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COLUMN DESIGN CALCULATIONS

Project Name : Duqm Refinery_Workshop


Client Name : Saipem
Engineer Name : GPE
Design File : C:\Users\Admin\Downloads\workinhome\Wall Frame-
Column-1.rcdx
Analysis File : C:\Users\Admin\Downloads\workinhome\Wall Frame.STD
Analysis Last : 7/14/2019 2:10:56 AM
Modified

Definitions Of Terms:

All forces in units kN and m


All reinforcement details like area, spacing in mm
Neutral axis angle for resultant design moment is with respect to local major axis.

Volumetric ratio of confining reinforcement in


1 Ωwd =
boundary element
2 μθ = Curvature ductility factor
Multiplier of horizontal design seismic action at
3 α1 =
formation of first plastic hinge in the system
Multiplier of horizontal seismic design action at
4 αu =
formation of global plastic in mechanism
5 εc = Strain in Concrete
6 εcu2 = Ultimate strain of unconfined Concrete
7 εcu2,c = Ultimate strain of confined Concrete
8 εm = Average steel strain at level considered
9 εs = Strain in Reinforcement
10 εsc = Compressive Strain in Reinforcement
Partial factor for concrete (Persistent and
11 γc =
Transient)
12 γcd = Partial factor for concrete (Accidental)
Partial factor for Reinforcement (Persistent and
13 γs =
Transient)
14 γsd = Partial factor for Reinforcement (Accidental)
15 ω = Reinforcement ratio
Technical volumetric ratio of confining
16 ωwd =
reinforcement
17 φef = Creep co-efficient
18 Kφ = Factor for taking account of creep
19 Nεd = Design value of axial load
20 Ac = Cross Sectional Area of Concrete
21 Ash = Volume of confining hoops
Estimated area of longitudinal reinforcement for
22 As est =
slenderness check
23 b = Effective Width of Column in mm
24 B = Width / Smaller Dimension of Column in mm
25 bwo = Thickness of web of a wall
26 c = Factor depending on the curvature distribution
Depth / Larger Dimension of Column OR
27 D =
Diameter of Circular Column in mm
28 d = Effective Depth of Column in mm
Diameter Of core measured to the outside of
29 Dk =
circular link
30 Ec = Modulus of elasticity of concrete
31 Es = Modulus of elasticity of Reinforcement
32 e2 = Deflection
33 e2B = Minimum eccentricity along B
34 e2D = Minimum eccentricity along D
Characteristic Cylindrical strength of Concrete
35 fck =
N/sqmm
Permissible Stress in Concrete required in
36 FcPerm =
N/sqmm
37 fctm = Mean value of axial tensile strength of Concrete
38 Fst = Stress in Reinforcement
Permissible Stress in Reinforcement required in
39 FstPerm =
N/sqmm
40 Fyd = Design value of Reinforcement yield strength
Design value of yield strength of the horizontal
41 fyd,h =
web reinforcement
Height of critical region above base or basement
42 hcr =
story
Crack width co-efficient for high bond bars (value
43 K1 =
= 0.8)
44 K2 = Crack width co-efficient for bending (value =0.5)
45 K3 = Crack width constant (value =3.4)
46 K4 = Crack width constant (value =0.5)
47 Kr = Correction factor depending on the axial load
Factor reflecting the prevailing failure node in
48 kw =
structural systems with walls
49 lo = Effective length of column
50 lw = Length of cross-section of wall
Design bending moment from the analysis for the
51 Med =
seismic design situation
52 mgeoD = Moment due to geometric imperfections along D
53 mgeoB = Moment due to geometric imperfections along B
54 Mux = Factored moment Along D
55 Muy = Factored moment Along B
Moment capacity of section for NA angle at
56 MCap =
design Pu
Resultant design moment at angle to local major
57 MRes =
axis
Additional moment due to slenderness about
58 M2B =
minor axis (Along B)
Additional moment due to slenderness about
59 M2D =
major axis (Along D)
60 M2 = Nominal second order moment
61 M01 = First order end moments
62 M02 = First order end moments
63 n = Relative axial force
64 nbal = Value of n at maximum moment of resistance
Design axial force from the analysis for the
65 Ned =
seismic design situation
66 q = Behavior factor
67 qo = Basic value of the behavior factor
Fundamental period of the building in the
68 T1 =
horizontal direction of interest
Corner period at the upper limit of the constant
69 Tc =
acceleration region of the elastic Spectrum
70 VEd x = Design shear force at the ULS long D
71 VEd y = Design shear force at the ULS long B
Shear force in a wall from the analysis for the
72 v'ed =
seismic design situation
73 Wcr = Surface Crack Width in mm
74 WcrPerm = Permissible Crack Width required in mm
75 Xu = Neural axis Depth
76 z = Internal lever arm
77 z = Internal lever arm
It is a Neutral Axis angle corresponding to load
78 β =
angle to find out MCap

Code References:

EN 02 - 2004

ELEMENT CLAUSE / table


1 Max area of reinforcement : Cl. 9.5.2 (3)
2 Min area of reinforcement : Cl. 9.5.2 (2)
3 Minimum Eccentricity Calc : 6.1 (4)
4 Slenderness Moments : 5.8.8.2
5 Design of horizontal links : 6.2.3
Determine shear capacity without shear
6 : 6.2.2
reinforcement
7 Crack width calculation : 7.3.4

BS EN 1998-1:2004 (E)

ELEMENT CLAUSE / table


Spacing of special confining
1 : Cl.5.4.3.2.2 (8)
reinforcement
C/s area of special confining
2 : Cl.5.2.3.4 (3)
reinforcement
3 Shear resistance of ductile wall : Cl.5.5.2.4.1
4 Ductile wall (Bending and Shear) : Cl.5.4.3.4
5 Special provisions for ductile walls : Cl.5.4.2.4 and Cl.5.4.2.5
6 Design for DCM : Cl.5.4
7 Design for DCH : Cl.5.5

General Data
Column No. : C1,C28
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 213
Critical Analysis Load : 218
Combination
[117] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +1.5
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 199.07 kN
Mux(top joint) = 271.34 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -141.72 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -94.51 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -180.94 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 199.07 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -94.51 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -180.94 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.98 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.98 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.5 kNm
MgeoB = 0.5 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 52.19 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 9.89 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 52.19 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 271.34 3.98 0.5 271.84 --- 271.84
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 3.98 0.5 3.98 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -141.72 3.98 0.5 -142.22 --- 142.22
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 3.98 0.5 3.98 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 199.07 kN
Mux = 271.84 kNm
Muy = 142.22 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.8
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 27.62 deg
MRes = 306.79 kNm
MCap = 317.51 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.97 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7
λB/λD = 1.4286
eD(top) = 1365.551 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 714.4389 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 1.34


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.75
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 218
Combination
[117] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+0.9 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +1.5 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -180.9414 kN
Pu = 199.07
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.1749 N/mm2
VRD,c = 159.59 kN
As tension = 3141.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1375

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 218
Combination
[117] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+0.9 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +1.5 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -94.508 kN
Pu = 199.07
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.6518 N/mm2
VRD,c = 161.9785 kN
As tension = 3141.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 290 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8305
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1375

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C1,C28
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3650 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 212
Critical Analysis Load : 168
Combination
[67] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5
Load Combination = (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +1.5
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 37.29 kN
Mux(top joint) = -13.11 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -22.56 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -15.93 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 32.02 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 37.29 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 119.72 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 43.55 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -15.93 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 32.02 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 0.75 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 0.75 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.34 kNm
MgeoB = 0.34 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 25.26 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 120.59 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 36.08 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 120.59 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Calculation of Design Moment
Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -13.11 0.75 0.34 -13.45 --- 13.45
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 119.72 0.75 0.34 120.06 --- 120.06
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -22.56 0.75 0.34 -22.9 --- 22.9
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 43.55 0.75 0.34 43.89 --- 43.89
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 37.29 kN
Mux = 120.06 kNm
Muy = 43.89 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.72
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 20.08 deg
MRes = 127.83 kNm
MCap = 146.45 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.87 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7
λB/λD = 1.4286
eD(top) = 360.7247 mm
eD(bot) = 3219.3769 mm
eB(top) = 614.1488 mm
eB(bot) = 1176.8037 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.41


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 2.43
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 1.91 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.52 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 168
Combination
[67] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 6: WL+Z) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 32.0158 kN
Pu = 37.29
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.207 N/mm2
VRD,c = 104.0303 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0081
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2131

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 168
Combination
[67] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 6: WL+Z) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -15.934 kN
Pu = 37.29
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1091 N/mm2
VRD,c = 108.8321 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0086
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2131

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm
Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C2,C29
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1500 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 199
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5
Load Combination = (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 91.97 kN
Mux(top joint) = -19.34 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 193.27 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -128.88 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -12.9 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 91.97 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -128.88 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -12.9 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.84 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.84 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.23 kNm
MgeoB = 0.23 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 10.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 76.79 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 9.89 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 76.79 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -19.34 1.84 0.23 -19.57 --- 19.57
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 1.84 0.23 1.84 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 193.27 1.84 0.23 193.5 --- 193.5
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 1.84 0.23 1.84 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 91.97 kN
Mux = 19.57 kNm
Muy = 193.5 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.8
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 84.22 deg
MRes = 194.49 kNm
MCap = 222.89 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.87 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 1.05
λB/λD = 0.9524
eD(top) = 212.8271 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 2103.8373 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.07


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 14.12
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
Critical Load Combination =
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
(LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -12.8999 kN
Pu = 91.97
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0838 N/mm2
VRD,c = 145.4537 kN
As tension = 3141.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.5256

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -128.8809 kN
Pu = 91.97
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.8888 N/mm2
VRD,c = 148.6683 kN
As tension = 3141.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 290 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8305
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.5256

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C2,C29
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3650 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 4150 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 198
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL) +(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9)
+1.2 (LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 73.95 kN
Mux(top joint) = 2.87 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 57.46 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -22.29 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 0.31 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 73.95 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 1.59 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -35.02 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -22.29 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 0.31 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.48 kNm
Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30
Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.48 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.68 kNm
MgeoB = 0.68 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 28.72 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 95.74 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 36.08 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 95.74 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 2.87 1.48 0.68 3.55 --- 3.55
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 1.59 1.48 0.68 2.27 --- 2.27
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 57.46 1.48 0.68 58.14 --- 58.14
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -35.02 1.48 0.68 -35.69 --- 35.69
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 73.95 kN
Mux = 3.55 kNm
Muy = 58.14 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 86.51 deg
MRes = 58.24 kNm
MCap = 82.14 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.71 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7959
λB/λD = 1.2565
eD(top) = 47.9808 mm
eD(bot) = 30.6923 mm
eB(top) = 786.1178 mm
eB(bot) = 482.6208 mm
(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.04
(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 23.41
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.04 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 22.46 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 0.3082 kN
Pu = 73.95
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.002 N/mm2
VRD,c = 121.0954 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.4226

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -22.2897 kN
Pu = 73.95
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1516 N/mm2
VRD,c = 126.372 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.4226

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C3,C30
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 450 mm
Column D = 700 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 28
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5
Load Combination = (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 492.77 kN
Mux(top joint) = 438.39 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 19.41 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 12.94 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -292.33 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 503.91 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 12.94 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -292.33 kN
Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 23.3333 mm
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 11.76 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 15 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 10.08 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.23 kNm
MgeoB = 1.23 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 4.94 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 44.01 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 7.69 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 44.01 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Calculation of Design Moment
Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 438.39 11.5 1.23 439.62 --- 439.62
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 11.76 1.26 11.76 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 19.41 9.86 1.23 20.64 --- 20.64
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 10.08 1.26 10.08 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 492.77 kN
Mux = 439.62 kNm
Muy = 20.64 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.69
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 12-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 2.69 deg
MRes = 440.1 kNm
MCap = 481.65 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.91 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6429
λB/λD = 1.5556
eD(top) = 872.4178 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 40.9652 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 13.69


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.07
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -292.3348 kN
Pu = 492.77
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.0119 N/mm2
VRD,c = 235.4997 kN
As tension = 2161.44 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 642 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.5581
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0075
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.5643

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 12.9439 kN
Pu = 492.77
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0472 N/mm2
VRD,c = 242.6764 kN
As tension = 2161.44 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 392 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.7143
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0079
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.5643

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 450 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm
Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C3,C30
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 450 mm
Column D = 700 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3650 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 2
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 258.21 kN
Mux(top joint) = 60.09 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 200.77 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 88.88 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 8.61 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 292.11 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 95.82 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -167.99 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 88.88 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 8.61 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 23.3333 mm
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 6.82 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 15 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.84 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian
Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the
= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 2.36 kNm
MgeoB = 2.36 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 18.04 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 57.81 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 28.06 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 57.81 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 60.09 6.02 2.36 62.45 --- 62.45
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 95.82 6.82 2.67 98.49 --- 98.49
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 200.77 5.16 2.36 203.12 --- 203.12
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -167.99 5.84 2.67 -170.66 --- 170.66
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 258.21 kN
Mux = 62.45 kNm
Muy = 203.12 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.47
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 6-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 72.91 deg
MRes = 212.51 kNm
MCap = 234.07 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.91 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6429
λB/λD = 1.5556
eD(top) = 213.7852 mm
eD(bot) = 337.1692 mm
eB(top) = 695.3758 mm
eB(bot) = 584.2251 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.2


