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Vertical Vessel Foundation Design

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Vertical Vessel Foundation Design(ACI 318-11)

Input Parameters

Geometrical Description

Design(ACI 318-11) Input Parameters Geometrical Description Vessel Geometry Effective Height (H v e ) : 3

Vessel Geometry

Effective Height (H ve ) : 360.000in

Effective Diameter (D ve ): 60.000in

Center of Gravity (C.G.): 200.000in

Pedestal Geometry

Height (T p ): 36.000in

Diameter (D p ): 90.000in

Footing Geometry

Minimum Footing Diameter (D f ): 108.000in

Maximum Footing Diameter (D f ): 190.000in

Minimum Footing Depth (T f ): 30.000in

Maximum Footing Depth (T f ): 54.000in

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Vertical Vessel Foundation Design Page 2 of 10 Anchor Bolt Data Bolt Circle Diameter (BCD): 72.000in

Anchor Bolt Data

Bolt Circle Diameter (BCD): 72.000in Bolt Diameter (BD): 1.000in Sleeve Diameter (SD): 2.000in Number of Anchor Bolts (N b ): 24

Effective Embedment Depth (h eff ): 18.000in

Design Parameters

Soil

Soil Depth (T s ): 12.000 in

Soil Density : 110.000 lb/ft3 Allowable Bearing Pressure (SBC): 3.500 kip/ft2 Soil Bearing Capacity Type: Gross Bearing Capacity

Concrete

Cover (cc): 3.000 in

Concrete Density : 150.000 lb/ft3

f c :

4.000 ksi

Reinforcement

f y : 60.000 ksi

Bar Type : Imperial Minimum Bar Diameter : 4 Maximum Bar Diameter : 9 Minimum Bar Spacing : 3.000 in Maximum Bar Spacing : 12.000 in

Stability

Minimum Overturning Ratio : 1.500 Minimum Sliding Ratio : 1.500 Coefficient of Friction : 0.500

------------------------------------------------------

Primary Load Description

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Vertical Vessel Foundation Design

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Load Types

Axial Force

Base Moment

Base Shear

Empty Load (D e ):

-12.000kip

0.000kip-ft

0.000kip

Operating Load (D 0 ):

-65.000kip

0.000kip-ft

0.000kip

Test Load (D t ):

-73.000kip

0.000kip-ft

0.000kip

Erection Load :

0.000kip

0.000kip-ft

0.000kip

Live

0.000

kip

0.000

kip-ft

0.000

kip

Thermal

0.000

kip

0.000

kip-ft

0.000

kip

------------------------------------------------------

Wind Load

Wind Load Calculation per ASCE 7-05

Wind Speed : 90.000 mph

Wind Directionality Factor (K d ) :

0.950

 

Topographic Factor (K zt ) :

1.000

Exposure Case :

Case2

Exposure Factor :

C

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Importance Factor (I) :

Gust Effect Factor (G) :

Net Force Coefficient (C f ) :

1.000

0.850

0.800

21

Partial Wind Percentage : 50.000 %

per ASCE 7-05 Table 6-4

per ASCE 7-05 Fig. 6-4

per ASCE 6.5.6

. per ASCE 6.5.6

per ASCE 7-05 Table 6-1

per ASCE 7-05 6.5.8

per ASCE 7-05 Fig. 6-20 & Fig. 6-

Design Wind Pressure (P) = 0.00256 K d .K z .K zt .v 2 .I.G.C f psf - per ASCE7-05 6.5.10 & 6.5.15

Elevation

K

z

Pressure

Height

Width

Area

Shear

Moment

ft

-

kip/ft 2 x 10 -3

ft

ft

ft 2

kip

kip-ft

2.000

0.849

16.722

2.000

5.000

10.000

0.114

0.000

15.000

0.849

16.722

13.000

5.000

65.000

0.739

6.283

20.000

0.902

17.766

5.000

5.000

25.000

0.302

5.286

25.000

0.945

18.621

5.000

5.000

25.000

0.317

7.123

30.000

0.982

19.350

5.000

5.000

25.000

0.329

9.046

32.000

0.996

19.614

2.000

5.000

10.000

0.133

4.135

 

S=1.934

S=31.871

Seismic Load

Fundamental Period (T) : 0.00000 sec

Site Class :

Spectral Response Acc. Parameter at Short Period (S S ) :

Spectral Response Acc. Parameter at 1 sec (S 1 ) :

C

per ASCE 7-05 Chapter 20

0.322

per ASCE 7-05 11.4.1

0.145

per ASCE 7-05 11.4.1

Time Period of Vessel (T) : 0.000 sec

8.000 sec

Long-Period Transition Period (TL) :

per ASCE 7-05 Fig. 22-15

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Short Period Site Coefficient at 0.2s Period (F a ) :

