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1.

Two point charges, q1 = 2.0 pC and q2 = 2.0 pC,are separated by 4 µ m. (a) What is the dipole moment of

this pair of charges? (b) Sketch the pair, and show the direction of the dipole moment.

2. A dipole of moment 0.5 enm is placed in a uniform electric field with a magnitude of 4.0 × 10 4 N/C. What is

the magnitude of the torque on the dipole when (a) the dipole is parallel to the electric field, (b) the dipole is perpendicular to the electric field, and (c) the dipole makes an angle of 30° with the electric field?

3 For a dipole oriented along the x axis, the electric field falls off as 1/x3 in the x direction and 1/y 3 in the y direction. Use dimensional analysis to prove that, in any direction, the field far from the dipole falls off as 1/r 3 .

4. A water molecule has its oxygen atom at the origin, one hydrogen nucleus at x = 0.077 nm, y =0.058 nm, and

the other hydrogen nucleus at x = 0.077 nm, y = 0.058 nm. If the hydrogen electrons are transferred completely to the oxygen atom so that it has a charge of 2e, what is the dipole moment of the water molecule? (Note that this characterization of the chemical bonds of water as totally ionic is simply an approximation that overestimates the dipole moment of a water molecule.).

5. Two small spheres of mass m are suspended from a common point by threads of length L. When each sphere carries a charge q, each thread makes an angle θ with the vertical, as shown in the figure. (a) Show that the charge q is given by q=( 2L sin mg tan/ k)1/2

6. A small (point) mass m, which carries a charge q, is constrained to move vertically inside a narrow,

frictionless cylinder. At the bottom of the cylinder is a point mass of charge Q having the same sign as q. (a)

Show that the mass m will be in equilibrium at a height y0 =(kqQ/mg) 1/2 . (b) Show that If the mass m is

displaced by a small amount from its equilibrium position and released, it will exhibit simple harmonic motion

with angular

frequency ω = (2g/y0) 1/2 .

7. Four charges of equal magnitude are arranged at the corners of a square of side L as shown in Figure. (a) Find

the magnitude and direction of the force exerted on the charge in the lower left corner by the other charges. (b) Show that the electric field at the midpoint of one of the sides of the square is directed along that side toward the negative charge and has a magnitude E given by

-q
+q
+q
-q