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Definition of Translation Studies

Translation Studies is the field of study that deals with the theory, description,
and application of translation. Because it examines translation not only as
interlingual transfer but also as intercultural communication, it can also be
described as an interdiscipline which touches on other diverse fields of knowledge,
including comparative literature, cultural studies, gender studies, computer
science, history, linguistics, philosophy, rhetoric, and semiotics. Translation
Studies is often paired with Interpreting, although the two are distinct fields.

History of Translation Studies

Although translators from the Romans have had much to say about the theory and
practice of translation, it was not until the twentieth century that Translation
Studies emerged as a formal academic discipline. James S Holmes� 1972 landmark
paper entitled The Name and Nature of Translation Studies was the foundational
statement of Translation Studies: it called for the creation of a distinct
discipline with its own system of classification.

Translation Studies as an Academic Discipline

Translation Studies entails the systematic examination of translation both as an
applied practice and also as a means of understanding the movement and transfer
between diverse languages and cultures. Translation Studies deals with the
practical experiences of the translator; it also explores from theoretical and
methodological perspectives the history and philosophy of translation, as well as
current trends in the field. Translation Studies may examine the practices and
context of translating texts that are specialist (legal, business, medical, etc.);
it also may explore the art of translation as a creative act in literary
translation and international marketing. Translation Studies may also explore how
issues of culture, power, gender, ethics medium affect the act of translating. The
study of these enables students to apply their theoretical understanding to the
approaches, techniques, and choices that are used daily as a practicing translator.

What Does Translation Studies Involve?

The study of translation usually includes the analysis of key texts, enabling
students to develop an awareness of the problems of understanding and
interpretation. It also involves the development of the analytical, practical,
evaluative, aesthetic, and expository skills required to address translation
problems. Finally, it includes the development of research skills, practical
translation skills, and the ability to develop strategies for managing complex
linguistic and cultural transactions.

Why Study Translation?

The discipline of translation studies has grown alongside the introduction of
university schools and courses, relevant conferences, translation journals, and
other translation-related publications.

The skills of translation are becoming ever more important and desirable, as
today�s multicultural and multilingual society demands effective, efficient, and
empathetic communication between languages and cultures.

Careers in Translation
Translation Studies prepares students for various careers. Some graduates choose to
start their own business as a freelance translator. Others become in-house
translators or project managers for translation companies or international
businesses. There are also roles in such language services industries as
international publishing, journalism, public relations, and teaching.

Professionals with significant linguistic backgrounds, as well as translators,

linguists, and other language professionals often choose to study a Master of Arts
degree or a Ph.D. in Translation Studies. This course of study enables students to
develop specialist language skills, research skills, and the credentials required
to land more advanced specialist roles in translation, teaching, international
business, and media.

Further Reading
MA Translation Studies at the University of Exeter

The Role and Scope of Translation Studies in the 21