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 5.06
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.37 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 2.7 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 8.6124 kN
Pu = 258.21
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0298 N/mm2
VRD,c = 183.4355 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 642 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.5581
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0051
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.8197

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 88.8809 kN
Pu = 258.21
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3239 N/mm2
VRD,c = 190.983 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 392 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.7143
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0054
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.8197

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 450 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C3,C30
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 450 mm
Column D = 700 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3050 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 30
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 52.51 kN
Mux(top joint) = 6.75 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -24.66 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -31.05 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -4.67 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 86.59 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -9.11 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 80.88 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -31.05 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -4.67 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 23.3333 mm
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.02 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 15 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.73 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.66 kNm
MgeoB = 0.66 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 15.08 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 106.17 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 23.45 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 106.17 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 6.75 1.23 0.4 7.15 --- 7.15
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -9.11 2.02 0.66 -9.77 --- 9.77
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -24.66 1.05 0.4 -25.06 --- 25.06
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 80.88 1.73 0.66 81.54 --- 81.54
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 86.59 kN
Mux = 9.77 kNm
Muy = 81.54 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.36
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 83.17 deg
MRes = 82.12 kNm
MCap = 140.52 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.58 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6429
λB/λD = 1.5556
eD(top) = 82.6161 mm
eD(bot) = 112.8014 mm
eB(top) = 289.3928 mm
eB(bot) = 941.6407 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.18


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 5.45
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.08 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 12.99 mm
Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = -4.6662 kN
Pu = 52.51
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0161 N/mm2
VRD,c = 142.5953 kN
As tension = 1131 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 644 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.5573
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0039
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.1667

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -31.0485 kN
Pu = 52.51
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1126 N/mm2
VRD,c = 150.9006 kN
As tension = 1131 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 394 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.7125
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0041
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.1667

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 450 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C4
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 4
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5
Load Combination = (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 282.67 kN
Mux(top joint) = 177.02 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 14.39 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 9.6 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -118.05 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 288.86 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 9.6 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -118.05 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.78 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.78 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.71 kNm
MgeoB = 0.71 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 43.33 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 14.83 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 43.33 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 177.02 5.65 0.71 177.73 --- 177.73
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 5.78 0.72 5.78 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 14.39 5.65 0.71 15.1 --- 15.1
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 5.78 0.72 5.78 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 282.67 kN
Mux = 177.73 kNm
Muy = 15.1 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.72
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 4.86 deg
MRes = 178.37 kNm
MCap = 194.17 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.92 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4667
λB/λD = 2.1429
eD(top) = 615.2848 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 52.2778 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 8.24


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.12
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -118.047 kN
Pu = 282.67
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.7631 N/mm2
VRD,c = 136.5675 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0081
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.6153
Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required
Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 9.5987 kN
Pu = 282.67
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0657 N/mm2
VRD,c = 139.5395 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0086
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.6153

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C4
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 4150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 5
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL) +(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9)
+1.2 (LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 192.95 kN
Mux(top joint) = 86.86 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 2.09 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 0.86 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -36.19 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 213.5 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -63.3 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -1.5 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 0.86 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -36.19 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.27 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.27 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.76 kNm
MgeoB = 1.76 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 25.26 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 56.35 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 41.03 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 56.35 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 86.86 3.86 1.76 88.62 --- 88.62
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -63.3 4.27 1.95 -65.25 --- 65.25
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 2.09 3.86 1.76 3.86 --- 3.86
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -1.5 4.27 1.95 4.27 --- -4.27
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 192.95 kN
Mux = 88.62 kNm
Muy = 3.86 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 2.49 deg
MRes = 88.7 kNm
MCap = 141.87 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.63 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6157
λB/λD = 1.6243
eD(top) = 415.0725 mm
eD(bot) = 305.6083 mm
eB(top) = 18.0756 mm
eB(bot) = -20 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 16.07


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.06
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = -10.7 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = -0.09 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -36.1911 kN
Pu = 192.95
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2329 N/mm2
VRD,c = 136.9463 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1026

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 0.8643 kN
Pu = 192.95
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0059 N/mm2
VRD,c = 141.366 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1026

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux
Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C4
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 6
Critical Analysis Load : 202
Combination
[101] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL) +(LOAD 8: LOAD CASE 8)
+1.2 (LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 50.49 kN
Mux(top joint) = -31.48 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 3.48 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 1.01 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 19.31 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 67.32 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 34.15 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0.04 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 1.01 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 19.31 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.35 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.35 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.51 kNm
MgeoB = 0.51 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 21.11 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 100.35 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 33.61 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 100.35 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -31.48 1.01 0.39 -31.87 --- 31.87
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 34.15 1.35 0.51 34.66 --- 34.66
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 3.48 1.01 0.39 3.86 --- 3.86
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0.04 1.35 0.51 1.35 --- 1.35
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 67.32 kN
Mux = 34.66 kNm
Muy = 1.35 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 2.22 deg
MRes = 34.69 kNm
MCap = 116.42 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.3 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6279
λB/λD = 1.5925
eD(top) = 473.4303 mm
eD(bot) = 514.8915 mm
eB(top) = 57.381 mm
eB(bot) = 20 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 5.78


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.17
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 18.02 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.06 mm
Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 202
Combination
[101] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 8: LOAD CASE 8) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 19.3087 kN
Pu = 50.49
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1243 N/mm2
VRD,c = 117.9697 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2885

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 202
Combination
[101] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 8: LOAD CASE 8) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 1.0122 kN
Pu = 50.49
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0069 N/mm2
VRD,c = 123.4152 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2885

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C5
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 7
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL) +(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9)
+1.2 (LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 452.28 kN
Mux(top joint) = 107.9 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 6.81 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 4.54 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -71.95 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 459.7 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 4.54 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -71.95 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 9.19 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 9.19 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.13 kNm
MgeoB = 1.13 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 38.4 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 9.89 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 38.4 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 107.9 9.05 1.13 109.03 --- 109.03
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 9.19 1.15 9.19 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 6.81 9.05 1.13 9.05 --- 9.05
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 9.19 1.15 9.19 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 452.28 kN
Mux = 109.03 kNm
Muy = 9.05 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.65
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 4.74 deg
MRes = 109.41 kNm
MCap = 214.57 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.51 < 1
Biaxial Bending Check
λD/λB = 0.7
λB/λD = 1.4286
eD(top) = 237.1782 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 19.677 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 8.44


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.12
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -71.9532 kN
Pu = 452.28
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.463 N/mm2
VRD,c = 180.0785 kN
As tension = 1131 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0073
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.5845

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 4.5428 kN
Pu = 452.28
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0309 N/mm2
VRD,c = 183.0796 kN
As tension = 1131 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0077
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.5845

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C5
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 8
Critical Analysis Load : 232
Combination
[131] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 228.61 kN
Mux(top joint) = 0.24 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 137.96 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 44.06 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 0.96 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 242.22 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 3.11 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 5.82 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 44.06 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 0.96 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.84 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.84 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.6 kNm
MgeoB = 1.6 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 19.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 47.32 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 27.68 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 47.32 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 0.24 4.57 1.6 4.57 --- 4.57
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 3.11 4.84 1.7 4.84 --- 4.84
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 137.96 4.57 1.6 139.56 --- 139.56
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 5.82 4.84 1.7 7.51 --- 7.51
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 228.61 kN
Mux = 4.57 kNm
Muy = 139.56 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.15
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 88.12 deg
MRes = 139.64 kNm
MCap = 171.8 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.81 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7
λB/λD = 1.4286
eD(top) = 18.876 mm
eD(bot) = 20 mm
eB(top) = 576.1812 mm
eB(bot) = 31.0241 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.02


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 43.61
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.45 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 2.22 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 232
Combination
[131] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 0.9569 kN
Pu = 228.61
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0062 N/mm2
VRD,c = 146.2037 kN
As tension = 2010.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.013
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.3063

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 232
Combination
[131] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 44.0593 kN
Pu = 228.61
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3018 N/mm2
VRD,c = 150.4404 kN
As tension = 2010.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0138
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.3063

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux
Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C5
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 163
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 182.03 kN
Mux(top joint) = 2.08 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 61.27 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -84.51 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -30.92 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 187.25 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -33.47 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 158.43 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -84.51 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -30.92 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.75 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.75 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 1.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.31 kNm
MgeoB = 0.31 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 4.5 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 53.82 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 11.37 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 53.82 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 2.08 3.64 0.3 3.64 --- 3.64
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -33.47 3.75 0.31 -33.78 --- 33.78
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 61.27 3.64 0.3 61.56 --- 61.56
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 158.43 3.75 0.31 158.73 --- 158.73
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 187.25 kN
Mux = 33.78 kNm
Muy = 158.73 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.15
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 77.99 deg
MRes = 162.28 kNm
MCap = 171.83 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.94 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.3957
λB/λD = 2.5275
eD(top) = 19.4427 mm
eD(bot) = 180.3765 mm
eB(top) = 328.7685 mm
eB(bot) = 847.6899 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.04


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 24.16
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.15 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 6.71 mm
Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = -30.919 kN
Pu = 182.03
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1999 N/mm2
VRD,c = 140.028 kN
As tension = 2010.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.013
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.0402

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -84.5086 kN
Pu = 182.03
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.5788 N/mm2
VRD,c = 144.612 kN
As tension = 2010.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0138
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.0402

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C5
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 9
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 44.4 kN
Mux(top joint) = -2.16 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -17.44 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -26.97 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 1.84 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 59.83 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 4.08 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 74.22 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -26.97 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 1.84 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.2 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.2 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.46 kNm
MgeoB = 0.46 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 21.11 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 95.21 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 33.61 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 95.21 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -2.16 0.89 0.34 -2.49 --- 2.49
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 4.08 1.2 0.46 4.54 --- 4.54
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -17.44 0.89 0.34 -17.78 --- 17.78
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 74.22 1.2 0.46 74.68 --- 74.68
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 59.83 kN
Mux = 4.54 kNm
Muy = 74.68 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 86.52 deg
MRes = 74.82 kNm
MCap = 80.11 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.93 < 1
Biaxial Bending Check
λD/λB = 0.6279
λB/λD = 1.5925
eD(top) = 41.6923 mm
eD(bot) = 75.8614 mm
eB(top) = 297.1042 mm
eB(bot) = 1248.217 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.1


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 10.18
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.04 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 23.51 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 1.8353 kN
Pu = 44.4
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0118 N/mm2
VRD,c = 94.9101 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2537

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -26.9658 kN
Pu = 44.4
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1834 N/mm2
VRD,c = 99.2377 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2537

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C6
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 10
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 507.5 kN
Mux(top joint) = 10.16 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 73.16 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 48.78 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -6.77 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 514.31 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 48.78 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -6.77 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 10.29 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 10.29 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.27 kNm
MgeoB = 1.27 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 32.47 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 9.89 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 32.47 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 10.16 10.15 1.27 11.43 --- 11.43
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 10.29 1.29 10.29 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 73.16 10.15 1.27 74.42 --- 74.42
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 10.29 1.29 10.29 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 507.5 kN
Mux = 11.43 kNm
Muy = 74.42 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.65
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 81.27 deg
MRes = 75.3 kNm
MCap = 156.17 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.48 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7
λB/λD = 1.4286
eD(top) = 22.2156 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 144.7077 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.11


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 9.31
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -6.7731 kN
Pu = 507.5
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0436 N/mm2
VRD,c = 163.4674 kN
As tension = 1131 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0073
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.9

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 48.7835 kN
Pu = 507.5
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3319 N/mm2
VRD,c = 164.8194 kN
As tension = 1131 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0077
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.9

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux
Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C6
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 11
Critical Analysis Load : 254
Combination
[153] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 248.73 kN
Mux(top joint) = -16.83 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -179.71 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -81.24 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 9.4 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 262.35 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 11.35 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 63.94 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -81.24 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 9.4 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.25 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.25 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.74 kNm
MgeoB = 1.74 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 19.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 45.47 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 27.68 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 45.47 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -16.83 4.97 1.74 -18.57 --- 18.57
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 11.35 5.25 1.84 13.19 --- 13.19
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -179.71 4.97 1.74 -181.45 --- 181.45
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 63.94 5.25 1.84 65.77 --- 65.77
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 248.73 kN
Mux = 18.57 kNm
Muy = 181.45 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.41
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T20 + 6-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 84.16 deg
MRes = 182.39 kNm
MCap = 202.55 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.9 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7
λB/λD = 1.4286
eD(top) = 70.7872 mm
eD(bot) = 50.2723 mm
eB(top) = 691.6315 mm
eB(bot) = 250.7105 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.07


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 13.96
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.14 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 7.12 mm
Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 254
Combination
[153] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 9.3964 kN
Pu = 248.73
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.061 N/mm2
VRD,c = 156.5729 kN
As tension = 2463 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.016
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.4213

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 254
Combination
[153] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -81.2354 kN
Pu = 248.73
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.5602 N/mm2
VRD,c = 160.8792 kN
As tension = 2463 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 290 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8305
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.017
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.4213

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C6
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 164
Critical Analysis Load : 226
Combination
[125] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 180.12 kN
Mux(top joint) = 3.69 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -77.15 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 134.17 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 13.2 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 185.33 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 18.87 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -231.41 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 134.17 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 13.2 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.71 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.71 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 1.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.3 kNm
MgeoB = 0.3 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 4.5 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 54.09 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 11.37 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 54.09 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 3.69 3.6 0.29 3.98 --- 3.98
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 18.87 3.71 0.3 19.17 --- 19.17
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -77.15 3.6 0.29 -77.45 --- 77.45
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -231.41 3.71 0.3 -231.71 --- 231.71
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 185.33 kN
Mux = 19.17 kNm
Muy = 231.71 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.8
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 85.27 deg
MRes = 232.5 kNm
MCap = 232.67 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 1<1
Biaxial Bending Check
λD/λB = 0.3957
λB/λD = 2.5275
eD(top) = 21.4855 mm
eD(bot) = 103.4404 mm
eB(top) = 417.8709 mm
eB(bot) = 1250.24 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.04


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 27.78
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.06 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 17.27 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 226
Combination
[125] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 13.2039 kN
Pu = 180.12
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0857 N/mm2
VRD,c = 157.0883 kN
As tension = 3141.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.0292

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 226
Combination
[125] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 134.1715 kN
Pu = 180.12
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.9253 N/mm2
VRD,c = 159.6229 kN
As tension = 3141.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 290 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8305
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.0292

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C6
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 12
Critical Analysis Load : 226
Combination
[125] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 44.52 kN
Mux(top joint) = -1.21 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 30.54 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 39.18 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 1.08 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 59.94 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 2.46 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -102.63 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 39.18 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 1.08 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.2 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.2 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.46 kNm
MgeoB = 0.46 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 21.11 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 95.12 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 33.61 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 95.12 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -1.21 0.89 0.34 -1.55 --- 1.55
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 2.46 1.2 0.46 2.92 --- 2.92
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 30.54 0.89 0.34 30.88 --- 30.88
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -102.63 1.2 0.46 -103.08 --- 103.08
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 59.94 kN
Mux = 2.92 kNm
Muy = 103.08 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.85
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 6-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 88.38 deg
MRes = 103.13 kNm
MCap = 117.91 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.87 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6279
λB/λD = 1.5925
eD(top) = 25.7804 mm
eD(bot) = 48.7418 mm
eB(top) = 515.1008 mm
eB(bot) = 1719.6858 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.04


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 28.54
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.02 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 50.4 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 226
Combination
[125] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 1.0799 kN
Pu = 44.52
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.007 N/mm2
VRD,c = 110.6086 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0096
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2544

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 226
Combination
[125] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 39.1765 kN
Pu = 44.52
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2683 N/mm2
VRD,c = 115.6447 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0102
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2544

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux
Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C7,C8,C32,C34,C35
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 5
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 16
Critical Analysis Load : 202
Combination
[101] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL) +(LOAD 8: LOAD CASE 8)
+1.2 (LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 363.27 kN
Mux(top joint) = -167.17 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 1.11 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 0.74 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 111.47 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 370.69 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 0.74 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 111.47 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 7.41 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 7.41 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.91 kNm
MgeoB = 0.91 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 42.76 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 14.83 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 42.76 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -167.17 7.27 0.91 -168.07 --- 168.07
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 7.41 0.93 7.41 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 1.11 7.27 0.91 7.27 --- 7.27
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 7.41 0.93 7.41 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 363.27 kN
Mux = 168.07 kNm
Muy = 7.27 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 2.48 deg
MRes = 168.23 kNm
MCap = 176.36 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.95 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4667
λB/λD = 2.1429
eD(top) = 453.4052 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 19.5994 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 16.19


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.06
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm
Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 202
Combination
[101] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 8: LOAD CASE 8) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 111.4733 kN
Pu = 363.27
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.7173 N/mm2
VRD,c = 159.632 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.0758

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 202
Combination
[101] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 8: LOAD CASE 8) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 0.743 kN
Pu = 363.27
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0051 N/mm2
VRD,c = 162.8255 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.0758

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C7,C8,C32,C34,C35
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 4150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 5
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 44
Critical Analysis Load : 202
Combination
[101] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL) +(LOAD 8: LOAD CASE 8)
+1.2 (LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 200.42 kN
Mux(top joint) = -75.39 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -2.35 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -0.4 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 31.02 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 220.96 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 53.3 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -0.7 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -0.4 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 31.02 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.42 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.42 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.83 kNm
MgeoB = 1.83 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 25.26 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 55.39 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 41.03 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 55.39 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -75.39 4.01 1.83 -77.22 --- 77.22
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 53.3 4.42 2.02 55.31 --- 55.31
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -2.35 4.01 1.83 -4.18 --- 4.18
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -0.7 4.42 2.02 4.42 --- -4.42
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 200.42 kN
Mux = 77.22 kNm
Muy = 4.18 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 3.1 deg
MRes = 77.33 kNm
MCap = 143.32 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.54 < 1
Biaxial Bending Check
λD/λB = 0.6157
λB/λD = 1.6243
eD(top) = 349.4869 mm
eD(bot) = 250.3389 mm
eB(top) = 18.91 mm
eB(bot) = -20 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 12.94


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.08
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = -8.76 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = -0.11 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 202
Combination
[101] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 8: LOAD CASE 8) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 31.0181 kN
Pu = 200.42
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1996 N/mm2
VRD,c = 137.9402 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1452

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 202
Combination
[101] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 8: LOAD CASE 8) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -0.3975 kN
Pu = 200.42
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0027 N/mm2
VRD,c = 142.3062 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1452

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C7,C8,C32,C34,C35
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 5
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 45
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL) +(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9)
+1.2 (LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 47.86 kN
Mux(top joint) = 39.7 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 0.46 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 0.13 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -26.63 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 64.69 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -50.8 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0.01 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 0.13 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -26.63 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.29 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.29 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.49 kNm
MgeoB = 0.49 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 21.11 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 102.37 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 33.61 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 102.37 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 39.7 0.96 0.37 40.07 --- 40.07
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -50.8 1.29 0.49 -51.29 --- 51.29
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 0.46 0.96 0.37 0.96 --- 0.96
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0.01 1.29 0.49 1.29 --- 1.29
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 64.69 kN
Mux = 51.29 kNm
Muy = 1.29 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 1.44 deg
MRes = 51.31 kNm
MCap = 115.87 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.44 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6279
λB/λD = 1.5925
eD(top) = 619.442 mm
eD(bot) = 792.9231 mm
eB(top) = 14.7965 mm
eB(bot) = 20 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 29.3


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.03
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 27.75 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.04 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -26.6253 kN
Pu = 47.86
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1713 N/mm2
VRD,c = 117.6193 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2735

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 0.1322 kN
Pu = 47.86
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0009 N/mm2
VRD,c = 123.0838 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2735

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux
Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C9
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 19
Critical Analysis Load : 168
Combination
[67] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5
Load Combination = (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +1.5
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 272.89 kN
Mux(top joint) = -220.91 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -30.01 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -20.01 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 147.31 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 279.08 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -20.01 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 147.31 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.58 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.58 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.68 kNm
MgeoB = 0.68 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 44.08 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 9.89 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 44.08 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -220.91 5.46 0.68 -221.59 --- 221.59
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 5.58 0.7 5.58 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -30.01 5.46 0.68 -30.7 --- 30.7
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 5.58 0.7 5.58 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 272.89 kN
Mux = 221.59 kNm
Muy = 30.7 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.15
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 7.89 deg
MRes = 223.71 kNm
MCap = 260.3 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.86 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7
λB/λD = 1.4286
eD(top) = 794.0263 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 109.9892 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 5.05


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.2
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm
Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 168
Combination
[67] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 6: WL+Z) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 147.3139 kN
Pu = 272.89
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.9523 N/mm2
VRD,c = 152.0756 kN
As tension = 2010.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.013
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.5594

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 168
Combination
[67] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 6: WL+Z) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -20.0141 kN
Pu = 272.89
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1371 N/mm2
VRD,c = 155.9821 kN
As tension = 2010.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0138
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.5594

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C9
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 20
Critical Analysis Load : 251
Combination
[150] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 201.97 kN
Mux(top joint) = 8.22 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -230.76 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -102.71 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -19.6 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 215.58 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -50.56 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 77.3 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -102.71 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -19.6 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.31 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.31 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.41 kNm
MgeoB = 1.41 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 20.76 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 50.15 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 27.68 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 50.15 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 8.22 4.04 1.41 9.64 --- 9.64
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -50.56 4.31 1.51 -52.07 --- 52.07
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -230.76 4.04 1.41 -232.17 --- 232.17
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 77.3 4.31 1.51 78.81 --- 78.81
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 201.97 kN
Mux = 9.64 kNm
Muy = 232.17 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.8
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 87.62 deg
MRes = 232.37 kNm
MCap = 234.02 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.99 < 1
Biaxial Bending Check
λD/λB = 0.75
λB/λD = 1.3333
eD(top) = 44.6956 mm
eD(bot) = 241.5483 mm
eB(top) = 1076.9382 mm
eB(bot) = 365.5587 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.03


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 34.42
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.46 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 2.16 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 251
Combination
[150] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -19.6008 kN
Pu = 201.97
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1273 N/mm2
VRD,c = 159.9734 kN
As tension = 3141.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1541

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 251
Combination
[150] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -102.7129 kN
Pu = 201.97
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.7084 N/mm2
VRD,c = 162.3394 kN
As tension = 3141.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 290 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8305
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1541

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C9
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 165
Critical Analysis Load : 251
Combination
[150] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 180.46 kN
Mux(top joint) = 32.14 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -60.04 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 181.47 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -20.04 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 185.68 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 9.1 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -268.67 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 181.47 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -20.04 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.71 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.71 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 1.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.3 kNm
MgeoB = 0.3 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 4.5 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 54.04 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 11.37 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 54.04 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 32.14 3.61 0.29 32.43 --- 32.43
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 9.1 3.71 0.3 9.4 --- 9.4
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -60.04 3.61 0.29 -60.33 --- 60.33
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -268.67 3.71 0.3 -268.98 --- 268.98
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 185.68 kN
Mux = 9.4 kNm
Muy = 268.98 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.2
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T25 + 6-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 88 deg
MRes = 269.14 kNm
MCap = 271.34 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.99 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.3957
λB/λD = 2.5275
eD(top) = 174.6485 mm
eD(bot) = 50.6353 mm
eB(top) = 324.933 mm
eB(bot) = 1448.5979 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.38


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 2.66
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.02 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 40.87 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 251
Combination
[150] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -20.0358 kN
Pu = 180.46
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1308 N/mm2
VRD,c = 156.3935 kN
As tension = 3848.44 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 438 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6761
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.0312

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 251
Combination
[150] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 181.4672 kN
Pu = 180.46
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.2624 N/mm2
VRD,c = 158.5573 kN
As tension = 3848.44 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 288 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8341
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.0312

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vux
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805

Calculation for spacing of shear


reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 4 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 200.96 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 398.23 mm
required,s

Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 300 mm


Area of Shear reinforcement
= 151.39 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov

Check maximum area for Shear


reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 3180 sq.mm
reinforcement, Asw.max

Check minimum ratio &


maximum longitudinal spacing for
Shear reinforcement provided.

Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.0019


Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio

Maximum Longitudinal Spacing


= 216 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C9
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 21
Critical Analysis Load : 251
Combination
[150] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 44.59 kN
Mux(top joint) = 23.34 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 46.87 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 46.04 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -13.84 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 60.02 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -23.69 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -109.63 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 46.04 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -13.84 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.2 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.2 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.46 kNm
MgeoB = 0.46 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 21.11 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 95.05 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 33.61 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 95.05 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 23.34 0.89 0.34 23.68 --- 23.68
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -23.69 1.2 0.46 -24.15 --- 24.15
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 46.87 0.89 0.34 47.21 --- 47.21
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -109.63 1.2 0.46 -110.09 --- 110.09
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2
Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 60.02 kN
Mux = 24.15 kNm
Muy = 110.09 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.85
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 6-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 77.63 deg
MRes = 112.7 kNm
MCap = 125.28 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.9 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6279
λB/λD = 1.5925
eD(top) = 394.5288 mm
eD(bot) = 402.2947 mm
eB(top) = 786.6365 mm
eB(bot) = 1834.1505 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.35


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 2.85
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.15 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 6.51 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 251
Combination
[150] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -13.8353 kN
Pu = 44.59
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0894 N/mm2
VRD,c = 110.6188 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0096
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2548

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 251
Combination
[150] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 46.0421 kN
Pu = 44.59
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3154 N/mm2
VRD,c = 115.6542 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0102
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2548

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C10,C11
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 25
Critical Analysis Load : 166
Combination
[65] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5
Load Combination = (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +1.5
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 420.3 kN
Mux(top joint) = -346.38 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 22.45 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 14.97 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 230.98 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 426.48 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 14.97 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 230.98 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 8.53 kNm
Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30
Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 8.53 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.05 kNm
MgeoB = 1.05 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 35.66 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 9.89 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 35.66 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -346.38 8.41 1.05 -347.43 --- 347.43
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 8.53 1.07 8.53 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 22.45 8.41 1.05 23.5 --- 23.5
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 8.53 1.07 8.53 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 420.3 kN
Mux = 347.43 kNm
Muy = 23.5 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.8
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 3.87 deg
MRes = 348.23 kNm
MCap = 376.87 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.92 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7
λB/λD = 1.4286
eD(top) = 814.6448 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 55.1009 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 10.35


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.1
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 166
Combination
[65] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 4: WL+X) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 230.9821 kN
Pu = 420.3
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.4999 N/mm2
VRD,c = 188.792 kN
As tension = 3141.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.4017

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vuy
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805
Calculation for spacing of shear
reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 3 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 150.72 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 251.38 mm
required,s

Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 300 mm


Area of Shear reinforcement
179.87 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov

Check maximum area for Shear


reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 3180 sqmm
reinforcement, Asw.max

Check minimum ratio & maximum


longitudinal spacing for Shear reinforcement
provided.

Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.001


Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio

Maximum Longitudinal Spacing


= 330 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 166
Combination
[65] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 4: WL+X) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 14.9699 kN
Pu = 420.3
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1032 N/mm2
VRD,c = 189.4738 kN
As tension = 3141.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 290 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8305
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.4017

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C10,C11
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3650 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 26
Critical Analysis Load : 169
Combination
[68] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5
Load Combination = (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +1.5
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 194.86 kN
Mux(top joint) = -8.12 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 72.14 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 35.78 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -21.88 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 211.98 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -98.89 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -76.31 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 35.78 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -21.88 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.24 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.24 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.94 kNm
MgeoB = 1.94 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 25.26 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 50.58 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 36.08 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 50.58 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Calculation of Design Moment
Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -8.12 3.9 1.78 -9.9 --- 9.9
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -98.89 4.24 1.94 -100.82 --- 100.82
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 72.14 3.9 1.78 73.92 --- 73.92
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -76.31 4.24 1.94 -78.25 --- 78.25
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 211.98 kN
Mux = 100.82 kNm
Muy = 78.25 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 37.82 deg
MRes = 127.62 kNm
MCap = 140.95 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.91 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7
λB/λD = 1.4286
eD(top) = 46.6963 mm
eD(bot) = 475.6173 mm
eB(top) = 348.7181 mm
eB(bot) = 369.129 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.09


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 10.67
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.9 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 1.11 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 169
Combination
[68] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 7: WL-Z) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -21.8771 kN
Pu = 194.86
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1408 N/mm2
VRD,c = 114.9513 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1135

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 169
Combination
[68] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 7: WL-Z) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 35.782 kN
Pu = 194.86
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2434 N/mm2
VRD,c = 118.1955 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1135

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm
Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C10,C11
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3200 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 27
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 61.26 kN
Mux(top joint) = -21.86 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 33.63 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 31.72 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 13.57 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 80.19 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 24.27 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -74.2 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 31.72 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 13.57 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.6 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.6 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.61 kNm
MgeoB = 0.61 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 21.11 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 82.23 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 31.63 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 82.23 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -21.86 1.23 0.47 -22.33 --- 22.33
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 24.27 1.6 0.61 24.89 --- 24.89
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 33.63 1.23 0.47 34.09 --- 34.09
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -74.2 1.6 0.61 -74.81 --- 74.81
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 80.19 kN
Mux = 24.89 kNm
Muy = 74.81 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 71.6 deg
MRes = 78.84 kNm
MCap = 94.57 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.83 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6672
λB/λD = 1.4988
eD(top) = 278.4514 mm
eD(bot) = 310.3106 mm
eB(top) = 425.1201 mm
eB(bot) = 932.871 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.46


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 2.18
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.23 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 4.29 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 13.5732 kN
Pu = 61.26
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0873 N/mm2
VRD,c = 97.1558 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.3501

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 31.7215 kN
Pu = 61.26
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2158 N/mm2
VRD,c = 101.362 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.3501

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C12,C21
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 85
Critical Analysis Load : 257
Combination
[156] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = -122.61 kN
Mux(top joint) = 62.85 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -6.55 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 4.36 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 41.91 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = -118.72 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 4.36 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 41.91 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is tensile, Min. Eccentricity check not to be performed
Slenderness Check

Since Axial Force is tensile, slenderness check not to be performed

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.03
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 2-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 5.94 deg
MRes = 63.19 kNm
MCap = 84.49 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.75 < 1

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 257
Combination
[156] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 41.9143 kN
Pu = 122.61
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.4741 N/mm2
VRD,c = 80.1219 kN
As tension = 1030.44 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0117
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.2261

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 257
Combination
[156] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 4.3647 kN
Pu = 122.61
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0615 N/mm2
VRD,c = 79.0378 kN
As tension = 1030.44 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0145
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.2261

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C12,C21
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 74
Critical Analysis Load : 101
Combination
[1] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 138.04 kN
Mux(top joint) = -0.42 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 43.43 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -21.9 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -0.27 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 147.59 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0.4 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -22.26 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -21.9 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -0.27 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0
Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30
Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.95 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.95 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.97 kNm
MgeoB = 0.97 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 19.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 45.82 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 48.44 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 45.82 mm
hence, Column is slender
Design Of Slenderness Moment
Ast Prv 1256.64 sqmm
n = Ned/(B x D x fcd)
= 0.06
ω = Ast prv x fyd / (B x D x fcd)
= 0.2
nu = 1+ω
= 1.2
nbal = 0.4
Kr = (nu - n)/(nu - nbal)
= 1
ωef = 1.2

Along B
βB = 0.35 + fcd / 200 - λD / 150
= 0.1604
KφB = 1 + βD x ωef
= 1.19
MoeB (0.4 x Min(top, bottom) + 0.6
= 35.96 kNm
x Max(top, bottom))
M2B (e2D x ned) = 4.44 kNm
Mid Moment Along B
= 40.4 kNm
(MoeB+M2B)

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -0.42 2.76 0.97 2.76 --- -2.76
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0.4 2.95 1.03 2.95 --- 2.95
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 43.43 2.76 0.97 44.4 4.44 46.62
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -22.26 2.95 1.03 -23.29 4.44 25.52
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- 40.4

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 138.04 kN
Mux = 2.76 kNm
Muy = 46.62 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.26
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 86.61 deg
MRes = 46.7 kNm
MCap = 48.9 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.96 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4
λB/λD = 2.5
eD(top) = -18.7064 mm
eD(bot) = 20 mm
eB(top) = 315.8842 mm
eB(bot) = 172.8859 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = -0.02


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = -42.22
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.05 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 21.61 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial


Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 101
Combination
[1] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Design shear force, Vuy = -0.2717 kN
Pu = 138.04
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0031 N/mm2
VRD,c = 86.5355 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0142
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.3804

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 101
Combination
[1] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Design shear force, Vux = -21.9033 kN
Pu = 138.04
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3085 N/mm2
VRD,c = 85.1934 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0177
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.3804

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C13
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 75
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 182.81 kN
Mux(top joint) = 123.78 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -4.23 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 2.82 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 82.54 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 186.7 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 2.82 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 82.54 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.73 kNm
Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30
Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.73 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.46 kNm
MgeoB = 0.46 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 40.74 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 17.3 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 40.74 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 123.78 3.66 0.46 124.24 --- 124.24
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 3.73 0.47 3.73 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -4.23 3.66 0.46 -4.68 --- 4.68
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 3.73 0.47 3.73 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 182.81 kN
Mux = 124.24 kNm
Muy = 4.68 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.9
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 2.16 deg
MRes = 124.33 kNm
MCap = 132.73 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.94 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4
λB/λD = 2.5
eD(top) = 665.4539 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 25.0916 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 10.61


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.09
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 82.5438 kN
Pu = 182.81
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.9295 N/mm2
VRD,c = 85.6339 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0102
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.8281

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 2.8191 kN
Pu = 182.81
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0392 N/mm2
VRD,c = 83.5165 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 144 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0126
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.8281

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---
General Data
Column No. : C13
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 76
Critical Analysis Load : 257
Combination
[156] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 100.68 kN
Mux(top joint) = 109.99 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -36.24 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 19.11 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 100.15 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 108.46 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -190.37 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 21.08 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 19.11 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 100.15 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.17 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.17 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.76 kNm
MgeoB = 0.76 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 19.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 53.45 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 48.44 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 53.45 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 109.99 2.01 0.7 110.7 --- 110.7
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -190.37 2.17 0.76 -191.13 --- 191.13
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -36.24 2.01 0.7 -36.94 --- 36.94
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 21.08 2.17 0.76 21.84 --- 21.84
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 108.46 kN
Mux = 191.13 kNm
Muy = 21.84 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.06
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T20 + 4-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 6.52 deg
MRes = 192.37 kNm
MCap = 217.61 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.88 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4
λB/λD = 2.5
eD(top) = 1020.6221 mm
eD(bot) = 1762.2192 mm
eB(top) = 340.6237 mm
eB(bot) = 201.3227 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 1.2


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.83
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 3.5 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.29 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 257
Combination
[156] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 100.1471 kN
Pu = 100.68
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.138 N/mm2
VRD,c = 89.4688 kN
As tension = 2060.88 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.0068

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vuy
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805

Calculation for spacing of shear


reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 2 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 100.48 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 220.87 mm
required,s

Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 200 mm


Area of Shear reinforcement
90.99 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov

Check maximum area for Shear


reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 2120 sqmm
reinforcement, Asw.max

Check minimum ratio & maximum


longitudinal spacing for Shear reinforcement
provided.

Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.001


Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio
Maximum Longitudinal Spacing
= 330 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 257
Combination
[156] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 19.1102 kN
Pu = 100.68
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.273 N/mm2
VRD,c = 82.9606 kN
As tension = 2060.88 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 140 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.0068

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm
Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C14
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 77
Critical Analysis Load : 233
Combination
[132] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 77.83 kN
Mux(top joint) = 147.55 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 4.02 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -2.68 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 98.39 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 81.72 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -2.68 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 98.39 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.63 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.63 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian
Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the
= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.19 kNm
MgeoB = 0.19 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 61.58 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 25.95 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 61.58 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 147.55 1.56 0.19 147.75 --- 147.75
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 1.63 0.2 1.63 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 4.02 1.56 0.19 4.22 --- 4.22
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 1.63 0.2 1.63 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 77.83 kN
Mux = 147.75 kNm
Muy = 4.22 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.61
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 1.64 deg
MRes = 147.81 kNm
MCap = 175.96 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.84 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.2667
λB/λD = 3.75
eD(top) = 1807.9557 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 51.6331 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 14.01


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.07
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 233
Combination
[132] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 98.3942 kN
Pu = 77.83
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.1131 N/mm2
VRD,c = 84.4035 kN
As tension = 1608.48 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0182
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.7783

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vuy
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805

Calculation for spacing of shear


reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 2 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 100.48 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 225.83 mm
required,s

Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 200 mm


Area of Shear reinforcement
88.99 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov

Check maximum area for Shear


reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 2120 sqmm
reinforcement, Asw.max
Check minimum ratio & maximum
longitudinal spacing for Shear reinforcement
provided.

Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.001


Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio

Maximum Longitudinal Spacing


= 332 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 233
Combination
[132] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -2.684 kN
Pu = 77.83
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0378 N/mm2
VRD,c = 81.7121 kN
As tension = 1608.48 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.7783

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C14
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 78
Critical Analysis Load : 257
Combination
[156] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 7.95 kN
Mux(top joint) = 114.05 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 3.27 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -1.27 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 105.12 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 15.72 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -201.23 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -0.53 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -1.27 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 105.12 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 0.31 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 0.31 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.11 kNm
MgeoB = 0.11 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 19.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 140.38 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 51.9 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 140.38 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 114.05 0.16 0.06 114.11 --- 114.11
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -201.23 0.31 0.11 -201.34 --- 201.34
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 3.27 0.16 0.06 3.32 --- 3.32
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -0.53 0.31 0.11 -0.64 --- 0.64
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 15.72 kN
Mux = 201.34 kNm
Muy = 0.64 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.06
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T20 + 4-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 0.18 deg
MRes = 201.34 kNm
MCap = 207.27 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.97 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.3733
λB/λD = 2.6786
eD(top) = 7256.6533 mm
eD(bot) = 12804.0969 mm
eB(top) = 211.4155 mm
eB(bot) = 40.6652 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 13.73


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.07
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 125.95 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.01 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial


Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 257
Combination
[156] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 105.1233 kN
Pu = 7.95
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.1946 N/mm2
VRD,c = 77.2278 kN
As tension = 2060.88 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.0795

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vuy
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805

Calculation for spacing of shear


reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 2 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 100.48 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 210.42 mm
required,s
Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 200 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement
95.51 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov

Check maximum area for Shear


reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 2120 sqmm
reinforcement, Asw.max

Check minimum ratio & maximum


longitudinal spacing for Shear reinforcement
provided.

Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.001


Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio

Maximum Longitudinal Spacing


= 330 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 257
Combination
[156] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -1.2664 kN
Pu = 7.95
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0181 N/mm2
VRD,c = 73.2234 kN
As tension = 2060.88 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 140 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.0795

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C15,C23
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1500 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 217
Critical Analysis Load : 228
Combination
[127] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 196.98 kN
Mux(top joint) = 76.64 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -87.34 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -58.24 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -51.11 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 196.98 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -58.24 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -51.11 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.94 kNm
Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30
Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.94 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.49 kNm
MgeoB = 0.49 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 10.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 52.47 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 9.89 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 52.47 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 76.64 3.94 0.49 77.13 --- 77.13
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 3.94 0.49 3.94 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -87.34 3.94 0.49 -87.83 --- 87.83
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 3.94 0.49 3.94 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 196.98 kN
Mux = 77.13 kNm
Muy = 87.83 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 48.71 deg
MRes = 116.89 kNm
MCap = 132.78 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.88 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 1.05
λB/λD = 0.9524
eD(top) = 391.5745 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 445.9125 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.61


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 1.63
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 228
Combination
[127] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -51.1056 kN
Pu = 196.98
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3289 N/mm2
VRD,c = 115.233 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1256

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 228
Combination
[127] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -58.243 kN
Pu = 196.98
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3962 N/mm2
VRD,c = 118.4619 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1256

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---
General Data
Column No. : C15,C23
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3650 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 4150 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 2
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 218
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 97.2 kN
Mux(top joint) = 42.67 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -59.79 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -27.04 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -6.48 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 97.2 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 15.77 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 52.38 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -27.04 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -6.48 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.94 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.94 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.89 kNm
MgeoB = 0.89 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 28.72 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 74.7 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 36.08 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 74.7 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 42.67 1.94 0.89 43.56 --- 43.56
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 15.77 1.94 0.89 16.66 --- 16.66
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -59.79 1.94 0.89 -60.68 --- 60.68
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 52.38 1.94 0.89 53.27 --- 53.27
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 97.2 kN
Mux = 43.56 kNm
Muy = 60.68 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 54.33 deg
MRes = 74.7 kNm
MCap = 111.74 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.67 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7959
λB/λD = 1.2565
eD(top) = 448.168 mm
eD(bot) = 171.3653 mm
eB(top) = 624.2788 mm
eB(bot) = 548.0077 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.5


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 1.99
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.22 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 4.57 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = -6.4848 kN
Pu = 97.2
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0417 N/mm2
VRD,c = 101.9427 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.5554

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -27.0363 kN
Pu = 97.2
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1839 N/mm2
VRD,c = 105.8901 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.5554

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C16
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 55
Critical Analysis Load : 228
Combination
[127] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 440.56 kN
Mux(top joint) = -160.23 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 25.23 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -16.82 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -106.85 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 447.37 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -16.82 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -106.85 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 8.95 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 8.95 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.1 kNm
MgeoB = 1.1 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 34.82 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 14.83 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 34.82 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -160.23 8.81 1.1 -161.33 --- 161.33
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 8.95 1.12 8.95 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 25.23 8.81 1.1 26.33 --- 26.33
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 8.95 1.12 8.95 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2
Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 440.56 kN
Mux = 161.33 kNm
Muy = 26.33 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 9.27 deg
MRes = 163.46 kNm
MCap = 190.55 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.86 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4667
λB/λD = 2.1429
eD(top) = 360.6189 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 58.8489 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 4.29


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.23
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 228
Combination
[127] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -106.8466 kN
Pu = 440.56
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.6876 N/mm2
VRD,c = 147.6785 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.5175

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 228
Combination
[127] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -16.8215 kN
Pu = 440.56
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1144 N/mm2
VRD,c = 149.1537 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.5175

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C16
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 4150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 56
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 213.12 kN
Mux(top joint) = 161.75 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 38.38 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -11.11 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 72.66 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 231.95 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -139.72 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -7.7 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -11.11 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 72.66 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.64 kNm
Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30
Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.64 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.95 kNm
MgeoB = 1.95 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 25.26 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 48.35 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 41.03 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 48.35 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 161.75 4.26 1.95 163.7 --- 163.7
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -139.72 4.64 2.12 -141.83 --- 141.83
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 38.38 4.26 1.95 40.32 --- 40.32
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -7.7 4.64 2.12 -9.82 --- 9.82
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 213.12 kN
Mux = 163.7 kNm
Muy = 40.32 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.85
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 6-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 13.84 deg
MRes = 168.59 kNm
MCap = 201.54 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.84 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6157
λB/λD = 1.6243
eD(top) = 705.7354 mm
eD(bot) = 611.4841 mm
eB(top) = 173.8506 mm
eB(bot) = 42.3202 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 2.84


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.35
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 10.11 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.1 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 72.662 kN
Pu = 213.12
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.4697 N/mm2
VRD,c = 132.9654 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0096
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.2178

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -11.1064 kN
Pu = 213.12
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0761 N/mm2
VRD,c = 136.7442 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0102
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.2178

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---
General Data
Column No. : C16
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 57
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 59.56 kN
Mux(top joint) = -83.64 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 14.7 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -2.74 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -44.42 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 78.49 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 67.33 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 5.4 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -2.74 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -44.42 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.57 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.57 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.45 kNm
MgeoB = 0.45 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 21.11 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 83.12 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 33.61 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 83.12 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -83.64 1.19 0.45 -84.09 --- 84.09
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 67.33 1.57 0.6 67.93 --- 67.93
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 14.7 1.19 0.45 15.15 --- 15.15
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 5.4 1.57 0.6 6 --- 6
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 59.56 kN
Mux = 84.09 kNm
Muy = 15.15 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 10.21 deg
MRes = 85.45 kNm
MCap = 114.82 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.74 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6279
λB/λD = 1.5925
eD(top) = 1071.3957 mm
eD(bot) = 865.4715 mm
eB(top) = 193.0219 mm
eB(bot) = 76.3943 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 3.89


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.26
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 7.93 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.13 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = -44.4156 kN
Pu = 59.56
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2858 N/mm2
VRD,c = 96.9289 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.3403

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -2.7356 kN
Pu = 59.56
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0186 N/mm2
VRD,c = 101.1473 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.3403

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C17
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 58
Critical Analysis Load : 255
Combination
[154] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 400.54 kN
Mux(top joint) = 6.15 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 65 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -43.35 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 4.1 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 404.43 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -43.35 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 4.1 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 8.09 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 8.09 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1 kNm
MgeoB = 1 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 27.68 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 25.95 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 27.68 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 6.15 8.01 1 8.01 --- 8.01
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 8.09 1.01 8.09 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 65 8.01 1 66 --- 66
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 8.09 1.01 8.09 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2
Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 400.54 kN
Mux = 8.01 kNm
Muy = 66 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.26
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 83.08 deg
MRes = 66.49 kNm
MCap = 72.51 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.92 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.2667
λB/λD = 3.75
eD(top) = 19.8077 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 163.2007 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.05


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 20.6
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 255
Combination
[154] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 4.0997 kN
Pu = 400.54
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0464 N/mm2
VRD,c = 121.3425 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0142
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 4.0054

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 255
Combination
[154] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -43.3456 kN
Pu = 400.54
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.6105 N/mm2
VRD,c = 113.1492 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0177
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 4.0054

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C17
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 4150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 59
Critical Analysis Load : 231
Combination
[130] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 207.66 kN
Mux(top joint) = 6.09 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 48.61 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -9.75 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 2.27 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 218.42 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -3.34 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 8.17 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -9.75 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 2.27 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.37 kNm
Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30
Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.37 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.9 kNm
MgeoB = 1.9 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 25.26 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 37.67 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 71.8 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 37.67 mm
hence, Column is slender
Design Of Slenderness Moment
Ast Prv 1256.64 sqmm
n = Ned/(B x D x fcd)
= 0.08
ω = Ast prv x fyd / (B x D x fcd)
= 0.2
nu = 1+ω
= 1.2
nbal = 0.4
Kr = (nu - n)/(nu - nbal)
= 1
ωef = 1.2

Along B
βB = 0.35 + fcd / 200 - λD / 150
= 0.0047
KφB = 1 + βD x ωef
= 1.01
MoeB (0.4 x Min(top, bottom) + 0.6
= 26.24 kNm
x Max(top, bottom))
M2B (e2D x ned) = 12.18 kNm
Mid Moment Along B
= 38.42 kNm
(MoeB+M2B)

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 6.09 4.15 1.9 7.99 --- 7.99
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -3.34 4.37 1.99 -5.33 --- 5.33
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 48.61 4.15 1.9 50.51 12.18 56.6
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 8.17 4.37 1.99 10.16 12.18 16.25
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- 38.42

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 207.66 kN
Mux = 7.99 kNm
Muy = 56.6 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.26
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 81.97 deg
MRes = 57.16 kNm
MCap = 63.48 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.9 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.3518
λB/λD = 2.8425
eD(top) = 36.5699 mm
eD(bot) = 24.3997 mm
eB(top) = 259.1196 mm
eB(bot) = 74.4163 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.06


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 17.71
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.13 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 7.62 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 231
Combination
[130] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 2.2727 kN
Pu = 207.66
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0257 N/mm2
VRD,c = 95.7674 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0142
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.0766

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 231
Combination
[130] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -9.7475 kN
Pu = 207.66
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1373 N/mm2
VRD,c = 92.6081 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0177
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.0766

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C17
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3200 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 60
Critical Analysis Load : 255
Combination
[154] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 41.74 kN
Mux(top joint) = -4.99 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -13.65 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 18.37 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -0.48 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 50.55 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -3.35 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 48.77 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 18.37 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -0.48 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.01 kNm
Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30
Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.01 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 8 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.4 kNm
MgeoB = 0.4 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 22.14 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 78.29 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 58.82 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 78.29 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -4.99 0.83 0.33 -5.32 --- 5.32
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -3.35 1.01 0.4 -3.75 --- 3.75
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -13.65 0.83 0.33 -13.98 --- 13.98
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 48.77 1.01 0.4 49.18 --- 49.18
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 50.55 kN
Mux = 3.75 kNm
Muy = 49.18 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.26
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 85.64 deg
MRes = 49.32 kNm
MCap = 51.33 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.96 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.3765
λB/λD = 2.6562
eD(top) = 105.2239 mm
eD(bot) = 74.2476 mm
eB(top) = 276.6197 mm
eB(bot) = 972.793 mm
(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.15
(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 6.57
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.03 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 32.76 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 255
Combination
[154] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = -0.4815 kN
Pu = 41.74
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0054 N/mm2
VRD,c = 73.7659 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0142
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.4174

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 255
Combination
[154] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 18.365 kN
Pu = 41.74
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2587 N/mm2
VRD,c = 74.9373 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0177
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.4174

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C18
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 79
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = -17.73 kN
Mux(top joint) = -109 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -0.89 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 0.59 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -72.68 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = -13.84 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 0.59 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -72.68 kN
Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is tensile, Min. Eccentricity check not to be performed
Slenderness Check

Since Axial Force is tensile, slenderness check not to be performed

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.26
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 0.47 deg
MRes = 109 kNm
MCap = 128.27 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.85 < 1

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = -72.6837 kN
Pu = 17.73
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.8222 N/mm2
VRD,c = 70.5829 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0142
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.1773
Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required
Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 0.5936 kN
Pu = 17.73
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0084 N/mm2
VRD,c = 72.3808 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0177
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.1773

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C18
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 80
Critical Analysis Load : 112
Combination
[12] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 64.8 kN
Mux(top joint) = -110.89 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 40.52 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -20.18 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -88.21 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 74.35 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 153.67 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -20 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -20.18 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -88.21 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.49 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.49 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian
Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the
= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.52 kNm
MgeoB = 0.52 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 19.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 64.56 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 48.44 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 64.56 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -110.89 1.3 0.45 -111.34 --- 111.34
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 153.67 1.49 0.52 154.19 --- 154.19
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 40.52 1.3 0.45 40.97 --- 40.97
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -20 1.49 0.52 -20.52 --- 20.52
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 74.35 kN
Mux = 154.19 kNm
Muy = 20.52 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.61
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 7.58 deg
MRes = 155.55 kNm
MCap = 172.39 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.9 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4
λB/λD = 2.5
eD(top) = 1497.5358 mm
eD(bot) = 2073.9078 mm
eB(top) = 551.0544 mm
eB(bot) = 276.0015 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 1.09


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.92
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 3.01 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.33 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 112
Combination
[12] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -88.2097 kN
Pu = 64.8
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.9978 N/mm2
VRD,c = 82.6759 kN
As tension = 1608.48 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0182
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.648

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 112
Combination
[12] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -20.1776 kN
Pu = 64.8
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2842 N/mm2
VRD,c = 80.3246 kN
As tension = 1608.48 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.648

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C19
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 81
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = -99.96 kN
Mux(top joint) = -161.78 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 6.89 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -4.59 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -107.88 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = -96.07 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -4.59 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -107.88 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is tensile, Min. Eccentricity check not to be performed
Slenderness Check

Since Axial Force is tensile, slenderness check not to be performed

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.06
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T20 + 4-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 2.44 deg
MRes = 161.93 kNm
MCap = 188.03 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.86 < 1

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = -107.8821 kN
Pu = 99.96
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.2259 N/mm2
VRD,c = 89.3736 kN
As tension = 2060.88 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.9996

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 256
Combination
[155] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -4.5925 kN
Pu = 99.96
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0656 N/mm2
VRD,c = 82.8848 kN
As tension = 2060.88 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 140 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.9996

