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DIgSILENT

Consulting and Training

OUR EXPERTISE FOR YOUR CHALLENGES REGARDING


TRANSMISSION / DISTRIBUTION / INDUSTRY / G E N E R AT I O N / I N T E G R AT I O N O F R E N E W A B L E S
DIgSILENT | Consulting Services - Overview
DIgSILENT offers project support in the field of power systems and power plants. Our team for power system analysis and simulation develops
innovative, profitable and efficient solutions. With DIgSILENT as your project partner, you will benefit from our many years’ experience and
our international network of experts.

TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS
 Grid Development Plans (GDP)  Minimum rotating masses required for Design of compensation systems


 Feasibility studies secure system operation Quality of supply as part of the security of


 Comparative AC/DC concept studies  Design, control and operation of systems supply
without synchronous generation Optimised integration of peripheral gener-


 SVC, FACTS and HVDC systems (LCC/VSC)
 Technical analyses of offshore transmission ating plants (objective: minimum network
 Phase angle regulating transformers (de- systems (AC/DC) expansion)
mand, design, protection)
 Reliability of supply as part of system securi- Identification of regional characteristics in


 Concept analyses for transmission technolo- ty; consequences for the plant configuration distribution networks
gies (overhead lines, cables)
 Harmonics in transmission systems (sources, Specified and regional requirements regard-


 Technical problems of underground cables propagation, planning level) ing the electrical properties of generating
 Steady-state voltage stability  Technical specifications of operating plants
 Analyses of the reactive power demand equipment Islanding and network restoration


 Requirements regarding reactive power  Cost-benefit analyses Electromagnetic fields (e.g. in public areas)


exchange with lower-level distribution  Combined system and market studies Objective assessment of damage; analyses


networks of the cause of damage
 Requirements for switchgear in case of
 Concepts for meeting the reactive power switching near the generator (absence of
demand (steady-state/dynamic; zero-crossings of the fault current) INDUSTRIAL NETWORKS
parallel/serial)
 Sub-synchronous resonances (SSR) Visualisation and design of optimal network


DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS topologies
 Analysis and assessment of the steady-state
and dynamic system stability, taking the  Target network planning Diesel/gas/converter fed generation mod-


voltage, rotor angle, and frequency stability Structured analysis of given network topolo-

 elling in island mode and grid connected
into account gies; concepts for change modes of network operation

 Feasible stability concepts (e.g. realisation Comprehensive assessment of connection



 Selection and specification of key plant


of required fault clearing times) concepts (e.g. looping in and T-branches) parameters

 A nalysis of grid oscillations Potential profile optimisation



 Power quality assessment in systems with


high densities of power electronic drives
 Power system stabilizer (PSS) tuning Reactive power exchange with other net-


works (distribution, transmission level) Standby power and auxiliary supply systems


 System control and operating reserve
A nalyses of load profiles

 Load shedding strategy development for


 Analysis and assessment of the stability of process assurance
parallel control structures in the transmis- A ssessment of neutral point treatment


sion system concepts Cable analysis and selection



 Requirements regarding the load change Optimal future neutral point treatment

 Stability in island mode operation


rates of generating units Interaction of neutral point treatment and

 Evaluation of motor starting transients and


 Strategies and technical requirements for requirements regarding earthing systems strategies for the starting of motors and
system restoration after an outage drives
Technical and economic assessments


 Criteria for black-start capability Experience applicable to any industrial seg-


Determination of the power loss on all

 ment including oil and gas, manufacturing,
 Electromagnetic transients network levels based on real or specific mining, metals, chemical, marine and data
 Insulation coordination reference networks centres
 Optimisation of system operation (e.g. Network restructuring and optimisation


switching sequences, maintenance processes) A nalysis of the criteria for the assessment of


 Effects of a quantitative change of rotating the power quality (e.g. measurement)
masses on the system Propagation of harmonics between network


levels
RAILWAY AND ON-BOARD SYSTEM INTEGRATION the PowerFactory software
SYSTEMS Development of high-precision power plant


Objective assessment of the available grid


Design and analysis of 400 Hz standby power

 connection capacity for generating plants models for wind turbines, PV panels, com-
and on-board systems bustion engines, steam-electric power plants,
Determination of the number of usage hours

 hydraulic power plants, gas turbines and
Steady-state and dynamic analysis of coupled

 at maximum load
AC/DC systems with different nominal special plants
frequencies and phase technologies Grid connection studies with reference to

 Validation of power plant models based on


the grid code of the respective power system component or plant measurements
Railway traction simulation

 operator
Development of simulation models for HVDC


Determination and review of grid connection

 systems (VSC, LCC) including complete grid
NETWORK PROTECTION points according to the grid code models (RMS and EMT models)
Design and dimensioning of network pro-

 Design and dimensioning of internal topolo-


tection schemes for all voltage levels and Connection of manufacturer DLL and prepara-


gies of renewable energy systems tion of encapsulated models
topologies
Configuration of optimal offshore solutions

 Determination of optimised regulator settings


Visualisation of protection settings and the

 for platforms and grids
effects of faults and network operating Development and optimisation of control


points Determination of requirements for generating

 strategies
units/plants; compliance studies according to
Comprehensive auditing and optimisation of

 FGW Guideline TR4/8
the selectivity of existing protection systems
POWER PLANT AND NETWORK
Concepts for wind and PV park control

 MEASUREMENTS
Design of special protection concepts like re-


verse blocking and transfer tripping schemes Network stabilisation with renewable energies

  Planning, coordination and execution of grid-
based on signal comparison Communication with power system operators

 wide tests and measurements based on the
Development and implementation of protec-

 during the grid connection process PowerFactory monitoring system
tion databases based on PowerFactory and Due diligence for all kinds of generating plants

  Execution of measurements as proof of com-
StationWare pliance with grid codes
Fault analysis by means of steady-state calcu-

 GRID CODES  Use of the PowerFactory monitoring system
lations and dynamic short-circuit simulations, to monitor power plant properties
taking the behaviour of CTs and specific Development of grid codes and adapted grid


connection regulations for generators and  Execution of measurements in power plants,
setting parameters of the protection systems systems and grids to establish and validate
into account consumers
simulation models
Protection concepts to avoid unwanted

 Determination and assessment of require-


islanding ments regarding the control characteristics of
power plants in connection with the spinning POWERFACTORY SYSTEM-
Comprehensive consideration of relay models

 and non-spinning operating reserve INTEGRATION
during dynamic simulations in order to in-
vestigate the behaviour of the relays against Definition of basic parameters for power

  GIS/SCADA integration projects
oscillations in the grid plants to guarantee system stability  Automation of business processes
Development of measuring procedures and

  Support of integration components
modelling principles to prove properties of
SMART GRIDS  Development of interfaces and databases
generating units/plants
Smart grid strategies and roadmaps

 Definition of control strategies to maintain

  Development of real-time simulators and
Peripheral storage systems (market-driven/

 frequency stability in power systems with co-simulation applications
network-driven) minimum rotating generation
Effects of feed-in management on network

 Execution of power system studies to validate

 TRAINING COURSES
expansion projects and further develop existing grid codes Standard training courses


Demand side management

  Customised and user-specific training
Smart grid coordination by means of ICT

 SIMULATION MODELS
Smart grid co-simulation

 Development of complete and reviewed


Virtual power plants

 network project databases for application of
DIgSILENT | Consulting Services and PowerFactory Applications

TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS
Due to the expansion of renewables and the dismantling of
conventional power plants, transmission systems are
currently subject to major changes. In periods of high feed-in
of power from renewable sources in particular, power is fed
back from the distribution networks, while the load flows over
long distances and the exchange of power with the network
partners increase as well.

