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production (ton)

0
2000000
4000000
6000000
8000000
10000000
12000000
West Java
East Java
Central Java
South Sulawesi
North Sumatera
South Sumatera
Lampung
West Sumatera
South Kalimantan
West Nusa Tenggara

Data Source: Berau of Statistic


Banten
Aceh
West Kalimantan
Bali
Central Sulawesi
DI Yogyakarta
Jambi
East Nusa Tenggara
www.lapan.go.id
Central Kalimantan
East Kalmantan
Dr Dede Dirgahayu Domiri

North Sulawesi
Remote Sensing Applications Center

Bengkulu

Rice Production (ton/year) 2000 ‐ 2011


Riau
Southeast Sulawesi
West Sulawesi
Gorontalo

Rice Production in Indonesia
Papua
Indonesian National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN)

Maluku
North Maluku
RICE CROP MONITORING IN INDONESIA

West Papua
Bangka Belitung
DKI Jakarta
THE ROLE OF SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING FOR 

Riau Islands
Ground Station Locations and Coverages

Pare‐pare, South Sulawesi 
(Landsat, SPOT‐4, MODIS)

Parepare
Jakarta
Pekayon, Jakarta                               
(MTSAT, NOAA, Fengyun, MODIS)

1. Research on Rice Crop

RGB 6,2,1 MODIS Terra, Early September 2014


1. Research on Rice Crop
Logical Frame Work of Satellite RS for Food Sec
Paddy Field/Rice Crop Classification
Rice Crop Growth Model
Flood & Drought Model in Paddy Field
Rice Crop Productivity Model

The Role of Satellite RS for Supporting Food Sec
R.Sensing Data

Paddy Vegetation Rainfall Reflectance, Insitu Data


Field Map Index Temperature Crop Area
,Variety, Harvest,
Productivity

Rice Crop Rice Crop Flood & Drought


Productivity Model Growth Model Model

Rice Crop  Rice Crop Pattern,  Flood & Drought 


Productivity Map Paddy Age Map Map

Harvest Area of Paddy

Rice Production
1.1. Paddy Field Classification
(Landsat, SPOT)
Konvensional Methhod : Clustering & Supervised Classification

PADDY FIELD MAPPING USING OBJECT BASED
SEGMENTATION METHOD

Multi temporal Landsat data

• Automatic segmentation, visual


interpretation
• Acuraccy reaches to 80-90%
PADDY FIELD MAPPING USING HIGH‐RES SPOT‐6 DATA

SPOT-6 DATA SEGEMENTATION


RESULT

Segmentations were conducted for some different parameters adjustment,


the most optimal combination of parameters for mapping paddy field in this
data was scale 10, shape 0.1 and compactness 0.5.

1.1. Rice Crop Classification (MODIS)
Data Source : Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) MODIS 8 days Multitemporal
Period :  January 2007 – December 2009 

Rice Crop Classification in Java Island

Max EVI

There are 6 types of EVI Profil  Rice Crop Area (%) in Java Island


40%
for Rice Crop in Java Island 35% 32%
  No  EVI_Max  Max_Id 30%
1  0.45‐0.50  1 25% 20% 21%
20%
2  0.51‐0.55  2
15% 11%
3  0.56‐0.60  3 10%
9%
6%
4  0.61‐0.65  4 5%
5  0.66‐0.70  5 0%
6  > 0.7  6 1 2 3 4 5 6
Max_ Id
1.2. Rice Crop Growth Model
Data Source : Enhanced Vegetation
Index (EVI) MODIS 8 days
Generative Phase
Vegetative Phase

Example of
Rice Crop Growth Profile
Harvest
for  Max EVI 0.55‐0.60
Early planting: EVI <= 0.2
Day after planting

VEGETATIVE PHASE:

YVegetative = 145.15 +  0.2712 X + 0.0249 X2 ‐ 0.0002 X3

GENERATIVE PHASE:
(R2 = 97.2 %, Standart error= 4.37)
YGenerative = 86.63 + 5.3578 X ‐ 0.0754 X2 + 0.0003 X3

(R2 = 99.3 %, Standart error= 2.13)