Long Period Site Coefficient at 1.0s Period (F v ) :

Design Spectral Response Acc. Parameter at Short Period (S DS ) :

Design Spectral Response Acc. Parameter at 1 sec (S D1 ) :

Response Modification Factor (R) :

Importance Factor (I) :

1.200

per ASCE 7-05 11.4.3

1.655

per ASCE 7-05 11.4.3

0.258

per ASCE 7-05 11.4.1

0.160

per ASCE 7-05 11.4.1

3.000

per ASCE 7-05 Table 15.4-2

1.500

per ASCE 7-05 11.5.1

Calculation Of Seismic Response Coefficient

ASCE 7-05 11.5.1 Calculation Of Seismic Response Coefficient = 0.129 per ASCE 7-05 eq. 12.8-2 =

= 0.129

per ASCE 7-05 eq. 12.8-2

=

1.#IO

Upper Limit per ASCE 7-05 eq. 12.8-3

= 0.010

Lower Limit per ASCE 7-05 eq. 15.4-3

12.8-3 = 0.010 Lower Limit per ASCE 7-05 eq. 15.4-3 = 0.129 Calculation Of Base Shear

= 0.129

Calculation Of Base Shear

Base Shear - Empty Load Case

0.129 Calculation Of Base Shear Base Shear - Empty Load Case = 1.391 kip per ASCE

= 1.391 kip per ASCE 7-05 eq. 15.4-5

Base Shear - Operating Load Case

per ASCE 7-05 eq. 15.4-5 Base Shear - Operating Load Case = 7.535 kip per ASCE

= 7.535 kip per ASCE 7-05 eq. 15.4-5

Moment - Empty Load Case

7.535 kip per ASCE 7-05 eq. 15.4-5 Moment - Empty Load Case = 23.184 kip-ft Moment

= 23.184 kip-ft

Moment - Operating Load Case

Empty Load Case = 23.184 kip-ft Moment - Operating Load Case = 125.580 kip-ft

= 125.580 kip-ft

------------------------------------------------------

Load Combination

 

Allowable Stress Design Factors (Service Loads)

 
                 

UserLoad1

UserLoad2

   

LC

SWF

SBF

Empty

Operating

Wind

Seismic

Test

Erection

(Live)

(Thermal)

UserLoad3

UserLoad4

101

1.00

1.00

1.00

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

102

1.00

1.00

.

1.00

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

103

1.00

1.00

1.00

.

.

.

.

.

1.00

.

.

.

104

1.00

1.00

.

1.00

.

.

.

.

1.00

.

.

.

105

1.00

1.00

1.00

.

1.00

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

106

1.00

1.00

.

1.00

1.00

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

107

1.00

1.00

1.00

.

.

0.70

.

.

.

.

.

.

108

1.00

1.00

.

1.00

.

0.70

.

.

.

.

.

.

109

1.00

1.00

1.00

.

0.75

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

110

1.00

1.00

.

1.00

0.75

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

111

1.00

1.00

1.00

.

.

0.53

.

.

.

.

.

.

112

1.00

1.00

.

1.00

.

0.53

.

.

.

.

.

.

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113

1.00

1.00

0.60

.

1.00

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

114

1.00

1.00

.

0.60

1.00

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

115

1.00

1.00

0.60

.

.

0.70

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

116

1.00

1.00

.

0.60

.

0.70

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

117

1.00

1.00

.

.

1.00

.

 

.

1.00

.

.

.

.

118

1.00

1.00

.

.

1.00

.

0.60

.

.

.

.

.

 

Ultimate Stress Design Factors

 
               

UserLoad1

UserLoad2

   

LC

SWF

SBF

Empty

Operating

Wind

Seismic

Test

Erection

(Live)

(Thermal)

UserLoad3

UserLoad4

201

1.00

1.00

1.40

.

.

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

202

1.00

1.00

.

1.40

.

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

203

1.00

1.00

1.20

.

.

.

 

.

.

1.60

.

.

.

204

1.00

1.00

.

1.20

.

.

 

.

.

1.60

.

.

.

205

1.00

1.00

1.20

.

0.80

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

206

1.00

1.00

.

1.20

0.80

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

207

1.00

1.00

1.20

.

1.60

.

 

.

.

1.00

.

.

.

208

1.00

1.00

.

1.20

1.60

.

 

.

.

1.00

.

.

.

209

1.00

1.00

1.20

.

.

1.00

 

.

.

1.00

.

.

.

