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CLASS : XII
CLASS : XII

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Daily Practice Problems

TargetJEE 2016

DATE :10-11/09/2015

DPP. NO.-19

COLOURS OF DIFFERENT COMPOUNDS

Black Colour Compounds

1. PbS

2.Ag 2 S

3. CuS

4. Cu 2 S

5. NiS

6.

7. HgS

8. FeS

9. NiO

10. MnO

11. FeO

12. CuO

13. PbO 2

14. MnO 2

15.

16.

17. Co 3 O 4

18. Ni(OH) 3

19. Cu 3 P 2

CoS

Mn

Fe 3

3 O 4

O 4

20.

21. Hg + Hg(NH 2 )Cl

Blue Colour Compounds

(a) Light Blue Compunds

BiI 3

1. Cu(OH) 2

2. Cu(NO 3 ) 2

3. CuCl 2

4. CuSO 4 ·5H 2 O (Blue Vitriol)

5. Co(OH) 2

(b) Deep Blue Compounds

1. [Cu(NH 3 ) 4 ]SO 4 (Switzer’s reagent)

2. [Cu(NH 3 ) 4 ](NO 3 ) 2

3. Fe 4 [Fe(CN) 6 ] 3 (Prussian’s blue)

4. Fe 3 [Fe(CN) 6 ] 2 (Turnbull’s blue)

5. Na 4 [Fe(CN) 5 (NOS)](Violet)

Green Colour Compounds

1. Ni(OH) 2 (green ppt.)

2. Hg 2 I 2 (green ppt.)

3. Cr 2 O 3 (green solid)

4. Cr(OH) 3 (green ppt.)

5. Cr 2 (SO 4 ) 3

6. CrCl 3

7. FeSO 4 · 7H 2 O

8. FeCl 2

9. FeSO 4 · (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 ·6H 2 O(Mohr’s salt)

10. Na 2 MnO 4

11. K 2 MnO 4

12. B(OC 2 H 5 ) 3 (Burns with green edge flame)

13. CoO · ZnO (Rinmann’s green)

White Colour Compounds

1.AgCl

2.Ag 2 CO 3 (white)

3. AgNO 2

4.Ag 2 SO 4

5. PbCl 2

6. PbBr 2 (White crystalline ppt.)

7. Cu 2 I 2 (White ppt.)

8. PbSO 4

9.

10. BaSO 4

11. Hg 2 SO 4

12. BaCO 3

13. SrCO 3

14. CaCO 3

SrSO 4

15. MgCO 3

16. Be(OH) 2

17. Mg(OH) 2

18. Ca(OH) 2

19.Al(OH) 3 (White gelatinous ppt.)

20. Cd(OH) 2 (Dirty White)

21. Bi(OH) 3 (White ppt.)

22. Zn(OH) 2

23. ZnCO 3

24. ZnS

25. ZnO

26. CaC 2 O 4

27.Ag

28.Ag 2 S 2 O 3

29. PbS 2

30. Zn 2 [Fe(CN) 6 ] (white ppt.)

2 C 2 O 4

O 3

Yellow Coloured Compounds

1.As 2 S 3

2.As 2 S 5

3.

4. SnS 2 (Artificial gold)

5. FeS 2 (Fool’s gold)

6. (NH 4 ) 2 S x (where x = 2 to 5)(YAS)

7.

8. BaCrO

9. SrCrO 4

10.AgBr (light yellow)

11.AgI (Dark yellow)

12. PbI

13. PbO (in Cold)

14. ZnO (in Hot)

15. HgO (Yellow ppt.)

16. Na 2 O 2 (Pale yellow)

17. Ag

18.Ag 3 AsO

19. Cu(CN)

20. K 3 [Co(NO 2 ) 6 ] (Fischer’s salt)

21. (NH 4 ) 3 PO 4 · 12MoO 3

22. (NH 4 ) 3 AsO 4 · 12 MoO 3

23. Na 2 CrO 4

24. CrO 4 2 (Yellow in solution)

Red Colour Compounds

CdS

PbCrO 4

4

2

3 PO 4

3

2

1.Ag 2 CrO 4 (Brick red)

2. Hg 2 CrO 4 (Brick red)

3. HgI 2 (Scarlet red)

4. Pb 3 O 4 (2PbO + PbO 2 )

5. CrO 2 Cl 2 (Reddish brown)

6. Fe(CH 3 COO) 3 (Blood red)

7. Fe(SCN) 3 (Blood red)

8. AsI 3

9. SbI 3

10. SnI 2

11. CuBr 2

12. [Ni(DMG) 2 ] (Rosy red)

Brown Coloured Compounds

1.

