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To all BSFT/BSHRM/BT student researchers:

Please be advised that the CIT Research Forum Full Paper will follow the
format of the Philippine Journal of Industrial Education and Technology


Hard and soft copy of the articles must be submitted to the CIT Dean’s Office. Hard
copy shall bear the name of the researcher/s, adviser and the department
which they represent. Soft copy shall be free from indicators of researcher/s and
institution, for purposes of the blind-review. If sent via email as an attachment,
identifying information can be indicated in the subject line. The softcopy must be
emailed to


The articles should be in letter-sized paper, with 1.0 paragraph spacing and
observe side margins: top and bottom – 1”; left and right - 1.25”. Maximum of
20 pages to include table of contents, graphs, tables, references and appendices.

The manuscript must be arranged in the following sequence:

Title. Concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Title case and be written with 13 font size, Cambria, justified and set in bold face.

Author’s Name –name of the researcher (Cambria, 12pt font) and the institution
which they represent (Cambria, 8pt font, italicized)

Abstract - The abstract is a summary of the complete document. Font size 10,
italicized, Cambria and justified. It should be limited to 250-350 words.

Keywords: Provide a maximum of 5 keywords be written with 10 font size.

The introduction should contain the background of the study, the
research questions, selected literature reviews, conceptual framework
and research hypothesis. Font size 10, Cambria and justified. Headings for
subtopics should be italicized, and set in bold face.

Method should contain the participants, sampling and research
design and apparatus and materials. Font size 10, Cambria and justified.
Headings for subtopics should be italicized and set in bold face.

Results and Discussion

The discussion part should answer each research question based on the results. Font
size 10, Cambria and justified. Headings for subtopics should be italicized and set in
bold face.
The figures should be numbered continuously, italicized, font size 8, Cambria.
Below is an example.

Figure 1. Visual conception models

Tables should be numbered continuously. The heading “Table 1” should have a font
size of 8, Cambria. Table title should be italicized with font size 8, Cambria font.
Below is an example.
Table 1
Independent Samples Mann-Whitney U Test on Interest in Chemistry Pretest
Mean Sum of
N U p
Rank Ranks
COPT 39 38.97 1520
703.0 0.847
TTA 37 38.00 1406
Total 76

Use APA format (6th edition) in reporting statistical results. Below is an example for

Table 1 shows that there is no significant difference in the posttest mean scores in the
WGCTA of COPT (M=53.1, SD= 8.31) and TTA (M=52.4, SD=6.53), t(73) =0.352, p
=0.363. This result suggests that the critical thinking skills of students who were
taught using COPT and those who were exposed to TTA were comparable even after

Consult APA format (6th edition) for other statistical tables.

Conclusion and Recommendations

The main conclusion of the study may be presented in the conclusion section. Font size
10, Cambria and justified.

References - Follow APA format (6th edition) in reporting references.

In general, references should contain the author name, publication date, title, and publication
information. Include the issue number if the journal is paginated by issue
For information obtained electronically or online include the Digital Object
Identifier (DOI):

DOI - a unique alphanumeric string assigned to identify content and provide a persistent
link to its location on the internet. The DOI is typically located on the first page of the
electronic journal article near the copyright notice. When a DOI is used in your citation, no
other retrieval information is needed. Use this format for the DOI in references: doi:xxxxxxx

Gregory, G., & Parry, T. (2006). Designing brain-compatible learning (3rd ed.).
Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

Chapter of a Book:
Bergquist, J. M. (1992). German Americans. In J. D. Buenker & L. A. Ratner (Eds.),
Multiculturalism in the United States: A comparative guide to acculturation and
ethnicity (pp. 53-76). New York, NY: Greenwood.

Journal Article with DOI:

Paivio, A. (1975). Perceptual comparisons through the mind's eye. Memory & Cognition,
3, 635-647. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Journal Article without DOI (when DOI is not available):

Becker, L. J., & Seligman, C. (1981). Welcome to the energy crisis. Journal of Social
Issues, 37(2), 1-7.
Hamfi, A. G. (1981). The funny nature of dogs. E-journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38
-48. Retrieved from

Online Newspaper Articles:

Becker, E. (2001, August 27). Prairie farmers reap conservation's rewards. The New York
Times. Retrieved from

Encyclopedia Articles:
Brislin, R. W. (1984). Cross-cultural psychology. In R. J. Corsini (Ed.), Encyclopedia of
psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 319-327). New York, NY: Wiley.

Developmental genetics. (2005). In Cambridge encyclopedia of child development.

Retrieved from http://0-

Technical and Research Reports (often with corporate authors)

Hershey Foods Corporation. (2001, March 15). 2001 Annual Report. Retrieved from

Book Reviews:
Dent-Read, C., & Zukow-Goldring, P. (2001). Is modeling knowing? [Review of the book
Models of cognitive development, by K. Richardson]. American Journal of
Psychology, 114, 126-133.