210

1.00

1.00

.

1.20

.

1.00

 

.

.

1.00

.

.

.

211

1.00

1.00

0.90

.

1.60

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

212

1.00

1.00

.

0.90

1.60

.

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

213

1.00

1.00

0.90

.

.

1.00

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

214

1.00

1.00

.

0.90

.

1.00

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

215

1.00

1.00

.

.

.

.

1.40

.

.

.

.

.

216

1.00

1.00

.

.

1.00

.

 

.

0.90

.

.

.

.

 

Note: SWF : Self Weight and Dead Weight Factor SBF : Soil Bearing Factor

 
 

------------------------------------------------------

 
   

Applied Loads At Top of Pedestal- Service Stress Level

   
   

Axial

   

Shear

 

Moment

 

LC

(kip)

(kip)

(kip-ft)

 

101

 

-12.000

   

0.000

 

0.000

 

102

 

-65.000

   

0.000

 

0.000

 

103

 

-12.000

   

0.000

 

0.000

 

104

 

-65.000

   

0.000

 

0.000

 

105

 

-12.000

   

1.934

 

31.871

 

106

 

-65.000

   

1.934

 

31.871

 

107

 

-12.000

   

-0.974

 

-16.229

 

108

 

-65.000

   

-5.274

 

-87.906

 

109

 

-12.000

   

1.450

 

23.903

 

110

 

-65.000

   

1.450

 

23.903

 

111

 

-12.000

   

-0.737

 

-12.288

 

112

 

-65.000

   

-3.993

 

-66.557

 

113

 

-7.200

   

1.934

 

31.871

 

114

 

-39.000

   

1.934

 

31.871

 

115

 

-7.200

   

-0.974

 

-16.229

 

116

 

-39.000

   

-5.274

 

-87.906

 

117

 

-0.000

   

0.967

 

15.936

 

118

 

-43.800

   

0.967

 

15.936

 

Applied Loads At Top of Pedestal- Strength Level

 
   

Axial

   

Shear

 

Moment

 

LC

(kip)

(kip)

(kip-ft)

 

201

 

-16.800

   

0.000

 

0.000

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202

-91.000

0.000

0.000

203

-14.400

0.000

0.000

204

-78.000

0.000

0.000

205

-14.400

1.547

25.497

206

-78.000

1.547

25.497

207

-14.400

3.094

50.994

208

-78.000

3.094

50.994

209

-14.400

-1.391

-23.184

210

-78.000

-7.535

-125.580

211

-10.800

3.094

50.994

212

-58.500

3.094

50.994

213

-10.800

-1.391

-23.184

214

-58.500

-7.535

-125.580

215

-102.200

0.000

0.000

216

-0.000

0.967

15.936

------------------------------------------------------

Footing Self Weight

Foundation Wt (W f ): 25.163kip

Pedestal Wt (W p ): 20.970kip

Soil Wt (W s ): 2.255kip

Pedestal Design

Check for minimum pedestal dimension is done in accordance with PIP STE 03350 Sect. 4.5.1

Minimum Pedestal Dimension: 7.500ft

D p > D p_min , Hence O.K.

Critical Load Case for Pedestal Design : 214

Factored O.T.M. At Base Of Pedestal : 148.184kip-ft

Nominal Axial Load (Empty/Operating) : 58.500kip

Dowel Circle Diameter (D c ): 7.000ft

Number of Dowels (N d ): 16

Tensile Force In Each Dowel Per PIP

STE03350 4.5.4

Area of Dowel Bar Required

Pedestal Dowel Calculation

0.822kip

0.822kip

where D p is the Weight of pedestal

0.015sq. in

0.015sq. in

Minimum Dowel Reinforcement per PIP STE03350 4.5.5 : #4 - 16

Dowel Bar Size Provided : 4

Minimum Stirrup Reinforcement per PIP STE03350 4.5.5 : #3 @ 15 in

Stirrup Bar Size Provided : 3

Stirrup Spacing : 15.000in

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Vertical Vessel Foundation Design

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Concrete Frictional Resistance Check

Potential Conc. Failure Area per PIP STE03350 Fig. A (A n ): 1.104sq.ft

Compressive Force In Each Anchor Bolt Based on PIP STE03350 4.6.2

Compressive Stress in Concrete

Based on PIP STE03350 4.6.2 Compressive Stress in Concrete 6.162kip 5.579kip/ft^2 F c < f c

6.162kip

5.579kip/ft^2

F c < f c , Hence O.K.