The increase in the degree of utilisation of the transmission


systems requires sophisticated concepts for reliable operating
management, including the assessment of dynamic stability
criteria and the corresponding properties of the power plant
park. As conventional power plants are decommissioned,
steady-state and dynamic reactive power provision by means
of parallel or serial systems becomes a necessity in order REFERENCES
to ensure voltage stability. New transmission technologies Regulatory authority (ENTSO-E): Determination of the maximum transmission
and the complex characteristics of power systems without capacity of interconnections including relevant network stability criteria
synchronous generation play a role as well. Current planning TSO (Ukraine): Preparation of a Master Plan for the South Ukraine regional
scenarios provide for the use of HVDC VSC systems for the transmission network including wind and solar power integration
transmission of power over long distances.
TSO (Peru): Verification of the grid development plan for the period 2014-2018
based on comprehensive stability criteria including dynamic stability as well as
The DIgSILENT PowerFactory software is a preferred tool to DSM measures
implement the necessary planning processes due to its flexible
power system modelling and high-performance functions. TSO (Germany): Grid access studies for the grid connection of Offshore wind
farms to the 380/220 kV grid of the TSO
DIgSILENT supports the implementation of planning tasks
both in the concept and the design phase, focusing on tasks TSO (Mongolia): Stability study of the Mongolian power system with and
that require complex modelling solutions and system analyses. without connection to Russia including a detailed determination of the power
plant regulations

DIgSILENT has extensive international experience in the devel- TSO (Germany): Risk assessment of subsynchronous resonances (SSR) in the grid of
opment of solutions to ensure system stability. In addition to the TSO during the introduction of series-compensated transmission lines
the execution of planning tasks, such as the development of TSO (Panama): Determination of the maximum possible installed wind genera-
grid expansion scenarios in compliance with (n-1) contingency tion capacity in the national interconnected power system of Panama
requirements, with renewables peak capping, power plant
Regional grid operator (Germany): Analysis of the connection of a
re-dispatch, regulation of power transits, and optimal reactive 500 MW power plant unit to the 110 kV grid
power provision, DIgSILENT also assists transmission system
operators (TSO) with the solution of complex operational Regulatory authority (Egypt): Capacity Credit Study of wind energy in the
Egyptian power grid
aspects such as determining all the stability parameters of
power plants and power systems. Wind farm developer (Germany): Dimensioning of surge arresters in an
offshore cable network
DIgSILENT prepares studies with the objective of using existing
transmission systems in the best possible way in accordance
with sound operation criteria. HVDC systems are also used in
this context. It is important to prevent grid oscillations,
subsynchronous resonances (SSR) and super-synchronous
control interactions (SSCI).
DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS
The transition of power generation to renewable energy
sources, which is progressing on a global scale, causes changes
in the requirements regarding the planning and operation of OPF Berechnung:
30.00
Betrachtungszeitraum [h]
60.00 90.00 120.00

OPF Berechnung: Wind-Erzeugung

reliable distribution networks. For example, more than 90% OPF


OPF
OPF
Berechnung:
Berechnung:
Berechnung:
Hydraulische-Erzeugung
Thermische-Erzeugung
Netzlast

of the installed capacity of peripheral generating plants in


Germany have already been connected to the heterogeneous
distribution network levels of the low-, medium- and
high-voltage networks. For the network operators, the
statutory obligation to connect renewable energy sources 30.00 60.00 90.00 120.00

results in high requirements to maintain technically safe and


OPF Berechnung: Betrachtungszeitraum [h]
OPF Berechnung: Verfügbare Wind-Erzeugung
OPF Berechnung: Gekappte Wind-Erzeugnung

stable networks. So far, these requirements have been met


by expanding the grid territories primarily in rural areas. The
investments required for this purpose until 2030 are estimat- REFERENCES
ed at more than EUR 20 billion. Studies have shown that the DNO (Germany): Analysis of the grid capacity for the integration of PV and CHP
investments required can be reduced by almost half by using plants in compliance with the Grid Code
“smart” technologies both in planning and operation. The DNO (El Salvador): Development of a methodology for the determination of
greatest savings can be achieved by using feed-in manage- equivalent network presentations to commit to the project developer with the
ment in combination with adjustable local grid distribution objective of complying with the grid codes in a reliable manner
transformers. “Smart” feed-in management concepts are used
DNO (Germany): Revision of the protection concept of the 20 kV MV network,
to ensure that the supplied power is capped only at the time including identification of new, more robust protection settings
and place of a bottleneck in the power system.
DNO (Germany): Review of the load and dimensioning of the medium voltage
network, including review and optimisation of protection settings
DIgSILENT assists distribution network operators (DNO)
with the optimal planning and design of their networks. The DNO (Bolivia): Protection study and coordination of the protection settings
DIgSILENT PowerFactory software is an indispensable tool for regarding the new 69 kV line Vinto-Socomani
developing flexible feed-in management concepts. “Smart” For several utilities and DIgSILENT PowerFactory user (Germany): Import
concepts take the daily load and supply curves into account. of network data in PowerFactory from GIS system and verification; quality
If limit values are exceeded at specific times, a targeted, inspection as well as extension of the data model for comprehensive network
calculations
selective reduction of the active power or redistribution of the
generation and load management are possible. For several utilities (Germany): Analysis of grid capacity for the integration
of distributed generation in the low and medium voltage network in compliance
with the respective grid codes
DIgSILENT has extensive experience in the analysis of distribu-
tion networks of varying structure and properties. DIgSILENT Regional grid operator (Germany): Calculation and evaluation of different
assists with the planning for successful islanding in case variants of the target system including calculation of losses for the 110 kV grid as
well as reliability and profiltability calculation of the target grid options
of faults introduced from the high- and extra-high-voltage
system, which is becoming ever more important, focusing on Grid operator in Curaçao (Aqualectra): Ensuring isolated operation and
the control and stability characteristics of the power plants development of methods for grid restoration after a blackout
remaining in the distribution network and on an appropriate
protection and network restoration concept.
DIgSILENT | Consulting Services and PowerFactory Applications