1.3. Flood Model

MODIS Greennes level


from EVI class

TRMM 8 days rainfall GIS Analysis Flood Model

DEM Flood Prone zone


Slope class
SRTM
1.3. Operational of Flood MODIS TRMM
and Drought Model
DEM
Reflect, EVI,LST Rainfall SRTM

Cloud Masking , Aspect,


LST Rainfall < Slope
8d ays Rainfall
50mm/8dy
EVI, Ts, Reflectan
Corrected
Greeness Slope class
Land ETP =
Moisture f(EVI,Ts)
Y Scoring

Agricultural Drought Meteorological


Hidrological Flood Model
ADI = EVI/Ts Drought
Drought MDI = P/ETP Implementation

Drought Model
Implementation
Paddy Base Flood Severity
Drought Severity Map Analysis
Analysis

Flood Prone of
Drought Prone Paddy Field
Back of Paddy Field

1.4. Rice Crop Monitoring by LS8
RGB (NDBI,EVI,NDWI)
1.4. Rice Crop Productivity Model
Location: Rice Crop in West Java (Subang, Karawang)
Data source: ‐ EVI Maximum from MODIS
‐ Rice yield from Ministry of Agriculture & BPS

Example of Yield Estimation
2. Operational of of Rice Crop
Monitoring
Greenness Vegetation Level of Paddy
Growth Phase of Paddy
Drought Potential of Paddy Field
Flood Potential of Paddy Field
Harvest Prediction

2.1. Greenness Vegetation 

JANUARY2014 APRIL 2014

FEBRUARY 2014 MAY 2014

MARCH 2014 JUNE 2014
2.1. Greenness Vegetation 

JULY 2014 SEPTEMBER 2014

FEBRUARY 2012
AUGUST 2014 OCTOBER 2014

2.2. Growth Phase of Paddy 

29 SEP – 6 OCT 2012 15 OCT – 22 OCT 2012

7 OCT – 14 OCT 2012 23 OCT – 30 OCT 2012


2.2. Growth Phase of Paddy 
29th August - 05th September 2014

2.2. Growth Phase of Paddy 
29th August - 05th September 2014
2.2. Growth Phase of Paddy 
29th August - 05th September 2014

2.2. Growth Phase of Paddy 
29th August - 05th September 2014
2.3. Potential Drought 

2.3. Drought Potential
2.3. Drought Potential

2.3. Drought Potential
2.3. Drought Potential (Prediction)

2.4. Potential Flood in Paddy Field


2.4. Flood Potential

2.4. Flood Potential
2.4. Flood Potential

2.5. Harvest Prediction
Ground Survey of Growth Phase
Ground Survey (25‐28 August 2010) in Indramayu District

Bare land

Generatif

Watering Phase
Bare
Vegetative
Generative
Vegetatif

Development Rice Crop Monitoring 
in Sumatera Island
Southern part of Sumatera Greenness Vegetation Level
(Lampung)

Paddy Field based on Landsat Data Source: EVI MODIS


(Sep, 15, 2012)
Ground Survey in Lampung – Oct 2012 
(Southern part of Sumatera)

Drought monitoring

Disseminations
Meeting Activities and Seminar
Indonesian Berau of Statistic  : 
‐ duration: every 4 months
‐ Objective: Disscussion among institutions 
about national rice production estimation 
due to recent weather/climate condition

Ministry of Agriculture:
‐ Synchronization the Growth Phase 
information from RS data and insitu data  
(every 3 months)
‐ Technical Training on RS applications for 
rice crop monitoring

Website : 
(www.lapan.go.id;  www.lapanrs.com)
Website : 
(www.lapan.go.id; http://pusfatja.lapan.go.id/)
Bulletin and Monthly Report
Indonesia Early Warning Bulletin on Natural Hazard  Monthly Report (CD) : to 31 institutions
(UN WFP ‐ LAPAN)

Concluding Remarks
Rice crop research, monitoring, and dissemination activities
based on remote sensing data is well established for Java
and Bali Island as the rice production center in Indonesia.
Application RS data for rice crop monitoring in other island
such as Sumatera Island is still under research.
Collaborations with other institutes to enchance the
methodology and accuracy is needed
LAPAN commit to support Asian Rice Crop Monitoring