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Multifamily Dwelling Unit, 400/230 Volts Three-Phase 4-Wire Service

Multifamily dwelling having 40 dwelling units with individual feeder to


each dwelling unit. Each dwelling unit has floor area of 90 square meters
and with typical household appliances including one 8-kW electric range
and one 1-Hp room air-conditioning unit.
Total Load for Each Dwelling Unit:
(A) General Lighting and Convenience Receptacle Load:
[See table 2.20.2.3]
90 𝑚2 × 24 𝑉𝐴/𝑚2 = 2160 𝑉𝐴
(B) Small Appliance Load:
[See Section 2.10.1.11(C)(1) and 2.20.3.13(A)]
One 20-ampere @ 1500 volt-amperes = 1500 𝑉𝐴
(C) Laundry Circuit Load:
[See Section 2.10.1.11(C)(2) and 2.20.3.13(B)]
One 20-ampere @ 1500 volt-amperes = 1500 𝑉𝐴
Subtotal = 5160 𝑉𝐴
Application of Demand Factors: (See Table 2.20.3.3)
First 3000 volt-amperes @ 100% D.F. = 3000 𝑉𝐴
Remainder @ 35% D.F.
(2160 𝑉𝐴 × 0.35) = 756 𝑉𝐴
(D) Other Loads
One 8-kW electric range @ 80% D.F.
(See Table 2.20.3.16) = 6400 𝑉𝐴
One 1-Hp room ACU, 8𝐴 × 230𝑉
@ 100% D.F. = 1840 𝑉𝐴
Total Net Computed Load
(For Each Dwelling Unit) = 11996 𝑉𝐴

Service Feeder Conductors for Each Dwelling Unit:


Total Full Load Current: (See Section 4.30.2.4 and 4.40.1.7)
[11996 𝑉𝐴 + 25%(1840 𝑉𝐴)] ÷ 230 𝑉 = 54 𝐴
Use two 22 mm2 THW wires.
Service Equipment for Each Dwelling Unit:
(A) Maximum Current Rating of Protective Device, with:
(See Section 4.30.4.2 and Table 4.30.4.2)
(1) Nominal Delay Fuse.
[3000 𝑉𝐴 + 756 𝑉𝐴 + 6400 𝑉𝐴
+ 300%(1840)] ÷ 230 𝑉 = 68 𝐴
(2) Inverse Time Circuit Breaker.
[3000 𝑉𝐴 + 756 𝑉𝐴 + 6400 𝑉𝐴
+ 250%(1840)] ÷ 230 𝑉 = 64 𝐴
(B) Service Equipment Rating
Use one 100-ampere, 1PST, 250-volt safety switch with one 100-
ampere fuse, or one 100-ampere trip, 1 pole, 240-volt molded
case circuit breaker.
Total Load for 40 Dwelling Units:
[See Section 2.20.4.5(A)]

General Lighting Load,


2160 𝑉𝐴 × 40 = 86400 𝑉𝐴
Small Appliance Load,
1500 𝑉𝐴 × 40 = 60000 𝑉𝐴
Laundry Circuit Load,
1500 𝑉𝐴 × 40 = 60000 𝑉𝐴
One 8-kW Electric Range,
8000 𝑉𝐴 × 40 = 320000 𝑉𝐴
One 1-Hp room ACU,
1840 𝑉𝐴 × 40 = 73600 𝑉𝐴
Total Computed Load = 600000 𝑉𝐴
Application of Demand Factor
(See Table 2.20.4.5)
(600000 𝑉𝐴 × 0.28) = 168000 𝑉𝐴

Main Service Entrance Conductors:


Total Full Load Current:
(168000 𝑉𝐴) ÷ (400 𝑉)(1.732) = 242 𝐴
2 2
Use three 200 mm + one 200 mm (neutral)
THW wires.
Main Service Equipment:
(A) Total Current:
(168000 𝑉𝐴) ÷ (400 𝑉)(1.732) = 242 𝐴
(B) Use one 400-ampere, 3-pole, 415-volt safety switch with three
300-ampere fuses, or one 250-ampere trip, 3 pole, 415-volt
molded case circuit breaker.