INDUSTRIAL NETWORKS  Evaluation and improvement of existing protection schemes for trans-
mission, distribution and industrial networks
Industrial networks are characterised by a high proportion
of process related motor load, a high density of MV and LV  Detailed fault analysis under consideration of the dynamical behav-
network and distribution boards with industrial standard iour of the grid
switchgear rated for high short-circuit currents, short distances  Wide area protection studies
between the switchgear, predominant use of cables, operation  Integration of a management system for the protective relay param-
of dynamic and non-linear loads, and locally situated power eters using the software StationWare and setup of the bidirectional
generation. interface with PowerFactory.

Based on many years’ international experience in extensive


industrial network analyses, e.g. in the automotive, mining, oil
and chemical industries, DIgSILENT provides solutions for all
electrical power issues:

 Determination of the consumer lists and load structures


 Preparation and review of plant designs and network expansions
 Dimensioning of switchgear, distribution systems, cables and
transformers based on load flow and short-circuit calculations in
accordance with relevant standards
 Development and dimensioning of connections of third-party grids REFERENCES
and in-house power plants including the required standby power PETRONAS (Malaysia): Preparation of a concept study including basic, de-
supply concepts tailed and final design works of the Floating LNG-2 projects including load flow
and short-circuit studies, motor starting, filter sizing, protection coordination
 Definition of the basic parameters of generators and control systems and arc flash hazard calculation

 Design of highly reliable network areas Oman Pump Services (Oman): Identification of a reliable starting sequence
for large fire pumps
 Integration of large drives and strongly fluctuating consumption
 Assurance of the required grid quality and reliability of supply ISLA/PDVSA (Curaçao): Concept study for restructuring and rehabilitation
of the refinery plant network including the establishment of new locations for
 Arc flash hazard calculation based on the applicable standards switchgear; modification of the cable routing and secure connection to the
public network
 Evaluation of motor starting and re-starting concepts as well as the
application of automatic transfer switches in order to avoid long VCE (Island): Development of a simulation model for a fused-salt electrolysis
interruptions in a process under consideration of the dynamical
Microchip manufacturer (Germany): Optimisation of a 20 kV plant network
behaviour of generators. to increase network reliability and quality of supply

PETRONAS (Malaysia): LNG Train 9 / Melaka, project extension; execution


of complete design and integration studies to ensure a highly available plant
network supply that is also capable of isolated operation
NETWORK PROTECTION
Automobile manufacturer (Germany): Verification of the network design
In addition to the design of power systems and plants and at different locations regarding short-circuit resistance and voltage stability
the compliance with general stability requirements, efficient during start up of large motors
network protection helps to ensure that the power supply is
TSO (Bolivia): Protection concept and protection settings calculation for a
as reliable and uninterrupted as possible. 230/115 kV substation and a new 115 kV line

