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[OFFICIAL-SENSITIVE] 22/08/2019 SUMMARY NOTE: SCHOOL REFORM PACKAGE 1. Ths paper sets out our proposed reform package, to accompany a schools and collogos 020/21 funding announcement. Section one focuses primarily on the potential public Rarrative that would overlay our settlement, and which would be delivered in a seriae of aged announcements at the end of Augus¥/start of September. This is the part of the Gecument we would propose sharing with No10 early next week, in response to their ‘commission for more detail on our reform package. In four pars, these narratives cover: A. Gore funding: making sure that every child receives a great education, wherever they ve, 8. School Standards: continuing our push to improve standards for all, focusing in on evidence-based practice and greater suppor for schools sill struggling (©. Behaviour: demonstrating that we back schools and teachers in improving Behaviour in schools with an ambitious 3 yr programme to support heads to do so b. encouraging and rewarding our teachers to boost recruitment . Teaching Workforce: ‘and improve quality je would welcome your views on the suggested narratives, and whether there is anything particularly key you think we are missing, prior to sending on to Not0. 2. ile have yet to agree a plan for 16-19 announcements, though think we should include the dine funding figure in the overell announcement on Friday 30 August, o avoid the sector left out again. We would then follow up with a package of claiming it has been 19 Germany at technical education —and policies to support that — announcements on beatin, further down the line. S-_ There isa strong focus on efficiency throughout the underlying roform policies, with the bulk either a ‘quid pro quo’ in return for core funding increases, or covered by the Department — within a flat cash settlement — by repriortising existing budgets. We will need to protect school autonomy in our reforms, but of course also nead to ensure our settlement delivers value for 19 on the activities that truly drivee improved outcomes. money, with schools spendin: 4 Section two of the paper then focuses in on the handful of announcements where you will want to log some particular challenges or tensions. Theso are not show-stoppere, but important to be aware of prior to committing publicly. Annexed to this note is a more detailed table, which sets out — for each announcement option — policy detail, cost, and timeframe/mechanism for delivery. This is something No10 have asked for, but is also worth you reading to check you are content with the detail behind the announcements. This is for you to note, and let us know if you have any particular concems or want further detail. Section One: Public narrative A. Core Funding 5. We are investing £3.5bn in our schools and colleges act We are neing BB In ar schesared colleges oeroneEnsland to a sure that ae eer te scccemy, proms ena, Te wine ix bla an ight future that lies ahead, children with the skills and knowledge they need for the bri 1g ~ putting us well on track to 6. Our investment will deliver a £2.8bn boost to school fundin, deliver the Pil's pledges in full. This is over and above fu ‘ongoing costs of teacher pensions. It will: nding for inflation and to meet the a. Deliveron the PM's pledge that every secondary schoo! will receive a minimum of i of £5,000 per pupil and every primary school a minimum of £4,000 \9 up funding, rather than b. Reset the National Funding Formula so that we are levellin \clude a real terms floor, redistributing between winners and losers. The NEF will in providing enough for every school's per pupil funding to rise at least in line with real terms Accelerate gains for areas of the country that have been historically underfunded Underpin our historic reforms to the overall schools funding system — ensuring that a child with the same needs benefits from the same funding, wherever they happen to. live in the country 7. This boost also includes an extra £0.8bn to support children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) access the education that is right for them. No pupil will be held back from reaching their potential, and our schools and local authorities must be supported to ensure that. Our investment will also offer an extra £0.8bn for the sixth forms and colleges educating 8. our 16-19 year olds. This is the single biggest uplift since 20XX, and will ensure we are building the skills our country needs as we prepare to leave the European Union. his additional funding will empower schools to invest in those activities that make the biggest 9. 7 difference to their pupils. It will be accompanied by a series of bold reforms ~ to be announced in the coming days - focused on raising standards by supporting and rewarding our teachers and schools. 40. Schools will continue to benefit from government support to ensure they can make the most of every pound of their budgets, following the launch of the Department for Education's School Resource Management Strategy last year. This ranges from a free-to-use vacancy service to recruit teachers, to expert advisers who provide tailored support to individual schools that need it. B. Schoo! Standards 11. Since 2010, education standards in this country , i have rocketed. Government reforms have ‘seen more primary school children on track to become fiuent readers, more 19 year olds ee aacaion with English and Maths GCSEs and almost 1 million school places reated, 12. But there are stil some parts of the country not yet benefiting from our reforms. That is why ‘we will intensify our efforts to make sure that ‘No matter a child’s background or where they lve, everyone wil be supported to fulfil their potential. 1S: We expect high standards across the sector and will begin a consultation to lift the inspection exemption for outstanding schools, working with Ofsted to ensure that the education in these schools remains of these highest quality. 14. Academy Trusts in which schools can work together are a powerful vehicle to deliver excellent, education and school improvement. That is why we will provide additional funding to ‘Support great leaders running strong trusts to expand. We will also pilot the concept of a ‘turnaround’ trust to facilitate the rapid improvement and transfer of failing schools. 15. We will intensify our efforts to support schools that are underperforming and places left behind. We will: a. increase our existing support offer for around 280 Requires Improvement ‘schools that have not been ‘good’ in over a decade, so many of which are in the most disadvantaged areas. We will make up to £24,000 per school available ‘so that they get the extra support needed to help break the cycle of underperformance. work with Ofsted so that we can ensure improvement programmes are most effectively targeted to support each school's individual needs. C. Behaviour 16. This Government backs headteachers to Improve behaviour create safe and diseplined school environments. We wil ce al suppor them to Soe ae et ea epee een rene ena and confiscate items from pupils (including mobile phones) impose soneol 8: 0 Search suspend and expel pups; ban mobile phones. We wil deiuer poco same-day detentions; Programme to provide schools withthe tools and support necessary a eter amon in behaviour. We will: a. establish new Behaviour Support Networks from Sey ' £10m fo enable schools with excelent behaviour ays 220, 8Y vesting closely wih others to civ improvements in behaviour naan ga ee om rewrite behaviour and exclusions guidance for consultation by Summer 2020 to backing them to use powers b. provide clarity and consistency to head teachers, appropriately including to suspend, expel and sanction pupils, ©. publish the new Initial Teacher Training (ITT) core content ae sheen OT core content tamewor behaviour management approaches; including specitic modules on effective d. roll out a two-year training entitlement, behaviour management, to support teachers in their first fears in the part of the new Early Career Framework from Senternber 2021. amen ©. continue to fund anti-bullying organisations to support schools to tackle bullying This includes projects targeting bullying of particular groups such as those with SEND and those who are victims of hate related to bullying, 17. We also welcome Ofsted’s new framework from September 2019 which includes a separate behaviour judgement placing greater emphasis on behaviour management and how schools create safe, calm, positive school environments. 18. Tom Bennett [a leading teacher and educational expert who led the 2017 DIE Review of Behaviour in Schools: Creating a Culture, liked by no 10] will advise the Department on this programme of work. [If desired] We can now announce the recent appointment of four expert behaviour advisers to work with Tom to develop, run and manage the behaviour support networks programme: a. Charlie Taylor, Chair of the Youth Justice Board and former Chief Executive of the National College of Teaching and Leadership (NCTL) b. Mark Emmerson, Chief Executive of the City of London Academy Trust ¢. Jenny Thompson and Michelle Long, Associate Executive Principals of Dixons Trinity and Dixons Music Primary d. Jayne Lowe, D{E Education Adviser and former AP Principal D. Teaching Workdorce 19. Within schoots, . education 2 We know teachers make the biggest ciference to how well PUPlS do in their 20. The Teacher Recruitment and Rete @ generation. Backed by at least £1: intion Strategy launched the biggest teaching reforms in, Early Career Framework will p ;20milion a year in extra funding when fully rolled out, the : rovide new teachers with a two-year package of training and ‘Support linked to the best available research evidence at the start of their career, including a reduced timetable to allow teachers to make the most of their training. 21. {The extra investment we are making in schools means we can go even further in supporting teachers and raising the status of the teaching profession: @. Our investment in schools will boost teacher salaries. By September 2022 we want to see teacher starting salaries increase to £30,000, putting teaching at the top of the graduate labour market. The funding boost we have announced for Schools will also allow an average increase to teacher pay of 3% in 2020/21. b. We want teacher trai ing to be as rigorous and high quality as the best in the world. We are designing a new core minimum entitlement for all Initial Teacher Training, swapping workioad-inducing practices for evidence-based approaches, making sure all new teachers are introduced to the most effective behaviour management approaches and the latest evidence from cognitive science about how children leam. Once in place this new entitlement, alongside the Early Career Framework, will mean all new teachers begin their career with three years of the high quality evidence-based training, ensuring they receive the best support from the start of their career. Through the Curriculum Fund, we are developing a new digital service with curriculum resources to reduce teacher workload, improve the quality of teaching and reduce costs for schools. The service will provide a choice of complete curriculum programmes (CCPs) in key subjects, including: schemes of work, Jesson plans, assessment and teacher guidance. Early evidence from our pilots shows that CCPs can make a real difference to the lives of teacher and to pupil ‘outcomes. . [Lines on flexible working to be included once policy announcement is agreed] Section Two: Potential tensions 22. Arreog thi panane tere ae a er eleva shies have : . Cre ener eerste aps 9c beac an announcement — with the exception of the idea of making see cce oy reclud® us making trainees / exploring some form of universal loan forgiveness. As set gu jy eons oe 10 tne'stnca conf, au walls oertonal mpregon; uc Me dal bow in any workforce announcement package. 