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L T P C

15MH303J Sensors and Signal Conditioning


3 0 2 4
Co-requisite: Nil
Prerequisite: 15MH209J
Data Book /
Nil
Codes/Standards
Course Category P Professional Core Electrical Engineering
Course designed by Department of Mechatronics Engineering
Approval 32nd Academic Council Meeting held on 23.07.2016.

To impart knowledge about various sensors for measuring the system in the field of science and
Purpose
technology.
Instructional Objectives Student Outcomes
At the end of the course, student will be able to
1. Understand the characteristics of sensors. a
Apply the various principles for measurement of displacement, force, position,
2. a b e
acceleration, level and distance.
Apply the various principles for measurement of temperature, pressure, flow,
3. a b e
acoustic sensor.
4. Design a signal conditioning circuit using OPAMP. a b c
5. Implement the sensors into various applications of science and technology. a c k

Contact
Session Description of Topics C-D-I-O IOs Reference
hours
Unit I: Fundamentals of Sensors and Transducers 6
Introduction to sensors and transducers, selection of
1. 1 C 1 1
sensors.
Physical quantities, classification of quantities, relations
2. 1 C 1 1
between quantities.
Sensor classifications according to the measurand and
3. application field, port model, conversion principle, energy 2 C 1 1
domain of the measurand, thermodynamic considerations.
4. Dynamic characteristics. 1 C 1 1
5. Sensor calibration. 1 C 1 1
Unit II: Measurement of Displacement, Force, Position,
11
Acceleration, Level and Distance
6. Resistive sensors: Strain gauge and potentiometer. 1 C 2 2
7. Force measurement using load cell. 1 C 2 2
Position and force measurement: Using capacitive sensors,
8. 1 C 2 2
flat plate, multi plate, silicon capacitive.
Magnetic and induction based displacement sensor:
9. Magnetic proximity switch, inductive proximity, eddy 1 C 2 2
current, Hall effect.
10. Variable differential transformer. 1 C 2 2
11. Optical displacement sensors: Optical encoders. 1 C 2 2
12. Working principle of piezoresistive sensor. 1 C 2 2
13. Inertial measurement sensor. 1 C 2 2
14. Float level sensor, pressure level sensor. 1 C 2 2
15. IR sensor and ultrasonic sensor. 1 C 2 2
Working principle of sonar, radar, LIDAR and
16. 1 C 2 1,2
tachometers.
Unit III: Measurement of Temperature, Flow Pressure
6
and Acoustic
17. Temperature sensors: Introduction. 1 C 3 2
Types of temperature sensor and concept of thermal
18. 2 C 3 1,2
mapping.
19. Pressure sensors: Bourdon tube, diaphragms, bellows. 1 C 3 2
Acoustic sensors: Electrostatic transducers, piezoelectric
20. 1 C 3 2
transducers.
21. Electrical flow meters: Hot wire anemometer. 1 C 3 2
Mechatronics Engineering 2015-16
Contact
Session Description of Topics C-D-I-O IOs Reference
hours
Unit IV: Signal Conditioning System 12
22. Review to OPAMP. 1 C 3 4,5
23. Design and analysis of differentiator. 1 C,D 3 4,5
24. Design and analysis of integrator. 1 C,D 3 4,5
25. Instrumentation amplifier. 1 C,D 4 4,5
26. RC active filters: Design and analysis of flow pass filter. 1 C,D 4 4,5
27. Design and analysis of high pass filter. 1 C,D 4 4,5
Precision diodes, precision rectifiers (Half wave and full
28. 1 C,D 4 4,5
wave rectifier).
Sampling theorem, effect of sampling, quantization and
29. 1 C 4 4,5
quantization error.
30. Digitizing, aliasing, sample and hold circuit. 1 C,D 4 4,5
Specifications of ADC and DAC, Types of DAC, weighted
31. 1 C,D 4 4,5
resistor, R-2R network.
32. Classification of ADC: Flash type. 1 C,D 4 4,5
33. Successive approximation type. 1 C,D 4 4,5
Unit V: Data Acquisition System and its Applications 6
34. Elements of data acquisition system. 1 C 5 1
Multichannel data acquisition systems, multiplexing, de-
35. 1 C,D 5 1
multiplexing.
36. Applications of sensors in biomedical systems. 1 C,D 5 7
37. Application of sensors in aerospace systems. 1 C,D 5 1
38. Application of sensors in automobile systems. 1 C,D 5 6
39. Sensors in manufacturing. 1 C,D 5 6
Assessment 4
40. Cycle test-I 1
41. Cycle test-II 2
42. Surprise test / Assignment and Quiz 1
Total contact hours 45