DIgSILENT assists with the concept design and definition of PETROBEL (Egypt): Preparation of a protection concept for a refinery plant
including calculation of robust protection settings
protection settings for any kind of electrical network in order
to achieve fast and selective fault clearance. The protection Nuclear power plant (Germany): Development of a network model for the
coordination studies are based on the precise PowerFactory emergency power supply of the NPP, short-circuit calculations and calculation
of reliable protection settings as well as EMT simulations to analyse voltage
relay models in combination with advanced calculation tools
peaks and distortions
and different protection diagrams.
Refinery plant in Northern Germany: Verification of the design and power
The following studies are the main focus: supply of a grid expansion by steady-state and motor starting calculations
SIMULATION MODELS SMART GRIDS
The expansion of the renewable energy sources with Smart grids are currently in the initial development phase.
inverter-based feed-in and the integration of large HVDC DIgSILENT supports R&D activities throughout the world, in
systems necessitate a detailed consideration of the grid particular in the fields of co-simulation using ICT, virtual
dynamics in power system planning and for reliable power power plants, the operation of storage systems, the use of
system operation planning. Accurate simulation models control system components for load control, and the
constitute an important basis and prerequisite for the success- implementation of procedures to optimise the integration of
ful realisation of the planning tasks. Furthermore, reviewing distributed generation, taking the power system planning and
the compliance of the characteristics of generating units and operation into account.
generating plants with the respective grid codes is possible
only on the basis of high-precision simulation models. REFERENCES

DIgSILENT develops simulation models, in particular for Power plant models according to FGW/TR4: For well-known manufacturers
from the wind and PV industry as well as industry for combustion engines
users of the PowerFactory software, based on the DSL or more than 100 models for power generating units as well as components were
C++ programming language. The models are developed on developed and validated
the basis of technical data, construction drawings, thermal
Grid operator (Bahamas): Development of high-precision models for a
flow diagrams, control schematics, and plant and component combustion engine as well as the generator control system including torsional
measurements in particular as prerequisite for the validation oscillations and fast motor protection systems
of the model.
National load dispatcher (Bolivia): Development of power plant models for
52 units of the Bolivian network system (thermal and hydraulic installations
Simulation models can be provided as open, encapsulated, as well as gas turbines and combustion engines); evaluation of measurements
i.e. invisible, or compiled models. Typical model developments from 52 power plant units and model validation
include:
COBEE (Bolivien): Development of a Pelton turbine model with 1000 m drop
 Power plant models (generator with regulator, steam-electric power height including pressure surge calculation; development of a model of the
VATECH DTL 595 turbine controller; model validation based on measurements
plant, gas turbine, hydraulic power plant, combustion engine, en-
gine-based cogeneration plant, wind turbine, PV panel, storage, etc.) CDEC-SING (Chile): Development of power plant models for combined cycle
power plants (e.g. Siemens V94.3A, ABB GT26) considering the large signal
 Models of HVDC systems (EMT/RMS) and other electronic compo- behaviour in particular; model validation based on measurements
nents including their controls
Manufacturer (Germany): Development of a model of the concentrating solar
 Protection devices and grid control systems thermal power plants “Kaxu Solar One“ and “Xina Solar One“ (both 100 MW)
for verification of the grid codes in South Africa

DIgSILENT assists with the development of complete power sys- Combustion engine manufacturer (Germany): Development of power plant
tem models (transmission and distribution, smart grids, industrial models for two large combustion engine installations (276 MW and 256 MW) in
networks, etc.) and carries out performance optimisations. parallel operation; evaluation of measurements and model validation

Manufacturer (Switzerland): Development of a model for the voltage regula-


tor of the series UTL; model validation based on measurements

Inverter manufacturer (USA): Development of a model for the DVAR


STATCOM with various control functions for the reactive power compensation
DIgSILENT | Consulting Services and PowerFactory Applications

SYSTEM INTEGRATION
When generating units and consumers are to be integrated
into the system, or the system is to be expanded on the basis
of AC or HVDC systems, the applicable grid codes have to be
complied with. Furthermore, it is important to analyse
whether disturbances could be caused in the existing system
in such a way as to necessitate a modification or adaptation
of the respective grid code.

DIgSILENT has many years’ international experience in the


realisation of system integration projects, characterised in
particular by the wide variety of system characteristics to be
considered, grid codes to be complied with, and generation REFERENCES
and system technologies used.
Regulatory authority (Cape Verde): Development of a grid code for the
Cape Verde Islands
DIgSILENT assists power system operators with the assess-
ment of requests for grid connection and the frequently TSO (New Zealand): Verification and extension of the New Zealand grid code
required review of the applicable grid code, and project regarding the connection of offshore wind farms
developers in developing compliant grid connection concepts, DNO (El Salvador): Development of a methodology for a network-compatible
including the design and dimensioning of all the components. integration of PV systems in the low voltage networks

Regulatory authority (Abu Dhabi): Development of a method for an evalua-


The services provided by DIgSILENT also include the prepa- tion of the primary and secondary control characteristics of power plants within
ration of the preliminary and the final conformity analysis the grid code
according to FGW Guideline TR4/TR8, including the required
IRENA (Abu Dhabi): Several studies regarding grid integration of PV and wind
model validation.
farms on the Maledives and the Pacific Islands

Grid operator (Norway): Verification of the grid connection of a huge on-


GRID CODES shore wind farm according to FIKS grid code

In order to ensure long-term system stability, the grid code Grid operator (Germany): Development of models of three-phase cables
has to be optimally aligned with the properties of the power (150 kV/50 Hz, 150 kV/16.7 Hz) and HVDC VSC for the system study regarding
supply system. The most important, decisive factors in this the grid connection of offshore wind farms
respect are the power system structure, the properties of the Regulatory authority and TSO (Costa Rica): Evaluation of technical and
generating units and consumers, the long-term energy policy normative requirements for an increased integration of renewable energies
targets, and market mechanisms.
DNO (El Salvador): Preparartion of a grid integration study for the hydraulic
power plant Rio Sucio
On the basis of qualified power system analyses and sensi-
tivity calculations, DIgSILENT assists power system operators Project developer (Germany): Grid integration study for an offshore wind
farm in the North Sea
and regulatory authorities with the development of adequate
and sustainable grid codes and operating regulations, and Project developer (Denmark): Identification and evaluation of reactive
compliance with these regulations based on measurements power requirements of an offshore wind farm in the Baltic Sea
and conformity assessments.
Grid operator in Curaçao (Aqualectra): Determination of the maximum
possible expansion of wind and PV generation, including grid codes to be
adjusted as well as grid codes of the existing power plant park

Project developers (Germany): Preparation of numerous expert opinions


proving the grid compatibility of wind and PV farms in Germany
POWER PLANT AND POWER SYSTEM
MEASUREMENTS
In order to be able to operate systems steadily in the long
term, the power plant properties defined in the grid code have
to be complied with in all kinds of operating situations of the
power system. In this context, determining the steady-state
and dynamic behaviour of power plants and power systems
based on measurements is becoming increasingly important.
In addition to the approval of the properties of new plants,
the measurement of system-defining existing systems is
becoming ever more important. Within the framework of the
conformity assessment of new generating units in industrial
networks, it is necessary to determine the overall plant REFERENCES
behaviour, taking the existing systems into account as well.
Chemicals company (France): Planning and execution of measurements on
the back-pressure steam turbine to establish simulation models with the aim of
Besides the properties of the power plants themselves, the rehabilitating the voltage regulation and turbine control and ensuring the plant
characteristics of the consumers and the interactions between capability for isolated network operation
the power plants and the consumers affect the parameters,
Grid operator (Bahamas): Execution of measurements on gas engines (en-
and thereby the stability properties, of the power systems. gine control and voltage regulation), including modelling and validation with
the aim of reliably avoiding sporadic power swings
DIgSILENT has more than 30 years’ experience with power
National load dispatcher (Bolivia): Power plant measurements on 52 plants
plant and power system measurements. Unit and plant of different generation technologies and performance categories (thermal,
measurements may cover the periods of transient fault hydraulic, combustion engine, gas turbine) with the aim of verfiying the proper-
behaviour and, in particular, the periods of operation of the ties in compliance with the grid code as well as simulation model validation
spinning and non-spinning reserve. The required measuring
Power plant operator (Bolivia): Measurements on a Pelton plant with
know-how, also with respect to the subsequent modelling, 1000m drop height with the aim of a high-precision modelling (travelling wave
is available for all generation processes, such as steam-elec- model) for solving network stability problems including controller replacement
tric power plants, gas turbines, hydraulic power plants, and and tuning

combustion engines as well as wind turbines and PV panels. Chemicals company (Spain): Planning and execution of measurements to es-
Furthermore, DIgSILENT also carries out measurements in tablish simulation models with the aim of rehabilitating the voltage regulation
industrial networks with connected steam processes. and turbine control as well as ensuring the plant capability for isolated network
operation

