c) d) c) d)

Corrosion Test Results for Painted Test Pieces: Rust Occurrence Rate after Lapse of 8 Years
■Exposure Tests for Painted Exposure Test Results for Painted Steel Pieces
Materials in Industrial Areas Kearny, New Jersey South Bend, Pennsylvania Kure Beach, North Carolina
●4-year exposure (Amagasaki) ●8-year exposure (Hirohata)
(Industrial area) (Semi-rural area) (Coastal area, 800 ft from sea)a)
Atmospheric exposure tests were
conducted in Amagasaki and Himeji Steel grade By rolling Red- Zinc Zinc Red- Zinc Iron Red- Zinc Iron
(Hirohata) on test specimens that lead chromate oxide lead chromate oxide lead chromate oxide
were given three layers of zinc oxide primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating primer coating
paint over a wash primer and then
given an artificial flaw. The test results Carbon steel 90 50 100 90 25 99 60 Trace 100
are shown in the photos at right. Cu-containing steel Hot rolling 50 13 90 10 3 10 30 Trace 50
It is understood from the photos COR-TEN O 10 3 1 Trace Trace 0 Trace Trace Trace
that there is a great difference
Carbon steel 25 50 98 0.3 0 0.1 0d) 0 100
between COR-TEN and ordinary steel
vis-à-vis rust originating from an Cu-containing steel Cold rolling Trace 0 Trace 0.1 0 Trace 0 d)
0 80
artificial flaw. COR-TEN O 0 0 0 0 Trace 0 0d) 0 0d)
Notes:
a) The test piece of cold-rolled carbon steel caused corrosion from its rear side, and pitting occurred in 8 years, leading to nearly damage.
b) When the breach of paint coatings occurs on the 2% of the sheet surface, including the cut edges, it is defined as deterioration of painting.
c) Paint breach: Less than 2% even when 8 years have passed
SS 400 COR-TEN 490 SS 400 COR-TEN 490 d) Rust below paint film caused discoloration, and the film was not breached.

24 25
NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

7 Impact Properties and Abrasion Resistance (Example) Weldability (Example)

Impact Properties Steels containing P─such as Taper Hardness Test Results


COR-TEN O, NAW 400 and NAW
Charpy Transition Curve (V-notch (Sub-size test piece 5×10 mm in plate thickness of 6 mm)) 490-are likely to suffer hot cracking Welding direction Arc strike
during welding and are thus not
Brittle fracture ratio(%)

recommended for use in welded


structures requiring heavy-gauge
(mm)
members that are ≧13 mm in
Plate thickness
Plate thickness
thickness. (mm)

For welded structure applica- Arc strike

tions, it is recommended to adopt


NAW K-400, COR-TEN 490 and
COR-TEN 570 having high weld-
ability. These products are low in
(J)

hardenability, highly resistant to


weld cracking and offer high joint
Absorbed energy

Hardness of heat-affected zone


performance.

Test temperature(˚C)
(˚C/sec)
Cooling rate at 540˚C
(Plate thickness) (6mm)
COR-TEN O (6mm)
NAW490 (20mm)
COR-TEN 490 (20mm)
COR-TEN570
L-direction C-direction (sec)
Cooling time from 800˚C to 500˚C

Abrasion Resistance
Abrasion Resistance to Wet Sand Y-groove Weld Cracking Test Results (COR-TEN 490)
Plate thickness : 19mm Plate thickness : 38mm

(%)

(%)
Root cracking

Crack occurrence ratio

Crack occurrence ratio


Section cracking

Surface cracking
Abrasion loss

(˚C)
Initial temperature of plate (˚C)
Initial temperature of plate
Plate thickness : 32mm Plate thickness : 42mm
(%)

(%)
( ) : HB hardness
Crack occurrence ratio

Crack occurrence ratio


Test piece   10φ×120mm
Revolution rotation number 1,000/hr
Revolution radius 180mm
Autorotation number 5,000/hr

( ×104)
Number of rotation
(˚C)
Initial temperature of plate (˚C)
Initial temperature of plate