Data Sets:
Simmons Market Research Bureau. (2000). Simmons national consumer survey [Data
New York, NY: Author.

Blog post:
Lincoln, D. S. (2009, January 23). The likeness and sameness of the ones in the middle.
[Web log post]. Retrieved from

Website with no author or date of publication:

Census data revisited. (n.d.). Retrieved March 9, 2009, from Harvard, Psychology of
Population website,

Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material may change over time. If no DOI
has been assigned to the content, provide the homepage URL.

Basic Citation (APA 6th Ed.)

Types of Citation First Citation in Subsequent Parenthetical Parenthetical
text citations in text format, first format, subsequent
citation in text citations in text
One work by one Walker (2007) Walker (2007) (Walker, 2007) (Walker, 2007)

One work by two Walker and Allen Walker and Allen Walker & Allen, Walker & Allen,
authors (2004) (2004) 2004) 2004)

One work by three Bradley, Ramirez, Bradley et al. (1999) (Bradley, Ramirez, & (Bradley et al., 1999)
authors and Soo (1999) Soo, 1999)

One work by four Bradley, Ramirez, Bradley et al. (2006) (Bradley, Ramirez, (Bradley et al., 2006)
authors Soo, and Walsh Soo, & Walsh, 2006)
One work by five Walker, Allen, Walker et al. (2008) (Walker, Allen, (Walker et al., 2008)
authors Bradley, Ramirez, Bradley, Ramirez, &
and Soo (2008) Soo, 2008)
One work by six or Wasserstein et al. Wasserstein et al. (Wasserstein et al., (Wasserstein et al.,
more authors (2005) (2005) 2005) 2005)

Groups (readily National Institute of NIMH (2003) (National Institute of (NIMH, 2003)
identified through Mental Health Mental Health
abbreviation) as (NIMH, 2003) [NIMH], 2003)

Group (no University of University of (University of (University of

abbreviation) as Pittsburgh (2005) Pittsburgh (2005) Pittsburgh, 2005) Pittsburgh, 2005)
Source: American Psychological Association (2016). Retrieved from
APA 6th Edition Format for References
Examples by Type

Periodicals include items published on a regular basis such as journals, magazines, newspapers,
and newsletters.

General reference form:

Author, A. A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, pp-pp.
Journal article with DOI
Herbst-Damm, K.L., & Kulik, J.A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times or
terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. Doi: 10.1037/0278-9133.24.2.225
Journal article with DOI, more than seven authors
Gilbert, D. G., McClernon, J. F., Rabinovich, N. E., Sugai, C., Plath, L. C., Asgaard, G.,…Botros, N.
(2004). Effects of quitting smoking on EEG activation and attention last for more than 31 days and
more severe with stress, dependence, DRD2 A1 allele, and depressive traits. Nicotine and Tobacco
Research, 6, 249-267. doi: 10.1080/14622200410001676305

Journal article without DOI (when DOI is not available)

Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived
early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved
Magazine article
Chamberlin, J., Novotney, A., Packard, E., & Price, M. (2008, May). Enhancing worker well-being:
Occupational health psychologists convene to share their research on work, stress, and health. Monitor
on Psychology, 39(5), 26-29.

Online magazine article

Clay, R. (2008, June). Science vs. ideology. Psychologists fight back about the misuse of research. Monitor
on Psychology, 39(6). Retrieved from

Newsletter article, no author

Six sites meet for comprehensive anti-gang initiative conference. (2006, November/December). OJJDP
News @ a Glance. Retrieved from
Newspaper article
Scwarz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1,

 Precede page numbers for newspaper articles with p. or pp.

 If an article appears on discontinuous pages, give all page numbers, and separate the numbers
with comma (e.g., pp. B1, B3, B5-B7).

Online newspaper article

Brody, J. E., (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from

Editorial without signature

Editorial: “What is a disaster” and why does this question matter? [Editorial]. (2006). Journal of
Contingencies and Crisis Management, 14, 1-2.
Online-only supplemental material in a periodical
Marshall-Pescini, S., & Whitten, A. (2008). Social learning of nut-cracking behavior in East African
sanctuary-living chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) [Supplemental material]. Journal of
Comparative Psychology, 122, 186-194. Doi: 10.1037/0735-7036.122.2.186.supp.
When DOIs are assigned, use them as noted in the examples that follow.

For an entire book, use the following reference formats:

Author, A. A. (1967). Title of work. Location: Publisher.
Author, A. A. (1997). Title of work. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxx
Author, A. A. (2006). Title of work. Doi: xxxxx
Editor, A. A. (Ed.). (1986). Title of work. Location: Publisher

For a chapter in a book or entry in a reference book, use the following formats:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (1995). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.),
Title of the book (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (1993). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.),
Title of the book (pp. xxx-xxx). Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxx
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (1995). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.),
Title of the book (pp. xxx-xxx). doi: xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx