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Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork

Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

CONTENTS

1. GENERAL .............................................................................................................................. 2
2. QUANTITY ............................................................................................................................ 2
3. SITE ORGANIZATION CHART .......................................................................................... 3
4. CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE ............................................................................................ 4
5. EQUIPMENT .......................................................................................................................... 5
6. DESCRIPTION OF MATERIALS ......................................................................................... 5
6.1. Materials for Embankment layer below Sub-grade .....................................................................5
6.2. Materials for Embankment of Sub-grade layer ............................................................................6
6.2.1. Top 30cm of Subgrade layer.................................................................................................6
6.2.2. 50cm below top 30cm of Subgrade layer.............................................................................6
6.3. Granular Backfill ...........................................................................................................................7
7. CONSTRUCTION METHOD ................................................................................................ 8
7.1. Working Flow ...............................................................................................................................8
7.2. Construction Method for Embankment Construction_K95 .........................................................9
7.2.1. Spreading & leveling...........................................................................................................10
7.2.2. Compaction ........................................................................................................................11
7.2.3. Testing ................................................................................................................................11
7.2.4. Tolerances in embankment construction are as below: ....................................................12
7.3. Construction Method for Embankment Construction_K98 .......................................................13
7.4. Trial Compaction (Apply for trial compaction K95 and K98) ......................................................14
7.4.1 Preparation for trial compaction........................................................................................14
7.4.2 Construction sequence.......................................................................................................16
7.4.3 Report of trial compaction .................................................................................................17
8. QUALITY CONTROL ......................................................................................................... 18
8.1. Material Control .........................................................................................................................18
8.2. Internal inspection of Contractor ...............................................................................................18
9. SAFETY CONTROL ............................................................................................................ 19
10. ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL .................................................................................... 20

Page 1
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

1. GENERAL
This method statement describes the Road Earthworks including Embankment Construction
(K95), Embankment Construction (K98), Granular Backfill, Type I (K95) , Granular Backfill, Type
II (K98) which will be carried out in accordance with Technical Specifications Division 3:
“EARTHWORKS”.
This statement consists of procedures for the construction of the roadway embankment, sub-
grade, and backfilling by granular material in accordance with specification requirements
and in conformity with the lines, grades, and dimensions shown on the Drawings.
Refer Clause 3.12 in Section 03400_Embankment of Technical Specifications about
Requirement of Compaction are to be as in Table 4 below:
Table 4: Requirement of Compaction
Layer Compaction
Top 30cm Layer (Subgrade) 98% (22TCN333-06, Method 2D)
or AASHTO T180
50 cm Layer below Top 30cm 95% (22TCN333-06, Method 2D)
Layer (Subgrade) or AASHTO T180
Layers below Subgrade 95% (22TCN333-06, Method 2D)
or AASHTO T180
Method statement of Soft Soil Improvement will be submitted separately.
List of document that will be submitted separately:
(1) Shop Drawing
(2) Proposal of Material
(3) Proposal of Subcontractor (if any)
(4) Detailed information of equipment and labor to be mobilized

2. QUANTITY
Estimated quantity (based on bidding quantity) is as follows. But they are only for
reference. The design quantity will be made from approved shop drawings. The actual
construction quantity will be shown on As-built Drawing.

No Item Pay Item Unit Quantity


3
1 Embankment Construction (K95) 03400-1 m 1,507,681
3
2 Embankment Construction (K98) 03400-2 m 70,844
Granular Backfill, Type I (K95) Borrow 3
3 03200-6 m
Material 39,480
Granular Backfill, Type II (K98) Borrow
4 03200-7 m3
Material 29,462

Page 2
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

3. SITE ORGANIZATION CHART


The site organization chart is shown as below.

POSCO E&C Co., Ltd

Project Manager
Bang Huck Chul

Construction Manager
Kim Jong Taek

Quality Control Manager


Nguyen Anh Son
Site Manager
Thai Manh Hung

Site Engineer QC Engineer Surveyor


Tran Minh Hoang Phan Duy
Nguyen Kim Thin
Pham Ngoc Quang
Tran Minh Tuan
Pham Tien
Sub-contractor (if any)

Project Manager

Site Manager

Site Engineer

Foreman

Operator

Worker

Page 3
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

4. CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE

1-Jan-15 1-Feb-15 1-Mar-15 1-Apr-15 1-May-15 1-Jun-15 1-Jul-15 1-Aug-15 1-Sep-15 1-Oct-15 1-Nov-15 1-Dec-15 1-Jan-16 1-Feb-16 1-Mar-16 1-Apr-16 1-May-16 1-Jun-16 1-Jul-16 1-Aug-16 1-Sep-16 1-Oct-16 1-Nov-16 1-Dec-16 1-Jan-17 1-Feb-17 1-Mar-17
DESCRIPTION