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C19
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 82
Critical Analysis Load : 112
Combination
[12] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 42.58 kN
Mux(top joint) = -162.81 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -34.24 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 15.21 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -132.28 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 52.12 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 233.93 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 11.37 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 15.21 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -132.28 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.04 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.04 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.36 kNm
MgeoB = 0.36 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 19.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 77.11 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 48.44 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 77.11 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -162.81 0.85 0.3 -163.11 --- 163.11
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 233.93 1.04 0.36 234.29 --- 234.29
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -34.24 0.85 0.3 -34.54 --- 34.54
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 11.37 1.04 0.36 11.73 --- 11.73
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 52.12 kN
Mux = 234.29 kNm
Muy = 11.73 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.51
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 2.87 deg
MRes = 234.59 kNm
MCap = 239.73 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.98 < 1
Biaxial Bending Check
λD/λB = 0.4
λB/λD = 2.5
eD(top) = 3129.3164 mm
eD(bot) = 4494.9835 mm
eB(top) = 662.6451 mm
eB(bot) = 225.0853 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 1.89


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.53
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 7.99 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.13 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 112
Combination
[12] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -132.2815 kN
Pu = 42.58
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.5032 N/mm2
VRD,c = 81.799 kN
As tension = 2513.28 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.4258

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 112
Combination
[12] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 15.2068 kN
Pu = 42.58
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2172 N/mm2
VRD,c = 76.8596 kN
As tension = 2513.28 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 140 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.4258

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C20
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 83
Critical Analysis Load : 233
Combination
[132] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 88.48 kN
Mux(top joint) = 145.74 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -2.65 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 1.77 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 97.19 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 92.37 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 1.77 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 97.19 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.85 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.85 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.22 kNm
MgeoB = 0.22 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 57.92 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 25.95 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 57.92 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 145.74 1.77 0.22 145.96 --- 145.96
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 1.85 0.23 1.85 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -2.65 1.77 0.22 -2.87 --- 2.87
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 1.85 0.23 1.85 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 88.48 kN
Mux = 145.96 kNm
Muy = 2.87 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.26
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 1.13 deg
MRes = 145.99 kNm
MCap = 148.29 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.98 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.2667
λB/λD = 3.75
eD(top) = 1580.2409 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 31.0674 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 20.35


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.05
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 233
Combination
[132] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 97.1856 kN
Pu = 88.48
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.0994 N/mm2
VRD,c = 79.9634 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0142
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.8848

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vuy
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805

Calculation for spacing of shear


reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 2 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 100.48 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 228.64 mm
required,s

Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 200 mm


Area of Shear reinforcement
87.9 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov

Check maximum area for Shear


reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 2120 sqmm
reinforcement, Asw.max

Check minimum ratio & maximum


longitudinal spacing for Shear reinforcement
provided.
Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.001
Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio

Maximum Longitudinal Spacing


= 332 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 233
Combination
[132] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 1.7661 kN
Pu = 88.48
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0249 N/mm2
VRD,c = 79.9149 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0177
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.8848

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C20
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 84
Critical Analysis Load : 233
Combination
[132] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 12.03 kN
Mux(top joint) = 105.4 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -1.21 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 1.27 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 100.4 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 19.81 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -195.73 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 2.59 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 1.27 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 100.4 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 0.4 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 0.4 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.14 kNm
MgeoB = 0.14 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 19.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 125.08 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 51.9 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 125.08 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 105.4 0.24 0.08 105.49 --- 105.49
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -195.73 0.4 0.14 -195.87 --- 195.87
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -1.21 0.24 0.08 -1.29 --- 1.29
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 2.59 0.4 0.14 2.73 --- 2.73
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2
Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 19.81 kN
Mux = 195.87 kNm
Muy = 2.73 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.06
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T20 + 4-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 0.8 deg
MRes = 195.89 kNm
MCap = 207.57 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.94 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.3733
λB/λD = 2.6786
eD(top) = 5325.8159 mm
eD(bot) = 9888.8349 mm
eB(top) = 65.3658 mm
eB(bot) = 137.9534 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 32.59


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.03
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 28.67 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.03 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 233
Combination
[132] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 100.4042 kN
Pu = 12.03
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.141 N/mm2
VRD,c = 77.7666 kN
As tension = 2060.88 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.1203

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vuy
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805

Calculation for spacing of shear


reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 2 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 100.48 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 220.31 mm
required,s

Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 200 mm


Area of Shear reinforcement
91.22 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov
Check maximum area for Shear
reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 2120 sqmm
reinforcement, Asw.max

Check minimum ratio & maximum


longitudinal spacing for Shear reinforcement
provided.

Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.001


Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio

Maximum Longitudinal Spacing


= 330 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 233
Combination
[132] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 1.2684 kN
Pu = 12.03
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0181 N/mm2
VRD,c = 73.652 kN
As tension = 2060.88 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 140 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.1203
Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required
Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C22
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 87
Critical Analysis Load : 113
Combination
[13] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = -65.1 kN
Mux(top joint) = 176.8 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -14.86 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 9.91 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 117.89 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = -60.32 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 9.91 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 117.89 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is tensile, Min. Eccentricity check not to be performed
Slenderness Check

Since Axial Force is tensile, slenderness check not to be performed

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.06
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T20 + 4-T16

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 4.8 deg
MRes = 177.42 kNm
MCap = 192.81 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.92 < 1

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 113
Combination
[13] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 117.8947 kN
Pu = 65.1
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.3397 N/mm2
VRD,c = 84.7718 kN
As tension = 2060.88 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.651

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vuy
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805

Calculation for spacing of shear


reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 2 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 100.48 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 187.62 mm
required,s

Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 200 mm


Area of Shear reinforcement
107.11 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov

Check maximum area for Shear


reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 2120 sqmm
reinforcement, Asw.max

Check minimum ratio & maximum


longitudinal spacing for Shear reinforcement
provided.

Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.001


Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio

Maximum Longitudinal Spacing


= 330 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 113
Combination
[13] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 9.9062 kN
Pu = 65.1
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1415 N/mm2
VRD,c = 79.2243 kN
As tension = 2060.88 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 140 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.651

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 320 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C22
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 88
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = -17.9 kN
Mux(top joint) = 153.3 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -33.04 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 19.43 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 131.85 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = -8.36 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -242.15 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 25.23 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 19.43 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 131.85 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is tensile, Min. Eccentricity check not to be performed
Slenderness Check

Since Axial Force is tensile, slenderness check not to be performed


Moment Capacity Check
Pt Calculated = 3.22
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T25 + 4-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 5.95 deg
MRes = 243.46 kNm
MCap = 289.91 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.84 < 1

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 131.8529 kN
Pu = 17.9
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.5069 N/mm2
VRD,c = 78.1829 kN
As tension = 3220.12 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 438 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6761
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.179

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vuy
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805
Calculation for spacing of shear
reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 2 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 100.48 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 166.81 mm
required,s

Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 200 mm


Area of Shear reinforcement
120.48 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov

Check maximum area for Shear


reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 2120 sqmm
reinforcement, Asw.max

Check minimum ratio & maximum


longitudinal spacing for Shear reinforcement
provided.

Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.001


Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio

Maximum Longitudinal Spacing


= 328 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 19.4296 kN
Pu = 17.9
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2826 N/mm2
VRD,c = 72.9427 kN
As tension = 3220.12 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 138 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.179

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C24
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 67
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 441.58 kN
Mux(top joint) = 163.1 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 34.99 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -23.33 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 108.76 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 448.38 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -23.33 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 108.76 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0
Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30
Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 8.97 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 8.97 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.1 kNm
MgeoB = 1.1 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 34.78 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 14.83 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 34.78 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Calculation of Design Moment
Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 163.1 8.83 1.1 164.2 --- 164.2
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 8.97 1.12 8.97 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 34.99 8.83 1.1 36.09 --- 36.09
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 8.97 1.12 8.97 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 441.58 kN
Mux = 164.2 kNm
Muy = 36.09 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 12.4 deg
MRes = 168.12 kNm
MCap = 190.5 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.88 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4667
λB/λD = 2.1429
eD(top) = 366.2132 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 80.489 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 3.18


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.31
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 108.7624 kN
Pu = 441.58
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.6999 N/mm2
VRD,c = 147.8141 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.5233
Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required
Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -23.3302 kN
Pu = 441.58
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1587 N/mm2
VRD,c = 149.2819 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.5233

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C24
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 4150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 68
Critical Analysis Load : 228
Combination
[127] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 213.13 kN
Mux(top joint) = -160.31 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 29.39 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -8.79 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -72.06 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 231.96 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 138.66 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -7.09 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -8.79 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -72.06 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.64 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.64 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian
Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the
= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.95 kNm
MgeoB = 1.95 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 25.26 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 48.35 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 41.03 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 48.35 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -160.31 4.26 1.95 -162.25 --- 162.25
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 138.66 4.64 2.12 140.78 --- 140.78
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 29.39 4.26 1.95 31.33 --- 31.33
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -7.09 4.64 2.12 -9.2 --- 9.2
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 213.13 kN
Mux = 162.25 kNm
Muy = 31.33 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.72
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 10.93 deg
MRes = 165.25 kNm
MCap = 180.24 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.92 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6157
λB/λD = 1.6243
eD(top) = 699.4713 mm
eD(bot) = 606.9153 mm
eB(top) = 135.0782 mm
eB(bot) = 39.6688 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 3.62


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.28
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 10.71 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.09 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 228
Combination
[127] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -72.0602 kN
Pu = 213.13
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.4658 N/mm2
VRD,c = 127.3467 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0081
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.2179

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 228
Combination
[127] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -8.791 kN
Pu = 213.13
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0602 N/mm2
VRD,c = 130.8372 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0086
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.2179

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C24
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 69
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 59.52 kN
Mux(top joint) = 85.19 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 18.93 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -3.32 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 45.32 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 78.46 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -68.84 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 7.64 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -3.32 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 45.32 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.57 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.57 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.45 kNm
MgeoB = 0.45 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 21.11 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 83.14 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 33.61 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 83.14 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 85.19 1.19 0.45 85.64 --- 85.64
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -68.84 1.57 0.6 -69.44 --- 69.44
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 18.93 1.19 0.45 19.38 --- 19.38
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 7.64 1.57 0.6 8.23 --- 8.23
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 59.52 kN
Mux = 85.64 kNm
Muy = 19.38 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 12.75 deg
MRes = 87.81 kNm
MCap = 115.07 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.76 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6279
λB/λD = 1.5925
eD(top) = 1091.6042 mm
eD(bot) = 885.0803 mm
eB(top) = 247.0328 mm
eB(bot) = 104.9393 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 3.09


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.32
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 5.9 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.17 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 45.316 kN
Pu = 59.52
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2916 N/mm2
VRD,c = 96.9245 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.3401

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -3.3222 kN
Pu = 59.52
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0226 N/mm2
VRD,c = 101.1431 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.3401

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C25
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 70
Critical Analysis Load : 232
Combination
[131] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 419.05 kN
Mux(top joint) = -89.23 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -24.06 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 16.04 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -59.5 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 422.94 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 16.04 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -59.5 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 8.46 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 8.46 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.05 kNm
MgeoB = 1.05 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 27.07 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 25.95 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 27.07 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Calculation of Design Moment
Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -89.23 8.38 1.05 -90.28 --- 90.28
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 8.46 1.06 8.46 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -24.06 8.38 1.05 -25.11 --- 25.11
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 8.46 1.06 8.46 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 419.05 kN
Mux = 90.28 kNm
Muy = 25.11 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.68
Reinforcement Provided = 6-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 15.54 deg
MRes = 93.71 kNm
MCap = 148.72 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.63 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.2667
λB/λD = 3.75
eD(top) = 213.4574 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 59.3629 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 1.44


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.7
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 232
Combination
[131] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = -59.5035 kN
Pu = 419.05
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.6701 N/mm2
VRD,c = 111.4971 kN
As tension = 678.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0076
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 4.1905

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 232
Combination
[131] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 16.0437 kN
Pu = 419.05
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2228 N/mm2
VRD,c = 103.1989 kN
As tension = 678.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 144 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0094
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 4.1905

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm
Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C25
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2500 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 71
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 271.42 kN
Mux(top joint) = 102.76 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 16.25 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -8.7 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 66.28 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 280.96 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -96.02 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -9.83 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -8.7 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 66.28 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.62 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.62 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 6.25 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.7 kNm
MgeoB = 1.7 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 17.3 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 33.21 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 51.9 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 33.21 mm
hence, Column is slender
Design Of Slenderness Moment
Ast Prv 678.6 sqmm
n = Ned/(B x D x fcd)
= 0.11
ω = Ast prv x fyd / (B x D x fcd)
= 0.11
nu = 1+ω
= 1.11
nbal = 0.4
Kr = (nu - n)/(nu - nbal)
= 1
ωef = 1.2

Along B
βB = 0.35 + fcd / 200 - λD / 150
= 0.1373
KφB = 1 + βD x ωef
= 1.16
MoeB (0.4 x Min(top, bottom) + 0.6
= 15.4 kNm
x Max(top, bottom))
M2B (e2D x ned) = 9.49 kNm
Mid Moment Along B
= 24.89 kNm
(MoeB+M2B)

