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Marking scheme for Sec 3 End of Year Chemistry Examination 2000

Section A

B

11

B

21

A

2 B

12

B

22

C

3 A

13

C

23

C

4 A

14

0

24

0

5 C

15

0

25

B

6 A

16

C

26

B

7 B

17

0

27

B

8 C

18

A

28

B

9 A

19

B

29

A

10 C

20

0

30

B

Section 8

1(a)

(i)

Filtration

(1 )

(i

i)

Simple distillation

(1 )

(i ii)

Fractional distillation

(1 )

(b)

(i)

B

(1 )

(i i)

0

(1 )

(i

ii)

C

(1 )

(c)

(i

)

Pencil lead will not undergo chromatography.) Pencil lead insoluble in solvent. ) Ink from pen dissolves in solvent. )Either one(1) Ink from pen undergoes chromatography )

(ii) To allow enough time for solutes to separate) To ensure complete or maximum separation )Either one (1) To ensure accurate Rf values )

2(a)

 

69

71

Isotopes

Ga

Ga

:\1

:\1

Number of protons

31

31

Number of neutrons

38

40

Number of electrons

31

31

4 correct - 2 marks;

2 -3 correct - 1 mark;

oor 1 correct - 0 mark

(b)

Isotopes are atoms of the same element having the same proton number but different neutron number.

 

(1 )

(c)

Ar of Gallium

=

(0.6 X 69)

+

(0.4 X 71)

(1 )

 

=

69.8

(1 )

3(a)(i)

Six

(1 )

(ii)

Se 2 -

(1 )

(iii) Acidic oxide. It is a non-metallic oxide.

 

(2)

(iv)

Se

0

71.2

28.8

71.2

28.8

79

16

0.901

1.8

1

2

 

Empirical Formula

=

Se02

[2]

3b(i)

3b(i)  
 
 

[2]

(i i)

It has low b.p . It does not conduct electricity.

(1 ) (1 )- Any two of three points

2

4(a)

Gas at room temperature

No of moles =

28/56

(1) Max 2 marks 0.5 mole

(1 )

= Concentration = 0.5/2 =

0.25

mol/dm 3

(1 )

(b)

MaVa

=

MbVb

(1 )

Volume of HCI,

Va

=

0.25 X

2

Volume of HCI, Va = 0.25 X 2 (1 )

(1 )

 

0.25

5(a)

The colourless solution turns brownish/Brown colour seen

 

(1)

(1 )
(1 )

(1 )

(b)

Effervescence seen/K 2 C0 3 dissolves/Colourless solution forms

(1)

Carbon dioxide given off.

(1 )

  (1 )
  (1 )
 

(1 )

6 (a)

Rare gases/ Noble gases/Gp 0 or VIII

 

(1 )

(b)(i)

Violent reaction

or explosion

(1 )

Effervescence seen Rubidium dissolves Heat and Light seen

(1) - Any two points of max 2 marks (1 ) (1 )

(ii)

Rubidium is more reactive than lithium.

(1 )

The valency electron of rubidium is further away from the nucleus than that of lithium, hence more reactive than lithium.

(1 )

or

Rubidium loses its valency electron more readily than lithium.

(i ii)

its valency electron more readily than lithium. (i ii) (iv) There is no change in oxidation
its valency electron more readily than lithium. (i ii) (iv) There is no change in oxidation

(iv)

There is no change in oxidation number of the elements

(1 )

7

(a)

+

2HCI(aq)

ZnCb(aq)

+

1 mole of Zinc react with 2 moles of HCI

 

No of moles

of HCI reacted

=

0.2

X

0.25

=

0.05

(1 )

No of moles of Zinc reacted

=

0.05/2

 

=

0.025

Mass of Zinc powder reacted =

0.025

x

65

= 1.63 g

(1 )

3

 

Mass of excess zinc unreacted

= 13 -

1.625 = 11.4g

(1 )

(b)

The excess zinc powder is removed by filtration.

(1 )

(c)

To ensure all Hel acid reacted or used up.

(1 )

(d)

Copper cannot

displace hydrogen from the acid.

(1 )

8

(a)

The bulb lights

up brighter.

 

(1 )

 

This is due to the bigger difference in the position of the metals in the reactivity series.

(1 )

 

(b)

The bulb does not light up.

(1 )

 

Both electrodes are made of the same metals

(1 )

Section C

 
 

(a)

(i)

The particles in gases are far apart.

 

[1 ]

(ii)

Heat energy is absorbed

[1 ]

 

to overcome the forces of attraction between the particles.

[1 ]

 

(b)

 

Air is cooled to

 

freeze and remove water vapour and carbon dioxide.

 

The air liquefied by pressure / compressed with pumps and allowed to expand suddenly.

Liquid air undergoes fractional distillation.

 

Liquid air is heated and boiled.

 

Oxygen boils and is separated from other gases based on different

 

boiling points.

 

[3]

6 pts: 3m 2-3 pts:

1m

4-5 pts: 2m 0-1 pts: Om

 

(c)

 

[1]

Add lead( II) oxide to nitric acid

 
 

• If excess acid used, no need to mention filtration.

 

[1]

/

if excess lead(ll) oxide used, must filter mixture. Add potassium iodide solution to filtrate / lead(ll) nitrate solution.

• Filter mixture.

• Wash residue with cold distilled water.

• Dry residue between pieces of filter paper.

4 .:

2m

2-3 .:

1m

0-1

.:

Om

[4]

4

2

(a)

(i)

transition metal

[1]

(ii)

high density / variable valency and oxidation states in compounds

[1]

(b)

(i)

(i)

(i i)

Iron loses electrons to form Fe 3 + /

Iron atom loses 3 electrons.

[1]

(i ii)

Oxygen is absent at the bottom of the

ocean.

 

[1]

(c)

(i)

Tin is a much less reactive metal than iron and does not corrode easily/

 

Tin acts as a protective coat, preventing water and air from reaching the steel

can.

[1]

 

(i i)

Coating is damaged/scratches when can is dented.

 

[1 ]

 

Iron exposed to air and moisture will rust.

[1 ]

 

(ii i)

Galvanising, sacrificial protection -- attach a block of more reactive metal to

 

iron, coat with grease/paint/plastic, chromium plating.

(any 2)

[2]

3

(a)

(i)

A pollutant is a substance that is harmful to the environment / cause harm

 

to people, animals, plants, buildings and machinery.

[1]

(ii)

carbon monoxide --- from incomplete combustion of carbon/carbon- containing substances / petrol (wrong: fuel)

[1]

oxides of nitrogen ---

nitrogen reacting with air / oxygen due to high

temperature / formed during lightning of forest fires.

[1]

(iii)

Carbon monoxide forms carboxyhaemoglobin

[1]

which prevents blood from absorbing oxygen.

[1]

(b)

(i)

Energy required to break all bonds in reactants = 4(390)+163+2(158) = 2039kJ

[1]

Energy evolved when bonds in products are formed

= 945

+

4 (565)

=

3 205 kJ

[1 ]

6H

=

- 1 166 kJ/mol

[1 ]

(i i)

fluorine

 

[1 ]

5

Fluorine releases more energy (per mole of hydrazine) than oxygen.

[1]