Section 1 - Km124+700~Km125+764.5
Embankment from Borrow (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer(K98)
Section 2 - Km125+764.4~Km128+201
Embankment from Borrow (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer(K98)
Section 3 - Km128+200-129+801
Embankment from Borrow (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer(K98)
Section 4 - Km129+800~Km131+501
Embankment from Borrow (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer(K98)
Section 5 - Km131+500~Km135+032.2
Embankment from Borrow (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer(K98)
Section 6 - Km135+032.1~Km139+205
Embankment from Borrow (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer (K95)
Embankment Subgrade Layer(K98)
Note:
1. This schedule can be changed by actual site condition and land hand over status
2. This schedule base on Overall Construction Schedule (version 01) submitted dated 29/12/2014
3. This schedule will follow latest approved Overall Construction Schedule

Page 4
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

5. EQUIPMENT
Earthwork of this project shall be divided into six (06) sections along alignment plan. And
equipment and tools for each section are to be as in Table below:

Item Description Quantity Use for


1 Bulldozer D4 2 nos. Earthwork
2 Bulldozer D3 2 nos. Earthwork
3
3 Excavator 0.7m 4 nos. Earthwork
3
4 Excavator 0.5m 2 nos. Earthwork
5 Vibration Roller 10-15tons Class 4 nos. Earthwork
6 Tamping Rammer 54~80KG 2 nos. Earthwork
7 Steel wheel roller 12T 4nos. Earthwork
8 Grader 108CV 1 nos. Earthwork
9 Dump Truck 15T 7 nos. Earthwork
10 Dump Truck 12.5T 7 nos. Earthwork
11 Water Truck 12m3 2 nos. Watering
12 Water Pump 50m3 2 nos. Dewatering
13 Diesel Generator 125 KVA 2 nos. Source of power
14 Lighting System as required Night work
15 Survey Instruments Auto level, Total station 2 set Survey work

Note: Equipment mobilization plan just for reference. Above stated quantity of equipments
could be changed if any required and necessary base on site condition such as Land
acquisition progress and actual achieved construction area. At each section, mobilized
equipments shall be inspected and approved from the Engineer before using.

6. DESCRIPTION OF MATERIALS
6.1. Materials for Embankment layer below Sub-grade
(Reference Section 03400, clause 2.5 _Embankment in Technical Specifications)
Hill soil or yellow sand material will be used for Embankment. The material shall comply
with requirements for each soil classification as appropriate given in Table No.1 below.
Where the selected material is hill soil, Liquid Limit (LL) ≤ 55% according to TCVN 4197-
95, Plasticity Index ≤ 27% according to TCVN 4197-95. The Embankment material shall not
use fill material with a sodium chloride or a gypsum content over 5%, mud, peat, alluvium
and humus (with an organic content of over 10%).

Page 5
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
Table No.1 Classification of Material Suitable for Embankment including top 30cm of
Subgrade layer
Granular Materials
General Classification:
(35% or less passing sieve 0.075mm)
A-1 A-2(*)
Group Classification: A-3
A-1-a A-1-b A-2-4
Sieve analysis, percent passing:
2.00 mm (sieve No.10) 50 max --- --- ---
0.425 mm (sieve No.40) 30 max 50 max 51 min ---
0.075 mm (sieve No.200) 15 max 25 max 10 max 35 max
Characteristics of fraction passing 0.425 (sieve No.40):
Liquid Limit: --- --- --- 40 max
Plasticity Index: 6 max 6 max N.P. 10 max
Types of significant constituent Stone fragments, Fine Silty or clayey gravel
materials gravel and sand sand and sand
General rating Excellent to Good
The materials will be submitted to the Engineer for approval and soil tests will be
implemented before commencement of embankment work under the inspection of the
Engineer.
The testing result of Material Suitable should be used for Embankment layer below Sub-
grade to be approved by the Engineer.

6.2. Materials for Embankment of Sub-grade layer


(Reference Section 03400, clause 2.4.1, 2.4.2 _Embankment in Technical
Specifications)
Subgrade layers are including Top 30cm of Subgrade layer and 50cm below. The materials
will be submitted to the Engineer for approval and material tests in laboratory will be
implemented before commencement of embankment work under the inspection of the
Engineer.
6.2.1. Top 30cm of Subgrade layer
Material for Embankment of Top 30cm of Subgrade layer shall comply with the
requirement of Embankment material which mention on Table No.1 “Classification of
Material Suitable for Embankment including top 30cm of Subgrade layer”.Besides, the
material use for this layer shall comply with requirement with a minimum CBR of 9%
according to Vietnamese Standard 22TCN332-06.
6.2.2. 50cm below top 30cm of Subgrade layer
Material for Embankment in the 50cm layer below top 30cm of Subgrade layer shall
comply with the requirement of Embankment material which mention on Table No.1
“Classification of Material Suitable for Embankment including top 30cm of Subgrade
layer”. Where the selected material is hill soil, Liquid Limit (LL) ≤ 40% according to
TCVN 4197-95, Plasticity Index ≤ 17% according to TCVN 4197-95, minimum CBR value
of 5% according to 22TCN332-06.

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Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
6.3. Granular Backfill
(Reference Clause 3.5 at Section 03200_Structural excavation in Technical
Specifications)
The material shall be well graded crushed or uncrushed gravel, stone, rockfill or natural
sand or a well mix combination of any of these. The grading requirement of granular
backfill material shall be as follows:
Item Requirement
Maximum side 5cm
Passing 4.75mm sieve 25% to 90%
Passing 0.75mm sieve 0% to 10%
Liquid limit TCVN4197-95 Max 30%

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Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

7. CONSTRUCTION METHOD
7.1. Working Flow
The flow of work is as follow.

(Sequence of Work)

Preparation Work

Removal or Diversion Water


Making dike / ditch (if necessary)
Method statement of Site
Clearing and Grubbing
Clearing, Grubbing, Stripping, Removal
of Tree (if any)
Demolition (if necessary)

Excavation of unsuitable material


and Topsoil removal

Non Soft Soil Treatment Soft Soil Treatment

(Case 1) (Case 2) (Case 3)


(A) (B) (C)

Case 1: Non-Soft soil area


Case 2: Soft soil Improvement by Pre-Loading Method (PL)
Case 3: Soft soil Improvement by Sand Drains Method (SD)
(Construction Method for Case 2&3 shall be shown in the Method Statement for
Soft soil treatment which will be submitted in separately)

(A)

Embankment Work
1. Trial compaction for filling
2. Designated embankment

Acceptance Stage

Road Work
(foundation, pavement, drain, curb)
Structure work
(retaining wall…)

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Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
7.2. Construction Method for Embankment Construction_K95
Embankment works shall be carried out at the location has already approved by the
Engineer for Site Clearing, Topsoil removal and surface drain in the area shall have been
performed in compliance with the requirement of Spec and the Engineer.

EMBANKMENT CONSTRUCTION LAYOUT

After carrying out top soil excavation, must check for the track with enough expected
loading. If the embankment is soft, we need to apply item c in Sub-clause 3.3 of Technical
Specification as follow:
“Where Embankment is to be constructed across soft ground that will not support the
weight of trucks or other hauling equipment the lower part of the Embankment may be
constructed by dumping successive loads of material in a uniformly distributed layer of a
thickness not greater than that necessary to support the hauling equipment when placing
subsequent layers and subject to the approval of the Engineer.”
Use dump trucks (12.5-15 T) to transport soil to construction location, soil is stockpiled,
intervals between stockpiles of soil is carefully calculated so that the thickness of each layer
after rolling is ensured and it takes least manpower to grade.
Embankment construction shall consist of placing and compaction of approved material
within roadway areas, in the areas where unsuitable material has been removed, in holes,
pits and other depression within roadway area.
Each layer shall be compacted as specified, tested for density and accepted by the Engineer
before carry out next layer.

Page 9
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
Sequence of Construction K95

Removal Topsoil
Completed

Transportation of
embankment material to site

Bulldozer & Backhole


Spread & Leveling

Vibration Roller
Main Compaction K95
Passing times / Point reviewed
after Trial Compaction

Ok Not Ok

Internal Inspection
by FDT
Not Ok
Ok

Inspection
For The Engineer’s
Approval

Ok

Next Layer

7.2.1. Spreading & leveling


- Embankment will be carried out in sequence of placing, spreading, leveling and
compaction at each layer. Thickness of each layer not exceeding 30cm before
compaction and will be adjusted in compliance with the result of trial compaction.
Compaction shall be in accordance with specifications and using the proposed
Vibration Roller.
- Sequence of spreading and leveling will be carried out step by step as follow:
+ Transportation of embankment material: Dump truck shall be used for transporting
soil to site.
+ Spreading: Bulldozer to be used for transferring soil from the temporary road side to
the other side.
+ Leveling: After spreading, the grader will be used for leveling to the required
elevation.

Page 10
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
- The lower embankment layers shall be leveled and shaped with (2%~4%) cross fall
from the center of embankment to allow drainage of rainwater during construction. The
cross fall will be adjusted in the upper layers so that to meet the requirement of design
shop drawing.
- After spreading the soil out on the compaction area, the soil moisture will be checked,
if the actual moisture less than 3% or higher 1% optimum moisture the work of
spreading and compaction can be carried out. In case of the actual moisture greater
than 3%, the soil will be spread and exposed to the sun to reduce the moisture to Wop
(3%>Wop>1%), if the actual moisture less than 1% the works of supply more water
by using water truck, on the water truck the equipment to shower down water must be
arranged
7.2.2. Compaction
- Compaction will be carried out using the proposed Vibration Roller or other proper
equipment. The compaction will continue until 95% of the maximum dry density is
reach. Inspection by the Engineer will be conducted for confirmation of in-situ density.
- Equipments for compaction (proposed and approval of the Engineer after carrying out
trial compaction):
+ The main equipment shall be Vibration Roller.
+ Near the slope of embankment, the filling material will be compacted by tamping
rammer and man-power.
7.2.3. Testing
- The frequency of test during construction is in accordance with Vietnamese Standard
TCVN4447-2012, therefore at least one group of three (03) in-situ density tests shall
be carried out for every 1500m2 each layer of completed. For backfill around
structures or in culvert trenches, at least one (01) test per complete layer of backfill
placed shall be carried out.
- FDT test shall be carried out for the completed layer in accordance with Vietnamese
Standard 22TCN346-06. The requirement for compaction as below:
+ For top 30cm layer of subgrade: request to achieve minimum 98% of the maximum
dry density (MDD).
+ For 50cm layer below top 30cm layer of subgrade: request to achieve minimum
95% of the maximum dry density (MDD).
+ For embankment layers below subgrade: request to achieve minimum 95% of the
maximum dry density (MDD).
+ Granular backfilling layer shall be compacted to 95% (for K95 layers) or 98% (for
K98 layers) of the maximum dry density (MDD).

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Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
7.2.4. Tolerances in embankment construction are as below:
(Reference Section 03400, Clause 3.14_Embankment in Technical Specifications)
Items Tolerance Lot size

Center line ± 15mm


Small of either
Thickness ± 40mm
every 20m along
Embankment
route or 1000m3 of
Final grade levels ± 30mm
embankment
Width on top ± 40mm

Thickness by cohesive soil ± 50mm


Small of either
Slope every 20m along
Surface irregularity from
± 20mm route or 500m2
the specified profile line

Page 12
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

7.3. Construction Method for Embankment Construction_K98


Sequence of Construction K98

Embankment K95
Completed

Transportation of
embankment material to site

Bulldozer & Backhole


Spread & Leveling

Vibration Roller
Main Compaction K98
Passing times / Point reviewed
after Trial Compaction

Ok Not Ok

Internal Inspection
by FDT

Not Ok Ok

Inspection
For The Engineer’s
Approval

Ok
Next Layer

Construction for embankment K98 layer shall be carried out after the top layer of
embankment K95 has been completed. Any soft, other unstable material or materials that
are not approved by the Engineer shall be removed. The resulting areas and all other low
sections, holes, or depressions shall be brought to grade with suitable material. Scarifying in
accordance with drawing requirements, blending, dragging, rolling, or other method of
work shall be performed or used as necessary to provide a thoroughly compacted roadbed
to the cross-section shown on the Drawings.
The Contractor shall take responsibility to protect and maintain at his own expense the
entire work within the limits of this Contract in good condition satisfactory to the Engineer
from the time he first starts work until all work shall have been completed. Maintenance

Page 13
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
shall include repairing and re-compacting ruts, ridges, soft spots and deteriorated sections
of the subgrade caused by the traffic of the Contractor’s vehicle/equipment or that of the
public.
Proof rolling shall be conducted after completion by using roller with minimum of 25T to
check the deflection. The deflection is not allowed to be less than 5mm.
Static Plate Load test shall be conducted to check the designed elastic modulus of subgrade
in accordance with TCVN8861-2011.
Tolerances for Embankment Construction_K98 layer after its completion shall comply with
following regulations:
(Reference Section 03400, Clause 3.14_Embankment in Technical Specification)
Items Tolerance Lot size

Center-side location ± 10mm

Width ± 30mm

Thickness ± 15mm

Embankment Level ± 15mm Small of either every 20m


Construction_K98 along route or 1000m3 of
layer Surface irregularity by embankment
± 10mm
3m straight edge

Crossfall or Camber ± 0.5%

Longitudinal grade over


± 0.1%
25m length

7.4. Trial Compaction (Apply for trial compaction K95 and K98)
Trial Compaction will be carried out under the supervision of the Consultant and
accordance with Specifications Division 3: “Earth work”-Section 03400 Clause 3.6
7.4.1 Preparation for trial compaction.
1. Equipment.
The equipment using for the trial compaction is show in below tables.

