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MARTINEZ, Ethan David

JUNIO, Kathleen Carl

BASAS, Raymart

ISIDRO, Aaron John

Name: Date:

Grade and Section: Teacher:

I. Formulate a research title from the given case studies and identify the

independent and dependent variable.

Case 1

Situation: The Hawkins Supply company is currently faced with an inventory rotation problem.

This difficulty stems from the fact that some supplies must be used prior to a stated expiration

date. Upon receipt, a new shipment of these perishable items must be stacked beneath the boxes

that are currently in inventory. A substantial amount of time is consumed in restacking the items

according to their expiration dates.


Dependent Variable:

Independent Variable:
Case 2

Situation: The JAW Bottling Company has recently introduced a new beer to the market called

HEAVY. It is extra high in calories. It has been developed specifically for those people that

enjoy feeling full after only one beer.

The materials handling supervisors at JAW Bottling have been receiving

Complaints from lift truck drivers that cases of the new HEAVY beer are slipping off pallets

during intra-plant movement and truck deliveries. Thus far the JAW engineering department has

tried to eliminate or reduce case slippage through the use of the following methods:

1. Top case clamp on the fork truck.

2. Strapping cases to pallet.

3. Plastic wrapper around cases.

4. The use of a large size pallet with a retainer strip nailed along

the edges.


Dependent Variable:
Independent Variable:

Case 3

Situation: Field, Bell and Weiss, a consulting firm, has been engaged by the Fizzle Beverage

Company to determine possible methods for expanding their warehouse facilities. The current

warehouse has 16' ceilings with a possible 10' clear stacking height. At the 10' level the

obstructions are steam pipes, lighting fixtures and air ducts.

Fizzle Beverage currently receives all pallets by truck. Each pallet load is 6' high (including the

pallet). In order to take full advantage of all available height the second level pallet in each stack

must be broken down.


Dependent Variable:

Independent Variable:
II. Identify the dependent and independent variables for each experiment.

1.) Different hydrangea bushes are grown in a greenhouse for three months. The number of

flowers on each bush is counted

is counted at the end of the experiment.

a. Independent Variable

b. Dependent Variable

2.) Lena waters 4 sunflower plants with salt water. Each plant receives a different concentration

of salt solutions. A fifth plant receives pure water. After a two-week period the height is

a. Independent Variable

b. Dependent Variable

3.) Three redwood trees are kept at different humidity levels inside a greenhouse for 12weeks.

One tree is left outside in normal conditions. Height of the tree is measured once a week.

a. Independent Variable

b. Dependent Variable
III. Read the following passages and make an organizational chart about it.

1.) Opera refers to a dramatic art form, originating in Europe, in which the emotional content

is conveyed to the audience as much through music, both vocal and instrumental, as it is

through the lyrics. By contrast, in musical theater an actor's dramatic performance is

primary, and the music plays a lesser role. The drama in opera is presented using the

primary elements of theater such as scenery, costumes, and acting. However, the words

of the opera, or libretto, are sung rather than spoken. The singers are accompanied by a

musical ensemble ranging from a small instrumental ensemble to a full symphonic


2.) Erosion of America's farmland by wind and water has been a problem since settlers first

put the prairies and grasslands under the plow in the nineteenth century. By the 1930s,

more than 282 million acres of farmland were damaged by erosion. After 40 years of

conservation efforts, soil erosion has accelerated due to new demands placed on the land

by heavy crop production. In the years ahead, soil erosion and the pollution problems it

causes are likely to replace petroleum scarcity as the nation's most critical natural

resource problem.
3.) Naval architects never claim that a ship is unsinkable, but the sinking of the passenger-

and-car ferry Estonia in the Baltic surely should have never have happened. It was well

designed and carefully maintained. It carried the proper number of lifeboats. It had been

thoroughly inspected the day of its fatal voyage. Yet hours later, the Estonia rolled over

and sank in a cold, stormy night. It went down so quickly that most of those on board,

caught in their dark, flooding cabins, had no chance to save themselves: Of those who

managed to scramble overboard, only 139 survived. The rest died of hypothermia before

the rescuers could pluck them from the cold sea. The final death toll amounted to 912

souls. However, there were an unpleasant number of questions about why the Estonia

sank and why so many survivors were men in the prime of life, while most of the dead

were women, children and the elderly.

Source for case studies: