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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Section,
Sub-Section, Page
Subject
072.00.00

ENGINE - ADJUSTMENT.............................................................................................................................1
1. ADJUSTMENT........................................................................................................................................1
1.1....................................................................................................................................................1
1.2....................................................................................................................................................1
1.3....................................................................................................................................................1
1.4....................................................................................................................................................1
1.5....................................................................................................................................................2
2. TEST..................................................................................................................................................2
2.1....................................................................................................................................................2
3. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS.............................................................................................................................2
PROCEDURES FOR PERFORMING ADJUSTMENTS AND CHECKS....................................................................4
TASK CARD NO. 501..................................................................................................................................4
ROCEDURE: Engine Starting................................................................................................................4
TASK CARD NO. 502................................................................................................................................10
ROCEDURE: Engine Dry Motoring Run...............................................................................................10
TASK CARD NO. 503................................................................................................................................11
PROCEDURE: Engine Wet Motoring Run.............................................................................................11
TASK CARD NO. 504................................................................................................................................13
PROCEDURE: Engine Shutdown.........................................................................................................13
TASK CARD NO. 505................................................................................................................................16
ROCEDURE: Engine Test After Installation In Helicopter......................................................................16
TASK CARD NO. 506................................................................................................................................17
PROCEDURE: Simultaneous Test of Two Engines During Pre-flight Action............................................17
Figure 501 Schedule of Engines Concurred Ground Test During Pre-Flight Action..................................18
TASK CARD NO. 507................................................................................................................................20
PROCEDURE: Engine Test On Completion of Scheduled Maintenance Operations..................................20
TASK CARD NO. 508................................................................................................................................22
ROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Fuel Pressure at Wet Motoring Run.............................................22
TASK CARD NO. 509................................................................................................................................23
ROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Shut-Off Valve Opening Gas Generator RPM................................23
TASK CARD NO. 510................................................................................................................................24
PROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Engine Starting Cycle Following Replacement of Fuel Control Unit
.......................................................................................................................................................24
Figure 502 Relationship Between TIT at NGG ISA = 40 % (With Starting Process Properly Adjusted) and
Temperature-Sensing Probe Air Inlet Temperature.............................................................................25
Figure 503 Relationship Between Maximum TIT and FCU Temperature-Sensing Probe Air Inlet
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Temperature (With Starting Process Properly Adjusted)......................................................................26

TASK CARD NO. 511................................................................................................................................28


PROCEDURE: Removal/Installation of Marking Appliance For Measurement of Compressor VGV Setting
Angles..............................................................................................................................................28
Figure 504 Removal/Installation of Marking Appliance for Measurement of VGV Setting Angles ............29
TASK CARD NO. 512................................................................................................................................31
PROCEDURE: Checking Compressor VGV Angular Setting Characteristic...............................................31
Figure 505 VGV Setting Angle αvgv Versus NGG ISA Chart.........................................................................33
Figure 505a Schematic Circuit Diagram of Video System.....................................................................37
TASK CARD NO. 513................................................................................................................................38
PROCEDURE: Adjusting Compressor VGV Angular Setting Characteristic...............................................38
Figure 506 Compressor VGV Adjustment Diagram...............................................................................39
TASK CARD NO. 514................................................................................................................................41
ROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Gas Generator Rotor Maximum Speed at Takeoff Power, Limited by
Engine Electronic Governor...............................................................................................................41
TASK CARD NO. 515................................................................................................................................42
ROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Gas Generator Rotor Maximum Speed at Takeoff Power, Limited by
Engine Electronic Governor (On Technological Area)...........................................................................42
TASK CARD NO. 516................................................................................................................................43
PROCEDURE: Checking Main Rotor (Free Power Turbine) Speed Governor Setting................................43
TASK CARD NO. 517................................................................................................................................45
PROCEDURE: Checking Gas Generator Rotor Speed For Absence of Cutting Down by Main Rotor Speed
Governor at Takeoff Power (Limited Takeoff Power)...........................................................................45
TASK CARD NO. 518................................................................................................................................47
PROCEDURE: Adjusting Main Rotor (Free Power Turbine) Speed Governor...........................................47
TASK CARD NO. 519................................................................................................................................49
ROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Maximum Fuel Flow Valve...........................................................49
TASK CARD NO. 520................................................................................................................................50
PROCEDURE: Function Testing Air Bleed Valves..................................................................................50
T able 502........................................................................................................................................51
EFFECT OF AIR TEMPERATURE ON NGG OBS AND NGG ISA.......................................................................................51
T able 502 cont’d..............................................................................................................................52
T able 502 cont’d..............................................................................................................................53
T able 502 cont’d..............................................................................................................................54
T able 502 cont’d..............................................................................................................................55
TASK CARD NO. 521................................................................................................................................56
ROCEDURE: Checking Fuel Control Unit Temperature-Sensing Probe For Serviceability.........................56
TASK CARD NO. 522................................................................................................................................57
PROCEDURE: Check of Actuation of The Power Synchronizer (PS) Emergency Cut out Control Valve of
The FCU...........................................................................................................................................57
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ENGINE - ADJUSTMENT

1. Adjustment

1.1. The adjustment of the engine accessories shall be carried out in service whenever their characteristics
and parameters are found to go beyond the acceptance standards or following replacement of engine
accessories.
Given below are the characteristics and parameters that are authorized for adjustment and checking in
service on all engine models:
(a) Fuel pressure (Pf) at wet motoring run (Ref. Task Card No. 508).
(b) Gas generator rotational speed (N GG) at which shutoff valve opens at engine wet motoring run (Ref.
Task Card No. 509).
(c) The engine starting cycle (Ref. Task Card No. 501, Task Card No. 510).
(d) The gas generator RPM (NGG) at the air starter disengagement (Ref. Task Card No. 501; Book
2,073.12.05, Task Card No. 504).
(e) The gas generator idling RPM (NGG) (Ref. Book 3, Task Card No. 505; Book 2,073.12.05, Task Card
No. 505).
(f) The compressor guide vane (GV) angular setting characteristics (Ref. Task Cards Nos 512 and 513).
(g) The engine partial acceleration time (Ref. Book 3, Task Card No. 505; Book 2,073.12.05, Task Card
No. 507).
(h) The free turbine circuit of the engine limit governor or the free turbine circuit breaker circuit of the
engine electronic governor (Ref. Task Cards Nos 506,507; Book 3, Task Card No. 505).
(i) The main rotor speed governor (Ref. Task Cards Nos 516, 517 and 518).
(j) The actuator interlocking control valve actuation RPM (N GG) (Ref. Book 2, 073.12.05, Task Card No.
509).
(k) The oil pressure (Poi|) (Ref. 073.90.00, Task Card No. 203).
(l) The engine pressure ratio (EPR) indicator set (Ref. Book 3, Task Card No. 505).
(m) The air bleed valve closure and opening (Ref. Task Card No. 520; Book 3, Task Card No. 505). For
the additional checks and adjustment for each particular engine model refer to Book 3.

1.2. Prior to proceeding with any adjustment, verify the correctness of readings (serviceability) of the
instrument registering the abnormality of the parameter and make sure that the engine and the
helicopter systems affecting the engine functioning are in serviceable condition (Ref. Section "Engine -
Trouble Shooting").

1.3. The adjustment completed, verify the adjusted parameter or characteristics on a running engine.

1.4. On completion of adjustment, safety a seal the adjusting elements, record the reason for the adjustment
in the engine accessory Certificate or engine Log Book, as well as the sense and amount of the rotation
of the adjusting element, the value of the parameter before and after the adjustment. The entry must be
certified by a signature of a person who performed the adjustment.

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1.5. Only those parameters and characteristics that are specified in this Topic may be adjusted in service. The
remaining adjusting elements shall bear the Supplier's seals.

2. Test

2.1. Following below are kinds of tests that may be carried out on engine in service:

2.1.1. Engine start which is carried out in order to check the engine starting systems as well as the engine
performance parameters during starting.
NOTE: The peculiarities of starting the engines of different modifications are specified in Book 3.

2.1.2. Engine test which is carried out:


(a) At time intervals and within scope prescribed in the helicopter Maintenance Schedule and also in
"Storage Rules" section.
(b) After the engine installation on the helicopter (Ref. Book 3, Task Card No. 505).
(c) After replacement of the accessories on the engine.
(d) After elimination of a fault (complete or separate types of test and checks which are indicated in the
respective sections of the Maintenance Manual).
(e) In the process of storage of the engine as part of the helicopter.

2.1.3. Engine wet motoring run which is carried out:


(a) To leak test the pipes of the engine fuel system.
(b) To function test systems associated with engine starting.
(c) To test functioning of the engine drains system.
(d) To conduct de-inhibiting/inhibiting of the engine fuel system.

2.1.4. Engine dry motoring run, which is carried out:


(a) To fill the oil system with oil after installation of the engine or after changing oil in the oil system.
(b) To test functioning of the air starter.
(c) To effect purging of the engine air-gas flow duct and to cool off the engine.

3. Safety Precautions

To avoid accidents in the course of testing, the following regulations must be observed:
- Prior to an engine start, make sure that the ground firefighting equipment is available, the chokes are in
place, and there are no foreign objects in close vicinity to the helicopter.
- To ensure the fire safety, do not attempt to start and operate the engine if any fuel or oil leakage is
observed.
- The maintenance personnel must keep clear of the tail rotor (if it is fitted) and its tip-path plane.
- The maintenance personnel must keep clear of the engine and main gearbox compartment and not to
do any work therein when the engine is running as well as when carrying out a dry motoring run.

- Exercise care when conducting any work on the engine after its shutdown as touching the engine hot
parts may cause bums.

- Thoroughly wash hands with water and soap on completion of work involving handling of the engine oil.

- The maintenance personnel must be warned not to stand on the engine or its exhaust unit when
carrying out maintenance operations on the helicopter.
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PROCEDURES FOR PERFORMING ADJUSTMENTS AND CHECKS

PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 501
5О5/510
MS. ITEM ROCEDURE: Engine Starting
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Start the engine in compliance with the helicopter Flight Manual with due regard for the following basic
requirements:

1.1. Check the level of oil poured into the oil tank in compliance with the requirements laid down in the
helicopter Maintenance Manual.

CAUTION! 1. TO PREVENT THE FUEL DISCHARGE FROM THE FUEL NOZZLE WITH THE POSSIBLE
FUEL IGNITION AT THE BEGINNING OF THE ENGINE STARTING DIRECTLY BEFORE
STARTING THE ENGINE, DRAIN FUEL FROM THE DRAIN TANK.
2. AFTER THE LONG-TERM PARKING OF THE HELICOPTER (MORE THAN 7 DAYS), CARRY
OUT THE DRY MOTORING RUN OF THE ENGINE TO SCAVENGE OIL FROM THE ENGINE
TO THE OIL TANK, CHECK THE OIL LEVEL AND, IF NECESSARY, REPLENISH THE OIL
TANK WITH OIL.
3. TO PREVENT THE OIL DISCHARGE TO THE EXHAUST STACK WHEN STARTING THE
ENGINE, THE EXCESS OF OIL LEVEL MORE THAN 11 LITRES (ABOVE THE FULL (ПОЛНО)
MARK) IN THE OIL TANK IS INTOLERABLE.

1.2. Check to see the helicopter pad is clean and free from foreign objects.

1.3. When operating the engine in dust-laden conditions, observe the following requirements listed below to
prevent a high rate of wear in the compressor blades due to getting of great amount of sand and dust:

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CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

(a) On the permanent home aerodromes:


— The engine starting and testing must be carried out on hard-surface pads.
— Where the hard-surface pads are not available and until such pads are made, harden the soil by
ramming.
— Start the engines, if possible, with the helicopter arranged to head into the wind.
(b) In field conditions:
— Start the engines with the helicopter heading into the wind.
— Take measures to exclude the possibility of ingress of dust and sand into the engine air intake
from the slip-streams of other helicopters and aircraft with running engines.
(c) Having started the engine, reduce the engine ground running time to the minimum.
1.4. When operating the engine in the cold weather conditions, carry out the following operations before
starting the engine:
(a) Remove the sealing blanks from the engine and make certain that no ice and snow are available on
the surfaces of the inlet duct, DPD parts and the blades of the compressor, compressor turbine and
free turbine have not frozen. If the dust protection device is available, remove the DPD fairing
(mushroom) and make certain that ice and snow are not available on the DPD parts, especially in
the separator «cup».
CAUTION! DO NOT START THE ENGINE TILL REMOVAL OF ICE AND SNOW FROM THE ABOVE-
MENTIONED SURFACES AND ALSO TILL THAWING OF ICE ON THE BLADES OF THE
COMPRESSOR, COMPRESSOR TURBINE AND FREE TRUBINE.
(b) If the outside air temperature is equal to or below plus 5 °C, carefully crank the rotors of the
compressor and free turbine without applying excessive efforts so as not to break the compressor
blades (Ref. Task Card No. 305). Should the compressor rotor blades be found to be frozen, an
extraneous noise be detected in the engine or the engine parts be covered with ice, heat the
engine with hot air having a temperature not higher than plus 80 °C fed though the exhaust stack
to the engine flow section from a ground heater, after which make sure that the engine rotors are
easy to rotate and no ice is available on the engine parts.
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CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

(c) For ensuring the reliable starting of the engines at the altitude of more than 3000 m and also at the
outside air temperature from minus 5 °C to minus 30 °C after the prolonged parking of the
helicopter (one day and more), it is recommended, before starting the engine, to carry out the dry
motoring run of the engines.
(d) When the outside air temperature and the engine outlet oil temperature is within minus 30 to
minus 40 °C range, it is necessary, before starting an engine, to carry out two dry motoring runs
(Ref. Task Card No. 502) with a 3-min interval between the motoring runs.
(e) When the engine outlet oil temperature is below minus 40 °C, heat the engine, the oil tank and the
oil cooler with hot air supplied at a temperature of not higher than plus 80 °C into the under
cowling space and through the exhaust stack into the engine flow section; the engine heating time
should not be less than 20 min.
(f) If the snow cover is available and in the conditions of heaving snow precipitation, operate the
engine with due regard for the requirements laid down in the helicopter service documentation.
1.5. Make sure that the main rotor speed control (change-over) lever is in the middle position (within
66°±2°) or at another angle in compliance with helicopter Maintenance Manual.

2. Preparation for Starting

2.1. Start the АИ-9 (АИ-9В) engine.


2.2. Release the main rotor.
2.3. Switch on all circuit breakers necessary to start the engines and set the EEG selector switch (engine
limit governor) to ON position.
2.4. Check the supply source voltage which should be not less than 18 V.

CAUTION! SWITCH ON AND OFF THE GROUND POWER SOURCE AND THE АИ-9 (АИ-9В) ENGINE
GENERATOR IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE DIRECTIONS LAID DOWN IN THE HELICOPTER
SERVICE DOCUMENTATION.
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CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

2.5. Make sure that the engine throttle levers are set to position corresponding to the idle power and the
lever of the fuel shut-off valve to the GLOSED (ЗАКРЫТО) position.
2.6. Start the fuel booster pumps supplying fuel into the engines.
2.7. Set the MOTORING-START (ПРОКРУТКА-ЗАПУСК) function selector switch to the START (ЗАПУСК)
position.
2.8. Set the engine sequence selector switch to the desired position (the RH or LH engine).
2.9. Open the fuel shut-off valve of the engine being started.

CAUTION! WHEN THE ENGINE BE STARTED WITH THE FUEL SHUT-OFF VALVE CLOSED, THE FCU IS
SUBJECT TO REPLACEMENT.

3. Engine Starting

3.1. Give a signal to warn on the commencement of the engine starting.


3.2. Depress the stating button for 1 to 2 s and move the lever of the shutdown valve to the OPEN
(ОТКРЫТО) position. The engine will automatically accelerate to the idle power condition.

CAUTION! DO NOT MOVE THE ENGINE THROTTLE LEVER WHILE THE ENGINE IS BEING STARTED.
NOTE. The EEG DEACTIVATED (ОТКЛЮЧЕН ЭРД) annunciator remains illuminated on the course of
engine starting until the gas generator rotor attains 60% of rotational speed.

3.3. In the course of engine acceleration to the idling condition, check to see that:
(a) The gas generator rotational speed NGG is steadily growing (without the «hand-ир» of the engine).
(b) The gas temperature (TIT) is growing but does not exceed the acceptable limit of gas temperature
at starting (Ref. Book 3, 072.00.00, Fig. 501).
(c) The oil pressure at NGG above 45% is not less than 1 kgf/cm2.
(d) Continuous illumination of the light annunciator, which is indicative of the air starter operation.
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CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY
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(e) disengagement of the air starter at gas generator rotor speed (NGG) equal to 60 to 65% (to be Ref. 080.12.00, Fig. 103
determined by the moment of the light annunciator extinction).

CAUTION! 1. IN CASE OF THE AIR STARTER DISENGAGEMENT FAILURE AT N GG = (66+1) %, FIRST


CLOSE THE FUEL SHUT-OFF VALVE OF THE ENGINE BEING STARTED AND THEN PRESS
THE START DISCONTINUE BUTTON. IN CASE OF DISTURBANCE OF THE ENGINE
SHUTDOWN OPERATION SEQUENCE, THE AIR STARTER PROTECTIVE DRIVESHAFT MAY
BE SHORN. IN CASE OF THE AIR STARTER DISENGAGEMENT FAILURE - SHUT DOWN
THE АИ-9 (АИ-9В) ENGINE.
2. IN CASE OF THE AIR STARTER DISENGAGEMENT FAILURE AT N GG > 68% - REPLACE Ref. 080.12.00, Task Card
THE AIR STARTER. No. 201
3. DO NOT CHANGE OVER THE ENGINE START SELECTOR SWITCH TO THE POSITION OF
STARTING THE OTHER ENGINE UNTIL THE ENGINE BEING STARTED GAINS THE
IDLING POWER.

3.4. Discontinue the engine start by closing the shutdown valve and immediately (in not later than 1 or 2 s)
depressing the START DISCONT (ПРЕКРАЩЕНИЕ ЗАПУСКА) button, if any of the following occurs:
(a) No ignition of fuel (no growth in TIT and NGG).
Ref. Fig. 101
(b) TIT exceeds the acceptable limit (Ref. Book 3, 072.00.00, Fig. 501). Ref. Fig. 104
(c) NGG hanging up for a period longer than 3 s. Ref. Fig. 102
(d) The oil pressure (Poil) at NGG above 45% is less than 1 kgf/cm2. Ref. 072.90.00, Fig. 101
(e) Abnormal noise in the region of the engine-to-main gearbox joint.
(f) The engine fails to accelerate to the NGG corresponding to the idling RPM within 60 second.

OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.) CORRECTIVE CHECKED


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ACTIONS BY

(g) The gas generator rotational speed N GG has reached a level of 20 to 25%, but the main rotor fails
to start rotating.
(h) A shock engagement of the freewheel clutch.

CAUTION! SHOULD A SHOCK ENGAGEMENT OF THE FREEWHEEL CLUTCH IMPACT OF THE MAIN Ref. 072.53.00, Task Card
ROTOR BLADES WITH FOREIGN OBJECT OR WITH EACH OTHER OCCUR, REMOVE AND No. 202.
EXAMINE THE DRIVE SHAFT.
IF THE INSPECTION REVEALS THAT THE DRIVE SHAFT HAS NOT BEEN TWISTED AND ITS Ref. 072.53.00, Task Card
SPLINES ARE NOT CHIPPED, REPLACE THE DRIVE SHAFT. No. 203
IF THE INSPECTION REVEALS THAT THE Dk1VE SHAFT HAS BEEN TWISTED OR ITS
SPLINES CHIPPED, REPLACE EITHER THE FREE TURBINE OR THE ENGINE.

(i) The annunciator testifying to operation of the air starter goes out for a short time.
(j) The voltage of the external (aircraft) electrical system drops below 16 V for the time exceeding 1 s.
(k) Ejection of fuel with its possible ignition in the exhaust stack of the adjacent inoperative engine. Ref. 073.00.00, Fig. 103
It is permissible to restart the engine only after isolation and elimination of the causes of the
engine start abortion (Ref. Sub-Section «Engine — Trouble Shooting»).
3.5. Following an aborted start, motor over the engine (Ref. Task Card No. 502) before attempting another
start.

CAUTION! IT IS FORBIDDEN TO REPEAT STARTING ATTEMPTS, WET MOTORING AND DRY


MOTORING RUNS OF THE ENGINE ON THE GROUND UNTIL COMPLETE STOP OF THE GAS
GENERATOR ROTOR.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS

TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 502 PAGES


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511/512
MS. ITEM ROCEDURE: Engine Dry Motoring Run
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Carry out the dry motoring run of the engine observing the same procedure as in the course of a
conventional start of the engine (Ref. Task Card No. 501) but without effective the fuel supply into the
combustion chamber, for which purpose the shutdown valve must be placed to the CLOSED (ЗАКРЫТО)
position and the START-MOTORING (ЗАПУСК-ПРОКРУТКА) switch to the MOTORING (ПРОКРУТКА)
position.
2. In the course of a dry motoring cycle check to see that:
(a) The engine oil pressure Poil is not below 0.5 kgf/cm2.
(b) The engine emanates no abnormal noise.
(c) NGG does not drop below 20 %.

NOTES: 1. The duration of the operating cycle of the engine auto start control unit is (55±4) s.
2. It is permissible to carry out the wet and dry motoring runs of the engine with the use of a
ground air source; in this case, its parameters should correspond to the parameters of the АИ-
9В (АИ-9) engine; when using the air without pre-heating, its pressure should be within 1.8 to
2.1 kgf/cm2 (the gauge pressure), whereas the relative humidity should not exceed 15 %. The
supplied air should be free from hard foreign particles sizing 140 p and/or greater.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS

TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 503 PAGES


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513 to 514
MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Engine Wet Motoring Run
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Carry out the engine wet motoring run observing the same procedure as in the course of a conventional
engine start bug without ignition of the fuel, for which purpose set the master switch START-MOTORING
(ЗАПУСК-ПРОКРУТКА) to the MOTORING (ПРОКРУТКА) position.
2. Open the valve of fuel drain from the drain tank.
3. In the course of the wet motoring run check to see that:
(a) Engine oil pressure Р0и does not drop below 0.5 kgf/cm2. If fuel is not available in
(b) NGG does not drop below 20 %. the exhaust stack, repeat
(c) The engine emanates to abnormal noise. the wet drying run.
(d) The fuel is being ejected from the exhaust stack.
(e) Fuel is drained from the drain tank. In case of fuel ejection
(f) Fuel is not drained from the exhaust stack of the adjacent inoperative engine. from the exhaust stack of
the adjacent inoperative
engine (Ref. 073.00.00
Fig. 103).
NOTES: 1. The duration of the operating cycle of the auto start control panel is (55±4) s.
2. In case of the premature discontinuation of the engine wet motoring run for some or other
reason, repeat the engine wet motoring run after elimination of the cause.
4. The wet motoring run of the engine must be followed by a dry motoring run (purging) (Ref. Task Card
No. 502).

OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.) CORRECTIVE CHECKED


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ACTIONS BY

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS

TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 504 PAGES


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515 to 517/518
MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Engine Shutdown
CORRECTIV CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.) E BY
ACTIONS

CAUTION! 1. INORDER TO PREVENT THE POSSIBILITY OF THE FUEL CONTROL UNIT RUNNING DRY,
DO NOT CLOSE THE FUEL FIRE SHUT-OFF VALVE DURING THE RUN-DOWN UNTIL THE
ENGINE COMES TO A COMPLETE STOP.
2. DO NOT CLOSE THE FUEL FIRE SHUT-OFF VALVE DURING 30 MINNUTES AFTER
SHUTDOWN OF THE ENGINE. IT IS PERMISSIBLE NOT TO CLOSE THE FUEL FIRE SHUT-
OFF VALVE DURING TOE HELICOPTER PARKING. DISREGANRD OF THIS REQUIREMENT
BECAUSE OF FUEL HEATING AFTER THE ENGINE SHUTDOWN INCREASES THE FUEL
PRESSURE ABOVE THE TOLERABLE LIMITS AT THE FUEL CONTROL UNIT INLET, WHICH
MAY CAUSE FUEL LEAKAGE THROUGH THE FUEL CONTROL UNIT SEALS AND MAY ALSO
LEAD TO THE HOT ENGINE FAILURE TO START (THE FUEL PRESSUSRE INTERLOCKS
THE LIMIT SWITCH IN THE FUEL CONTROL UNIT FOR THE AIR STARTER CUT-IN).
1. Prior to shutting down the engine, cool it down running at the idling power during 1 to 2 minutes.
NOTE. In the winter conditions, cool down the engine running at the idling power during 2 to 3
minutes.
2. Shut down the engine from the idling power by moving the fuel shout-off valve lever to the
SHUTDOWN (СТОП) position.
CAUTION! IN CASE OF THE FUEL SHUT-OFF VALVE FAILURE, SHUT DOWN THE ENGINE BY
MEANS OF THE FREE TURBINE CIRCULT BREAKER SYSTEM (FREE TURBINE
OVERSPEED PREVENTING SYSTEM). FOR THIS PURPOSE, PERFORM THE FOLLOWING
STEPS:
- set the FT CIRCUIT (КОНТУР СТ) selector switch to the TEST-1 (КОНТРОЛЬ-1)
position;
- increase engine power by means of the separate throttle control lever until the N ft
OVERSPEED (ПРЕЫШЕННИЕ nСТ) annunciator light comes on (for single-rotor
configuration NMR is (91.5±2) % and for coaxial configuration NMR is (86.5±2) %;
- set the FT CIRCUIT (КОНТУР СТ) selector switch to the TEST-2 (КОНТРОЛЬ-2)
position in a time less than 0.2 seconds without keeping it in OPERATION (РАБОТА)
position. Engine must shut down.
IT IS ALLOED TO SHUT DOWN THE ENGINE BY CLOSING THE FIRE SHUT-OFF
VALVE .IN CASE OF SUCH A SHUT DOWN OF THE ENGINE, REPLACE THE FUEL
CONTROL UNIT.
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CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY
EFEECTIVITY: ALL
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3. During the run-down, listen for absence of extraneous noise in the engine and make certain that the gas Carry out all operations in
generator and free turbine rotor rotate smoothly. accordance with Item 1,
Measure the gas generator rotor rundown time, which should not be less than 30 s. Count the time from Task Card No. 305.
the moment of fuel shutoff valve closure (idling speed) till reduction of the gas generator rotor speed to
5% by reference to the tachometer indicator.
At the rundown less than 30 s, measure a full rundown time of the gas generator rotor, which should not
be less than 40 s (determine the moment when the gas generator rotor ceases to rotate visually by
observing the compressor first stage).
NOTES: 1. When the engine is running down, an insignificant amount of oil may leak from the engine
support assemblies (except for the first one), which is discharged through the drain valve,
from the ejector shroud of the housing of the fourth and fifth support assemblies and through
the drain holes provided inside the exhaust stack (without flow outside) as well as slight
smoke during the running down up to five minutes after the engine shutdown.
2. For decreasing the fuel leakages through the ejector, switch off the booster pumps
immediately after a complete stop of the engine. After shutdown and long-term parking of
the engine, an insignificant leakage of fuel from the ejector without flow from the exhaust
duct is tolerable.
4. In cases of emergency, the engine may be shut down from any operating condition without gradual
deceleration and cooling at the idle power.
Resort to the emergency shutdown if any of the following occurs:
(a) A fire breaks out.
(b) The oil pressure Poil in the engine or main gearbox drops below acceptable limit.
(c) The TIT abruptly increases.
(d) NGG abruptly drops.
(e) A strong flame is observed from the tail pipe.

OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.) CORRECTIVE CHECKED


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ACTIONS BY

(f) Fuel is discharged from the tail pipe of the adjacent (inoperative) engine with possible ignition.
(g) An abnormal noise emanates in the area of the main gearbox or main rotor.
(h) A fuel or oil leakage is detected.
(i) A shock of main rotor blades against foreign objects.

CAUTION! FULFIL THE REQUIREMENTS OF «CAUTION» TO STEP 3.4, TASK CARD No. 501.

5. If the engine has been shut down without preliminary cooling, proceed as follows:
(a) Troubleshooting (Ref. Sub-Section «Engine — Trouble Shooting»).
(b) Examine the engines (Ref. Task Card No. 601).
(c) Check the see that the rotors of the gas generator and free turbine are easy to rotate (Ref. Task Card
No. 305).
(d) Carry out a dry motoring run (Ref. Task Card No. 502).
(e) Start and ground test the engine as directed by Task Cards No. 501 and No. 507.
In case of the engine satisfactory condition, the engine may be returned to service.

6. After shutting down the engines and their cooling down to the temperature of +(60 to 80) °C (by feel),
blank off the inlet ducts and tail pipes and cover the power plant.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS

TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 505 PAGES


EFEECTIVITY: ALL
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519/520
MS. ITEM ROCEDURE: Engine Test After Installation In Helicopter
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

Carry out the engine test following its installation in the helicopter in compliance with the Task Card No.
505, Book 3.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS

PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 506
521 to 523/524
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MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Simultaneous Test of Two Engines During Pre-flight Action
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. General
1.1. Conduct the test of the engines in accordance with the Chart present in Figure 501
1.2. When ground testing the engines in ice-forming conditions, follow the requirements contained in Step
1.2 of the Task Card No. 505, Book 3
2. Testing
2.1. Start the engines (Ref. Task Card No. 501)
2.2. Allow the engines to warm up at the idle power
2.3. Test functioning of the anti-icing system as detailed in Step 2.7, Task Card No. 505 (Ref. Book 3)
2.4. At the right-hand rotation of the throttle control twist grip, check the free turbine circuit breaker
(FTCB) circuit of the engine electronic governor (EEG) or the circuit of the free turbine (FTCB) of the
engine limit governor (FT ELG) for proper functioning, for which purpose proceed as follows:
(a) Set the FT CIRCUIT (КОНТУР CT) selector switch to the TEST-1 (КОНТРОЛЬ-1) position; the N ft
OVERSPEED (ПРЕВЫШЕНИЕ ncт) annunciator should illuminate.
(b) Set the selector switch to the OPERATION (РАБОТА) position; the annunciator should illuminate.
(c) Set the FT CIRCUIT (КОНТУР CT) selector switch to the TEST-2 (КОНТРОЛЬ-2) position; the N ft
OVERSPEED (ПРЕВЫШЕНИЕ ncт) annunciator should illuminate.

CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY
EFEECTIVITY: ALL
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Power conditions;

Cruise

Right-hand rotation
of throttle control

Twist grip
(automatic)

Checking of engines while hovering


offengines in
Idle

checking
of the anti-icing systemChecking

AccelerationPartial
circuit of FT ELG

lift of
upup

Checking
Start

cruise mode without


Checking
And warm

(FTCB EEG)

Figure 501 Schedule of Engines Concurred Ground Test During Pre-Flight Action

OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.) CORRECTIVE CHECKED


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ACTIONS BY

(d) Set the selector switch to the OPERATION (РАБОТА) position; in this case, the annunciator should
extinguish.

NOTE: When checking the engine electronic governor manufactured before 01.11.84. not provided
with identification mark "Д" at the end of the number, proceed as follows: Ref. Fig.120
(a) Set the FT CIRCUIT (КОНТУР CT) selector switch to the TEST-1 (КОНТРОЛЬ-1)
position in this case the Nft OVERSPEED (ПРЕВЫШЕНИЕ n cт) annunciator should
illuminate.
(b) De-energizing the 27-V circuit for a short time, 2 to 3 s, remove the governor interlock;
in this case, the annunciator should extinguisher.
(c) Perform the operations indicated in Sub-Steps (a) and (b) for the TEST-2 (КОНТРОЛЬ-
2) channel.

2.5. Measure the NGG speed of both engines at the right-hand rotation of the throttle control twist grip and
check the partial acceleration (Ref. Task Card No. 505, Book 3).
2.6. Check the concurrent operation of the engines at the cruising power settings at which the helicopter
lift-off is excluded and make certain that the readings of the instruments monitoring the engine
operation comply with the values indicated in Table 501 (Ref. Book 3).

CAUTION: WHEN TESTING THE ENGINE. TO AVOID DISENGAGEMENT OF THE FREWHEEL CLUTCH,
OPERATION OF THE ENGINES AT THE DIFFERENT POWER SETTINGS IS INTOLERABLE
(WHEN ONE ENGINE OPERATES AT THE IDLING POWER, THE OTHER ENGINE - AT THE
HIGHER POWER SETTING).

2.7. Check the concurred operation of the engines at the helicopter hovering.
TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS
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PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 507
525 to 526
MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Engine Test On Completion of Scheduled Maintenance Operations
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Start the engines (Ref. Task Card No. 501).


2. Allow the engines to warm up until the oil temperature reaches plus 30 ℃ and then test the air bleed
valves, dust-protection device, anti-icing system for proper functioning and check the engine partial
acceleration time (Ref. Task Card No. 505, Book 3).
3. Check the main rotor speed governor for proper adjustment, to this end:
(a) From the power setting of the (AUTOMATIC CONTROL) right-hand rotation of throttle control twist
Perform the operations
grip, using the collective pitch control lever, set the cruise power for the engine under test up to the indicated in
helicopter liftoff and, using the separate throttle control lever, maintain approximately the right-hand Task Card No. 516.
throttle control twist grip rotation the [AUTOMATIC CONTROL (АВТОМАТИКА)] power setting.
(b) Check the main rotor speed which should be (96±1) % — for the single-rotor helicopters or (90,2-1)
% — for the coaxial-rotor helicopters.
Change over the engine to the right-hand throttle control twist grip rotation (AUTOMATIC CONTROL)
power setting.
(c) Repeat the check for the other engine.
4. Check the compressor guide valve angular setting characteristic (Ref. Task Card No. 512).
5. Check the ИP-117 engine pressure ratio indicator for proper functioning, the gas generator rotor speed
(NGG) at the takeoff power (Ref. Task Card No. 505, Book 3).
6. Check the main rotor speed change-over range (for the single-rotor helicopters) (Ref. Task Card No. 505,
Book 3).
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CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

7. Check the FTCB EEG circuit for proper functioning (Ref. Task Card No. 506, Step 2.4).

8. Check the gas generator EEG circuit for proper functioning (Ref. Task Card No. 505, Book 3).

9. Check the fuel control unit circuit for proper functioning (Ref. Task Card No. 505, Book 3).

10. Check the engines joint operation at the cruise power settings without the helicopter liftoff and make

certain that the engine instrument readings correspond to the values indicated in Table 501 (Ref. Book

3). Check the parameter fluctuation: the gas generator rotor speed, gas temperatures and oil pressure

which should be within limits indicated in Items 2.3.4, 2.3.7, 2.3.17 of Section 2.3 «Basic Operating

Limitations».

11. Shut down the engines (Ref. Task Card No. 504).

12. Check for absence of leakage through the joints: the engine oil filters, fuel fine filter, FCU in let fuel

filter, FCU fuel filter and metering device, actuator fuel filter, air starter oil chamber plugs (on the air

starters provided with the self-contained oil system).

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS


EFEECTIVITY: ALL
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PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 508
527/528
MS. ITEM ROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Fuel Pressure at Wet Motoring Run
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Connect pressure gauge with a measuring range of 10 kgf/cm2 to connection (2) (Ref. Fig. 301) on the
FCU

2. Carry out a wet motoring run (Ref. Task Card No. 503).
When NGG gets stabilized, measure the fuel nozzle pressure P f, which should be within a range of 2.5 to 3
kgf/cm2.
3. Carry out the adjustment of the fuel pressure with the aid of adjustment screw ⑬ (Ref. 073.12.05, Task
Card No. 503).

CAUTION! AFTER ADJUSTMENT OF THE FUEL PRESSURE AT THE WET MOTORING RUN OF THE
ENGINE, DO NOT DISTURB ADJUSTMENT SCREW ⑬.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS

1. Pressure gauge having a measuring range 1. Open-end wrench, S = 14x17 mm 1. Safety wire dia. 0.6 mm
2
up to 10 kgf/cm 2. Open-end wrench, S = 24x17 mm

TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 509 PAGES


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529/530
MS. ITEM ROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Shut-Off Valve Opening Gas Generator RPM
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Connect pressure gauge with a measuring range of 10 kgf/cm 2 to connection (2) (Ref. Fig. 301) on the
FCU.

2. Carry out a wet motoring run (Ref. Task Card No. 503).
3. Note down the NGG at which the shut-off valve gets open. The shut-off valve must get open at N GG = 15
to 20%. Determine the moment when the shut-off valve gets open by a pressure build-up in the fuel
nozzle primary fuel manifold.
4. The adjustment of the shut-off valve opening RPM is carried out by a selective fitment of drain jet (Ref.
073.12.05, Task Card No. 501).
5. Remove the pressure gauge and fit back the parts removed earlier.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS

1. Pressure gauge having a measuring range 1. Open-end wrench, S = 14x17 mm 1. Safety wire dia. 0.6 mm
2
up to 10 kgf/cm 2. Open-end wrench, S = 24x17 mm

PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 510
531 to 534
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MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Engine Starting Cycle Following Replacement of Fuel Control Unit
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Carry out the adjustment of the engine starting cycle, with the compressor VGV angular setting
characteristic properly adjusted, proceeding as shown below:
1.1. Start the engine. Run the engine at the idle power until the engine outlet oil temperature rises up to
plus 30 °C but for a period not less than 5 minutes and note the OAT as per the weather report.
1.2. Shut down the engine. Note down the N GG obs corresponding to the NGG ISA equal to 40 % for the
observed temperature at the inlet to the temperature-sensing probe (Ref. Task Card No. 520, Table
502)
1.3. Start the engine and in the course of the starting check to see, that:
(a) The TIT at NGG ISA = 40 % is in consistence with the limits shown in Figure 502.
(b) The maximum TIT during starting is consistent with the limits given in Figure 503
1.4. If necessary, carry out the following adjustments:
Ref. 073.12.05, Task Card
(a) Adjust the TIT at NGG = 40 % with the aid of jet .
No. 503.
(b) The TIT maximum value in the process of starting with the aid of adjusting screw ⑰. Ref. 073.12.05, Task Card
No. 503.
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ТІТ, °С

600

Gas temperature zone

500

400

300 Tair inl, °С

-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40

Figure 502 Relationship Between TIT at NGG ISA = 40 % (With Starting Process Properly Adjusted) and
Temperature-Sensing Probe Air Inlet Temperature
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ТІТ, °С
800

Gas temperature
zone

700

600

500

400 Tair inl, °С

-40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40

Figure 503 Relationship Between Maximum TIT and FCU Temperature-Sensing Probe Air Inlet Temperature
(With Starting Process Properly Adjusted)
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CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1.5. When the starting cycle is correctly adjusted, its duration shall not exceed 1 minute.

1.6. If the complete adjustment range of screw ⑰ has been used up, it is allowed to replace air bleed jet
of the FCU acceleration control unit (Ref. 073.12.05, Task Card No. 507), which must be followed by
checking the engine partial acceleration time (Ref. Book 3, Task Card No. 505).

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS


PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 511
535 to 537/538
MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Removal/Installation of Marking Appliance For Measurement of Compressor VGV Setting Angles
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Installation of Marking Appliance for Measurement of Compressor VGV Setting Angles


1.1. Effect manual reversals of the VGV’s and set them first to the upper and them to the lower stop (Ref.
072.30.00, Task Card No. 201). Note down the actual values of the vanes angles as read off the VGV
dial.

NOTE: For the values of the angles corresponding to the upper and lower stops (as read off the VGV
dial), refer to Book 3, 072.00.00, Sub-Section "Engine — Description and Operation".

1.2. Cut strips of white and carbon paper of a 15x65-mm size, place them on flange (14) (Ref. Fig. 504) of
bracket (13) (white paper first and then carbon paper with its carbon coat towards the white paper)
and then secure the paper without folds on the surface of the bracket with the aid of clamps (10).
1.3. Install bracket (13) on the stems of the studs attaching dial (1), take the upper slot of the bracket
behind the dial body and secure the bracket on the rear stud by special nut (9).
1.4. Mount marking appliance (4) onto axle (7), fit and safety screw (8).
1.5. Extend the electric cable from the appliance through the open window into the cargo compartment and
plug it into the helicopter 27-V power source.
1.6. Effect manual reversals of the VGV's and set them first against the upper and then against the lower
stop. Apply two graduating marks on the paper by depressing button (5).
4 5
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6
2
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY
7
1

8
1.VGV Setting Angle Dial
9 2. Pointer
3. Spring
4. Marking Appliance
10 5. Switch Button
14 6. Organic Glass Templet
13 7. Axle with Pointer
A 11 8. Screw
12 9. Special Nut
A 10.Clamp
11. Carbon Paper
12.White Paper
A-A 13.Bracket
Plasticine 14.Flange

Figure 504 Removal/Installation of Marking Appliance for Measurement of VGV Setting Angles
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

CAUTION: PRIOR TO COWLING THE ENGINE. MAKE SURE THE GRADUATION MARKS ARE MARKED ON
THE PAPER. WHEN CLOSING THE ENGINE COWLS, CHECK TO SEE THAT THE ELECTRIC CABLE
IS NOT JAMMED.

2. Removal of Marking Appliance.


2.1. Unplug marking appliance (4) from the helicopter 27-V power source.
2.2. Unsafety and remove screw (8) and remove marking appliance (4) from axle (7).
2.3. Unscrew special nut (9) and remove bracket (13).

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS


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1. Open-end wrench, S = 14x17 mm 1. Safety wire


2. Screwdriver 2. Carbon paper
3. Marking appliance У6360-2901 for measurement 3. White paper
of VGV angles

PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 512
539 to 543/544
MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Checking Compressor VGV Angular Setting Characteristic
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY
1. General
1.1. The check detailed under Item 2 shall be carried out after replacement of the fuel control unit,
temperature bulb and after performing adjustment with the aid of control rods L 1and L2, with wind
speed above 5 m/s. In other cases, the check shall be carried out in accordance with Item 3.
1.2. To reduce the effect of the exhaust gases blown into the air intakes of the engines, arrange the
helicopter in the open pad to head into the wind or so that the direction of wind is at approx. 20
degrees to its right
1.3. Before proceeding to check the compressor VGV angular setting characteristic, check the gas generator
idling RPM and make sure they are consistent with the zone shown in Figure 501 (Ref. Book 3,
072.00.00)
2. Checking VGV Angular Setting Characteristic with the Aid of Marking Appliance.
2.1. Mount the marking appliance (Ref. Task Card No. 511). Remove and calibrate the tach generator set
(the tach generator and indicator).
2.2. Refer to Table 502 (Ref. Task Card No. 520) and find the values of N GG obs corresponding to corrected
values of NGG ISA at 85, 90, and 95 % for the OAT taken from the weather report.
2.3. Start the engine (Ref. Task Card No. 501).
2.4. Using only direct movements of the engine throttle lever without resorting to the adjustment of the
NGG towards lower RPM, set the engine smoothly to run in a consecutive order at the power settings
corresponding approximately to NGG ISA = 85,90, and 95%.
Allow the engine to operate at each power condition for a period of 3 minutes, then measure the NGG
and depress button (5) (Ref. Fig. 504).

CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY
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[Chapter 72 TOC]

αvgv, to
2.5. Throttle back deg.
Idle, allow the engine to cool off and then shut down.
2.6. Using a tachometer set calibration chart, find the actual values of N GG obs obtained in Step 2.4 as shown
below:

NGG act = NGG obs ± ∆N

where ∆N is the error of the tachometer set in percent.


Making use of Table 502, find corrected values of NGG ISA corresponding to the values of NGG act.
2.7. Remove from VGV dial (1) white paper (12) with marks registered on it and put templet (6) onto the
paper having lined up two calibration marks made in Step 1.6 (Ref. Task Card No. 511) with the
templet graduation lines of the angles measured in Step 1.1 (Ref. Task Card No. 511). Use the
remaining three marks to determine the values of the VGV setting angles.
2.8. Mark the obtained values of the VGV's at corresponding values of the RPM corrected to ISA conditions
on the VGV setting angle-versus-NGG ISA Chart (Ref. Fig 505). Draw an averaged straight line via three
points and check to see that this line lies within the adjustment range of the Chart.

NOTE: The adjustment shall be carried out whenever the compressor VGV angular setting Adjust as Prescribed in
characteristic is found to be shifted towards opening of the angles below the rated value up to 4 TASK CARD NO. 513.
deg. or towards closure of the angles above the rated value up to 2 deg. If the shift of the VGV
angular setting characteristic is found to be in excess of the acceptable limits, withdraw the
engine from service.

2.9. Remove the marking appliance.


NOTE: On some engine models the lower stop is set to angle (-3±0.5) deg. (Ref. Book 3)

30 Upper stop Figure 505 VGV Setting Angle αvgv Versus NGG ISA Chart

CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T.angles
Closing of R.) when
increasing length of rod L2 ACTIONS BY
Increase of angle γ when
20 shortening length of rod L1

Rated characteristic
of angles
28.5-1.5°

decrease of angle γ when


increasing length of rod L1 Adjustment range ± 1 deg.
10

Opening of angles when


shortening rod L2

-3±0.5°
80 85 90 95 100 105 NGG ISA, %

-6.5±0.5°
Lower stop

-10
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3. Checking VGV Setting Characteristic Without Use of Marking Appliance.


3.1. Check of Characteristic at Speed of Wind up to 5 m/s (at Hovering).
3.1.1. While testing the engine on the ground, measure the N GG obs at which the air bleed valves get closed. Measure characteristic of
Refer to Table 502 and determine the respective value of the NGG ISA and compare it with the value VGV angles by three
entered in the engine Log Book. The value of N GG ISA shall not differ from that entered in the Log points according to Step
Book by more than 1 %. 2. If characteristic
3.1.2. Put a layer of plasticine onto the VGV dial, the thickness of the layer being such, that during reversal complies with technical
of the VGV’s the pointer should leave a clear mark in plasticine. Check to see, that the division line requirements, perform
on the VGV dial are not covered with plasticine. operations according to
3.1.3 Start both engines and progressively accelerate; them to the power setting ensuring hovering of the
Task Card No. 520.
helicopter at an altitude of 5 to 7 m.
3.1.4. Note down the maximum rotational speed N GG obs of the engine being tested, land the helicopter,
allow the engines to cool off and then shut down.
3.1.5. Refer to the pointer mark on the plasticine to determine the value of the VGV setting angle at the
power setting under test.
3.1.6. Find from Table 502 the value of NGG ISA corresponding to the respective value of NGG obs obtained in
3.1.4.
3.1.7. Mark the value of the VGV setting angle obtained in Step 3.1.5 at N GG ISA obtained in Step 3.1.6. The
Perform adjustment of
plotted point must lie within the adjustment zone of the chart. compressor VGV setting
characteristic.
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

tic, if necessary, taking


into account the Note to
Item 2.8 (Ref. Task Card
No. 513).

3.2. Check of Characteristic at Speed of Wind above 5 m/s (on the ground).
3.2.1. Effect the operations specified in Steps 3.1.1 and 3.1.2.
3.2.2. Start the engine to be tested, turn the helicopter into the wind and smoothly increase the power
approximately to the rated one (without the helicopter separation from the ground); note the
maximum NGG obs; smoothly decrease the power to the idling one and after cooling the engine, shut
it down.
3.2.3. Perform the operations indicated in Items 3.1.5 through 3.1.7.
3.2.4. When it is necessary to check the characteristics with respect two three points, carry out the check in
compliance with the directions laid down in Steps 1, 2 or 4.

4. Check of αIGV Characteristic with the Use of Video System.

CAUTION: THE VIDEO SYSTEM IS SERVICEABLE TO THE OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE NOT BELOW +5
°C. IT IS PERMISSIBLE TO SWITCH ON THE VIDEO SYSTEM TO THE OUTSIDE AIR
TEMPERATURE NOT BELOW MINUS 25 °C; IN THIS CASE THE VIDEO SYSTEM, PRIOR TO
MAKING THE MEASUREMENT, SHOULD UNDERGO THE HEATING TEST FOR AT LEAST TWO
HOURS IN THE HEATED ROOM AT THE TEMPERATURE NOT BELOW +15 °C. AFTER THE
HEATING TEST OF THE VIDEO SYSTEM IN THE HEATED ROOM, PACK THE VIDEO SYSTEM IN
THE A HEATED CONTAINER WITH HEATED COVER. BRING THE VIDEO SYSTEM FROM THE
HEATED ROOM FOR NOT MORE THAN 20 MINUTES BEFORE INSTALLATION OF THE VIDEO
SYSTEM AND ITS CUTTING IN THE HELICOPTER ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.
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[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

4.1. Install the bracket with the video camera and electric lamp on the fuel filter casing, direct the electric
lamp light and the video camera to the IGV angle dial.
4.2. Lay the flexible electric conduit from the electric lamp and video camera from the under cowling space
to the helicopter cockpit.
4.3. Make an electric circuit connecting the electric lamp and video camera with the power supply unit (Ref.
Fig. 505a).
4.4. Connect the video system through the power supply unit to the helicopter 27-V electrical system.
Switch on the TV set and check for presence of the IGV angle dial picture. If necessary, adjust the
position of the video camera and electric lamp.
NOTE: The video system from the 12-V circuit, the electric lamp - from the helicopter 27-V electrical
system.
CAUTION: 1. DO NOT CUT THE VIDEO SYSTEM IN THE HELICOPTER ELECTGRICAL SYSTEM
WITHOUT THE POWER SUPPLY UNIT.
2. DO NOT CUT THE VIDEO SYSTEM IN THE DOMESTIC ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.
4.5. Start the engine and after its warm-up to the oil temperature of 70 to 80 °C, smoothly and sequentially
accelerate the engine to the power setting approximately corresponding to the N GG = 85 %, 90 % and
95 %. On a lapse of 3 minutes of the engine operation at each power setting, measure the actual N GG
and αIGV values.
4.6. Perform the operations as directed in Items 2.5, 2.6 and 2.8.
4.7. Remove the video system and put it into the container.
NOTE: In case of necessity to adjust the stator vanes angle characteristic at the outside air
temperature below 25 °C, bring the video system into the heated room or do not cut out the
video system after the previous measurement.
VIDEO
TV SET
CAMERA

27 V CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY
12 V
12 V
Electric wire bundle

LAMP

POW ER SUPPLY
27 V UNIT

Figure 505a Schematic Circuit Diagram of Video System

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS

1. Video system (video camera, TV set, power supply


unit, electric lamp, electric wire bundle, bracket)
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[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]

PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 513
545 to 547/548
MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Adjusting Compressor VGV Angular Setting Characteristic
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1 The slope of the compressor VGV angular setting characteristic must be adjusted by varying the length L 1
of the feedback lever (Ref, Fig. 506). Reduction in the length of the arm causes the angle γ to increase,
while Increasing the length causes the angle γ to decrease (Ref. Fig. 505). Clockwise rotation of the
adjustment screw thru four turns increases the arm length by 2 mm, which corresponds to a 1-deg
change in the angle αVGV at the extreme points of 85 and 95 %. Before proceeding with the adjustment,
unsafety and back off nut Ж (Ref. Fig. 506).
On completion of the adjustment, tighten up nut Ж up to stop and safety it with a cotter pin.

CAUTION: DO NOT ATTEMPT TO LINE UP THE COTTER PIN LOCATION HOLES BY BACKING OFF THE
NUT.

2. A parallel shift of the compressor VGV angular setting characteristic is effected by varying length L 2 of
the rod, for which purpose it is necessary to break the seals, unsafety the feedback rod, back off the
locknut, and rotate the nuts as required. Increasing the length of the rod causes the characteristic to shift
upwards on the Chart (towards closure of the angles), while decreasing the length of the rod causes the
characteristic to shift downwards (towards opening of the angles). One complete turn of the turnbuckle
of rod L2 shifts the VGV characteristic by approximately 3 deg.
NOTE: Since the locknut located under the FCU is difficult to reach, it is allowed to leave it locked.
In this case, having backed off nut Ж, remove and turn the front lug of the connecting rod L 2 in
the required direction. One complete turn of the lug causes the VGV characteristic to shift by
approximately 1.5 deg.
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY
[Main Menu] Feedback rod H TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] Feedback Lever Power Lever Rod T SPAF–TB3EMM–1
ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL
[Chapter 72 TOC] Б Fit VGV manual cranking

L1
tool here
TO OPEN
TO CLOSE
Locking nut в
Check hole
FCU Power Lever
Ж

IDLE Stop FCU Feedback


Nut Lever
Seal

L2
Takeoff Stop
Seal A
Arm adjustment screw
Spring

VGV angular setting pointer Feedback Lever


angular setting pointer

Figure 506 Compressor VGV Adjustment Diagram

OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.) CORRECTIVE CHECKED


ACTIONS BY

On completion of the adjustment of rod L 2, lock the rod in the adjusted position.by means of the
locknut and using a piece of 0.5-mm dia. wire, ensure that the check hole made in the rod is
masked with the threaded portion of the lug. The wire should not go into the check hole. On
completion of the adjustment, tighten nut Ж up to stop and safety it with a cotter pin observing
the requirements laid down in Step 1.

3. Following the adjustment with the aid of rods L 1 and L2, manually reverse the VGV’s to the positions Effect adjustment by
when they rest upon the upper and lower stops (Ref. "Main Data") and check to see, that the clearances varying the length of rod
between the FCU feedback lever and the IDLE (МАЛЫЙ ГАЗ) and TAKEOFF (ВЗЛЕТ) stops (Ref. Fig. 506) L2.
are not less than 0.2 mm. Recheck the VGV characteristic (Ref. Task Card No. 512). On completion of the
adjustment, the VGV characteristic should lie within the zone shown on Figure 505.

4. Using a 0.5-mm dia. safety wire, secure the adjusting elements of the rods and attach seals to the
adjusting elements. While securing rod L 2, bear in mind, that the front and rear ends of the rod are
provided with the LH and RH threads.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS

Open-end wrench, S = 8x10 mm 1. Safety wire, 0.5-mm dia.


[Main Menu] TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]
PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 514
548.1/548.2
ROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Gas Generator Rotor Maximum Speed at Takeoff Power, Limited by Engine
MS. ITEM
Electronic Governor.
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

Check and adjust the gas generator maximum speed at takeoff power, limited by the engine electronic
governor as directed in Task Card No. 514, 072.00.00, Book 3.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS


PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 515
548.3/548.4
ROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Gas Generator Rotor Maximum Speed at Takeoff Power, Limited by Engine
MS. ITEM
Electronic Governor (On Technological Area)
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

Check and adjust the gas generator maximum speed at the takeoff power, limited by the engine electronic
governor (on the technological area) as directed in Task Card No. 515, 072.00.00, Book 3.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS


[Main Menu] TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]
PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 516
549 to 550
MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Checking Main Rotor (Free Power Turbine) Speed Governor Setting
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Preliminary Operations
1.1. Mount the temporary stop on the engine to be tested following the instructions laid down in the
Helicopter Maintenance Manual, having set the engine individual throttle control lever to an angle of
(85+1) deg. against the FCU dial.
1.2. Check and, if necessary, set the speed governor adjustment lever to an angle of (66±2) deg.
1.3. Cut off power synchronizer of the engine under test, having disconnected on the engine which is not
being tested the pipe from connection (25) (Ref. Fig, 404) and fitted an approved plug to connection
(25).

NOTE: Do not perform the operations specified in Steps 1.2 and 1.3 on the coaxial-rotor helicopters.

2. Check of Main Rotor Speed Governor Setting


2.1. Start both engines (Ref, Task Card No. 501) on the single-rotor helicopter, or one engine on the
coaxial-rotor helicopter
2.2. Referring to Chart Б appended to the engine Log Book, determine for the weather report temperature
the observed value NGG obs corresponding to the fuel flow Gf = (330±10) kg/h. A sample chart is shown
in Figure 504 (Ref. Book 3).
2.3. Set the individual throttle control lever of the engine under test against the temporary stop.
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

2.4. By coarsening the main rotor, set the engine running at N GG:
(a) On the single-rotor helicopter N GG should be by approximately 2 % higher than that obtained from
Chart B.
(b) On the coaxial-rotor helicopter NGG should be that obtained from Chart B with a tolerance of +0.5
%.
2.5. Smoothly advancing the individual throttle control lever, increase the power condition of the engine not
being checked until the gas generator speed N GG of the engine under test is reduced to a value
obtained from Chart B with a tolerance of +0.5 %. Carry out adjustment, if
2.6. At the steady-state power condition, verify that the main rotor RPM are with-in: necessary (Ref. Task Card
- (96+0.5) % for the single-rotor helicopters; No. 518).

- (90.2-1) % for the coaxial-rotor helicopters;


2.7. Throttle back to idle
2.8. Allow the. engines to cool off and then shut down (Ref. Task Card No. 504).

3. Final Operations

3.1. Remove the temporary stop and connect the detached power synchronizer pipe to connection (25)
(Ref. Fig. 404) on the single-rotor helicopter.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS


[Main Menu] TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]
PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 517
551 to 552
PROCEDURE: Checking Gas Generator Rotor Speed For Absence of Cutting Down by Main Rotor Speed Governor
MS. ITEM
at Takeoff Power (Limited Takeoff Power)
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Set the GG CIRCUIT (КОНТУР TK) to OPERATION (РАБОТА) position (on engines equipped with engine
electronic governors).
2. Check the gas generator rotor speed N GG for absence of cutting down using the main rotor speed
governor at takeoff power (limited takeoff power) [depending on the helicopter model (Ref. Book 3)],
for which purpose proceed as follows:
2.1. Start and warm up the engine (Ref. Task Card No. 501).
2.2. Accelerate the engine to the takeoff power (limited takeoff power) and, by setting the main rotor to
higher pitch, set the main rotor speed equal to (91±0.5) % - for the single-rotor helicopters and
(86.5±0.5) % - for the coaxial-rotor helicopters.
2.3. Note down the value of the stabilized NGG.
2.4. Smoothly moving the main rotor blades to the lower pitch, set the main rotor speed equal to Ref. Fig.115
(94.5±0.5) % - for the single-rotor helicopter and (89.5±0.5) % - for the coaxial-rotor helicopters; in
so doing, the gas generator rotor speed (NGG) cutting down should not exceed 0.5 %.
3. Retard the engine throttle to idle, allow the engine to cool off, and then shut down (Ref. Task Card No.
504).
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS


[Main Menu] TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]

PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 518
553 to 554

MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Adjusting Main Rotor (Free Power Turbine) Speed Governor

CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

1. Carry out adjustment of the main rotor speed governor with the aid of adjusting screws ④ and ③ (Ref.
073.12.05, Task Card No. 508). On coaxial-rotor helicopters adjustment may be carried out with the aid
of the fuel control unit adjustment lever.
2. When performing adjustment with the aid of the adjustment lever, move the lever relative to its initial
position of 66°, taking into consideration the following:
(a) Angle increase results in increase in the main rotor speed.
(b) Angle variation by 1° changes the main rotor speed by 0.13 %.
3. In case of single-rotor helicopters, when adjustment presents some difficulties, follow the procedure
below, which will assist in defining the required amount and direction of rotation of adjusting screws ④
and ③:
(a) Disconnect the control rod from the main rotor speed governor adjustment lever on one engine and
set the control lever to 66 deg. or to any other required angle, keeping in mind the following: 1-deg
change (as read off the dial) in the angle mean value of 66 deg. causes the main rotor RPM to
change by approximately 0.13 %.
(b) In case of concurred testing of both engines, operate the adjustment selector switch and set the
control lever of the other engine to a position providing for elimination of the fault indicated in
Figure 115.
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

(c) Following engine shutdown, check the position of the levers against the FCU dials and perform, if
necessary, adjustment with the aid of adjusting screws ④ and ③. The amount of adjustment and
the direction of adjusting screw rotation is determined by the departure of the levers from the mean
value (clockwise when the angles are in excess of 66 deg. and counterclockwise when the angles are
below 66 deg.).
4. After adjustment, recheck the adjusted parameter and test the engines for functioning within the
preflight test scope (Ref. Task Card No. 506).
5. In case of adjustment for decreasing the main rotor speed governor setting, upon completion of the
adjustment procedure, additionally check for absence of the gas generator rotor speed cutting down by
the main rotor speed governor at the takeoff power (limited takeoff power) (Ref. Task Card No. 517).

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS


[Main Menu] TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]

PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 519
554.1/554.2

MS. ITEM ROCEDURE: Checking and Adjusting Maximum Fuel Flow Valve

CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

Check and adjust the maximum fuel flow valve as directed in Task Card No. 519, 072.00.00, Book 3.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS


PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 520
555 to 560

MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Function Testing Air Bleed Valves

CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY

CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE EFFECT OF THE EXHAUST GASES BLOWN INTO THE AIR INTAKES OF THE
ENGINES, ARRANGE THE HELICOPTER TO HEAD INTO THE WIND OR SO THAT THE WIND IS
AT 20 DEG TO THE RIGHT OF THE HELICOPTER.
1. Start and warm up the engines (Ref. Task Card No. 501).

2. Check the air bleed valves for proper functioning as directed in Task Card No. 505, 072.00.00. Check the FCU
temperature sensing
probe for serviceability
(Ref. Task Card No. 521).
3. Change over the engine to the idling power and after its cooling, shut it down (Ref. Task Card No. 504).
[Main Menu] TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]

T able 502
Effect of Air Temperature on NGG obs and NGG ISA

NGG obs’%
Ngg ISA’ %

Tair inl’
°C 40 81 83 84 85 86 87 89 90 91 94 95 96
-60 34.4 69.7 71.4 72.3 73.1 74.0 74.8 76.6 77.4 78.3 80.9 81.7 82.6
-59 34.4 69.8 71.5 72.4 73.2 74.1 75.0 76.7 77.5 78.4 81.0 81.9 82.7
-58 34.5 70.0 71.7 72.6 73.4 74.3 75.2 76.9 77.8 78.6 81.2 82.1 82.9
-57 34.5 70.2 71.9 72.7 73.5 74.5 75.3 77.0 78.0 78.8 81.4 82.3 83.0
-56 34.7 70.3 72.0 72.9 73.7 74.6 75.5 77.3 78.1 79.0 81.6 82.5 83.3
-55 34.8 70.5 72.2 73.1 73.9 74.8 75.7 77.4 78.3 79.2 81.8 82.7 83.5
-54 34.8 70.6 72.3 73.2 74.1 75.0 75.9 77.6 78.5 79.3 82.0 82.8 82.7
-53 34.9 70.8 72.6 73.5 74.3 75.2 76.1 77.8 78.7 79.6 82.2 83.1 83.9
-52 35.0 70.9 72.7 73.6 74.4 75.4 76.2 78.0 78.9 79.7 82.3 83.3 84.1
-51 35.1 71.1 72.8 73.7 74.6 75.5 76.3 78.1 79.0 79.9 82.5 83.4 84.3
-50 35.2 71.3 73.1 73.9 74.8 75.7 76.5 78.3 79.2 80.1 82.7 83.6 84.5
-49 35.3 71.4 73.2 74.1 75.0 75.9 76.7 78.5 79.4 80.3 82.9 83.8 84.7
-48 35.3 71.7 73.5 74.3 75.2 76.1 76.9 78.7 79.6 80.5 83.1 84.0 84.9
-41 35.4 71.8 73.6 74.5 75.4 76.3 77.1 78.9 79.8 80.7 83.4 84.2 85.1
-46 35.5 71.9 73.7 74.6 75.4 76.3 77.2 79.0 79.9 80.8 83.4 84.3 85.2
-45 35.5 72.0 73.7 74.6 75.5 76.4 77.3 79.1 80.0 80.8 83.5 84.4 85.3
-44 35.6 72.1 73.8 74.7 75.6 76.5 77.4 79.2 80.1 81.0 83.6 84.5 85.4
-43 35.7 72.2 74.1 75.0 75.9 76.8 77.7 79.5 80.4 81.3 84.0 84.8 85.7
-42 35.8 72.4 74.2 75.1 76.0 76.9 77.8 79.6 80.5 81.4 84.1 84.9 85.8
-41 35.9 72.7 74.5 75.4 76.3 77.2 78.1 79.9 80.7 81.6 84.3 85.2 86.2
-40 36.0 72.8 74.6 75.5 76.4 77.3 78.2 80.0 80.9 81.8 84.5 85.4 86.3
-39 36.1 73.0 74.8 75.7 76.6 77.5 78.4 80.2 81.1 82.0 84.8 85.7 86.6
-38 36.1 73.3 75.0 76.0 76.9 77.8 78.7 80.5 81.4 82.3 85.0 86.9

T able 502 cont’d

NGG obs’%
Ngg ISA’ %

Tair inl’
°C 40 81 83 84 85 86 87 89 90 91 94 95 96
-37 36.2 73.4 75.2 76.1 77.0 77.9 78.8 80.6 81.5 82.4 85.1 86.1 87.0
-36 36.3 73.5 75.3 76.2 77.1 78.0 78.9 80.7 81.6 82.5 85.2 86.2 87.1
-35 36.4 73.6 75.4 76.4 77.3 78.2 79.1 80.9 81.8 82.7 85.4 86. 4 87.3
-34 36.4 73.8 75.6 76.6 77.5 78.4 79.3 81.1 82.0 82.9 85.6 86.6 87.5
-33 36.5 74.0 75.8 76.8 77.7 78.6 79.5 81.3 82.2 83.1 85.8 86.8 87.7
-32 36.6 74.0 75.9 76.9 77.8 78.7 79.6 81.4 82.3 83.2 85.9 86.9 87.8
-31 36.7 74.2 76.1 77.1 78.0 78.9 79.8 81.6 82.5 83.4 86.1 87.1 88.0
-30 36.7 74.4 76.2 77.2 78.1 79.0 79.9 81.7 82.6 83.5 86.2 87.2 88.1
-29 36.8 74.6 76.4 77.4 78.3 79.2 80.1 81.9 82.9 83.8 86.5 87.5 88.4
-28 36.9 74.7 76.6 77.5 78.4 79.3 80.2 82.1 83.1 84.0 86.7 87.7 88.6
-27 36.9 74.9 76.7 77.6 78.6 79.5 80.4 82.2 83.2 84.1 86.9 87.8 88.7
-26 37.0 75.0 76.8 77.8 78.7 79.6 80.5 82.4 83.3 84.2 87.0 88.0 88.9
-25 37.1 75.1 77.0 77.9 78.8 79.7 80.6 82.5 83.4 84.3 87.1 88.1 89.0
-24 37.2 75.3 77.2 78.1 79.0 80.0 80.9 82.8 83.7 84.6 87.4 88.4 89.3
-23 37.3 75.5 77.4 78.3 79.2 80.1 81.1 82.9 83.9 84.8 87.6 88.5 89.5
-22 37.3 75.6 77.5 78.4 79.4 80.3 81.2 83.1 84.0 85.0 87.8 88.7 89.6
[Main Menu] TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]
-21 37.4 75.8 77.6 78.6 79.6 80.5 81.4 83.3 84.2 85.2 88.0 88.9 89.8
-20 37.5 75.9 77.8 78.7 79.7 80.6 81.5 83.4 84.3 85.3 88.1 89.0 89.9
-19 37.6 76.0 77.9 78.9 79.8 80.7 81.7 83.6 84.5 85.4 88.3 89.2 90.1
-18 37.6 76.2 78.1 79.0 79.9 80.8 81.8 83.7 84.7 85.6 88.5 89.4 90.3
-17 37.7 76.3 78.2 79.2 80.1 81.0 82.0 83.9 84.8 85.8 88.6 89.6 90.5
-16 37.8 76.5 78.4 79.4 80.3 81.2 82.2 84.1 85.0 86.0 88.8 89.8 90.7
-15 37.8 76.7 78.6 79.5 80.4 81.4 82.3 84.2 85.1 86.1 88.9 89.9 90.8

T able 502 cont’d

NGG obs’%
Ngg ISA’ %

Tair inl’
°C 40 81 83 84 85 86 87 89 90 91 94 95 96
-14 37.9 76.8 78.7 79.6 80.6 81.6 82.5 84.4 85.3 86.3 89.1 90.1 91.0
-13 38.0 77.0 78.9 79.8 80.7 81.7 82.6 84.5 85.4 86.4 89.2 90.2 91.1
-12 38.1 77.1 79.0 79.9 80.9 81.9 82.8 84.7 85.6 86.6 89.4 90.4 91.3
-11 38.1 77.3 79.2 80.1 81.1 82.1 83.0 84.9 85.9 86.8 89.7 90.6 91.6
-10 38.2 77.4 79.3 80.3 81.3 82.3 83.2 85.1 86.0 87.0 89.9 90.8 91.8
-9 38.3 77.6 79.5 80.4 8І.4 82.4 83.3 85.2 86.2 87.2 90.0 91.0 92.0
-8 38.4 77.7 79.6 80.6 81.6 82.6 83.5 85,4 86.4 87.4 90.2 91.2 92.0
-7 38.4 77.9 79.8 80.7 81.7 82.7 83.6 85.5 86.5 87.5 90.3 91.3 92.1
-6 38.5 78.0 79.9 80.8 81.9 82.9 82.8 85.7 86.7 87.7 90.5 91.5 92.3
-5 38.6 78.1 80.0 80.9 82.0 83.0 83.9 85.8 86.8 87.8 90.6 91.6 92.5
-4 38.6 78.3 80.2 81.1 82.1 83.1 84.0 85.9 86.9 87.9 90.8 91.8 92.7
-3 38,7 78.4 80.3 81.3 82.3 83.3 84.2 86.1 87.1 88.1 91.0 92.0 92.9
-2 38.8 78.6 80.5 81.5 82.4 83.4 84.4 86.3 87.3 88.3 91.2 92.1 93.1
-1 38.9 78.7 80.7 81.6 82.6 83.6 84.6 86.5 87.5 88.5 91.4 92.3 93.3
0 38.9 78.9 80.8 81.8 82.8 83.7 84.7 86.7 87.6 88.7 91.6 92.5 93.5
1 39.0 79.0 80.9 81.9 82.9 83.9 84.9 86.8 87.8 88.8 91.7 92.7 93.6
2 39.1 79.2 81.1 82.0 83.0 84.0 85.0 86.9 88.0 89.0 91.9 92.9 93.8
3 39.2 79.3 81.3 82.2 83.2 84.2 85.2 86.9 88.1 89.1 92.0 93.0 93.9
4 39.2 79.4 81.4 82.4 83.4 84.4 85.4 87.1 88.3 89.3 92.2 93.2 94.1
5 39.3 79.6 81.5 82.5 83.5 84.5 85.5 87.2 88.4 89.4 92.3 93.3 94.2
6 39.4 79.7 81.7 82.7 83.7 84.7 85.7 87.4 88.6 89.6 92.5 93.5 94.4
7 39.4 79.9 81.8 82.8 83.8 84.8 85.8 87.5 88.7 89.7 92.7 93.7 94.6
8 39.5 80.0 82.0 83.0 84.0 85.0 86.0 87.9 88.9 89.9 92.9 93.9 94.8