Page 14
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
Table 1: Equipment for trial compaction
Item Description Quantity Remarks
1 Dump Truck 15 ton 4 nos.
2 Bulldozer 110cv 1 nos.
3 Vibration Roller 25 ton 2 nos.
4 Steel wheel Roller 9ton 1 nos.
5 Grader 108CV 1nos.
6 Water Truck 6~12m3 1nos.
Table 2: Equipment for Survey and Testing devices
Remark
Item Description Quantity
s
1 Level machine - 1set.
2 Total station - 1set.
3 Steel measurer - 1 nos.
4 Lab testing equipment For Field density test on site 1 nos.

The manpower will be involved for the trial compaction.


Item Quantity Remarks
1 Foreman 1
2 Machinery Operator 6
3 Worker 3
4 Lab Staff 2
2. Location and Trial compaction area
The trial compaction area has approval by Engineer, before trial compaction, it is required
to prepare accordance with the Specification (Section 03400, clause3.6)
- Depending on actual site conditions, the trial compaction area will be decided on site
and approval by Engineer. The location of trial compaction area will be shown on
drawing when finished each trial compaction.
- Trial compaction area.
The location has already approved by Engineer, dimension trial compaction area will
be preparation with Width x Length = 10m x 60m. Within trial compaction K95, trial
compaction will be carried out at second layer. Depending actual site conditions, after
top soil excavation if the embankment is soft, first layer will be apply item “c” in Sub-
Clause 3.3 of Technical Specification. Within trial compaction K98, trial compaction
area will be carried out at the top layer of embankment K95 has completed and
approved by Engineer.

3. Material.
The source material for trial compaction shall be approved by the Engineer and
complying with the requirements in Technical Specification. After material is gathered at
the trial compaction area, one sample will be taken to determine Max Dry Density in
laboratory.
The material for trial compaction will be delivering from the approved source material by
dump truck, material quantity for trial compaction is required to calculate so as to ensure
the thickness after spreading and compaction to reach the required density and show in
below tables

Page 15
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

Table3: Thickness of each layer before compaction


Item Subgrade layer Normal Remark
30 cm (top) 50 cm (below) Embankment layer
Embankment - 17x1.3=22.1cm 20x1.3=26cm With estimated
K95 compaction
coefficient is
1.3
Embankment 15x1.3=19.5cm
K98

Table4: Material quantity for trial compaction


No Subgrade Normal Remark
30 cm (top) 50 cm (below) Embankment
Q’ty required 0.195x10x60 0.221x10x60 26x10x60 With estimated
compaction
=117m3 =132.6m3 =156m3
coefficient is 1.3

Thickness of 15cm 17cm 20cm


layer after
compaction
(proposed)

7.4.2 Construction sequence.


1. Spreading and adjustment of moisture.
- After material stockpile, spreading preliminary will be carried out by bulldozer, the soil
moisture will be checked, if the actual moisture less than 3% or higher 1% optimum
moisture the work of spreading and compaction can be carried out. In case of the actual
moisture greater than 3%, the soil will be spread and exposed to the sun to reduce the
moisture to Wop (3%>Wop>1%), if the actual moisture less than 1% the works of supply
more water by using water truck, on the water truck the equipment to shower down water
must be arranged
- After reaching the optimum moisture will be used motor grader for leveling. The convex
and concave position shall be leveled to reach the elevation and the uniformity of material
- Elevation of compaction layer will be checked during time of spreading soil and
according “Table3: thickness of each layer before compaction”
2. Compaction and testing
B1. Preliminary compaction:
Preliminary compacting by steel roller 2 time/ point with speed 1~1.5km/h on the overall
trial compaction section
B2. Tight compaction
After preliminary compaction, vibration roller will be started with speed 2~2.5km/h. the
expected number of rolling times for each segment will be followed table 5 “ Number of
rolling times and field density test” .
On the trial compaction section (Width=10m, Length=60m) there are 3 checking
segments, the length of each segment is 20m.