SnS

2. Bi 2 S 3 (Brownish black)

3.

4. PbO 2

5. Fe(OH) 3 (Reddish Brown)

6. Fe 2 O 3 (Reddish Brown solid)

7.

8. Cu 2 O (Reddish Brown)

CdO

Fe 2 (CO 3 ) 3

9.Ag 3 AsO 4 (Reddish Brown) 10. O NH 2 I  11. Cu 2
9.Ag 3 AsO 4 (Reddish Brown)
10. O
NH 2 I
11. Cu 2 I 2 + I
(Brown ppt.)
3

12. Cu 2 [Fe(CN) 6 ](Chocolate brown)

13. NO 2 (Brown gas)

14. [Fe(H 2 O) 5 (NO)]SO 4 (Brown ring)

Orange Coloured Compounds

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Pink Coloured Compounds

(Orange in aq. solution)

Sb 2 S 3

Sb 2 S 5 KO 3 CsO 2

Cr O

2

7

2

1. Mn(OH) 2

2. MnS

3. MnO

4

(Pink or purple in aq. solution)

4. Co(CN) 2

5. (NH 4 ) 2 SnCl 6

6.CoCl 2 ·6H 2 O (Hydrated Co 2+ = Pink, also known as synthetic ink) (Anhydrous Co 2+ = Blue)

Gas

1. Colourless odourless gas – CO 2 , N 2 , O 2

2. Colourless gas havingpungent smell NH 3 , H 2 S, SO 2

3. Coloured gas ——

Cl 2 (Yellowish green) Br 2 (Brown) NO 2 (Brown) I 2 (Violet fumes)

CLASS : XII
CLASS : XII

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Daily Practice Problems

TargetJEE 2016

DATE :12/09/2015

DPP. NO.-20

Solubility chart of ionic compounds in aqueous solution.

Cation Anion Solublility Exception   All are soluble  OCl – , ClO ,
Cation
Anion
Solublility
Exception
All are soluble
OCl – , ClO
, ClO
,
(i)
ClO
of K + , Rb + , Cs +
2
3
4
are insoluble.
ClO
,
NO
 NO
,
Any
4
2
3
(ii)
AgNO 2 is insoluble
CH 3 COO – , HSO ,
3
(iii)
CH 3 COOAg is
partially soluble.
HCO
, HS –
3
K + , Rb + ,
Any
All are soluble
Cs + &
NH
4
[Pt Cl 6 ] –2 &
[Co(NO 2 ) 6 ] 3–
are insoluble
Na +
Any
All are soluble
-----
Any
Cl – , Br – , I –
All are soluble
2
(i)
Ag + , Pb 2+ ,
Hg 
,
2
2
Cu 
are insoluble
2
(ii)
PbCl 2 , CuBr 2 , Cu 2 I 2
are soluble on warming
(iii)
HgBr 2 & HgI 2
remain insoluble on
warming.
Any
2
All are soluble
SO
4
(i)Ba +2 ,Sr 2+ , Pb 2+ are
insoluble
(ii)
CaSO 4 , Ag 2 SO 4 ,
SnSO 4 & HgSO 4 are
partially soluble
Any
2
2
All are
(i)
BeF 2 & AgF are
SO
, CO
,
3
3
insoluble
soluble
2
3
C O
,
PO
,
2
4
4
(ii)
K + to Cs + &
NH
are
4
O –2 ,OH – , F –
soluble
2
(iii)
O –2 & OH – of
Sr
& Ba +2 are soluble
Any
CN – , OCN – ,SCN – ,
All are
–2
S
insoluble
I group cation & II group
cation are soluble
Any
2
2
2
CrO
is similar to
Same as
SO
Same as
SO
but
4
4
4
2
SrCrO 4 is soluble
SO
4
Any
1
NaMnO 4 , KMnO 4 are
MnO
is similar
Same as
ClO
4
4
soluble
to
ClO
4

1. All the cuprous salts are insoluble.

2. Sulphidesareusually insoluble,leavingthoseof alkalimetalsandammoniumsulphide,whicharesoluble. Sulphides of alkaline earth metals and of ammonium are decomposed in aqueous solution.

3. Compounds of alkali metals and ammonium salts are generallysoluble.

4.

are found generally insoluble, leaving those of alkali metals and

CO

2

3

, OH ,

CrO

2

4

,

PO

3

4

&

SO

2

3

ammonium cation,which are soluble.