28. Further detail on all the reform options can be found in the an n each announcement option — policy detail, cost, and timetramermechanien ee ts our ~ for ivery. Workforce 24. We are furthest away from knowing exacily what we can ann package but are in detailed conversations with HMT to es Part of awerkdorce increasingly unlikely that we willbe able to announce making losere oat SurTent looking Secondary PGCEs as HMT are fimly opposed, but No. 10 have cone aint ee for departments) for options to use the student loan system to boost reenter sen omer We think HMT will be more sympathetic to reimbursement schemes sao in tention. for an announcement on this later (e.g. at Conference). re is still potential 25. Itis looking more optimistic that we will reach agreement in the next week announce pay reform, in particular starting the process towards higher wae feinies You will not be able to announce that starting salaries wil rise to £20k se a socal eos funding package. But you will be able to say that your next remit letter to the STHBaill wok for recommendations to significantly uplitstarng salaries (and potentaly that you non trace starting salaries rise to £30k, if you want to go that far), Ofsted Outstanding exemption removal will be a 26. Whilst there are growing calls from the sector for removal of the exemption, significant change for a large number of schools. The exemption came into effect in 2011 and ig schools. Removal of the exemption requires there are currently c.3,600 exempt outstandin legislative change via affirmative secondary regulations, and a public consultation in advance of this. To introduce in time for September 2020 will therefore need parliamentary time and that could be impacted by Brexit. Behaviour 27. Behaviour and exclusion is a polarising issue. The public is concerned about behaviour in schools and many will welcome a harder narrative on discipline and an even more explicit backing of headteachers to use their powers. However, some key stakeholders will be concerned about whether a shift in tone of message to heads will: a. increase overall rates of permanent exclusion (HMT for example worry about pressure on Alternative Provision, funded out of the High Needs Budget, and Police and Crime Commissioners worry about rates of exclusion driving knife crime); impact disproportionately on Children in Need of a Social Worker, children with b. ‘special educational needs (SEN) and children from some ethnic minority backgrounds e.g. Black Caribbean boys. Simon Woolley, for example, at Coalition of Race Equality Organisations was already lobbying ministers, as those organisations are disappointed Timpson did not say more on race; © signal Government is distancing itself from the Timpson report (i, as we assum Timpson is not mentioned in this announcement) - for example the Council for” Disabled Children will worry about what this means for children with SEN and whether Government is committed to taking foreard all of Timpson's fecommendations. 28. We recommend we agree with you in the coming weeks what the shift in emphasis on schools discipline will mean in practice for tone and substance of exclusions policy SO we can consider stakeholder handling more fully. ‘Teaching Assistants (TAs) 29. No.10 and HMT have been keen to publicly express concems about the rising number ot TAs, ‘and set out government's commitment to ‘more effective” deployment of TAs being integral to more efficient use of school spend. We do not recommend going this strong publicly on TAs at this stage - it would undermine the ‘hearts and minds’ aspect of the announcement with the numerous audiences we know value TAs — parents, teachers, heads and the SEND lobby. This needs to be handled very sensitively if we are to protect the positivity of the announcement. We recommend we continue to push No10 not to include this publicly, but commit to continue current work on internally reviewing the evidence base on effective TA deployment. We can then pick up, after that research concludes (end-Oct), how we want to approach this area with schools. Free Schools 30. There is a decision about whether or not we announce Wave 14 of the Free Schools programme as part of this ‘back to schoo!’ weekend af announcements, or delay to the following weekend. You have received separate advice on this, but in brief: our advice would bbe to separate the free schools announcement out, as otherwise we risk it being lost amongst the wider package ~ when it could offer a very positive separate announcement. Latest from Not, however, is that they may be keen to include in the wider package — potentially with a focus on alternative provision, linking to the behaviour narrative. This is for you to note, and let us know if you have any particular concerns or want further detail. =e | feroassacoings mare la rm rome 10 rin mest tat eh sopr ewe hc th facet ote manenepu cava taro wh state The (ever begat a bcp assnpnong tte Kado gant ‘rm ewer weeny ppetoprnnenstamef wire [mang oem ere unig efcncy jing one mene hoe frre ope etre ou are Weve any twas Feet ane