26 27
NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

7 Weld Joint Properties (Example) Workability (Example)

Weld Joint Hardness Distribution ■Cold Bending ■Cutting


It is considered that thin-gauge plates of COR-TEN O and Both shear cutting and gas cutting can be applied to
■COR-TEN 490 (25mm) (SMAW, As-welded) ■COR-TEN 490 (25mm) (SAW, As-welded)
NAW 490 are most commonly used with cold bending. COR-TEN in the same way as ordinary steel products. In
When cold bending is applied under the conditions applying gas cutting to COR-TEN 570, the hardness
●Welding rod : CT-16 4mmφ ●Welding material : CT-350×Y-D
Measurement
●Current : 160~240Amp Measurement shown in the table below, favorable results can be slightly increases near by cutting area. This level of
line line ●Current : 800A
●Voltage : 26~33Volt ●Voltage : 33V obtained. increase in hardness does not exert any appreciable
●Welding speed : 10~30cm/min ●Welding speed : 28cm/min
●Initial temperature of plate:
effect on the subsequent fabrication processes, but when
●Initial temperature of plate:
 Room temperature  Room temperature Plate thickness Minimum inner bending radius preheating and postheating are applied before and after
gas cutting, the subsequent cold working is favorably
≦1.6 1t
attained.
over 1.6, ≦6.0 2t
HAZ HAZ HAZ HAZ over 6.0, ≦20 3t ■Spot Heating and Linear Heating for
(Hv10kg)
(Hv10kg)

Base metal Weld metal Base metal Base Weld metal Base
metal metal
Stress Relief
■Drilling and Machining Stress relief of COR-TEN can be undertaken by means of
Vickers hardness
Vickers hardness

When drilling and machining COR-TEN 490 and spot heating and linear heating. When COR-TEN is
COR-TEN 590, tool damage is reduced and fine finishes heated to relieve stress in the same way as ordinary steel,
are made possible using fabrication speeds slightly lower no deterioration in material quality occurs.
than those for SM490 and SM570. The standard When the heating temperature is elevated beyond
applicable fabrication speeds are 2/3 the speed used with 800˚C, due care should be taken because the material
Center Center
SS400 for drilling and 3/7 the speed for machining. strength and surface hardness increase while toughness
tends to decrease.
It is recommended that COR-TEN 570 be treated in
■Hot Working the same way as SM570.
Aside from COR-TEN 570, all grades of COR-TEN steel
can be hot-worked in the same way as ordinary carbon
Charpy Impact Test Results for Weld Joint of COR-TEN 490 steel. Because COR-TEN 570 is quenched and tempered,
it undergoes changes in material quality and suffers
■Manual weld joint (25mm) ■Submerged arc weld joint (25mm) drops in yield point and tensile strength when hot
●Preheating temperature : 50˚C ●Preheating temperature :
Base metal  Interpass temperature : 100˚C  Room temperature
working is applied at temperatures higher than the
(%)

(%)

Weld metal ●Welding rod : CT-16 4.0φ  Interpass temperature : 150˚C tempering temperature. It is recommended that hot
●Current : 180A ●Welding rod : CT-350×Y-D (4.8φ) working be conducted at temperatures of 600˚C or lower.
Brittle fracture ratio

Brittle fracture ratio

●Voltage : 24V ●Current : 800A


●Welding speed : 13cm/min ●Voltage : 33V
Bond
●Welding speed : 28cm/min
HAZ
(J)

(J)
Absorbed energy

Absorbed energy

(˚C)
Test temperature (˚C)
Test temperature
New welding materials brand show in p30.