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 102.76 5.43 1.7 104.46 --- 104.46
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -96.02 5.62 1.76 -97.78 --- 97.78
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 16.25 5.43 1.7 17.95 9.49 22.69
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -9.83 5.62 1.76 -11.58 9.49 16.33
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- 24.89

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 271.42 kN
Mux = 104.46 kNm
Muy = 22.69 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.68
Reinforcement Provided = 6-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 12.26 deg
MRes = 106.9 kNm
MCap = 125.95 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.85 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.3333
λB/λD = 3
eD(top) = 371.7961 mm
eD(bot) = 348.0153 mm
eB(top) = 80.7651 mm
eB(bot) = 58.1109 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 1.84


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.54
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 2.4 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.42 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 66.2799 kN
Pu = 271.42
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.7464 N/mm2
VRD,c = 91.8324 kN
As tension = 678.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0076
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.7142
Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required
Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -8.6958 kN
Pu = 271.42
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1208 N/mm2
VRD,c = 87.2545 kN
As tension = 678.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 144 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0094
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.7142

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C25
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 237
Critical Analysis Load : 113
Combination
[13] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 128.68 kN
Mux(top joint) = -45.13 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 0.12 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 51.45 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 54.75 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 128.68 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -108.07 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 59.28 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 51.45 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 54.75 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.57 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.57 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 1.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.21 kNm
MgeoB = 0.21 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 4.5 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 49.07 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 19.9 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 49.07 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -45.13 2.57 0.21 -45.34 --- 45.34
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -108.07 2.57 0.21 -108.28 --- 108.28
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 0.12 2.57 0.21 2.57 --- 2.57
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 59.28 2.57 0.21 59.48 --- 59.48
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 128.68 kN
Mux = 108.28 kNm
Muy = 59.48 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.26
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 28.78 deg
MRes = 123.55 kNm
MCap = 137.45 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.9 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.2261
λB/λD = 4.4231
eD(top) = 352.3643 mm
eD(bot) = 841.5154 mm
eB(top) = 20 mm
eB(bot) = 462.2812 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 7.05


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.14
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.73 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 1.37 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 113
Combination
[13] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 54.7459 kN
Pu = 128.68
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.6193 N/mm2
VRD,c = 85.2937 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0142
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.2868

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 113
Combination
[13] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 51.4484 kN
Pu = 128.68
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.7246 N/mm2
VRD,c = 84.196 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0177
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.2868

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux
Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C25
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3200 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 72
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 51.67 kN
Mux(top joint) = -21.87 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -21.93 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 9.36 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -27.8 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 62.49 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 72.62 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 9.88 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 9.36 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -27.8 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.25 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.25 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 8 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.5 kNm
MgeoB = 0.5 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 22.14 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 70.42 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 58.82 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 70.42 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -21.87 1.03 0.41 -22.28 --- 22.28
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 72.62 1.25 0.5 73.12 --- 73.12
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -21.93 1.03 0.41 -22.35 --- 22.35
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 9.88 1.25 0.5 10.38 --- 10.38
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 62.49 kN
Mux = 73.12 kNm
Muy = 10.38 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.68
Reinforcement Provided = 6-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 8.08 deg
MRes = 73.85 kNm
MCap = 87 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.85 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.3765
λB/λD = 2.6562
eD(top) = 356.5012 mm
eD(bot) = 1170.0013 mm
eB(top) = 357.5817 mm
eB(bot) = 166.0355 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.4


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 2.51
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 2.82 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.35 mm
Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = -27.796 kN
Pu = 51.67
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.313 N/mm2
VRD,c = 62.5627 kN
As tension = 678.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0076
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.5167

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 9.358 kN
Pu = 51.67
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.13 N/mm2
VRD,c = 63.5224 kN
As tension = 678.6 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 144 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0094
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.5167

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C26
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 89
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 124 kN
Mux(top joint) = 140.51 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -33.62 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 22.42 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 93.7 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 127.89 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 22.42 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 93.7 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.56 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.56 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.31 kNm
MgeoB = 0.31 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 49.22 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 17.3 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 49.22 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 140.51 2.48 0.31 140.82 --- 140.82
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 2.56 0.32 2.56 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -33.62 2.48 0.31 -33.93 --- 33.93
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 2.56 0.32 2.56 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 124 kN
Mux = 140.82 kNm
Muy = 33.93 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 1.26
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 4-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 13.55 deg
MRes = 144.85 kNm
MCap = 150.26 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.96 < 1
Biaxial Bending Check
λD/λB = 0.4
λB/λD = 2.5
eD(top) = 1101.1017 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 265.3134 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 1.66


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.6
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 93.698 kN
Pu = 124
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.0599 N/mm2
VRD,c = 84.6738 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0142
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.24

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vuy
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805

Calculation for spacing of shear


reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 2 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 100.48 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 237.15 mm
required,s

Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 200 mm


Area of Shear reinforcement
84.74 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov

Check maximum area for Shear


reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 2120 sqmm
reinforcement, Asw.max

Check minimum ratio & maximum


longitudinal spacing for Shear reinforcement
provided.

Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.001


Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio

Maximum Longitudinal Spacing


= 332 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 22.4199 kN
Pu = 124
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3158 N/mm2
VRD,c = 83.6982 kN
As tension = 1256.64 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 142 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0177
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.24

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---
General Data
Column No. : C26
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 90
Critical Analysis Load : 113
Combination
[13] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 67.39 kN
Mux(top joint) = 150.97 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -11.74 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 12.15 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 122.71 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 76.93 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -217.07 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 24.68 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 12.15 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 122.71 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.54 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.54 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.54 kNm
MgeoB = 0.54 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 19.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 63.47 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 48.44 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 63.47 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 150.97 1.35 0.47 151.44 --- 151.44
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -217.07 1.54 0.54 -217.61 --- 217.61
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -11.74 1.35 0.47 -12.22 --- 12.22
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 24.68 1.54 0.54 25.22 --- 25.22
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 76.93 kN
Mux = 217.61 kNm
Muy = 25.22 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.51
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 6.61 deg
MRes = 219.06 kNm
MCap = 240.01 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.91 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4
λB/λD = 2.5
eD(top) = 1968.5037 mm
eD(bot) = 2828.4967 mm
eB(top) = 158.7876 mm
eB(bot) = 327.8541 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 4.96


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.2
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 3.45 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.29 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 113
Combination
[13] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 122.7116 kN
Pu = 67.39
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.3944 N/mm2
VRD,c = 85.074 kN
As tension = 2513.28 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.6739

Shear check Shear Reinforcment Required


Since VRD,C < Vuy
Calculation for Concrete Strut
Capacity vRd,max in terms of = 4.6342 N/mm2
stress
vRd,max cot θ = 2.5 = 6.72 N/mm2
vRd,max cot θ = 1 = 0.3805

Calculation for spacing of shear


reinforcement for cot θ = 2.5
no of legs for stirrups = 2 legged
Shear reinforcement bar dia .∅link = 8 mm
Area of Shear reinforcement ,Asw = 100.48 mm2
Design yeild stress for shear
= 500 N/mm2
reinforcement,fywd
Spacing of Reinforcement
= 180.26 mm
required,s

Provided Spacing ,sprov. = 200 mm


Area of Shear reinforcement
111.49 mm2
provided ,Asw,prov

Check maximum area for Shear


reinforcement provided.
Maximum area of shear
= 2120 sqmm
reinforcement, Asw.max

Check minimum ratio & maximum


longitudinal spacing for Shear reinforcement
provided.

Shear Reinforcement Ratio = 0.001


Minimum Shear Reinforcement
= 0.001
Ratio ,ρw
Hence safe for minimum ratio
Maximum Longitudinal Spacing
= 330 mm
,sl,max
Safe in Maximum Spacing for
Shear Reinforcemento

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 113
Combination
[13] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 12.1461 kN
Pu = 67.39
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.1735 N/mm2
VRD,c = 79.4646 kN
As tension = 2513.28 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 140 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.6739

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm
Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C27
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 233
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 225.28 kN
Mux(top joint) = -90 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 37.37 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 24.92 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 60.01 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 225.28 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 24.92 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 60.01 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.51 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.51 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian
Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the
= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.56 kNm
MgeoB = 0.56 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 37.09 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 17.3 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 37.09 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -90 4.51 0.56 -90.56 --- 90.56
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 4.51 0.56 4.51 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 37.37 4.51 0.56 37.93 --- 37.93
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 4.51 0.56 4.51 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 225.28 kN
Mux = 90.56 kNm
Muy = 37.93 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.9
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 22.73 deg
MRes = 98.18 kNm
MCap = 129.25 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.76 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4
λB/λD = 2.5
eD(top) = 401.9971 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 168.3696 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.96


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 1.05
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 60.0144 kN
Pu = 225.28
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.6758 N/mm2
VRD,c = 91.2906 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0102
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.2528

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 253
Combination
[152] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 24.9177 kN
Pu = 225.28
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3461 N/mm2
VRD,c = 88.103 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 144 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0126
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 2.2528
Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required
Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C27
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 200 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 2800 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 234
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Mid Joint
Ned(top joint) = 132.95 kN
Mux(top joint) = -43.02 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 75.68 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 47.81 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 36.85 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 132.95 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 67.5 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -67.71 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 47.81 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 36.85 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.66 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 6.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 2.66 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.93 kNm
MgeoB = 0.93 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 19.38 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 48.28 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 48.44 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 48.28 mm
hence, Column is slender
Design Of Slenderness Moment
Ast Prv 2513.28 sqmm
n = Ned/(B x D x fcd)
= 0.05
ω = Ast prv x fyd / (B x D x fcd)
= 0.41
nu = 1+ω
= 1.41
nbal = 0.4
Kr = (nu - n)/(nu - nbal)
= 1
ωef = 1.2

Along B
βB = 0.35 + fcd / 200 - λD / 150
= 0.1604
KφB = 1 + βD x ωef
= 1.19
MoeB (0.4 x Min(top, bottom) + 0.6
= 73.42 kNm
x Max(top, bottom))
M2B (e2D x ned) = 4 kNm
Mid Moment Along B
= 77.42 kNm
(MoeB+M2B)

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -43.02 2.66 0.93 -43.95 --- 43.95
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 67.5 2.66 0.93 68.43 --- 68.43
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 75.68 2.66 0.93 76.61 4 78.61
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -67.71 2.66 0.93 -68.64 4 70.64
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- 77.42

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 132.95 kN
Mux = 0 kNm
Muy = 77.42 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.51
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 90 deg
MRes = 77.42 kNm
MCap = 84.12 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.92 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4
λB/λD = 2.5
eD(top) = 330.6075 mm
eD(bot) = 514.7326 mm
eB(top) = 591.2936 mm
eB(bot) = 531.3371 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.22


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 4.47
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.39 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 2.58 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 36.8515 kN
Pu = 132.95
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.4188 N/mm2
VRD,c = 93.7281 kN
As tension = 2513.28 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 440 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6742
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.3295

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 117
Combination
[17] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 7: WL-Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = 47.8084 kN
Pu = 132.95
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.683 N/mm2
VRD,c = 86.3486 kN
As tension = 2513.28 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 140 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 2
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.3295

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux
Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 200 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 200 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 200 --- --- 200 ---

General Data
Column No. : C31
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 31
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5
Load Combination = (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9 (LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 280.71 kN
Mux(top joint) = 180.02 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -24.74 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -16.5 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -120.05 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 286.9 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -16.5 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -120.05 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.74 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 5.74 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.7 kNm
MgeoB = 0.7 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 43.48 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 14.83 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 43.48 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 180.02 5.61 0.7 180.73 --- 180.73
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 5.74 0.72 5.74 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -24.74 5.61 0.7 -25.44 --- 25.44
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 5.74 0.72 5.74 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 280.71 kN
Mux = 180.73 kNm
Muy = 25.44 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.85
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 6-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 8.01 deg
MRes = 182.51 kNm
MCap = 214.93 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.85 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.4667
λB/λD = 2.1429
eD(top) = 629.9302 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 88.6692 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 4.97


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.2
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm
Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -120.0474 kN
Pu = 280.71
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.776 N/mm2
VRD,c = 141.9279 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0096
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.6041

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 167
Combination
[66] : (LOAD 1: DL) +(LOAD 3:
CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +0.9
Critical Load Combination =
(LOAD 5: WL-X) +1.5 (LOAD 12:
TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -16.4958 kN
Pu = 280.71
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.113 N/mm2
VRD,c = 145.2026 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0102
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.6041

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C31
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 4150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 32
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL) +(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9)
+1.2 (LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 192.78 kN
Mux(top joint) = 75.38 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 0.62 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -0.46 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -31.3 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 213.33 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -54.47 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 2.51 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -0.46 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -31.3 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.27 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.27 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 9.13 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.76 kNm
MgeoB = 1.76 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 25.26 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 56.37 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 41.03 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 56.37 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 75.38 3.86 1.76 77.14 --- 77.14
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -54.47 4.27 1.95 -56.42 --- 56.42
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 0.62 3.86 1.76 3.86 --- 3.86
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 2.51 4.27 1.95 4.45 --- 4.45
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 192.78 kN
Mux = 77.14 kNm
Muy = 3.86 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 2.86 deg
MRes = 77.24 kNm
MCap = 141.79 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.54 < 1
Biaxial Bending Check
λD/λB = 0.6157
λB/λD = 1.6243
eD(top) = 361.6203 mm
eD(bot) = 264.473 mm
eB(top) = 18.0741 mm
eB(bot) = 20.8703 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 14.01


