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# Each following definition carries 1 mark.

## 1. Error, controlled variable, manipulated variable, FCE, process, measuring element,

controller, process, steady state, Offset, Gain OR sensitivity, Proportional Band, Servo &
Regulator mechanism, Positive & negative FBCS, Feedback & feed forward control system
2. Why we use Laplace transform in process control?
3. What is deviation variable?

## 4. Explain input functions with their Laplace transform.

5. Draw block diagram and explain control of distillate purity in distillation column.
6. Write short note on transfer function
7. Solve the following differential equation by Laplace transform

## 8. Derive Transfer function for PID controller.

9. Derive Transfer function for P, PI and PD controller.
10. If the overall transfer function of the control system is given as
10
11. 𝐺 (𝑠) =
1.5 𝑆2 + 2.4 𝑆 + 6

12. And a step change of magnitude 6 is introduced into the system. Determine following
characteristics of this 2nd order system. 1) Overshoot 2) period of oscillation 3) ultimate
value of response 4) maximum value of response
13. Explain working mechanism of pneumatic P controller
14. Explain working mechanism of pneumatic PI, PD controller
15. Explain working mechanism of pneumatic PID controller

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16. Write down steps to plot root locus diagram.
17. Prove that P controller always produces offset
18. Obtain the transfer function C(s)/R(s) for the block diagram shown in figure

## Each following question carries 7 marks.

1. Derive transfer function for first order Mercury in glass thermometer. Mention the
assumption of the system.
2. Explain the response for first order system for step and impulse input.
3. Derive transfer function of mixing process for a first order system.
4. Explain characteristics of first order system response to step input with graphical
interpretation.
5. Derive transfer function for heating tank system.
6. Derive overall transfer function for two tanks connected in series Non-interacting system.
7. Derive the transfer function for interactive system.
8. Two interacting tanks are operating at a steady state flow rate of 4× 10 −3 m 3 / min. At
time t= 0, the inlet flow rate to the 1st tank is suddenly increased to 14 ×10 −3 m 3 / min.
Data: A1= A2= 0.04 m2, R1=100 min/m2 R2= 150 min/m2 .Find the height in the level of
each tank as a result of this disturbance.
9. A thermometer with time constant 10 sec showing a steady temperature of 35 oC is
suddenly immersed in heated oil bath at 200 oC. Find (i) Time required for temperature
reading of 150 oC. (ii) Temperature reading on the thermometer after 25 sec. (iii) the
percentage response after 40 sec.
10. Two non-interacting tanks operating in series at a steady flow rate of 20 m3/minute. At
time t=0, 10 m3 of water is quickly (hint: impulse input) added to the 1st tank. Data: A1=
A2=10m2 R1=0.1min/m2, R2= 0.35 min/m2, qs=q1s=q2s=20 m3/min Determine, 1) The
level in both tanks 2) The maximum deviation in level in both tanks from the ultimate
steady state values and the time at which each maximum occurs.
11. Derive transfer function for U-tube manometer.

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12. What is Transportation lag? Derive the transfer function of transportation lag. Find
Amplitude ratio and phase angle for the same.
13. By means of Routh test, determine the stability of the system having Characteristics
equation 2S4 + 5S3+ 3S2+2S + 5 = 0
14. Define ‘Stability’ and find the stability of the system using Routh stability criterion having
characteristic equation S4 + 4S3 + 6S2 + 20S + 15 = 0
15. Plot the root locus for the following system: G(s) = Kc (1+S) /{(S+2)(S+3)(S+4)}
16. Explain Routh stability criteria and procedure with limitations.
17. A proportional derivative controller having the gain Kc and the derivative time is 4 is used
to controller two first order non-interacting systems having time constant τ1=1 and τ2=0.5.
If the gain of the process is 0.5. Sketch the Root locus diagram for the control system. The
transfer function of the measuring element is 1/S.
18. Draw root locus diagram for the system having transfer function = S/[S(S+4)].
19. What are Bode diagrams? Explain the graphical rules for Bode diagrams.
20. Describe Bode diagram for first order system
21. Prove that the addition of integral mode of control to proportional mode of control
eliminates off-set.
22. Describe the mechanism of control valve and explain the various valve characteristics
qualitatively.
23. Write a short note on static & DYNAMIC characteristics of an instrument.
24. Write a short note on bimetallic thermometer.
25. Write a short note on Optical pyrometer.
26. Write a short note on Radiation Pyrometer.
27. Explain Pressure spring thermometer.
28. Explain working and principle of Rotameter.
29. Explain principle and working of Venturimeter.
30. Describe the bubbler system for liquid level measurement with neat sketch.
31. Write a short note on viscosity measurement.
32. List vacuum measuring instruments. Explain any one in detail.
33. Explain Burdon pressure gauge with neat sketch.
34. Enlist different pressure measuring instrument. Explain in detail Bellows pressure gauge
for the pressure measurement.
35. Write a short note on measurement of density.
36. Plot the bode diagram for the system whose overall transfer function is 1/(s+1)(s+5).

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