T able 502 cont’d

NGG obs’%
Ngg ISA’ %

Tair inl’
°C 40 81 83 84 85 86 87 89 90 91 94 95 96
11 39.7 80.4 82.4 83.4 84.4 85.4 86.4 88.4 89.4 90.4 93.3 94.3 95.3
12 39.8 80.6 82.6 83.6 84.6 85.6 86.6 88.6 89.6 90.6 93.5 94.5 95.5
13 39.9 80.7 82.7 83.7 84.7 85.7 86.7 88.7 89.7 90.7 93.7 94.7 95.7
14 39.9 80.8 82.8 83.8 84.8 85.8 86.8 88.8 89.8 90.8 93.8 94.8 95.8
15 40.0 81.0 83.0 84.0 85.0 86.0 87.0 89.0 90.0 91.0 94.0 95.0 96.0
16 40.0 81.2 83.2 84.2 85.2 86.2 87.2 89.2 90.2 91.2 94.2 95.2 96.2
[Main Menu] TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]
17 40.1 81.3 83.3 84.2 85.2 86.2 87.2 89.3 90.3 91.3 94.3 95.3 96.3
10 40.2 81.4 83.4 84.4 85.4 86.4 87.4 89.4 90.4 91.4 94.5 95.5 96.5
19 40.3 81.6 83.6 84.6 85.6 86.6 87.6 89.6 90.6 91.6 94.7 95.7 96.7
20 40.3 81.7 83.7 84.8 85.8 86.8 87.8 89.8 90.8 91.8 94.8 95.9 96.9
21 40.4 81.8 83.8 84.8 85.9 86.9 87.9 89.9 90.9 91.9 94.9 96.0 97.0
22 40.5 82.0 84.0 84.9 86.0 87.0 88.0 90.1 91.1 92.1 95.0 96.1 97.1
23 40.5 82.1 84.1 85.1 86.2 87.2 88.2 90.3 91.3 92.3 95.2 96.3 97.3
24 40.6 82.2 84.2 85.2 86.3 97.3 88.3 90.4 91.4 92.4 95.3 96.4 97.4
25 40.7 82.4 84.4 85.4 86.5 87.5 88.4 90.6 91.6 92.6 95.5 96.6 97.6
26 40.8 82.6 84.6 85.5 86.6 87.6 88.6 90.7 91.7 92.7 95.7 96.8 97.8
27 40.8 82.7 84.7 85.7 86.7 87.7 88.8 90.8 91.8 92.8 95.9 96.9 97.9
28 40.9 82.8 84.8 85.9 86.9 87.9 88.9 91.0 92.0 93.0 96.1 97.1 98.1
29 41.0 82.9 84.9 86.0 87.0 88.0 89.0 91.1 92.1 93.1 96.2 97.2 98.2
30 41.0 83.1 85.1 86.2 87.2 88.2 89.2 91.3 92.3 93.3 96.4 97.4 98.4
31 41.1 83.2 85.3 86.3 87.3 88.3 89.4 91.5 92.5 93.5 96.6 97.6 98.6
32 41.2 83.4 85.4 86.5 87.5 88.5 89.6 91.7 92.7 93.7 96.8 97.8 98.9
33 41.3 83.6 85.6 86.7 87.7 88.7 89.8 91.9 92.9 93.9 97.0 98.0 99.0
34 41.4 83.7 85.7 86.8 87.8 88.8 89.9 92.0 93.0 94.0 97.1 98.1 99.1
35 41.4 83.8 85.8 87.0 88.0 89.0 90.1 92.1 93.2 94.2 97.3 98.3 99.4

T able 502 cont’d

NGG obs’%
Ngg ISA’ %

Tair inl’
°C 40 81 83 84 85 86 87 89 90 91 94 95 96
36 41.5 83.9 85.9 87.1 88.1 89.1 90.2 92.2 93.3 94.3 97.4 98.4 99.5
37 41.5 84.0 86.1 87.2 88.2 89.2 90.3 92.3 93.4 94.4 97.5 98.5 99.6
38 41.6 84.2 86.2 87.3 88.3 89.3 90.4 92.4 93.5 94.5 97.6 98.6 99.7
39 41.6 84.3 86.4 87.4 88.4 89.4 90.5 92.5 93.6 94.6 97.7 98.8 99.9
40 41.7 84.4 86.5 87.5 88.5 89.6 90.6 92.7 93.7 94.8 97.9 99.0 100.0
41 41.7 84.4 86.5 87.5 88.6 89.6 90.7 92.8 93.8 94.8 98.0 99.0 100.1
42 41.8 84.7 86.8 87.8 88.9 89.9 91.0 93.0 94.1 95.1 98.3 99.3 100.4
43 41.9 84.9 87.0 88.0 89.0 90.1 91.1 93.3 94.3 95.3 98.5 99.5 100.6
44 42.0 85.0 87.1 88.2 89.2 90.3 91.3 93.4 94.5 95.5 98.7 99.7 100.8
45 42.1 85.1 87.2 88.3 89.3 90.4 91.4 93.5 94.6 95.6 98.8 99.8 100.9
46 42.1 85.2 87.3 88.4 89.4 90.5 91.5 93.6 94.7 95.7 98.9 99.9 101.0
47 42.1 85.3 87.4 88.5 89.5 90.6 91.6 93.7 94.8 95.8 99.0 100.1 101.1
48 42.2 85.5 87.6 88.7 89.7 90.8 91.8 93.9 95.0 96.0 99.2 100.3 101.3
49 42.3 85.7 87.8 88.8 89.9 91.0 92.0 94.1 95.2 96.2 99.4 100.5 101.5
50 42.3 85.8 87.9 88.9 90.0 91.1 92.1 94.2 95.3 96.3 99.5 100.6 101.6
51 42.4 85.9 88.1 89.1 90.2 91,3 92.3 94.5 95.5 96.6 99.7 100.8 101.9
52 42.5 86.0 86.2 89.2 90.3 91.4 92.4 94.6 95.6 96.7 99.8 100.9 102.0
53 42.5 86.2 88.3 89.4 90.5 91.5 92.6 94.7 95.8 96.9 100.1 101.2 102.2
54 42.6 86.3 88.4 89.5 90.6 91.6 92.7 94.8 95.9 97.0 100.2 101.3 102.3
55 42.7 86.4 88.5 89.6 90.7 91.7 92.8 94.9 96.0 97.1 100.3 101.4 102.4
56 42.8 86.6 88.6 89.8 90.9 91.9 93.0 95.1 96.2 97.3 100.5 101.6 102.6
57 42.9 86.8 88.9 90.0 91.1 92.1 93.2 95.3 96.4 97.5 100.7 101.8 102.8
58 42.9 86.9 89.0 90.1 91.2 92.2 93.3 95.4 96.5 97.6 100.8 101.9 103.0
59 43.0 87.0 89.1 90.2 91.3 92.4 93.4 95.5 96.6 97.7 100.9 102.0 103.1
60 43.1 87.2 89.3 90.4 91.4 92.5 93.6 95.8 96.8 97.9 101.2 102.2 103.З

PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 521
561/562

MS. ITEM ROCEDURE: Checking Fuel Control Unit Temperature-Sensing Probe For Serviceability

OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.) CORRECTIVE CHECKED


[Main Menu] TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]
ACTIONS BY

1. Check the IGV setting angle against the dial, which should be (27 +1.5) °.
2. Apply plasticine to the IGV angle indicator dial so that during the stator vanes displacement, the pointer
leaves a clear trace on plasticine (the dial division should not be closed by plasticine).
3. Start the engine (or attempt to start the engine if it fails to be started).
Shut down the engine after it gains the idling power (or discontinue the engine start after the engine N GG
hang-up).
4. Inspect the IGV dial. By reference to the pointer trace left on the plasticine, determine the angle value
during the engine starting.
5. In case of the angle value decrease by more than 2° of the value indicated in Step 1, replace the Ref. Task Card No. 816.
temperature-sensing probe.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS

PAGES
TO M. S. TASK CARD No. 522
563 to 564

MS. ITEM PROCEDURE: Check of Actuation of The Power Synchronizer (PS) Emergency Cut out Control Valve of The FCU
CORRECTIVE CHECKED
OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.)
ACTIONS BY
1. General.
1.1 This check is performed during the scheduled maintenance sequentially for each of the engines of the
power plant.
1.2. In doing that checked is the "difference in power setting" in regards to the GG rotor RPM when the
adjustment of the PS emergency cut out control valve of the FCU for the engine being checked is
preliminary decreased.
2. Preliminarily operations.
2.1. On the engine being checked decrease the adjustment of the PS emergency cut out control valve with
the aid of adjustment screw ⑧ of the FCU in accordance with Task Card No. 510, Section 073.12.05
(Book 2).
3. Check.
3.1. Perform a sequential start of the both engines (Ref. Section 072.00.00, Task Card No. 501).
3.2. After the engines warming up at idle power setting set the right hand throttle control twist grip rotation
(for single rotor helicopters) or move the collective pitch lever to the AUTOMATIC CONTROL position
(for coaxial rotor helicopters) and make sure the PS emergency cut out control valve of the FCU for the
engine being checked actuates.
The control valve actuation criterion is the occurred difference (more than 2%) in the GG rotor speed
of the engines and further decreasing of the GG rotor speed of the engine being checked relative to
the unchecked (the other) engine.
NOTE: When the engine operates at the right hand throttle control twist grip rotation setting
(AUTOMATIC CONTROL power setting), the throttle control twist grip (collective pitch lever)
should be set at fixed position.

OPERATIONS AND TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS (T. R.) CORRECTIVE CHECKED


[Main Menu] TB3 - 117
[EMM Book1 TOC] ENGINE MAINTENANCE MANUAL SPAF–TB3EMM–1
[Chapter 72 TOC]
ACTIONS BY

If after the right hand throttle control twist grip rotation entering (AUTOMATIC CONTROL power Replace the FCU in
setting), the PS emergency cut out control valve actuation did not take place, then smoothly increase accordance with Tack.
the power setting of the unchecked engine by the STCL angle increase (lift above the trip catch) until Card. No. 803.
the PS emergency cut out control valve of the engine being checked actuates.
3.3. After the PS emergency cut out control valve actuation it is necessary to check for presence of
synchronization interlock by augmenting of the collective pitch angle ( φCP) up to ~ 4 deg. The
difference in the GG rotor speed of the engines should remain the same or increase.
The main rotor speed value at the moment of the PS emergency cut out control valve actuation should
not exceed: 94% (for single-rotor helicopters) and 89% (for coaxial-rotor helicopters).

CAUTION! IF MAIN ROTOR SPEED EXCEEDS THE LIMITING VALUE, CHANGE THE ENGINES OVER TO
THE IDLE POWER.

3.4. Change the engines over to the idle power.


3.5. Allow the engines to cool off and then shut down.
3.6. Set adjustment screw ⑧ to the initial position and check the extension of this screw (Ref. Tack. Card
No. 510, Section 073.12.05).
3.7. Perform the same check for the second engine.

CAUTION! Before the next starting of the engines check an engagement of the freewheel clutch of the
both engines with the driven shaft of the main (intermediate) gearbox.

4. Final operations.
4.1. Make the respective entry in the Engine Logbook and FCU Certificate on the check performed.

TEST EQUIPMENT TOOLS AND FIXTURES MATERIALS