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 0.07
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 8.87 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 0.11 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -31.2989 kN
Pu = 192.78
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.2014 N/mm2
VRD,c = 136.9237 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1016

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 203
Combination
[102] : 1.2 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.2
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.6 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+(LOAD 9: LOAD CASE 9) +1.2
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -0.4554 kN
Pu = 192.78
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0031 N/mm2
VRD,c = 141.3446 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.15
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1016

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C31
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 33
Critical Analysis Load : 252
Combination
[151] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 44.89 kN
Mux(top joint) = 1.85 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 11.73 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 12.41 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 0.05 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 60.32 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 2.01 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -30.46 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 12.41 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 0.05 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.21 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.21 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.46 kNm
MgeoB = 0.46 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 21.11 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 94.82 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 33.61 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 94.82 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 1.85 0.9 0.34 2.19 --- 2.19
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 2.01 1.21 0.46 2.47 --- 2.47
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 11.73 0.9 0.34 12.07 --- 12.07
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -30.46 1.21 0.46 -30.92 --- 30.92
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 60.32 kN
Mux = 2.47 kNm
Muy = 30.92 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.52
Reinforcement Provided = 8-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 85.42 deg
MRes = 31.02 kNm
MCap = 80.54 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.39 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6279
λB/λD = 1.5925
eD(top) = 36.3853 mm
eD(bot) = 41.0264 mm
eB(top) = 200.1687 mm
eB(bot) = 512.6872 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.13


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 7.86
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.06 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 17.85 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 252
Combination
[151] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 0.0477 kN
Pu = 44.89
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0003 N/mm2
VRD,c = 94.9749 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0058
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2565

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 252
Combination
[151] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 12.4132 kN
Pu = 44.89
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0844 N/mm2
VRD,c = 99.2989 kN
As tension = 904.8 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0062
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2565

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux
Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C33
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 37
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9
(LOAD 13: TEL2)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 541.32 kN
Mux(top joint) = -4.2 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -66.75 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -44.51 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 2.8 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 549.67 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 0 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -44.51 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 2.8 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 10.99 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 10.99 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 2.5 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.35 kNm
MgeoB = 1.35 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 6.92 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 31.41 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 9.89 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 31.41 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -4.2 10.83 1.35 10.83 --- -10.83
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 0 10.99 1.37 10.99 --- 0
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -66.75 10.83 1.35 -68.1 --- 68.1
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 0 10.99 1.37 10.99 --- 0
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 541.32 kN
Mux = 10.83 kNm
Muy = 68.1 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.65
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 80.97 deg
MRes = 68.96 kNm
MCap = 160.43 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.43 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.7
λB/λD = 1.4286
eD(top) = -19.6961 mm
eD(bot) = 0 mm
eB(top) = 123.8984 mm
eB(bot) = 0 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = -0.11


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = -8.99
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = NaN mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = NaN mm
Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vuy = 2.8018 kN
Pu = 541.32
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.018 N/mm2
VRD,c = 167.9711 kN
As tension = 1131 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 444 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6712
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0073
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 3.0932

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 116
Combination
[16] : 1.35 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.35
(LOAD 3: CL) +1.5 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 6: WL+Z) +0.9 (LOAD
13: TEL2)
Design shear force, Vux = -44.5117 kN
Pu = 541.32
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3028 N/mm2
VRD,c = 169.0797 kN
As tension = 1131 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 294 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8248
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0077
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 3.0932

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C33
Level : 1.5m To 4.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 2800 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 38
Critical Analysis Load : 250
Combination
[149] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Top Joint
Ned(top joint) = 200.76 kN
Mux(top joint) = 0.88 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 242.3 kNm
Vux(top joint) = 102.41 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -0.49 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 214.37 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -0.6 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = -64.86 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = 102.41 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -0.49 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.29 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 4.29 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 1.41 kNm
MgeoB = 1.41 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 20.76 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 50.3 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 27.68 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 50.3 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 0.88 4.02 1.41 4.02 --- 4.02
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -0.6 4.29 1.5 4.29 --- -4.29
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 242.3 4.02 1.41 243.71 --- 243.71
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) -64.86 4.29 1.5 -66.36 --- 66.36
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 200.76 kN
Mux = 4.02 kNm
Muy = 243.71 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.2
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T25 + 6-T20

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 89.06 deg
MRes = 243.74 kNm
MCap = 272.53 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.89 < 1
Biaxial Bending Check
λD/λB = 0.75
λB/λD = 1.3333
eD(top) = 18.73 mm
eD(bot) = -20 mm
eB(top) = 1136.8352 mm
eB(bot) = 309.5319 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.01


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 86.71
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = -0.05 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = -22.11 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 250
Combination
[149] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -0.4926 kN
Pu = 200.76
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0032 N/mm2
VRD,c = 159.0579 kN
As tension = 3848.44 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 438 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6761
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1472

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 250
Combination
[149] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = 102.4129 kN
Pu = 200.76
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.7124 N/mm2
VRD,c = 161.0586 kN
As tension = 3848.44 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 288 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8341
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.1472

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 400 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm


Table For Links
Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C33
Level : 4.5m To 5.65m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1150 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 650 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 177
Critical Analysis Load : 250
Combination
[149] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 180.56 kN
Mux(top joint) = -2.06 kNm
Muy(top joint) = 65.79 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -186.4 kN
Vuy(top joint) = 4.73 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 185.78 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = 3.37 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 280.1 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -186.4 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = 4.73 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.72 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 3.72 kNm

Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 1.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.3 kNm
MgeoB = 0.3 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 4.5 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 54.03 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 11.37 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 54.03 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) -2.06 3.61 0.29 3.61 --- -3.61
Major Axis Mux (bottom) 3.37 3.72 0.3 3.72 --- 3.72
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) 65.79 3.61 0.29 66.09 --- 66.09
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 280.1 3.72 0.3 280.4 --- 280.4
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 185.78 kN
Mux = 3.72 kNm
Muy = 280.4 kNm
Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 2.8
Reinforcement Provided = 10-T25

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 89.24 deg
MRes = 280.43 kNm
MCap = 326.07 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.86 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.3957
λB/λD = 2.5275
eD(top) = -19.4382 mm
eD(bot) = 20 mm
eB(top) = 355.7381 mm
eB(bot) = 1509.3643 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = -0.04


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = -26.14
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.01 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 107.81 mm

Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 250
Combination
[149] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = 4.7284 kN
Pu = 180.56
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0309 N/mm2
VRD,c = 156.4061 kN
As tension = 4908.7 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 438 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6761
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.02
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.0318

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 250
Combination
[149] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -186.4038 kN
Pu = 180.56
Design shear stress ,vEd = 1.2967 N/mm2
VRD,c = 158.5691 kN
As tension = 4908.7 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 288 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8341
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.02
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 1.0318

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux
Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 500 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 300 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 300 --- --- 300 ---

General Data
Column No. : C33
Level : 5.65m To 9.05m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 3400 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 3050 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check = Simultaneously (Both Axis)
Effective Length Along D = 1
Effective Length Along B = 1

Load Data
Analysis Reference No. = 39
Critical Analysis Load : 250
Combination
[149] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1 (LOAD 3: CL)
Load Combination = +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL) +1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9
(LOAD 12: TEL1)
Critical Location = Bottom Joint
Ned(top joint) = 44.64 kN
Mux(top joint) = 4.22 kNm
Muy(top joint) = -47.39 kNm
Vux(top joint) = -47.33 kN
Vuy(top joint) = -3.05 kN
Ned(bottom joint) = 60.06 kN
Mux (bottom joint) = -6.15 kNm
Muy (bottom joint) = 113.5 kNm
Vux (bottom joint) = -47.33 kN
Vuy(bottom joint) = -3.05 kN

Minimum Eccentricity,
Since Axial Force is compressive, Min. Eccentricity check to be performed
Check,e0

Minimum Eccentricity Along D: = D / 30


Minecc (e0D) = 16.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mmind = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.2 kNm

Minimum Eccentricity Along B: = B / 30


Minecc (e0B) = 11.6667 mm
MM,Since <
= 20
20
Mminb = Ned x Minimum Eccentricity
= 1.2 kNm
Geometric imperfection, ei
θ0 = 0.005
αn = 1
αm = 1
θ1 = 0.005 Radian

Eccentricity ,(ei) (along both the


= 7.63 mm
directions)
MgeoD = 0.46 kNm
MgeoB = 0.46 kNm
Slenderness Check
Along D
slenderness ratio (λD) = 21.11 mm
Permissible limits (λDlim) = 95.02 mm
hence, Column is not slender
Along B
slenderness ratio (λB) = 33.61 mm
Permissible limits (λBlim) = 95.02 mm
hence, Column is not slender

Calculation of Design Moment


Mdesign-
Direction Manalysis Mmin Mgeo Mdesign M2
final
A B C D E F
Major Axis - Mux (top) 4.22 0.89 0.34 4.56 --- 4.56
Major Axis Mux (bottom) -6.15 1.2 0.46 -6.61 --- 6.61
Major Axis Mux (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---
Minor Axis Muy (top) -47.39 0.89 0.34 -47.73 --- 47.73
Minor Axis Muy (bottom) 113.5 1.2 0.46 113.96 --- 113.96
Minor Axis Muy (mid) --- --- --- --- --- ---

Where
A = Moments directly from analysis
B = Moments due to minimum eccentricity
C = Moments due to geometrical imperfection
D = Max of (Manalysis+MGeo) , Mmin
E = Moment due to slenderness effect
F
= Mdesign+ M2 /2
Top.Bottom
F Mid = Moe+M2

Final Critical Design Forces

Critical Case - Axial Load & BiAxial Bending


Pu = 60.06 kN
Mux = 6.61 kNm
Muy = 113.96 kNm

Resultant Moment (Combined Action)

Moment Capacity Check


Pt Calculated = 0.85
Reinforcement Provided = 4-T16 + 6-T12

Load Angle = Tan-1(Muy/Mux)


= 86.68 deg
MRes = 114.15 kNm
MCap = 118 kNm
Capacity Ratio = MRes/ MCap
= 0.97 < 1

Biaxial Bending Check


λD/λB = 0.6279
λB/λD = 1.5925
eD(top) = 75.9546 mm
eD(bot) = 110.0225 mm
eB(top) = 794.6681 mm
eB(bot) = 1897.3205 mm

(eD top/D)/(eB top/B) = 0.07


(eB top/B)/(eD top/D) = 14.95
(eD bot/D)/(eB bot/B) = 0.04 mm
(eB bot/B)/(eD bot/D) = 24.64 mm
Check for Bi-axial bending Consider Biaxial

Design Of Shear
Along D
Critical Analysis Load : 250
Combination
[149] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vuy = -3.0515 kN
Pu = 44.64
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.0197 N/mm2
VRD,c = 110.6247 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
deff = 442 mm
k = MIN(1 + SQRT(200 / deff),2)
= 1.6727
ρ1 = Asmain / (b x deff)
<> = 0.0096
k1 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2551

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vuy

Along B
Critical Analysis Load : 250
Combination
[149] : 1.1 (LOAD 1: DL) +1.1
(LOAD 3: CL) +0.9 (LOAD 2: LL)
Critical Load Combination =
+1.5 (LOAD 4: WL+X) +0.9 (LOAD
12: TEL1)
Design shear force, Vux = -47.3345 kN
Pu = 44.64
Design shear stress ,vEd = 0.3242 N/mm2
VRD,c = 115.6598 kN
As tension = 1482.84 sqmm
CRdc = 0.18/γc
= 0.12
beff = 292 mm
k = MIN((1 + SQRT(200 / beff)),2)
= 1.8276
ρ1 = Asmain / (d x beff)
<> = 0.0102
k1 = 0.15
σcp = NEd / (B x D)
= 0.2551

Shear check No Shear Reinforcement Required


Since VRD,C > Vux

Design Of Links
Links in the zone where special confining links are not required
Normal Links
Diameter of link = 8 mm
Criterion for spacing of normal links
Min. Longitudinal Bar dia X 20 = 240 mm
Min. dimension of column = 350 mm
Max. 400 mm = 300 mm

Provided spacing = 225 mm

Table For Links


Required Provided
Normal Design Shear Design Ductile Design Normal Zone Ductile Zone
Link Dia. 8 --- --- 8 ---
Spacing 225 --- --- 225 ---

General Data
Column No. : C36
Level : 0m To 1.5m
Design Code = EN 02 - 2004
Grade Of Concrete (fck)
= C40/50 N/sqmm
(Cylindrical)
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γc) = 1.5
Partial Factor for Concrete ( γcd) = 1.2
Grade Of Steel (fyk) = Fy500 N/sqmm
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1.15
γ s)
Partial Factor for Reinforcement (
= 1
γsd)
Column B = 350 mm
Column D = 500 mm
Clear Floor Height @ B,loB = 1000 mm
Clear Floor Height @ D,loD = 1000 mm
No Of Floors = 1
No Of Columns In Group = 1
Minimum eccentricity check =