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Chapter 2

METHOD

This chapter gives the description of the research method and the

procedure of the study, which includes the sampling technique, the research

instruments and statistical tools.

Research Design

This research employs the quantitative – non experimental design

utilizing correlational technique. Quantitative research design is a formal,

objective, systematic process in which numerical data are used to obtain

information about the variables. It is used to describe and examine

relationships between and among variables (Lamar, 2005). Correlational

research is a quantitative method of research in which you have two or more

quantitative variables from the same group of subjects. This design will be

used since the main purpose of the study is to determine which domain in the

transformational leadership of mathematics teacher will influenced the

learning outcomes of students in Nabunturan secondary schools.

Research Locale

The study was conducted at the province of Compostela Valley

particularly the municipality of Nabunturan. This municipality composes of

twenty-eight (28) barangays and seven (7) public secondary schools. This is

the capital municipality of province of Compostela Valley. It is located at the

southern part of municipality of Montevista, western part of municipality of

Compostela and northern part of the municipalities of New Bataan and

Mawab. This study was conducted last August-September, 2017


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Figure 2. Map of the Province of Compostela Valley highlighting the

Municipality of Nabunturan.
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Population and Sample

The respondents of this study were the Grade 10 in all public

secondary schools of Nabunturan, Compostela Valley, to wit: Nabunturan

National Comprehensive High School, Mainit National High School National

High School, and Manat National High School. A random sampling was used

in selecting the respondents. Below is the distribution of respondents.

The Distribution of Respondents

Name of Schools in the Division of Compostela Number of


Population
Valley Respondents

Mainit National High School 170 44

Manat National High School 220 57

Nabunturan National Comprehensive High School 755 195

Total 1145 296

Research Instrument

A researcher-made questionnaire was the tool in gathering the needed

data. Two (2) sets will be prepared by the researcher. One is to determine the

level of transformational leadership of mathematics teacher in terms of

idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and

individual consideration, while the other set is to find out the level of learning

outcomes of students in the selected areas of mathematics which include:

algebra, geometry, statistics and trigonometry. The first questionnaire is for

independent variable consisted of five (5) questions in each indicator. Using

the Likert Scale, 5 is the highest and 1 is the lowest for the first questionnaire.
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The second questionnaire consisted of ten (10) questions in each area. Using

the Likert scale, 10 is the highest and 0 is the lowest.

To measure the level of transformational leadership of mathematics

teacher, the following parameter limits were used:

Range Description Interpretation

4.3 - 5.0 Very High This means that the transformational

leadership of the teacher is very much

observed by the students.

3.5 - 4.2 High This means that the transformational

leadership of the teacher is much observed

by the students.

2.7 - 3.4 Moderate This means that the transformational

leadership of the teacher is fairly observed

by the students.

1.9 - 2.6 Low This means that the transformational

leadership of the teacher is less observed

by the students.

1.0 - 1.8 Very Low This means that the transformational

leadership of the teacher is not observed by

the students.

To measure the level of learning outcomes of students, the following

parameter limits were utilized:

Range Description Interpretation

8.1 - 10.0 Very High This means that the learning outcomes of

the student is very much evident.


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6.1 – 8.0 High This means that the learning outcomes of

the student is much evident.

4.1 - 6.0 Moderate This means that the learning outcomes of

the student is sometimes evident.

2.1 - 4.0 Low This means that the learning outcomes of

the student is seldom evident.

0.0 - 2.0 Very Low This means that the learning outcomes of

the student is never evident/needs

improvement.

The questionnaire for independent variable was pilot tested to 50

students and undergone Cronbach’s alpha with 0.746 which means accepted.

The questionnaire for dependent variable was pilot tested to 50 students also

for Test Item Analysis.

Data Gathering Procedure

The data was gathered through the following procedures:

Permission to Conduct the Study. There researcher prepared and sent

a letter to the Schools Division Superintendent of Compostela Valley asking

permission to conduct a study in all secondary schools of Nabunturan. Upon

receipt of the approved letter, the researcher furnished a copy of the approved

letter to the SchoolHead/Principal of the school where the study will be

conducted. The letter was endorsed by the Dean of the graduate school.

Administration and Retrieval of Questionnaire. When the request was

granted, the researcher personally conducted the survey questionnaire to the

respondents of the study. Prior to the answering of questionnaires, instruction

was given to ensure honest, clear, and complete answer. Each item in the
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questionnaires was explained clearly for the student-respondents to

understand each question. To ensure that the questionnaire serves its

purpose, the researcher personally retrieved it immediately after answering.

Collation and Tabulation of Data. All responses of the respondents was

checked and consolidated through Microsoft Excel File. The consolidated data

was submitted to the statistician for appropriate statistical treatment.

Analysis and Interpretation. The researcher analyzed and interpreted

the results based on the aim of the study.

Statistical Treatment of Data

The responses to the items in the research-made questionnaire was

analyzed and interpreted using the appropriate statistical treatment as follows.

Average Weighted Mean. This tool was used to determine the level of

transformational leadership of mathematics teacher and the level of traditional

learning outcomes of the students.

Pearson-r or Product Moment Correlation. This test was used to

determine the significant relationship between the level of transformational

leadership of mathematics teacher and the level of traditional learning

outcomes of the students.

Regression Analysis. This was utilized to find out the effect of the level

of transformational leadership of mathematics teacher to the level of the

traditional learning outcomes of students.