The measurements are planned and executed in line with the TSO (Chile): Measurements to determine and verify the characteristics of the
respective local situation and operational framework, aiming primary control power including tests for validation of simulation models
(5 steam power plants and combined cycle plants with capacities between
to minimise the non-availability of individual units and strictly 90 MW and 360 MW)
preventing inadmissible network disturbances. The measure-
ment programme depends on the objective of the analyses. Grid operator in Curaçao (Aqualectra): Measurements on steam turbines
and combustion engines in connection with the determination of the dynamic
This includes the review of properties according to the grid behaviour of a separate network (120 MW); optimisation of boiler control and
code, measurements to determine the steady-state and voltage regulation; execution of measurements to validate simulation models
dynamic behaviour for model validation, the adjustment of
Petronas (Malaysia): Metrological evaluation of the plant behaviour of gas
regulator parameters (speed/power regulator, voltage regula-
turbines of a refinery (voltage regulation and turbine control) including tuning
tor, PSS, etc.), and the determination of generator parameters. of Power System Stabilizers (PSS)
DIgSILENT | System Integration Projects

Our DIgSILENT products PowerFactory and StationWare are used by our customers in complex business processes and use data from other
information systems (GIS, SCADA, etc.). In close cooperation with the customer, the DIgSILENT project team develops customer-specific
integration solutions that enable centralised and efficient data management and the automation of processes.
As your partner, DIgSILENT will assist you with projects regarding the integration of PowerFactory and StationWare into your processes and
IT environment, from the requirements analysis to the solution design and the implementation and delivery of comprehensive solutions. If
required, our integration experts also cooperate with the manufacturers of the systems to be integrated. DIgSILENT has many years’ experience
and well-established contacts with system manufacturers in this respect.

GIS INTEGRATION
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) together with Asset Management Systems
are the main sources of network topology and equipment data. Many utilities use
GIS exports as a basis for the PowerFactory network model. These exports may
comprise detailed substation data including topology, line/cable data, load/
generation data and GPS coordinates/schematic diagram information, etc.
The built-in Compare & Merge Tool and the versioning mechanism perfectly
support the frequent data exchange with GIS.
PowerFactory Engines are directly integrated into GIS systems providing
calculation functionality such as evaluation of renewable generation connected
to the low voltage grid.

SCADA INTEGRATION
The PowerFactory OPC interface is utilised worldwide for real-time integration of PowerFactory with SCADA systems. The applications range from Online State Estimation,
simulation mode functions (Dispatcher Load Flow, Contingency Analysis, Switching Validation) to Dispatcher Training Simulator with real-time transient grid simulation.
Controller manufacturers use the PowerFactory OPC interface for controller development, e.g. smart grid controllers, PV or wind farm control schemes.

BUSINESS PROCESS AUTOMATION


PowerFactory supports standard ENTSO-E operation planning processes such as D-2, D-1 and Intraday for TSOs and the corresponding GLDPM requirements for
DNOs. All these processes can be run as fully automated parallelised process.
The ESB interface adapter features message-based data exchange such as load forecast, planned generator dispatch, day-ahead cross-border exchange programs, UCTE-DEF
or CIM files according to the ENTSO-E profile CGMES, EMS snapshots, dynamic line rating and market coupling data.
The combined MV/LV calculation for the distribution grid of a whole country (>2000 MV substations) has been automated using PowerFactory and bulk data GIS exports.