Contact
Sl. No. Description of Experiments C-D-I-O IOs Reference
hours
1. Introduction to virtual instrumentation software. 2 C,D 1
2. Introduction to virtual instrumentation software. 2 C,D 1
Characteristics study of active filters:
a. Low pass filter and integrator
3. 2 I,O 4
b. High pass filter and differentiator
c. Band pass filter
Characteristics study of precision circuits:
4,8
a. Precision diode
4. 2 I,O 4
b. Half wave rectifier
c. Full wave rectifier
5. Study of characteristics of instrumentation amplifier 2 I,O 4
Verification of the characteristics of signal conversion
techniques:
6. 2 I,O 4
a. DAC
b. ADC
7. Characteristics study of strain gauge and load cell. 2 D,I,O 1,2
8. Characteristics study of LVDT. 2 D,I,O 1,2
9. Characteristics study of digital pressure sensor. 2 D,I,O 1,3
10. Characteristics study of optical encoder. 2 D,I,O 1,2
Characteristics study of temperature sensors:
a. Thermocouple 2,8
11. b. Thermistor 2 D,I,O 1,3
c. RTD
d. IC Temperature sensor
Characteristics study of range sensors:
12. a. Active IR sensor 2 D,I,O 1,2
b. Ultrasonic sensor
Mechatronics Engineering 2015-16
Contact
Sl. No. Description of Experiments C-D-I-O IOs Reference
hours
13. Extra practice session. 2
2,4,8
14. Extra practice session. 2
15. Model Examination. 2
Total contact hours 30
Learning Resources
Sl. No. Text Books
1. Paul P.L Regtien, “Sensors for Mechatronics”, Elsevier publications, 1st edition, 2012.
2. Pratranabis.D, “Principles of Industrial Instrumentation”, 2nd edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 1996.
Sawhney.A.K., “Course in Mechanical Measurements and Instrumentation”, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, 12th
3.
edition, 2001.
Roy Choudhury.D, Shail. B.Jain, “Linear Integrated Circuits”, 4th edition, New Age International
4.
Publishers, 2010.
Ramakant A. Gayakward, “OPAMPs and Linear Integrated Circuits”, 4th edition, Pearson Education,
5.
2009.
Reference Books/Other Reading Materials
6. William B. Ribbens, Norman P. Mansour, “Understanding Automotive Electronics”, 6th edition, 2003.
Caborharsanyi, “Sensors In Biomedical Applications, Fundamental”, Technology and Applications” CRC
7.
press, 2000.
8. Sensors and Actuators Laboratory Manual.

Course nature Theory + Practical


Assessment Method – Theory Component (Weightage 50%)
Assessment tool Cycle test I Cycle test II Cycle Test III Surprise Test Quiz Total
In-semester
Weightage 10% 15% 15% 5% 5% 50%
End semester examination weightage: 50%
Assessment Method – Practical Component (Weightage 50%)
Assessment tool Experiments Record MCQ/Quiz/Viva Voce Model examination Total
In-semester
Weightage 40% 5% 5% 10% 60%
End semester examination weightage: 40%

Mechatronics Engineering 2015-16