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HOPE Development of the Catholic Church in • Collapsing - released in tension and

Europe following the fall of Rome - gradually or abruptly giving in to


Dance - focuses primarily on “an aesthetic or transformed the history of dance gravity, letting the body descend to
even entertaining experience” (Myers, 2005) the floor
When the first Christian emperors came,
People still dance mainly for four reasons theatrical entertainment was prohibited 3. Space
a. to please the gods • Direction - can travel in any direction
b. to please others The peasants performed two basic types (forward, side, backward, diagonal,
c. to please themselves or self of dancing: circular)
expression  Round dance - dancers hold each • Size - can be varied by doing larger or
d. to build community within an other by hand, forming a long chain smaller actions
ethnic group or social interaction and move about in an open or • Level - can be done in a high, medium
closed circle, or in an extended line or low level
Prehistoric Past - origins of dance were  Couple dance - at that time, it was • Focus - performers may change their
rooted in here not as popular as round dance as it focus by looking at different
was considered scandalous when directions
Dance has been a major form of religious first seen
ritual and social expression within primitive 4. Time
cultures. Court dances emerged as part of the • Tempo - how fast or slow
chivalric way of life • Duration - how long
- it was used as a way of expressing and
reinforcing tribal unity and strength, as an Because of the noblemen’s and women’s 5. Relationship
approach for courtship and mating, and as nature of clothing and elaborate accessories, • Audience
means of worship, communication, and their dance steps were limited to gliding, • Props
therapeutic experience. curtseying, and posing as they were not • Co-dancers
able to move freely
- the first use of dance was a gesture in - they dance in a smooth floor or wood or FOLK DANCE
order to communicate polished marble called ballroom
- bagsak ang damit / mabagal ang sayaw - common people
“Man danced originally to supplicate the gods - nagalit ata sa peasants? hahahaha lol - traditional/recreational
on all important occasions in life.” (Kraus and 1. nagwaltz lang dancer na agad - evolved naturally
Gaufman, 1981) 2. scandalous - handed down to generations
3. galing sa peasants
Pre - Christian era - the real knowledge of *siz di ako sure ah “Folk dance became the overt expression of
dance came about within the great emotions and ideas which were peculiarly
Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Peasants’ dances - large movements and significant or the re-enactment of customs
civilizations. wide stepping figure and events constituting an important part of
- they dance on grass or on the beaten their history and patterns of daily living.”
Ancient Egypt - where dance became full earth of the town (Duggan, Schlottman, and Rutledge, 1948)
blown and was richly recorded (a medium of - magabo ang damit / malilikot ang sayaw
religious expression) “Folk dance is a traditional mode of
*Queen Elizabeth: Waltz (skl nakita ko lang sa expression that employs bodily movements
Ancient Greeks - also thought highly of notes ko) of redundant patterns linked to definitive
dance features of rhythmic beats or music.” (Lopez,
cyst may dalawang paragraph pa basahin mo na lang
- dancing was taught as an aid to military 2006)
sa libro :D
education among the boys in Athens and
Sparta may benefits pa pala sizter nuod ka na lang sa yt Characteristics:
- it was not just for religious and military - traditional
training but also a form of entertainment ELEMENTS OF DANCE - expressive
and display - basic rhythm
- used in education 1. Body - unknown choreographer
• Body Base - feet (common) - performs a function in life
Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates strongly • Body Shape
supported this art as an integration of the - Symmetrical: balanced shape;  Folk dances - traditional dances
body and soul movements are practically identical found in a certain country
or similar on both sides)
Plato immensely gave importance to dance - Asymmetrical: unbalanced shape; Classifications:
in education as stated in his elucidation on movements of two sides of the body • Tribal dances from the Cordilleras -
the Laws do not match or completely different include non-Christian dances from the
- Noble (fine and honorable) from each other Cordilleras
- Ignoble (imitating what is mean or ugly) • Body Part - “main” • Lowland Christian dances - dances
coming from places with Western influences
Ancient Rome - gave less importance to 2. Energy (tagalogs, ilokanos, bicolonas, bisayans) /
dancing • Sustained - done smoothly, influenced by Hispanic and European
- dance became brutal and continuously, and with flow and cultures
sensationalized as their entertainers control. It does not have a clear • Muslim dances - dances from the people
were slaves and captives from many beginning and ending of the Southern Islands of the Phil.
nationalities and it was used more often • Percussive - explosive or sharp in (Mindanao, Sulu) / influenced by Arabic and
for gruesome purposes (Kraus et al., contrast with sustained movements. Indo-Malayan cultures
1981) may iba pa ata siyang sinabi pero They have a clear beginning and
eto lang sinali ko tingnan mo na lang sa Categories:
ending (powerful)
book hihe
• Vibratory - consist of trembling or • Life Cycle - serve as ritual as one passes
- became an integral part of the
shaking to a diff. stage in life such as from childhood
corruption, resulting in the condemnation
of dance by the early Christians • Swinging - trace a curved line or an arc to adulthood; from singlehood to marriage;
in space (sway) from life to death
• Suspended - perched in space or a. courtship dances
hanging on air b. wedding dances
c. funeral dances
• Festival - either religious or secular and are TINIKLING
connected with the celebration of recurring - Leyte, Philippines
events of special significance - Tikling (Bird)
• Occupational - depict the means of - Mimetic
livelihood of the Filipino people (Palay
Festival - diff. steps in rice growing) Basic Steps:
• Ritual & Ceremonial - performed as part of 1. Dip
the rituals and ceremonies of a certain tribe 2. Basic
or group of people 3. Cross
• Game - (Pukol dance - to strike or bump 4. Turn
each other) 5. Slide
• Joke & Trickster - include jokes or tricks 6. Double
played by a dancer on another or a group of
dancers who is one of them (Pandanggo sa
Sambalilo)
• Mimetic or Drama - mimic animals,
inanimate objects, or other people (Itik-itik)
• War - express freud and enmity wherein
two male dancers engage in physical combat
with Spartan-like intensity (Maglalatik)
• Social amenities - express social graces,
hospitality and offerings of gifts to friends
(Alay) / Filipinized Western

 National Dances - traditional folk


dances but have a national scope
(nationwide)
Examples: cariñosa, pandango,
curacha

 Ethnic Dances - performed in


primitive tribes and have retained
their close kinship with religious
ritual and community custom

Types:
• Ritual - depic ritual ceremonies (Dugso -
Bukidnon, Pagdidiwata - Palawan)
• Life-cycle - relating to the cycle of human
life such as birthing, courtship, wedding, and
funeral (Binasuan - Pangasinan, Daling-
daling - Muslin courtship dance from Sulu)
• Occupational - exhibit work and
occupation of the dancers (Mag-asik -
Cotabato, Mananagat - Cebu)

*All national and ethnic dances are folk


dances, but not all folk dances are
considered national or ethnic dances.

Di ko lang alam kung kasali to


Rhythmic
Time
Dance Step Counts Per
Signature
Measure
Waltz 3/4 1, 2, 3
Gallop 2/4 1, ah, 2, ah
Change step
2/4 1, and, 2
or Two-step
1, and, 2,
Polka 2/4
and
Mazurka 3/4 1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3 to a
Sway
3/4 measure
Balance
(2 measures)
2/4 1, 2
Close Step
3/4 1, 2, 3
2/4 1, 2
Leap 1 count per
4/4
leap
2/4
1, 2
(Allegro)
Touch Step
3/4
1, 2, 3
(Moderato)
Three-Step
Turn 3/4 1, 2, 3
Waltz Turn