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Olinsterg Bldg., Maharlika Highway, Poblacion III, Tiaong, Quezon, Philippines


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PRACTICAL RESEARCH 1
Dec.11- Dec.19-2017
Week 5 - 6

TOPIC/LESSON NAME: THE RESEARCH ETHICS


QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
CONTENT STANDARDS: The learner demonstrates understanding of:

1.the value of qualitative research; its kinds, characteristics,


uses, strengths, and weaknesses
2. the importance of qualitative research across fields of inquiry
PERFORMANCE STANDARDS: The learner is able to decide on suitable qualitative research in
different areas of interest.
LEARNING COMPETENCIES: The learner:

1. describes characteristics, strengths, weaknesses,


and kinds of qualitative research
2. illustrates the importance of qualitative research
across fields
SPECIFIC LEARNING OUTCOMES: At the end of this lesson the learner will be able to:
1. make decisions on whether to use a qualitative or
quantitative research methodology.
2. reflect on the different approaches to qualitative
research
TIME ALLOTMENT:
3 hours and 30 minutes
LESSON OUTLINE:
A. Introduction: What is Ethics?
B. Motivation: How can you say that you are a good researcher?
C. Instruction/Delivery: Research Ethics and Qualitative Research Methodology
D. Practice: Brainstorming about a possible research topic that can be investigated using qualitative research
methodology.
E. Evaluation: Quiz

MATERIALS Book and marker

RESOURCES Practical Research 1 by: Hiyas Clamor, MA and Ador Torneo,PhD

PROCEDURE MEETING LEARNERS’ NEEDS


INTRODUCTION
How would you define Ethics? Students will come up to a realization
of what is acceptable to society and
Ethics is defined as “rules of behavior based on ideas about what is morally
which is not.
good and bad.”

MOTIVATION Group Presentation depicting actions


that considered as good or bad.
How can you say that what you were doing is good or bad?
INSTRUCTION/ DELIVERY
General Principles could be followed when doing research:
1. Voluntary Participation – research would usually take up people’s
time and energies. Whether just to fill up survey form or participate
in an interview, research participants have to allocate minutes,
hours, or even days to be part of the study.
2. No Harm to the Participants – never injure or hurt someone is a
principle which is especially evident and important in medical
research; this is also true in social research.
3. Anonymity – research topics require sharing a great deal and, at
times, sensitive information about them. To ensure that readers will
not be able to identify particular individuals, the use of pseudo
names or aliases can be adopted.
4. Confidentiality – the researcher needs to keep information he or she
has gathered to himself. Even if the researcher can identify who
gave a particular response confidentiality entails that this
information will not be disclosed to the public.
CHARACTERISTICS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
1. Natural Setting – qualitative research usually does not bring
research participants into laboratories or request respondents to
answer numerical instruments, such as surveys forms or
questionnaires. The qualitative researcher goes to the field, to the
actual setting where the phenomenon or reality under study is
happening.
2. Researcher as a Key Instrument – qualitative researcher is one
collecting data by going to the field and talking to people through
interviews or group discussion.
3. Multiple Sources of Data – qualitative research entails collecting
data from different sources. These sources can be interviews, focus
group discussions, observations, documents reviews, and
audiovisual information.
4. Inductive and Deductive Data Analysis – data analysis in qualitative
research involves looking at the data from the “bottom up” or from
its bits and pieces, consolidating the information, and forming
concept from them.
5. Participants’ Meanings - qualitative research puts emphasis on
research participants’ interpretations and the meanings they
associate with particular reality or phenomenon.
6. Emergent Design - though qualitative research makes use of a
research plan, its process can be emergent. The sequence of data
collection and its phases may change once the researcher has
entered the field or research setting. In this way qualitative research
process may be modified to find the answers to the key questions
and problems of the study.
7. Reflexivity – the researcher usually would reveal and disclose his or
her personal history, background, culture, and experiences and
reflect how these have affected and shaped his or her interpretation
of the collected data and the direction of the research.
8. Holistic Account – qualitative researcher wish to paint a
comprehensive and complex view of a particular phenomenon being
studied. This can be done by presenting different perspectives
about a phenomenon, determining the factors involved, and
developing the general picture emerging from the data. Visual
presentations through figures, charts, and tables can also be utilized
in this aspect.

PRACTICE ( 90 Minutes)

After learning about the various characteristics of qualitative


research , which of these characteristics do you like most and
why? Identify two.

EVALUATION
Short Quiz ( 1-15 )

Prepared by: Checked by:

BERNADETTE E. PIMENTEL JOAN B. DIMACULANGAN


Teacher English Coordinator

Noted by:

NILO S. GRET; CPA, PhD


School President/ SHS Principal