Pedestal Top Reinforcement

Pedestal Top Reinforcement is Provided per PIP STE03350 : #4 (12mm f for Metric) @ 12 in (300 mm for Metric) o.c. in Each Direction

Design Results

Critical Load Cases

Load cases number starts from 1 for service load case and numbering continues for strength level

Critical Load case for Sevice Design : 108

Critical Load case for Shear Force : 201

Critical Load case for Bending Force : 210

Footing Design

Stability Ratio

Sliding Check

LC

Disturbing Force

Restoring Force

Sliding Ratio

(kip)

(kip)

101

-0.000

30.194

N/A

102

-0.000

56.694

N/A

103

-0.000

30.194

N/A

104

-0.000

56.694

N/A

105

-1.934

30.194

15.614

106

-1.934

56.694

29.318

107

0.974

30.194

31.009

108

5.274

56.694

10.749

109

-1.450

30.194

20.819

110

-1.450

56.694

39.091

111

0.737

30.194

40.955

112

3.993

56.694

14.197

113

-1.934

27.794

14.373

114

-1.934

43.694

22.596

115

0.974

27.794

28.544

116

5.274

43.694

8.284

118

-0.967

46.094

47.674

Sliding Ratio > 1.500 ,Hence O.K.

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Vertical Vessel Foundation Design

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Overturning Check

Overturning Ratio is calculated based on PIP STE03350 Eqn. 15

 

Eccentricity

 

(ft)

Overturning Ratio

LC

LC
LC

101

N/A

N/A

102

N/A

N/A

103

N/A

N/A

104

N/A

N/A

105

0.704

6.393

106

0.375

12.004

107

0.357

12.590

108

1.031

4.364

109

0.528

8.524

110

0.281

16.005

111

0.271

16.628

112

0.781

5.764

113

0.765

5.885

114

0.486

9.251

115

0.388

11.589

116

1.338

3.364

118

0.231

19.519

Overturning Ratio > 1.500 ,Hence O.K.

Soil Bearing Check

Critical Load case for Sevice Design : 108

Externally Applied Critical Load Axial Force (P): 65.000 kip

Critical Load Moment (M foot ): 116.915 kip-ft

Eccentricity

): 1 1 6 . 9 1 5 k i p - f t Eccentricity 1.031

1.031 ft

0.115

Factored Soil Bearing Capacity = 3.500 kip/ft^2

Per PIP STE03350 4.7.2.3 e/D f <or = 0.122 on the diagonal & e/D f <or = 0.132 on flat.Entire Footing

Area is in Contact with Soil

Diagonal Bearing Pressure (f dia ):

Flat Bearing Pressure (f flat ):

f dia < SBC , Hence O.K.

Final Footing Dimensions

3.415 kip/ft^2

3.155 kip/ft^2

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Vertical Vessel Foundation Design

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Final Footing Diameter : 9.000ft Final Footing Diagonal Length : 9.742ft Final Footing Depth : 2.500 ft

Factored Design

One Way Shear

Final Footing Depth : 2.500 ft Factored Design One Way Shear Critical Load case for Shear

Critical Load case for Shear Force : 201 Location of Pedestal Face from Face of Footing (X1): 1.087 ft Location of Shear check from Face of Footing (X2): 0.000 ft Shear check face is outside the footing. Skipping one way shear check.

Two Way Shear

the footing. Skipping one way shear check. Two Way Shear Critical Load case for Punching Shear

Critical Load case for Punching Shear Force = 0 Punching shear Perimeter (b o )= 35.929 ft

Punching Shear Force (V u )= 0.000 kip

Factored Shear Capacity f (V c )=

0.000 kip

per ACI318-11 Eqn. 11-32 & 11-33

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Vertical Vessel Foundation Design

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Footing Reinforcement Calculation

Critical Load case for Bending Force : 210

1.000 ft Required development length for bars Available development length for bars (From face of
1.000
ft
Required development length for bars
Available development length for bars (From face of Pedestal to
face of Footing) =
0.500
ft
b =
0.850

A st % (Minimum) = 0.180

A st % (Balanced) = 2.851

A st % (Maximum) = 2.138

Effective depth d eff = 2.109 ft

Moment M u = 1.347 kip-ft/ft

A st % (Required) =

0.336t Moment M u = 1.347 kip-ft/ft A s t % (Required) = 17.647 0.004 A

17.647M u = 1.347 kip-ft/ft A s t % (Required) = 0.336 0.004 A s t

= 1.347 kip-ft/ft A s t % (Required) = 0.336 17.647 0.004 A s t %

0.004

A st % (Provided) = 0.18000

Minimum Spacing : 3.000 in

Maximum Spacing : 12.000 in

Spacing Required : 4 in c/c

Bar Size :

#4

Print Calculation Sheet

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