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Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

Table 5: Number of rolling time and field density test

Number of rolling times (time/point)


No
Type of rolling
. Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3
Speed
(Km/h)
I Top 30cm of subgrade
1 Preliminary rolling (Steel roller) 2 2 2 1÷1.5

2 Tight rolling (vibration roller) 8 12 16 2÷2.5

Remark Test Test Test

50 cm below Top 30cm of


II Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3
subgrade
1 Preliminary rolling (Steel roller) 2 2 2 1÷1.5

2 Tight rolling (vibration roller) 8 12 16 2÷2.5

Remark Test Test Test

Number of rolling times (time/point) Speed


No (Km/h)
Type of rolling
.
Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3

III Normal embankment


1 Preliminary rolling (Steel roller) 2 2 2 1÷1.5

2 Tight rolling (vibration roller) 8 12 16 2÷2.5

Remark Test Test Test


“Remark: the number of rolling times in the Segment 2 and Segment 3 is cumulative”

At each compaction segment, after compacted rolling times, the field density test will be
conducted at 3 point to determine the compaction density. If result of field density test to
reach the required density then trial compaction will be stopped
7.4.3 Report of trial compaction
After trial compaction, the Contractor shall submit the report of trial compaction
result for the Consultant’s review and approval prior to mass construction.
- Content of the submitted report is as follow:
- Preparation
- Source of material
- Minutes regarding equipment inspection prior to construction

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Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
- Site Inspection of geometric dimensions of embankment
- Material test results
- Thickness of compaction layer
- The relation between the types of compaction equipment, the numbers of passes
required and such methods as may be necessary for adjusting moisture content in
order to construct embankment.

8. QUALITY CONTROL
All work to be undertaken on the embankment shall be in accordance with this method
statement and relevant inspection and test plan (see appendix)
The quality of work shall be maintained and inspected following the Inspection and Test Plan

8.1. Material Control


Materials will be submitted for Engineer's approval prior to deliver material onsite (sample,
supplier, material sources...).

8.2. Internal inspection of Contractor


Depending on each step of the embankment and construction procedure, the Engineer shall
be requested for inspection items which shown in the Inspection and Test Plan by QC
Engineer after internal inspection carried out by contractor.
- B1-Items to be inspected: it is suggested that every item of work done should be
scheduled 1-2 days before inspection
- B2-Internal Inspection: The Contractor’s Engineers are including Site engineer and QC
engineer will carry out Internal Inspection for the completed item or completed work.
Contractor’s engineer will issue Request for Inspection (RFI) for the items of work
shall be inspected with the Engineer after passing Internal Inspection.

- B1. Items to be inspected

B2. Internal Request for


inspection by construction
team
No

B3. Request for inspection


to Consultant

Page 18
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
9. SAFETY CONTROL
“Safety Control Plan” shall be submitted separately and shall be part of this method
statement. Prior and during the execution of Site Clearing, basic safety precautions shall be
implemented to work efficiently and to prevent any accident or casualties.
Particular Item for safety control is as follows.

No. Anticipated Accident Preventive Action


1 Traffic accident with third person  Setting signalman at entrance of site
 Set signalman at each working site
Collision accident (heavy equipment &
2  Keep speed limit 20km/h in site
Truck)
 Set wheel stopper at the location of unloading soil
 Notice and instruct worker the work description
3 Wedged accident between equipment  Set safety fence around heavy equipment working
area
 Electric under ground shall be fully protected from
electric leakage and shall be buried at least 40cm
from the surface when electric line is crossing
access road
4 Electric Accident
 Electrical equipment shall have earth or ground
connection
 Install warning sign or notice at locations of
electrical connection and lines
 Staff, worker and operators shall wear the Personal
Protective Equipment (PPE) at all times during
5 Person Accident working
 Maintain working site condition neat and tidy at all
times

Page 19
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)
10. ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL
“Environmental Management Plan” shall be submitted separately and be part of this
method statement. Responsibility for surrounding environment shall be implemented
during Site Clearing works and in compliance to the Condition of Contract and Vietnam’s
National Law on Protection of Environment and other relevant legislation such as:
Government Decree No.175/CP, Government Decree on providing Guidance for the
Implementation of the Law on Environmental Protection, 1994.
If any other problems occurred in the site, applicable counter measures or prevention
action shall be considered immediately and executed as soon as possible.
At the management level, these matters shall be controlled by the respective Construction
Manager, and implementation by the respective Site Engineer.
Particular Item to be controlled is as follows.

No. Particular Item Action to be taken


 Spraying water on access road daily
Coarse particulate and dust to
1  Cleaning entrance of site (utility road)
purlieus
 All sand/ soil trucks shall be covered by canvas
 Keep speed limit 20km/h or less in site
 Motorized equipment is not allowed to operate from
10p.m. to 6a.m. near by residential area.
 Photo record of the actual situation of residential houses
2 Noise and vibration to purlieus and existing utilities adjacent to construction site before
construction in accordance with the plan of investigation
which will be submitted separately.
 Investigation of above houses and utilities during
construction
 Install sedimentation pit before outlet, (if required)
3 Water contamination
 Set safety fence around heavy equipment working area
 Equipment shall be properly maintained to prevent the
emission of large amount of smoke for air pollution
4 Pollution
 Used oil and lubricants shall be disposed properly to
prevent water and air pollution