INTEGRATION COMPONENTS
The PowerFactory Engine Mode provides complete PowerFactory functionality
for external systems. The Engines can be controlled via the PowerFactory API and
DPL or Python scripts. Various interfaces such as CIM, UCTE-DEF, OPC and DGS
support bi-directional data exchange with different systems.
The ESB interface adapter connects to an Enterprise Service Bus enabling modern
message-based data exchange.
The Engine Manager component provides access to multiple PowerFactory
Engines via web services. The built-in queuing and scheduling simplifies the
Engine integration into other applications.
DIgSILENT | Training Courses

STANDARD AND USER-SPECIFIC TRAINING


DIgSILENT offers a series of standard  Power system standard training courses
training courses at its offices in Germany. ∙ Load flow and short circuit calculation
These cover aspects of modelling, network ∙ Stability of AC and DC networks
planning and network optimisation and provide ∙ Grid connection of renewable energy
an opportunity to gain familarisation with ∙ Protection
complex areas of power system analysis, as ∙ Harmonics
well as allowing customers to benefit from the ∙ Electromagnetic Transient Analysis
experience of the DIgSILENT experts. ∙ Overvoltages and insulation coordination
In addition to these standard courses, there is
 W ide range of user-specific training courses
a wide range of user-specific training modules
available on request
available, covering specific PowerFactory
functions.  Modular training concept that addresses all the
All training courses are designed and delivered PowerFactory functions
by our international DIgSILENT team of experts
from various disciplines.  A ll training courses are offered at DIgSILENT
offices as well as at user‘s site (requires network
licence)

DIGSILENT WORLDWIDE

DIgSILENT customer
DIgSILENT offices
Partners and representatives

CONTACT
DIgSILENT GmbH PHONE MAIL
Heinrich-Hertz-Straße 9 +49 7072 9168-0 (Switchboard) mail@digsilent.de
72810 Gomaringen +49 7072 9168-23 (Sales) www.digsilent.de
Germany +49 7072 9168-88 (Fax)
DIgSILENT | Company Profile

integrates with PowerFactory, allowing pow-


erful and easy-to-use settings coordination
studies.

DIgSILENT Monitoring Systems


Our Power System Monitoring PFM300 product
line features grid and plant supervision,

DIgSILENT is a consulting and software com- DIgSILENT PowerFactory fault recording, power quality and grid char-

pany providing engineering services in the field DIgSILENT develops the leading integrated acteristics analysis. The Grid Code Compliance

of electrical power systems for transmission, power system analysis software PowerFactory, Monitoring PFM300-GCC product has been de-

distribution, generation and industrial plants. which covers the full range of functionality signed for continuous compliance auditing of

from standard features to highly sophisticat- power plants with respect to grid code require-

DIgSILENT was founded in 1985 and is a fully ed and advanced applications including wind ments, thereby providing plant operators and

independent and privately owned company power, distributed generation, real-time utilities utmost transparency and non-compli-

located in Gomaringen/Tübingen, Germany. simulation and performance monitoring for ance detection.

DIgSILENT continued expansion by establish- system testing and supervision. For wind power
DIgSILENT Consulting
ing offices in Australia, South Africa, Italy, applications, PowerFactory has become the
DIgSILENT GmbH is staffed with experts of
Chile, Spain, France, the USA and Oman, there- power industry’s de-facto standard tool, due
various disciplines relevant for performing
by facilitating improved service following the to PowerFactory models and algorithms pro-
consulting services, research activities, user
world-wide increase in usage of its software viding unrivalled accuracy and performance.
training, educational programs and software
products and services. DIgSILENT has estab-
development. Highly specialised expertise is
lished a strong partner network in many coun- DIgSILENT StationWare is a reliable cen-
available in many fields of electrical engineer-
tries such as Mexico, Malaysia, UK, Switzerland, tral protection settings database and asset
ing applicable to liberalised power markets
Colombia, Brazil, Peru, China and India. DIgSI- management system, based on .NET technol-
and to the latest developments in power
LENT services and software installations have ogy. StationWare stores and records all set-
generation technologies such as wind power
been used in more than 150 countries. tings in a central database, allows modelling
and distributed generation. DIgSILENT has pro-
of relevant workflow sequences, provides
vided expert consulting services to several pro-
quick access to relay manuals, interfaces
minent PV and wind grid integration studies.
with manufacturer-specific relay settings and

DIgSILENT GmbH T +49 7072 9168-0 DIgSILENT GmbH is certified


Heinrich-Hertz-Straße 9 F +49 7072 9168-88 to the ISO 9001:2015 standard.
72810 Gomaringen mail@digsilent.de More information is available at
Germany www.digsilent.de www.tuv-sud.com/ms-cert.