28 29
NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

8 Welding Materials
Joint Materials
Bolt Joints

The following welding materials for use with COR-TEN are prepared by NIPPON STEEL WELDING & ENGINEERING (1) Weather-resistant High-strength Bolts
CO.,LTD.
F10TW and S10TW, and F10TMR and S10TMR are available as high-strength bolts for use with
Welding Materials and Examples of Characteristic Properties weathering steel. It is recommended that F10TMR and S10TMR be used with the NAW-TEN series.
Tensile property Impact property For more details, inquire at NIPPON STEEL BOLTEN CORPORATION (Phone: 81-6-6682-3261).
Welding Yield Tensile
Designation Brand name Characteristics Elongation Temperature vE
method point strength
(Mpa) (Mpa) (%) (˚C) (J) ■Applicable sizes: M16~M24
Weldability is excellent in all positions. For the
NSSW CT-03Cr
welding of a thin plate less than 9mm. 500 570 29 0 110
SMAW
■Chemical Composition (Standard Values)
Extra low hydrogen type electrode for welding of
NSSW CT-16Cr medium and thick plates in all positions. Crack 500 560 30 0 240
resistance and mechanical properties are excellent. (mass%)
Diffusible hydrogen content is extremely low and
Chemical composition
NSSW SF-50W weld metal shows excellent crack resistance. 500 580 26 0 100  
Material C Si Mn P S Cu Ni Cr Al Mo B
Weldability is excellent in all positions.
FCAW
NSSW SM-50FW
Diffusible hydrogen content is extremely low and
weld metal shows excellent crack resistance. 510 590 27 0 74
NWB110 0.20~0.25 0.15~0.25 0.70~0.90 ≦0.030 ≦0.030 0.30~0.50 0.30~0.50 0.60~0.80 0.040~0.080 ─ 0.0010~0.0030
Weldability is excellent in horizontal fillet welding.
COR-TEN 490 GMA welding wire for all positions. Welding of NWB110-MR 0.20~0.25 0.15~0.25 0.40~0.60 ≦0.030 ≦0.030 0.30~0.50 2.50~3.50 ─ ─ 0.15~0.25 0.0010~0.0025
NSSW FGC-55 (P specifications) ※1 atmospheric corrosion resisting steel (P specifications) 460 570 25 0 180
COR-TEN B for various structural works.
GMAW GMA welding wire for all positions to be used with
NSSW YM-55W CO2 shield gas. Weldability is good in wide 580 630 27 0 90
■Mechanical Properties (Standard Values)
current range.

NSSW YF-15B × NSSW Y-CNCW For flat fillet and butt welding. 510 600 27 0 120

SAW NSSW NF-810 × NSSW Y-CNCW ※2 For fillet and butt welding.
480 600 23 0 47
Bolts
(vE0˚C : more than 27J)
Mechanical Properties of Test Pieces Mechanical Properties of Bolts
※2 For fillet and butt welding.
NSSW NF-820 × NSSW Y-CNCW
(vE0˚C : more than 47J) 490 570 27 0 76
Yield strength Tensile strength Elongation Reduction of area Minimum tension load kN
Extra low hydrogen type electrode in all positions. Class by mechanical property Class by mechanical property Hardness
SMAW NSSW CT-60Cr It assures excellent weldability, X-ray properties, 520 610 25 −18 180 N/mm2 N/mm2 % % M16 M20 M22 M24
crack resistance and mechanical properties.
Diffusible hydrogen content is extremely low and
NSSW SF-60W weld metal shows excellent crack resistance. 630 685 22 −5 115 F10TW(S10TW) F10TW(S10TW)
900≦ 1000~1200 14≦ 40≦ 157 245 303 353 27~38HRC
FCAW
Weldability is excellent in all positions.
F10TMR(S10TMR) F10TMR(S10TMR)
Diffusible hydrogen content is extremely low and
COR-TEN 570 NSSW SM-60FW weld metal shows excellent crack resistance.
Weldability is excellent in horizontal fillet welding.
540 620 23 −5 70 Note: The tension test is conducted using JIS Z2201 No. 4 test piece. Effective section of bolt(mm2) 157 245 303 353 ─
COR-TEN B-QT GMA welding wire for all positions to be used with Note: The figure in the table shows the minimum tension load that
GMAW NSSW YM-60W CO2 shield gas. Weldability is good in wide 540 640 26 −5 110
current range. can withstand up to the bolt fracture when the tension test is
conducted by inserting the wedge into the bearing surface of bolt
NSSW YF-15B × NSSW Y-60W For flat fillet and butt welding. 520 630 29 −5 88
and on the condition of no breakage of bolt head.
SAW
NSSW NF-820 × NSSW Y-60W For fillet welding. 540 640 25 −5 66
Nuts
Class by mechanical
Notes: ※1 NSSW FGC-55 is P specifications (Paint). Other materials are W specifications. property Hardness Guaranteed load
※2 NSSW NF-810 is SAW flux for COR-TEN490B. NSSW NF-820 is SAW flux for COR-TEN490C.
  ● Regarding the welding materials for NAW-TEN series, refer to the catalog prepared exclusively for the series. F10W Same as minimum
95HRB~35HRC
F10MR tension load of bolt
■Exposure Test Results for Weld
Joints Base metal
COR-TEN 490–CT-16
Manual welding test specimens were prepared for Weld joint CT-16 is conventional welding material
COR-TEN 490 and WEL-TEN™ 590 in order to (welding material) (Production discontinuation)
WEL-TEN 590–NSSW L-60 Washers
compare the rates of corrosion between these two
Corrosion loss (mm)