Page 20
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

Appendix-1
(Inspection and Check Sheet)
 10 pages are attached

For Embankment

- For Embankment K95


- Inspection sheet for construction embankment (1)
- Inspection sheet for construction embankment (2)
- Inspection sheet for construction embankment (3)
- For Embankment K98
- Inspection sheet for construction embankment (1)
- Inspection sheet for construction embankment (2)
- Result of surface smoothness checking ( For Top Layer)

- General for Embankment K95 and Embankment K98


- Field density Test
- Inspection sheet for trial compaction
- Setting-out/Coordinate Verification form

Page 21
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

Appendix-2
 9 pages are attached
- Trial compaction diagram (1 page)
- Sketch of trial compaction area (1 page)
- Checking number of rolling times (1 page)
- Checking elevation (1 page)
- Summary result of field density test (1 page)
- Result checking field density test (1 page)
- Summary of material test result (1 page)
- Checking equipment for trial compaction (1 page)
- Chart_result of trial compaction (1 page)

Page 22
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Method Statement for Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Embankment Construction (K95&K98)

Appendix-3
(Inspection and Test Plan)
 3 pages are attached

Page 23
INSPECTION AND TEST PLAN Quality System : ISO 9001 : 2000
Document Type : For Approval
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 FOR : ROAD EARTHWORK Revision : A1
Sheet of : 1 of 3
Item Description : Site Cleaning, Demolilition, Topsoil Removal, Road Earthwork Date : Oct______, 2014
Location : *to be referred to Working Drawing Prepared By :
Specification No : 02100, 02200, 03050, 03100, 03400 Approved By :
Inspection and Test Plan by Document
Specification or Other Reference
Documents
Inspection and test required and Frequency of The Test The Acceptance Criteria
NO Procedure Subcon OC Form No. Checked by
Engineer
2 Existing Ground Elevation 03400 Field Survey before Clearing N/A I, D I Topo.Survey Drawing Surveyor Topographic Survey
3 Confirmation of Ground Condition (Clearing, 02100,02200,03400
Demolition, Removal of Tree) (if any)
Confirmation of suitable thickness of unsuitable
a) Condition of Ground Surface Visual check before & after clearing SI I, D I Inspection sheet Q.C.Engineer
soil
b) Site Clearing Boundary Working Drawing Field Survey before & after clearing SI I, D I (Inspection Sheet) Surveyor
c) Check existing structure to be demolished, Visual check before & after demolition, SI I, D I Inspection sheet Q.C.Engineer
Trees to be removed (if any) removal of tree
Co
Confirmation
at o of
o removed
e o ed topso
topsoil aandd uunsuitable
su tab e
d) Ground
G d El
Elevation
ti & A
Area after
ft ClClearing
i Fi ld S
Field Survey b f LLeveling
before li B Borrow SI I,I D I W ki D
Working Drawing
i S
Surveyor
material
Confirmation and approval of Subsoil layer by
e) Ground Elevation & Area after Removing Topsoil Working drawing Material
the Engineer

4 Pond Treatment 02100,02200,03400

a) Condition of Ground Surface (rem.unsuitable material) Visual check before & after cleaning SI I, D I Inspection Sheet Q.C.Engineer Confirmation of removal unsuitable material

b) Backfilling bottom layer by Borrow Material up to Field Survey before 1st Layer SI I, D I Working Drawing Surveyor
Site Clearing Elevation Borrow Material
c) In-situ Density Test for backfilling (In-situ test) ASSHTO T191 after clearing & leveling SI I, D I Inspection Sheet Q.C.Engineer more than 95% of max.dry density
5 Backfilling and Leveling by Borrow Material 03300,03400
a) Check Area and Elevation Field Survey before Geotextile SI I, D I Working Drawing Surveyor Width: not less than design
Working drawing Unevenness<100mm, inclination<5%
b) In-situ Density Test for backfilling (fill for leveling) (In-situ test) AASHTO T191 after clearing & leveling SI I, D I Inspection Sheet Q.C.Engineer more than 95% of max.dry density
or AASHTO T204
10 Embankment 03300,03400
a) Ground Elevation & Area Working drawing Field Survey Each Layer Completed SI I, D I Inspection sheet Surveyor Width: not less than design
Elevation Top Layer of Embankment (-20,+10)m
b) In-situ Density Test (In-situ test) AASHTO T191 each 500m3 or 1500m2 SI I, D I Inspection sheet Q.C.Engineer more than 95% of max.dry density
or AASHTO T204
11 Monitoring Work 03500
a) Settlement Monitoring Field Survey Everyday(during embankment) N/A I, D I Inspection sheet Surveyor
b) Stability Monitoring Field Survey Weekly(after embankment) N/A I, D I Inspection sheet Surveyor
Symbol Legend Symbol Legend
D Document or Record Required
SI Subcontract Inspection
I Inspection
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Revision : Road and Earthwork
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Date: Sep ______, 2014 PQCP - RDET
INSPECTION AND TEST PLAN Quality System : ISO 9001 : 2000
Document Type : For Approval
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 FOR : ROAD EARTHWORK Revision : A1
Sheet of : 2 of 3
Item Description : Site Cleaning, Demolilition, Topsoil Removal, Road Earthwork Date : Oct______, 2014
Location : *to be referred to Working Drawing Prepared By :
Specification No : 02100, 02200, 03050, 03100, 03400 Approved By :
Specification or Other Reference Inspection and Test Plan by Document
Documents
Inspection and test required and Frequency of The Test Acceptance Criteria
NO Procedure Subcon OC The Form No. Checked by

