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V. Individual Pole Short-Circuit Test Sequence (Isu) Breakers with 100% rating are so marked on the front of
the devices. This marking includes minimum enclosure size,
1. Individual Pole Short-Circuit Breaking Capacity: minimum ventilation (if any) , minimum cable sizes and tem-
Power Break® II Circuit breakers are tested to complete a perature ratings to be used. Current versions of the National
series of short-circuit interruptions with a 3-minute rest Electric Code permit such use in the exceptions to Articles
period between interruptions. The breakers must com- 210-22(c) and 220-10 (b).
plete an “open” operation followed by a “close-open”
operation on each pole individually. The circuit breakers Factors Affecting the Current Ratings
are tested with an open circuit voltage sufficient to en- of Installed Devices
able a recovery voltage of the rated voltage plus 5%. The There are six application factors to consider in selecting cur-
800-2000 amp Power Break II circuit breakers are tested rent rating on installed Power Break II insulated case circuit
using two phases of a three-phase 25,000 amp rms breakers. These are: 1) the size of the cable or bus used in
symmetrical, 50 Hz, 25% power factor short circuit. the line and load connections, 2) the actual installed ambient
2. Verification of Dielectric Withstand: temperature, 3) the system operating frequency, 4) the alti-
Following the short-circuit interruptions, the breakers tude of the installation, 5) the type of loading of the protected
main circuit is verified to withstand a voltage equal to circuit, and 6) the design safety factor.
twice its rated insulation voltage; however, not less than
1000 V for 1 minute. The following simple relationship combines these six applica-
3. Verification of Overload Release: tion factors into a single equation:
Following the dielectric verification, the circuit breaker
overload protection is verified by applying 250% of rated ICB = IA x A x B x C x D x E x F
current through each pole individually. The breaker must
trip within the trip time curve. ICB = Installed circuit breaker current rating, amps
IA = Actual load current, amps
Table 52.1 A = Cable of bus sizing factor
Test Tolerance: Unless Otherwise Specified B = Ambient temperature rating factor
All Tests No Load, Normal Short Circuit C = Frequency rating factor
Load or Over Load D = Altitude rating factor
Current +5%-0% — 3500 E = Load class rating factor
Voltage +5%-0% — 2500 F = Safety factor
Frequency — ±5%(47.5-52.5 Hz) ±5%(47.5-52.5 Hz)
Cable or Bus Size
Power Factor — ±0.05 +0 -0.05
The thermal design of a circuit breaker takes into account
the ability of the line and load cables or buses to act as heat
Power Break® II – sinks. Standard UL 489 has assigned specific cable or bus
100 % Rated Circuit Breakers sizes for each current rating. Generally, these assignments
Power Breaker II circuit breakers are UL Listed to carry 100% are coordinated with specific conductor temperature ratings.
of rating-plug nameplate current, continuously, when Increasing a conductor’s temperature rating decreases both
installed in accordance with guideline printed on the breaker, the cross-sectional area and its ability to conduct heat from
and as detailed in the following Current Rating Factors por- the circuit breaker. The chart below illustrates the effect of
tion of this section. changing cable areas on the current-carrying ability of the
circuit breaker.
Standard Rated Devices
A “Standard rated” device is rated to carry 100% of its name-
plate current for short periods of time (up to 3 hours maxi-
mum) when enclosed in equipment, such as a switchboard.
The enclosed device has a continuous rating of 80% of rating
according to current versions of the National Electric Code
(Article 220-10).

100% Rated Devices Effects of changing load and line conductor sizes
100% rated devices are designed to carry 100% of their
nameplate current rating when enclosed and tested in distri-
bution equipment.

 4000 A stationary 80 %