specimens and base metal specimens (no joints)- Class by mechanical


property Hardness
the results are shown in the figure on the right. The
test results show that the weld joints of both F35W
35~45HRC
COR-TEN 490 and WEL-TEN 590 have weather F35MR
resistance similar to the base metal.
WEL-TEN™ is a registered trade name of NIPPON STEEL.

Inquiry: NIPPON STEEL WELDING & ENGINEERING CO.,LTD.


Shingu Bldg., 4-2 Toyo 2-chome, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-0016 JAPAN
TEL.+81-3-6388-9000 FAX.+81-3-6388-9160 Exposure year
URL.www.weld.nipponsteel.com

30 31
NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION

8
MEMO

Bolt Joints

■Characteristic Performance Tests


Weather Resistance of High-strength Bolts
The exposure test results (1 year) for various kinds of high-strength bolts are shown in the figure below.
It is understood from the figure that these bolts demonstrate high characteristic performances.

Weather Resistance of Various High-strength Bolts (1st year) Secular Changes


Industrial area
16 Industrial area
14 (S40C)
Carbon steel
Coastal industrial area
14 (lapse of 1 year)
12

) )
12
2

2
(gr/dm

(gr/dm
10
2
(gr/dm Ordinary steel
10 high-strength bolt
2

8
 gr/dm

 gr/dm
rate

腐食減量 rate

8
Corrosion

Corrosion

6
腐食減量

腐食減量

6 Weather-resistant
4 high-strength bolt
4
2
2
0.5     1    1.5     2    2.5     0.5
0 Exposure試験期間
period(年)
(year)
S40C SAE1024B SCM3 NWB110
(試料は所定の強度レベルに熱処理 した
(Test piece: Heat-treated to もの)
prescribed strength level)

Delayed Fracture Strength


High-humidity atmospheric delayed fracture tests and tightening exposure delayed fracture tests were conducted to
survey the delayed fracture strength.

High-humidity Atmospheric Delayed Fracture Tests Tightening Exposure Delayed Fracture Tests
Main points in the test Main points of the test
●Test method…Round bar notch tension test (stress concentration coefficient 4.5) ●Bolt size……………………………………………………M22×85
●Load stress…………………………………………………0.9N.T.S ●Tightening plate……………………………………………WT60R
●Atmosphere…Saturated vapor atmosphere(humidity:36~37˚C) ●Tightening outline…Nut rotation angle method(0.9N max.); Plastic range tightening
●Exposure site……………………………………Minoshima Coast
Test results
Delayed fracture time(hrs) Fracture condition(as of December 31, 1992)
Bolt
200 600 1000 1400 1800
Bolt Date to start exposure Number of test piece Fracture number
Weather-resistant 1264
high-strength bolt
1483 Weather-resistant high-strength bolt November 28, 1978 10 0
1153

Ordinary steel 1396


high-strength bolt 1202

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