1 Material Test in Laboratory


a) Borrow Material 03300
Sieve Analysis ASTM-D1140-AASHTO T27 Test in Laboratory for material approval SI I, D I Soil Clasification in accordance with TCVN5747
Liquid Limit AASHTO T89-03 Test in Laboratory (at Borrows) SI I, D I GW, GP, GM, GC, SW, SP, SM, SC
Plastic Limit & Plastic Index AASHTO T89-03 Test in Laboratory per borrow pit or SI I, D I The testing result Q.C.Engineer CH, CL, MH
3
Test for moisture-density relation of soil (γcmax, Wo) AASHTO T180 Test in Laboratory per 10,000m SI I, D I from approved Lab.

b) Borrow Material for sub-grade 03300


Gradation AASHTO T27 Test in Laboratory for material approval SI I, D I Max 50mm
Liquid Limit AASHTO T89-03 Test in Laboratory (at Borrows) SI I, D I Max 40%
Plasticity Index AASHTO T90 Test in Laboratory SI I, D I The testing result Max 17%
Swelling AASHTO T 193 Test in Laboratory SI I, D I from approved Lab. Q.C.Engineer Max 3%
Min 9% for layer top 30cm Subgrade. Min 5%
CBR at 98%MDD AASHTO T 193 Test in Laboratory per borrow pit or SI I, D I
for layer 50cm below
MDD test AASHTO T180-D Test in Laboratory per 1,000m3 SI I, D I ,-
Field Density AASHTO T191 min 98%

Symbol Legend Symbol Legend


D Document or Record Required
SI Subcontract Inspection
I Inspection
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Revision : A1 Road and Earthwork

Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Date: Sep ______, 2014 PQCP - RDET
INSPECTION AND TEST PLAN Quality System : ISO 9001 : 2000
Document Type : For Approval
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project
Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 FOR : ROAD EARTHWORK Revision : A1
Sheet of : 3 of 3
Item Description : Site Cleaning, Demolilition, Topsoil Removal, Road Earthwork Date : Oct______, 2014
Location : *to be referred to Working Drawing Prepared By :
Specification No : 02100, 02200, 03050, 03100, 03400 Approved By :
Specification or Other Reference Inspection and Test Plan by Document
Documents
Inspection and test required and Frequency of The Test Acceptance Criteria
NO Procedure Subcon OC The Form No. Checked by

f) Granular Backfilll Material 03500


max.size 10cm, 4.75mm 25~90%pass, 0.075mm
Sieve Analysis AASHTO T27 Test in Laboratory per 200m3 or SI I, D I Q.C.Engineer 0~10%pass

Plastic Index AASHTO T89 Test in Laboratory per work SI I, D I The testing result Q.C.Engineer max.10
Test for moisture-density relation of soil (γcmax, Wo) AASHTO T180 Test in Laboratory for material approval SI I, D I from approved Lab. Q.C.Engineer
Field Density AASHTO T191 Test in Laboratory SI I, D I Q.C.Engineer

g) Permeable Backfill Material (granular filter for under-


03200-6; 03200-7
drain)
Sieve Analysis per 200m3 or work The testing result 63mm sieve 100% pass, 37.5mm 85~100% pas
AASHTO T27 Test in Laboratory SI I, D I Q.C.Engineer
for material approval from approved Lab. 19m sieve 0~20%pass, 9.5mm sieve 0~5%

Symbol Legend Symbol Legend


D Document or Record Required
SI Subcontract Inspection
I Inspection
Da Nang – Quang Ngai Expressway Project Revision : A1 Road and Earthwork

Package A5: Km124+700 -:- Km139+204 Date: Sep ______, 2014 PQCP - RDET